- A. General Materials & Mathematics
- B. Statics
- C. Kinematics & Dynamics
- D. Rotational Mechanics
- E. Gravitation & Astronomy
- F. Fluid Mechanics
- G. Vibrations & Mechanical Waves
- H. Sound
- I. Thermodynamics
- J. Electrostatics & Magnetostatics
- K. Electromagnetic Principles
- L. Geometrical Optics
- M. Wave Optics
- N. Spectra & Color
- O. Vision
- P. Modern Physics
Chladni Figures - Bowed
To show two-dimensional standing waves in a metal plate.
Plates with holding clamp, bow and sea sand.
Practice bowing technique.
Sand is sprinkled onto a circular or square thin metal plate, which is then stroked along the edge using a violin bow. The salt moves to nodal lines of the standing wave pattern. Stroking at one point while holding your finger at another point to forces a node at that point, if desired, creating a variety of standing wave patterns.
Robert H. Johns, Bow for Vibrating Plates, TPT 12, 500-501, (1974). A. T. Jones, Sound (van Nostrand, New York) 172-180, (1937).