Martin A.A. Schoonen
M.Sc., University of Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1984
Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University, 1989
Faculty member at Stony Brook since 1989
Professor Schoonen's research interests focus on the reactivity of earth materials under a wide range of conditions. He is currently on leave from SBU and leads part of nearby Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). While mostly in a management role at BNL, he is actively working on the application of synchrotron-based analytical techniques to the study of a wide range of earth materials. Recent work at BNL’s National Synchrotron Light Source-II (NSLS-II) has focused on the elemental composition of aerosols collected in Mexico City and off the coast of China. The main focus in to understand the chemical speciation of lead, iron, and zinc in these aerosols, which has public health implications. Schoonen is collaborating with Professors Hurowitz, McLennan and Thieme to explore the use of NSLS-II for the analysis of returned samples from Mars.
Selected publication out of 100+ publications in peer-reviewed journals and ten book chapters:
M.A.A. Schoonen, H.L. Barnes, 1991, Mechanisms of pyrite and marcasite formation from solution:I Nucleation of FeS2 below 100 oC, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 55(1991) 1495-1504.
W. Staudt, E.J. Oswald, M.A.A. Schoonen, Na, Cl, SO 4 concentrations in dolomite:A new technique to constrain the composition of dolomitizing fluids, Chemical Geology 107(1993) 97-109.
M.A.A. Schoonen, Y. Xu, D.R. Strongin, An introduction to geocatalysis, Journal of Geochemical Exploration 62(1998) 201-215.
Y. Xu, M.A.A. Schoonen, The absolute energy position of conduction and valence bands of selected semiconducting minerals, American Mineralogist 85(2000) 543-556.
M.A.A. Schoonen, Y. Xu, Nitrogen reduction under hydrothermal vent conditions: implications for the prebiotic synthesis of C-H-O-N compounds, Astrobiology 1(2001) 133-140.
M.J. Borda, D.R. Strongin, M.A. Schoonen, A vibrational spectroscopic study of the oxidation of pyrite by ferric iron, American Mineralogist 88(2003) 1318-1323.
X. Zhang, M.J. Borda, M.A.A. Schoonen, D.R. Strongin, Adsorption of phospholipids on pyrite and their effect on surface oxidation, Langmuir 19(2003) 8787-8792.
M.A.A. Schoonen, D.R. Strongin, Catalysis of electron transfer reactions at mineral surfaces, in: V. Grassian, (Ed), Environmental Catalysis, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fl, 2005, pp. 37-60.
C.J. Brown, M.A.A. Schoonen, The origin of high sulfate concentrations in a coastal plain aquifer, Long Island, New York, Applied Geochemistry 19(2004) 343-358.
Schoonen, A. Smirnov, C.A. Cohn, A perspective on the role of minerals in prebiotic synthesis, Ambio 33(2004) 539-551.
N.J. Tosca, S.M. McLennan, D.H. Lindsley, M.A.A. Schoonen, Acid-sulfate weathering of synthetic Martian basalt: The acid fog model revisited, Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 109(2004).
M.A.A. Schoonen, C.A. Cohn, E. Roemer, R. Laffers, S.R. Simon, T. O'Riordan, Mineral-induced formation of reactive oxygen species, Medical Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry 64, 2006, pp. 179-221.
R.J. Reeder, M.A.A. Schoonen, A. Lanzirotti, Metal speciation and its role in bioaccessibility and bioavailability, Medical Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry 64, 2006, pp. 59-113.
C. Cohn, R. Laffers, S. Simon, T. O'Riordan, M. Schoonen, Role of pyrite in formation of hydroxyl radicals in coal: possible implications for human health, Particle and Fibre Toxicology 3(2006) 16.
J.A. Hurowitz, N.J. Tosca, S.M. McLennan, M.A.A. Schoonen, Production of hydrogen peroxide in Martian and lunar soils, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 255(2007) 41-52.
F.M. Michel, L. Ehm, S.M. Antao, P.L. Lee, P.J. Chupas, G. Liu, D.R. Strongin, M.A.A. Schoonen, B.L. Phillips, J.B. Parise, The structure of ferrihydrite, a nanocrystalline material, Science 316(2007) 1726-1729.
Schoonen, M. A. A., Harrington, A. D., Laffers, R. A., and Strongin, D. R., 2010. Role of hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radical in pyrite oxidation by molecular oxygen. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 74, 4971-4987.
Szema, A.M., Schmidt, M.P., Lanzirotti, A., Harrington, A.D., Lyubsky, S., Reeder, R.J., Schoonen, M.A., 2012. Titanium and Iron in Lung of a Soldier With Nonspecific Interstitial Pneumonitis and Bronchiolitis After Returning From Iraq. J Occup Environ Med. 54, 1-2.
Harrington, A.D., Tsirka, S.E., Schoonen, M.A.A., 2012. Quantification of particle-induced inflammatory stress response: A novel approach for toxicity testing of earth materials. Geochemical Transactions 13:4, doi:10.1186/1467-4866-1113-1184.
Zhao, Y.Y.S., McLennan, S.M., Schoonen, M.A.A., 2014. Behavior of bromide, chloride, and phosphate during low-temperature aqueous Fe(II) oxidation processes on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 119, 998-1012.
Harrington, A.D., Tsirka, S.E., Schoonen, M.A.A., 2013. Inflammatory stress response in A549 cells as a result of exposure to coal: Evidence for the role of pyrite in coal workers’ pneumoconiosis pathogenesis. Chemosphere 93, 1216-1221.
Kaur, J., D. Rickman, and M.A. Schoonen, Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) generation by lunar simulants. Acta Astronautica, 2016. 122: p. 196-208.
Schoonen, M. and A. Smirnov, Staging Life in an Early Warm 'Seltzer' Ocean. Elements, 2016. 12(6): p. 395-400.
Kaur, J. and M.A. Schoonen, Non-linear hydroxyl radical formation rate in dispersions containing mixtures of pyrite and chalcopyrite particles. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2017. 206: p. 364-378.
Harrington, A.D., et al., The role of Iraqi dust in inducing lung injury in United States soldiers—An interdisciplinary study. GeoHealth, 2017. 1(5): p. 237–246.