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Environmental Defense Fund Archive
Record Group 1: Founders Papers
Sub-group IV: Charles F. Wurster

Collection Number
SC 232

OCLC Number

Charles F. Wurster, 1930-

Donated by Charles F. Wurster in 2005 and 2015.

Extent, Scope, and Content Note 
The collection is comprised of 26 linear ft. of papers, correspondence, and materials related to Charles F. Wurster's work with Environmental Defense Fund, his research, and teaching activities. Materials date from 1963 to 2005. The papers focus on two areas: legal action against DDT, Aldrin Dieldrin, and other insecticides and the activities of Environmental Defense. Wurster’s writings and correspondence as well as subject files complete the collection.  The writing series contains research articles, editorials, statements and testimony. Frequent topics include:  the effects of pesticides on the terrestrial and marine ecosystems. The papers are housed in 67 boxes arranged in 12 series.

Arrangement and Processing Note
Processed by Meredith Bouchard in 2005.
Finding aid revised and updated in July 2015 and April 2019 by Kristen J. Nyitray.

Series 1:  Correspondence, 1967-1999, bulk 1970s [1.5 linear ft]
Arrangement: Alphabetical by correspondent’s last name
The correspondence series contains letters and notes from colleagues, congressmen and concerned citizens.  Information requests, notes of thanks and lecture requests are frequent topics. Personalities in science and politics expressed interest in the Environmental Defense Fund’s activities against pesticides; among them are: Robert F. Kennedy, James Watson, Otis G. Pike, David R. Obey and Daniel Patrick Moynihan.The highest concentration of correspondence comes from Lorrie Otto, a Wisconsin conservationist; Robert van den Bosch, Professor of Entomology at UC Berkeley; and the executives of Environmental Defense.

Series 2:  Biography and Writings, 1966-2004 [2 linear ft]
Arrangement: Chronological by format
The biographical section contains curriculum vitae, and publicity in the form of newspaper clippings and awards programs and flyers.The writings section collects research articles, magazine articles, editorials, testimony, and book reviews in published and manuscript form.  Publications represented include: Science, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Marine Environmental Research and Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Series 3:  Environmental Defense Fund-Board of Trustees, 1967-2005 [6.5 linear ft]
Arrangement: Divided into 2 sub-series: Correspondence/Memoranda and Minutes
The minutes deal with policy and procedure as well as case approval procedures and decisions on proposed litigation activities. Memoranda range in topic from EDF structural and personnel policies, to publicity strategies, and fundraising.

Series 4:  Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees, 1969-1987 [3 linear ft]
Arrangement: Divided into 2 sub-series: Correspondence/Memoranda and Minutes
Executive Committee memos concern EDF’s programs, personnel, organizational structure, and case approval requests. Beginning in the 1980s, the Executive Committee minutes are filed with other committees in the Board of Trustees meeting packets.

Series 5:  Environmental Defense Fund-General Administration, 1972-2003 [2 linear ft]
Arrangement: Divided into 4 sub-series: Public Information/Communications, Fundraising/Development, Inter-office bulletins and Videos
The administration series covers all daily operative and management activities. This small series covers inter-office communications, discussions about fundraising matters, and published information aimed at the general public.

Series 6:  Environmental Defense Fund-Programs, 1978-2005 [1 linear ft]
Arrangement: by format; reports arranged chronologically by program
The program files are memoranda and project reports from the Toxics, Water, and Energy programs.

Series 7:  DDT, 1966-1972 [5 linear ft]
Arrangement: Divided into 3 sub-series: litigation and hearings files, DDT in the media, and research documents
Assembled here in are the affidavits, testimony, and other court documents created from the early cases that argued the DDT question.  Also included are media clippings documenting the local coverage of the trials and debates on the use of DDT.

Series 8:  Aldrin/Dieldrin, 1970-1974 [2 linear ft]
Arrangement: Divided into 2 sub-series: cancellation hearings and research documents
Documentation of the cancellation hearings contains briefs, experts’ statements and related correspondence on the issuance of tolerance limits for aldrin and dieldrin.  The research documents are journal articles arranged by subject.

Series 9:  Mirex, 1971-1975 [1 linear ft]
Arrangement: Divided by format
Mirex contains court documents, clippings, impact statements and research articles surrounding the proposed cancellation of mirex and the USDA’s Fire Ant Eradication Program.  

Series 10:  Pesticides, 1964-1974 [2 linear ft]
Arrangement: Alphabetical by subject
This series is a collection of subject files on the general use and regulation of pesticides as well as samples of information about other pesticides including 2,4,5-T, heptachlor and chlordane.

Series 11:  Subject Files, 1964-2003 [3 linear ft]
Arrangement: Alphabetical by subject
This series collects brief information on many subjects in various formats. The largest file groups are those dealing with carcinogens, saccharin, and mercury. Recurrent formats are media clippings and reprints.

Series 12: Closed or Retained Document, Closed Description


Restrictions on Access
See box list.  

Rights and Permissions 
Stony Brook University Libraries' consent to access as the physical owner of the collection does not address copyright issues that may affect publication rights. It is the sole responsibility of the user of Special Collections and University Archives materials to investigate the copyright status of any given work and to seek and obtain permission where needed prior to publication.

[Item], [Box], Environmental Defense Fund Archive: Charles F. Wurster Papers, Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University Libraries.

Historical Note    

Ph.D., Organic Chemistry, Stanford University, 1957
M.S., Organic Chemistry, University of Delaware, 1954 Chemistry
S.B., Chemistry Major, Haverford College, 1952

Professional Interests: Environmental protection and public policy; public interest science and environmental policy; effects of stable toxic chemical pollutants on non-target organisms and ecosystems; effects on plankton communities; protection of natural ecosystems and wildlife; ornithology; chemical pollutants and avian reproduction; energy policy.

Professional Experience and Background

1970-present: Marine Sciences Research Center, State University of New York at Stony Brook: Associate Professor of Environmental Toxicology.
1967-present: Environmental Defense Fund: Founder, Board of Trustees, Secretary, various committees.
1975-1984, 1987-present: Defenders of Wildlife, Board of Directors, program and litigation committees.
1988-1989: New South Wales State Pollution Control Commission, Macquarie University, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia: Professor and Scientist (sabbatical); research, Endosulfan and water birds; environmental protection policies.
1981: University of Norway: Departments of Chemistry, and Microbiology and Plant Physiology, Visiting Professor (sabbatical); taught course in environmental toxicology; research on synchronous algal cultures
and toxic chemical pollutants.
1978-1979: National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland: Visiting Scientist, Special Assistant to the Director.
1965-1970: Assistant Professor of Biological Sciences, State University of New York at Stony Brook.
1962-65: Dartmouth College, Department of Biological Sciences: Research Associate; lipid biochemistry; effects of DDT on birds.
1959-1962: Monsanto Research Corporation, Everett, Mass., Research Chemist:  thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons, jet fuels; laminating resins.
1957-1958: Innsbruck University, Austria:  Post-doctoral Fulbright Fellow; organic chemical mechanisms.
1957: Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, Stanford, Calif.; chlorophyll research. 1954-57:  Stanford University, Chemistry Department, Graduate Research Assistant:  Decomposition of primary hydroperoxides and related peroxide derivatives.
1952-1954: University of Delaware, Chemistry Department, Graduate Teaching Assistant

Honors, Awards, Grants, Other Activities

"Who's Who in America," listed each edition since 1970.

Excellence Award, State University of New York United University Professions, 1991.

Chonnam National University, South Korea:  Visiting Professor; taught course in environmental Apr-May 1986. Research Grants since 1983:  U. Geological Survey, Hudson River Foundation, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, New York Sea Grant Institute, total $437,578.

Appeared in "Return of the Osprey," television documentary seen nationwide and abroad, Public Broadcasting System, 11 March 1986 and other dates.

Ornithologist Tour Leader:  Wildlife tours to East Africa (5), Costa Rica (3), Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, India, Australia, British Isles, Norway, Svalbard, southeast Alaska (6), Baja, California (4).

"Man of the Year in Science," The Village Times, Stony Brook, New York, 1977.

Community Service Citation, Long Island University, 1977.

Haverford College Award of 1972.

Pesticides Policy Advisory Committee, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1975-1979. 

Wurster, Charles F.
Environmental policy -- United States.
Environmental protection -- United States.
Pollution -- United States.
Environmental protection -- New York (State)
Environmental protection -- United States -- Citizen participation.
Environmental law -- United States.
Long Island (N.Y.) -- Societies, etc.
Stony Brook (N.Y.) -- Politics and government.
East Setauket (N.Y.) -- Politics and government.
New York (N.Y.) -- Politics and government.
Politics and government.
Environmental protection -- Citizen participation.
Environmental protection.
Environmental policy.
Environmental law.
New York (State) -- Stony Brook.
New York (State) -- New York.
New York (State) -- Long Island.
New York (State) -- East Setauket.
New York (State)


SERIES 1:  Correspondence

Box 1


Daniel W. Anderson [U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service], 1971
Eddie Albert [addressee], 1970
Daniel L. Azarnoff, 1969
Audubon Society of Western Pennsylvania, 1974

H. Lewis Batts [subject], 1991
Joel M. Berns, M.D., 1971
Bethlehem Steel Corporation [D.J. Blickwede], 1969
L. Charles Birch [University of Sydney], 1972
Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, 1970
Irene Brown [California State College, Hayward], 1971
Robert E. Burke, M.D.
Robert L. Burnap, 1968-69

Rod Cameron, undated
Cancer Prevention Coalition, 1994
Carcinogens article, publishers note, 1976
D.A. Chant, 1969-70
Dr. Chung Il Choi, 1988
John Clark [U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service], 1969
Howard H. Cleaves, 1969
Committee for Green Foothills, 1969
D.W. Connell [Griffith University, Australia], 1980
George Cornwell [University of Florida], 1969

Martha Deane [WOR radio], 1969
John D. Diekman, Ph.D., 1973
D-Vac Co. [vacuum insect nets], undated
Everett J. Dietrick [Applied insect ecologist], 1968
Daniel Dudek [Environmental Defense Fund], 1994
Lee A. DuBridge, 1969
Thomas R. Dunlap, 1974

Charles Edwards [addressee, Food and Drug Administration], 1970
Paul and Anne Ehrlich [subject], 1977
Frank E. Egler, 1974
James H. Enderson [Colorado College], 1968
Environmental Clearinghouse, 1969
Environmental Defense Fund [memoranda, addressee], 1996
Samuel Epstein

George Gardner [note, University of Florida], 1970
Sen. Charles E. Goodell [note], 1972
Gilbert Gude

Frances Hamerstrom, 1971
Dale Hattis, 1971-73
Haverford College, 1972
William E. Hazeltine
H. LeRoy Heinrichs, M.D., Ph.D., 1969
John Heritage [note], 1969
Steve Herman, 1968
Joseph Hickey, 1968
A. Dexter Hinckley, 1969
C.S. Holling [University of British Columbia], 1970
Mrs. Boyd Hunt [predator control inquiry], 1971
E.G. Hunt [copy of journal article]

Box 2
Jacob K. Javits [note], 1970, 1977
Elise Jerard, Ph.D., 1975

Robert F. Kennedy [note], 1967
George Knox [note, University of Canterbury], 1975
Edward J. Kormondy, 1977
Fredrick Krupp, 2000

Goran LaFroth, 1969-71
Walter B. Langley [note], 1969
Lafayette College [note], 1969
Joshua Lederberg [addressee], 1970
Marvin S. Legator [with paper], 1971
Orie L. Loucks [addressee], 1971
James P. Ludwig [with papers, St. Cloud State College], 1968
Dan W. Lufkin [note], 1970
Long Island University—Southampton [note], 1970
Long Island University—C.W. Post [note], 1970

Kenneth J. Macek [Bionomics], 1975
Michael Male, 1983
Michigan Dept of Natural Resources, 1972
Andrew Maguire [note]
Robert Mann [University of Auckland], 1974, 1978
James G. Martin [note], 1977
Scott McVay, 1971
Debby (Mefferd?), undated
Kenneth Mellanby, 1977
Monmouth College [note], 1970
Harry Mosher [subject], 1980
Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan [note], 1977

Sen. John A Nejedly [note]
Sen. Gaylord Nelson
National council of State Garden Clubs [note], 1970
North Carolina State University [Prof. Frank E. Guthrie], 1969
Notre Dame [note], 1973

David R. Obey [note]
Richard L. Ottinger [note], 1969
Margaret Owings, 1969
Prof. Irwing I. Oster [note], 1969
Lorrie Otto, 1972-1989

David F. Parkhurst  [Indiana University], 1975
Glenn Paulson [New Jersey Dept of Environmental Protection], 1974
David Peakall [Cornell University], 1968
Otis G. Pike
Fredrick W. Plapp [UC Berkeley], 1969
Nicholas Polunin, 1972
Laura Pulido [EDF inquiry], 1991
William C. Purty [University of Maryland], 1970

Rachel Carson Trust, 1968-69
Robert Risenbrough, 1968-73, 1977
Kim Rivera [National Marine Fisheries Service, Alaska Region], 1998
Edward Lee Rogers [note], 1976

Box 3
William Rodgers, 1970-1971
San Francisco Chronicle, 1974
David Peter Sachs [Stanford], 1970
Umberto Saffiotti
Sen. Hugh Scott [note], 1969
Sears Family Foundation [note], 1969
Simon and Schuster [addressee], 1969
Sierra Club [addressee], 1987
Robert Smolker [subject], 1985
Andrew Stein [note], 1970
Alan B. Steinbach [note], 1969
Paul Spitzer [osprey data], undated
Stockton State College [Elizabeth Marsh], 1973
Sunset Magazine, 1969

Gary Taylor, 1989
Terra Society, 1971 [inquiry re: pesticides]
Time-Life Inc, 1976
Russell Train [note], 1973

Stewart Udall, 1968-70, 1986
Arthur C. Upton [subject], 1977, 1988

Robert van den Bosch, 1968-1976
Robert van den Bosch Memorial Committee, 1978-1985

Texas Parakeet Breeders Association, 1975

WNBC TV [note], 1970
Margaret M. Watrous, 1977
James Watson [addressee], 1968
Western Reserve Academy [note], 1969
John F. Wehmiller [note, Columbia University], 1969
Clarke Williams [note, Regional Marine Resources Council], 1969
David Wingate, 1970-75, 1979
George M. Woodwell

Yale University [note], 1970
Jane H. Yarn [note, Council on Environmental Quality], 1980

SERIES 2:  Biography and Writings

Box  4
Charles F. Wurster—Lecture publicity, 1970
Awards and honors [correspondence], 1972
Media clippings, 1971-75, 1993, 2001

Journal and Magazine Articles:

Wurster, C.F., Copenhaver, Jr. J.H., Shafer, P.R. Separation of the methyl esters of oleic linoleic, and linolenic acids by column                         chromatography using cation exchange resin containing silver ion. J. of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, 40 (10), 513-514.

Wurster, C.F., Copenhaver, Jr., J.H. Incorporation of [32P] phosphate kidney lecithins as a function of lecithin unsaturation. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 98 351-355.

Wurster, C.F., Copenhaver, Jr., J.H. Thin-Layer chromatographic separation of dimethylphosphatidates derived from lecithins. Lipids, 1 (6), 422-426.

Wurster, C.F., Wurster, D.H., Strickland, W.N. Bird mortality after spraying for dutch elm disease with DDT. Science, 148 (3666), 90-91.

Wurster C.F. (1968). DDT reduces photosynthesis in marine phytoplankton. Manuscript submitted to Science: manuscript and raw data

Wurster C. F. Bird studies (raw data) ca 1968.

Wurster, C. F. (1968). DDT reduces photosynthesis by marine phytoplankton. Science, 159, 1474-1475.

Wurster, C.F., Wingate, David B. (1968). DDT residues and declining reproduction of Bermuda Petrels. Science, 159 (3818), 979-981.

Wurster, C.F. (ca. 1968). Chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides and the world ecosystem. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (ca. 1968). Chlorinated hydrocarbons and wildlife. Manuscript.

Miller, J.N. (1969). The alarming case against DDT: An interview with Charles F. Wurster. Reader’s Digest, October 1969, galley proof.

Odum, W.E., Woodwell, G.M., Wurster, C.F. (1969). DDT residues absorbed from organic detritus by fiddler crabs. Science, 164, 576-577.

Wurster, C. F. (1969). DDT: Danger to the environment. University Review, 2 (3) 20-22.

Wurster, C. F. (ca. 1969). DDT, Dieldrin and the world ecosystem. Manuscript.

Epstein S. S., et al. (March 1970). DDT: Universal contamination of the earth? Roche Medical Image and Commentary 12 (3), 14-18.

Buckley, P.A., Wurster, C.F. (1970). White-faced storm petrels, pelagodroma marina, in the North Atlantic. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 90 (2), 35-38.

Wurster, C. F. (1970). Life on our little spaceship. Manuscript submitted to Field and Stream.

Mosser, J. et al. (1971). Polychlorinated biphenyls: Toxicity to certain phytoplankters. Science,  175, 191-192.

Oestreicher, M. I., Shuman Deborah H., Wurster, Charles F. (1971). DDE reduces medullary bone formation in birds. Nature, 229 (5286), 571.

Wurster, C. F. (1971). Aldrin and dieldrin: environmental and human health aspects. Environment, 8, 33-45.

Wurster, C. F. (1971). Aldrin and dieldrin. Environment, 13 (8), 33-41.

Wurster, C. F. (1971). Do insecticides really control insects? Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (1972). Effects of insecticides. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Environmental Future.  Jvaskyla, Finland, 27  June-3 July, 1971., 294-310.

Fisher, N., Wurster, C.F. (1973). Individual and combined effects of temperature and PCBs on the growth of three species of phytoplankton.  Environmental Pollution, 5, 205-212.

Wurster, C. F., Habicht, E.R. (1973, 23 August). Cancer is all around us. The New York Times, 37.

Wurster, C. F. (1973). Aldrin and dieldrin on trial. Manuscript prepared for Audubon.

Fisher, N., et al. (1974). Effects of PCB on interspecific competition in natural and gnotobiotic phytoplankton communities in continuous batch cultures. Microbial Ecology, 1, 39-50.

Mosser, J. et al. (1974). Interactions of PCBs, DDT, and DDE in a marine diatom. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 12 (6), 665-668.

Powers, C.D. Rowland, R. G., Wurster, C. F. (1976). Dialysis membrane chambers as a device for evaluating impacts of pollutants on             plankton under natural conditions. Water Research, 10, 991-994.

Powers, C. D., Wurster, C. F., Rowland, R. G. (1977). Dieldrin-induced destruction of marine algal cells with concomitant decrease in size of survivors and their progeny. Environmental Pollution, 12.

Powers, C. D., et al. (1977). Response to polychlorinated biphenyls of marine phytoplankton isolates cultured under natural conditions. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 34 (6), 760-764.

Wurster, C. F. (1977).  American scientists take legal action to improve pesticide regulation. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (1977). Effective regulation of carcinogens is threatened by confusion. Written for the EDF Letter.

Magnani, B., et al. (1978). Effects of chlordane and heptachlor on the marine dinoflagellate exuviella baltica Lohmann. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 20, 1-5.

O’Connors, H.B., et al. (1978). PCBs may alter marine trophic pathways by reducing phytoplankton size and production. Science, 201, 737-739.

Biggs, D.C., Rowland, R.G., Wurster, C. F. (1979). Effects of trichloroethylene, hexachlorobenzene, and PCBs on the growth and cell size of  marine phytoplankton. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 21, 196-201

Powers, C. D., Wurster, C. F., Rowland, R.G. (1979). DDE inhibition of marine algalcell division and photosynthesis per cell. Pesticide             Biochemistry and Physiology, 10, 306-12

Michaels, R.A., Rowland, R. G., Wurster, C. F. (ca. 1979). Polychlorinated biphenyls inhibit photosynthesis per cell in the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. Manuscript.

Biggs, D.C., et al. (1980). Uptake of PCBs by natural phytoplankton assemblages: field and laboratory determination of 14C-PCB particle-water index of absorption. Environmental Pollution (Series A), 22, 101-110.

Nau-Ritter, G. M., Wurster, C. F., Rowland, R.G. (1982). PCB desorbed from clay particles inhibit photosynthesis by natural                         photoplankton communities. Environmental Pollution, 28, 177-182.

Nau-Ritter, G. M., Wurster, C. F., Rowland, R.G. (1982). Partitioning of [14C] PCB between water and particulates with organic contents. Water Research, 16, 1615-1618.

O’Connors, H.B. et al. (1982). Fates and biological effects of particle-sorbed PCBs in coastal waters. Ecological Stress and the New York Bight: Science and Management.

Powers, C. D., et al. (1982). Field and laboratory studies of the toxicity to phytoplankton of PCBs desorbed from fine clays and natural suspended particulates. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 8, (2), 350-357.

McManus, G. B. et al. (1983). Factors affecting the elimination of PCBs in the Marine CopepodArcatia Tonse. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 17, 421-430.

Nau-Ritter, G. M., Wurster, C. F. (1983). Sorption of PCB to clay particulates and effects of desorption on phytoplankton. Water Research, 17, 383-387.

Wurster, C. F. (1983) Effects of chlorinated hydrocarbon pollutants on phytoplankton. Estuaries, (6)

Wurster, C. F. (1983). Review of Aquatic Pollution:  Environmental Science and Technology. A Wiley-Interscience Publication. Quarterly Review of Biology, 58, 108-109.

Cosper, E. M., Wurster, C. F., Rowland, R. George. (1984). PCB resistance within photoplankton populations in polluted and unpolluteD marine environments. Marine Environmental Research, 12, 209-223.

Lundy, P., Wurster, C. F., Rowland, R.G. (1984). A two-species algal bioassay for detecting aquatic toxicity of chemical pollutants. Water Research, 2, 187-194.

Valente, R. M., Cosper, E.M., Wurster, C.F. (1987). Interactive effects of copper and silicic acid on resting spore formation and viability in a marine diatom. Journal of Phycology, 23, 156-163.

Cosper, E.M. et al. (1988). Induced resistance to PCBs confers cross-resistance and altered environmental fitness in a marine diatom. Marine Environmental Research, 23.

Whyte, R.J., Wurster, C. F. (1989). Impact of endosulfan on waterbirds in cotton growing areas: A report to the State Pollution Control Commission [NSW, AUS], Manuscript.

Cohen, M.K. et al. (1991). Mechanisms of resistance to polychlorinated biphenyls in two species of marine diatoms. Journal of the Marine  Biological Association of the U.K., 71.

Box  5

Wurster, C. F. (1995). Review of The Birds of South America, Vol. II. Quarterly Review of Biology, 70 (2). Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1996 12 August). An S.O.S. for man’s best friend at sea. The Los Angeles Times, B5.

Kalmer, A.K., Fujita, R., Wurster, C. F. (1996). Seabird bycatch in longline fisheries. Pacific Seabirds, 23 (2), 3.

Wurster, C. F. (2000). Review of Eco-Pioneers: Practical Visionaries Solving Today’s Environmental Problems. Quarterly Review of Biology, 75,             203-204.

Letters to the Editor and Editorials:

Wurster, C.F. (1969). Beetles and Dieldrin: by what right? Science, 163 (22).

Wurster, C. F. (1970). DDT in human milk. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (ca. 1971). President Nixon, cancer and the environment. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (1973). DES ban commended. Manuscript submitted to The New York Times.

Wurster, C. F. (1973, 8 May). Fat cattle and cancer. Letter to the editor. The New York Times, 42.

Wurster, C.F. (1975). Letter to the editor: Response to Thomas Jukes on DDT. JAMA, 231 (5), 463.

Wurster, C.F. (1977). FDA correct to ban saccharin. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1977). Saccharin controversy threatens national cancer policy. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1977) Letter to the editor: re: saccharin ban. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (1980 17 January). Artificial sweetners: A lesson re-learned. The Washington Post, op-ed page.

Wurster, C.F. (1982). DDT comes full circle. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1985, 17 June). Songbirds at the end of the ecological chain. Letter to the editor. The New York Times.

Wurster, C.F. (1989 19 April). Energy: Key to environmental protection. Manuscript submitted to the New York Times.

Wurster, C.F. (1989). Like creation, abortion is a religious issue. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1989). Selling Clean Air. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1989). Birds often warn of environmental degradation. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (ca. 1989). Dear Mr. Bush: Your environmental agenda. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (ca. 1989). Where is George Bush’s environmental program? Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1990). Energy policy: Key to economic and environmental dividends. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1990). Solve deficit, energy, environmental problems with fossil carbon tax. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1990). Apply "Rigid" law to red dye no. 3. Letter to the editor. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (1990). Re: The real cost of mid-east oil. Letter to the editor. Manuscript submitted to The New York Times.

Wurster, C. F. (1991). Bush’s energy plan mainly boosts oil profits. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1991). Saving the Alaska Wildlife Refuge. Memoranda.

Wurster, C.F. (ca. 1991). Consuming tree trunks ruins forests. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (ca. 1991). Selling forests for their lowest value. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (ca. 1991). Greater energy efficiency would help our economy.Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1992, 13 August). More on environmental conference in Rio. The Village Times, 54.

Wurster, C.F. (ca. 1992). Clinton’s energy tax is a good first step. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (ca. 1992). Clinton’s energy tax is too small. Manuscript.

Wurster, Charles F. (1993, 3 April). We can’t replace lab animals with people. Letter to the editor. The New York Times, 22.

Wurster, C.F. (1993 14 October). The guts of the plastic law is in the (paper) bag. The Village Times,  47.

Wurster, C.F., Emerson, Peter M.  (1993 November) NAFTA protects the environment. Manuscript submitted to The New York Times.

Wurster, C.F. (1994). Subsidizing environmental degradation. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1995). Life on earth, no space, is the final frontier. Letter to the editor. Manuscript submitted to Newsday.

Wurster, C.F. (1995 10 April). Preservation of Village vegetation and wildlife. Memoranda submitted to the Old Field Environmental             Council.

Wurster, C.F. (ca. 1996). Mortality of albatrosses and petrels hooked on tuna longlines in southern hemisphere oceans. Manuscript.

Wurster, C.F. (1997). Reducing greenhouse gases will be cheap. Manuscript.

Box  6

Wurster, C.F. (2000, 17 August). No church-state separation in republican platform. Letter to the editor. The Village Times, XXV (22).

Wurster, C.F. (2000, 20 October). A vote for Bush will reduce women’s rights. Letter to the editor. The Village Times, XXV (32).

Wurster, C. F. (ca. 2000). EDF, not Silent Spring, forced the banning of DDT .

Wurster, C. F. (2000). Anti-Abortionists would destroy our basic freedoms. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (2001, 17 April). Bush cuts make no sense. Newsday, A36.Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (2001, 11 July). Bush is going in the wrong direction on emissions.Newsday, p. A31.

Wurster, C. F. (ca. 2001). Putting a price on clean air. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (ca. 2001). Energy policy:  Right problem, wrong solution. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (2002, 4 October). Setting Iraq policy. Letter to the editor. Newsday, A43.

Wurster, C. F. (2004 17 November). Kyoto Protocol doesn’t have to be out of reach. Newsday, A39.

Wurster, C. F. (no date). Cancer prevention is not hopeless. Manuscript.

Wurster, C. F. (no date). Birds, bugs, or people? Manuscript.

Statements and Testimony:

Wurster, C. F. (1969). Affidavits in support of DDT regulation

Federal regulation of economic poisons. Hearings before the Senate Sub-committee on Energy, Natural Resources and the Environment (1970) (testimony of Charles. F. Wurster).

Persistent insecticides and their regulation by the federal government. Hearings before the Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry. Sub-committee on Agricultural Research and Legislation (1971) (testimony of Charles F. Wurster).

Wurster, C. F. (1974, April). Statement in favor of the Suffolk County Beverage Container Act.

Wurster, C. F. (1975).  The decision to ban DDT. Prepared for the Environmental Studies Board, Commission on Natural Resources, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences.

Wurster, C. F. (1990). Brookhaven needs recycling with no incineration. Statement to the Brookhaven Town Board.

Wurster, C. F. (1991). Incinerator ash is dangerous. Statement to the Brookhaven Town Board.
Wurster, C. F. (1995). Incinerator ash is dangerous. Statement to Kevin J. Casutto, Administrative Law Judge, New York Dept. of Conservation.

Wurster, C. F. (2002, April). Save our wildlife: save those thickets. Statement to the Board of Trustees, Village of Old Field.

Wurster, C. F. (2004, June). Biodiversity is lost in forest fragmentation. Statement for the public hearing on property acquisition and environmental impact for proposed research and development campus.

Book chapters:

Wurster, C. F. (1977). Carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides and PCBs. Draft chapter.

Wurster, C. F. (ca. 1988). The Beginning of the Environmental Defense Fund. Draft chapter.

Box  7

Press clippings, 1962-1975, 1979-2000

SERIES 3:  Environmental Defense Fund-Board of Trustees
Sub-series 1:  Correspondence and Memoranda

Box  8
1973, 1979-1980

General Memoranda:
EDF bylaws, 1969, 1986-1987
June-August, 1969
October-December, 1969

Closed or Retained Document, Closed Description
Closed or Retained Document, Closed Description

Box  9

Closed or Retained Document, Closed Description

Box  10
Memoranda--Litigation Review Committee:

Memoranda--Scientists Advisory Committee:
Committee roster, 1973

Box  11
Closed or Retained Document, Closed Description

SERIES 3:  Environmental Defense Fund-Board of Trustees
Sub-series 2: Meeting Minutes and Agendas

Box  12
Organization meeting, 1967
Bylaws, 1967-1969, 1986
Meeting agendas, 1970-1971
November 1973
October 1975
November 1980
February 1982
February 1983
September 1983
April 1984
April 1986
April 1987
September 1987
September 1988

Box  13
February 1989
May 1989
September 1989
February 1990
May 1990
September 1990

Box  14
February 1991
September 1991
February 1992
May 1992
September 1992

Box  15
February 1993
May 1993
September 1993
January 1994
September 1994
January 1995

Box  16

May 1995
September 1995
May 1996
September 1996
January 1997
May 1997

Box  17
September 1997
January 1998
May 1998
September 1998
January 1999

Box  18
January 1999
May 1999
September 1999
January 2000
May 2000
September 2000
January 2001

Box 19
May 2001
September 2001
January 2002
May 2002
September 2002
January 2003

Box  20
January 2003
April 2003
September 2003
September 2003
February 2004
May 2004
September 2004

Box  21
September 2004
February 2005

Box  22
May 2005
September 2005

Box  23

February 2006

SERIES 3:  Environmental Defense Fund-Board of Trustees
Sub-series 3:
Closed or Retained Document, Closed Description

Box  24
Closed or Retained Document, Closed Description

SERIES 4:  Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees
Sub-series 1:  Correspondence and Memoranda

Box  25
August-November 1972
December 1972
January 1973
February-March 1973
May 1973
July 1973
August 1973
October 1973
January 1974
February 1974
1979-1980. 1985

SERIES 4:  Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees
Sub-series 2:  Meeting Agendas and Minutes

Box 26

January-June 1970
July-December 1970
January-June 1971
July-December 1971
January 1974
June 1974
August 1974
September 1974
October 1974
December 1974
January 1975
February 1975
March 1975
April 1975

Box  27

May 1975
June 1975
July 1975
September 1975
October 1975
December 1975
January 1976
February 1976
March 1976
May 1976
April 1976
June 1976
July 1976
September 1976

Box  28

October 1976
November 1976
December 1976
January 1977
February 1977
March 1977
April 1977
May 1977
June 1977
July 1977
September 1977
October 1977
November 1977
December 1977

Box  29

January 1978
February 1978
March 1978
April 1978
May 1978
June 1978
July 1978
October 1978
September 1979
January 1980

Box  30

February 1980
May 1980
September 1980
November 1980
September 1981
December 1981
February 1982
June 1982
September 1982
January 1983
June 1986
January 1987

SERIES 5:  Environmental Defense Fund-Administrative Activities
Sub-series 1:  Public Information and Communications

Box  31

Print Advertisements:
Monsanto/EDF Joint Advertisement and EDF member reactions, 1978
McDonald’s / Environmental Defense Fund "Buy Recycled and Save"

EDF Letter—Memoranda on production, 1972-73
EDF Letter—Memoranda on production, 1976-79
Osprey Watch, 1998-1999 (3 issues)

Environmental Defense Fund. (1987).  Radon: The citizen’s guide. [brochure]

Denison, R.A., Ruston, J. (undated). A citizen’s guide to municipal solid waste incineration and recycling. Manuscript; Published as Recycling and Incineration: Evaluating the Choice.

Clark, S.L. (1991). Fight global warming: 29 things you can do.  New York: EDF and Consumer Reports.
Haimson, L., Ed. (1995). A moment of truth: correcting more errors in Gregg Easterbrook’s A Moment on the Earth. New York: Environmental Defense Fund.

Environmental Defense Fund and National Wildlife Federation. (1998). From the ashes: Reflections on Chico Mendes and the future of the  rainforests.

The John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment. (2000). The hidden costs of coastal hazards: Implications for risk assessment and mitigation, Washington D.C.: Island Press.

EDF Symposium Series:
1998: Economics and the Environment-Is Progress Compatible?-Background paper
2004: Global Warming in a Climate of Change-Registration form

Speaking Engagement Flyer:
The Energy Crisis and Utility Regulation: The Neglected Need for Reform, presentation by Ernst Habicht, undated

SERIES 5:  Environmental Defense Fund-Administrative Activities
Sub-series 2:  Fundraising

Program support office reports, 1971-72

Large Gift Fundraising:
Memoranda, 1972-73
Grant proposal, 1974
"Energy Consumption and Environmental Protection"; EDF luncheon program, 1974
Fund raising campaign brochures, 1996-97
Program for the Future—campaign newsletter, 1991

Box  32

Membership advertisement, proof for Audubon, ca. 1970


Environmental Defense Fund. (ca. 1971). One action device that works [Brochure]. New York: Author.

Amyas, A. (undated). A force for man. [Pamphlet]

Environmental Defense Fund. (ca. 1971). [Pamphlet on bequests].

Membership brochure, ca. 1979

Environmental Defense Fund. (1988).  If you’re not recycling, you’re throwing it all away [Brochure].  New York: Author.

Genetically engineered foods, 1990s.

Save Our Home [sticker], undated

Environmental Defense Fund prospectus, ca. 1970.

List of contributors / donors, 1970.

Box  33

Environmental Defense Annual Reports:

Restoring the Planet: The Campaign for Environmental Defense [report], 2000

Box  34

Member solicitation mailings, 1972-1984

SERIES 5:  Environmental Defense Fund-Administrative Activities
Sub-series 3:  Inter-Office Bulletins

Denver Office:

New York Office:
1968, 1970, 1976

Washington Office:

SERIES 5:  Environmental Defense Fund-Administrative Activities
Sub-series 4:  Videos

Box 35

VHS Tapes:
"Environmental Vision:  The Power of Positive Solutions" A Video Newsletter hosted by John Chancellor, narrated by Susan Sarandon. 20:00, 1990.

Environmental Defense Fund 1991 Symposium in Washington D.C.

"Complete the Circle:  How to Buy Recycled." With Joanne Woodward. Environmental Defense Fund, 26: 20, 1995.

Launch of Environmental Defense Climate Campaign. McCain--Lieberman. U.S. Senate. January 8, 2003.

SERIES 6:  Environmental Defense Fund-Programs

Box  36

Program proposals:
Environmental Health Program, 1972
Water Quality Program, 1973
Pest Control, 1972

Adamson, L. (1973). Comments on proposed tolerances for triphenyltin in carrots and sugar beets (38 Fed. Reg. 1258, February 1, 1973).

Adamson, L., Lang, S. (1973). Comments on the FDA’s proposed rules for regulation of fuels and fuel additives (38 Fed. Reg. 1258, January 10, 1973).

Adamson, L., Hellegers, J. Comments on the FDA’s proposed regulation entitled: ‘Compounds used in food producing animals; Proposed procedures the acceptability of assay methods’, (38 Fed. Reg. 19226, July 19, 1973).

Project Reports:

Environmental Health / Toxics:

Harris, S. G., and Highland, J. H. (1977). Birthright denied: The risks and benefits of breast-feeding. [Stony Brook, N.Y.]: Environmental Defense Fund.

Florini, K.L., Krumbhaar, G.D., Silbergeld, E.K. (1990). Legacy of Lead: America’s continuing epidemic of childhood lead poisoning. Washington, D.C., Environmental Defense Fund.

Physicians for Social Responsibility (U.S.), and Environmental Defense Fund. (1994). Putting the lid on dioxins: Protecting human health and the environment. Washington, D.C.: Physicians for Social Responsibility.

Haimson, L., and Goodman, B. (1995). A moment of truth: Correcting the scientific errors in Gregg Easterbrook's "A Moment on the Earth." New York: Environmental Defense Fund.

Wilcove, D. S. (1996). Rebuilding the ark: Toward a more effective endangered species act for private land. New York, NY: Environmental Defense Fund.

Solid Waste Management:

Stern, A., Kirshner, D. (1985). To burn or not to burn: The economic advantages of recycling over incineration in NYC. New York: Environmental Defense Fund.

Cohen, N., Herz, M., and Ruston, J. (1988). Coming full circle: Successful recycling today. [New York]: Environmental Defense Fund.

EDF / McDonald’s Waste Reduction Task Force. (1991). Final report. [New York]: Environmental Defense Fund / McDonalds Corporation.

Wildlife / Ecosystems:

Manheim, B. S. (1990). Paradise lost?: The need for environmental regulation of tourism in Antarctica. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Defense Fund.

Wilcove, D.S., Bean, M.J. (1994). The big kill: Declining biodiversity in America’s lakes and rivers, Washington, D.C.: Environmental Defense Fund.

McNaught, D., and Nickens, E. (2003). Horizon 2100: Aggressive conservation for North Carolina's future. Raleigh, NC: Environmental Defense, North Carolina Office.

Box  37

Water / Wetlands:

Stavins, R. N. (1983). Trading conservation investments for water: A proposal for the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California to obtain additional Colorado River water by financing water conservation investments for the Imperial Irrigation District. Berkeley, Calif. (2606 Dwight Way, Berkeley 94704): EDF.

Searchinger, T. D. (1992). How wet is a wetland?: The impacts of the proposed revisions to the federal wetlands delineation manual. New York, N.Y.: Environmental Defense Fund.

Graff, T. J., Yardas, D. R., and Chall, M. (1996). The passage of the Central Valley Project Improvement Act, 1991-1992: Environmental Defense Fund perspective. California water resources oral history series. Berkeley, Calif: Regional Oral History Office, The Bancroft Library, University of California.

Dunne, T. (1997). The Hidrovía Paraguay-Paraná navigation project: Report of an independent review. Washington, DC: Environmental Defense Fund.

Energy / Climate:

Willey, W. R. Z. (1978). Alternative energy systems for Pacific Gas and Electric Co.: An economic analysis. Berkeley, Calif: Environmental Defense Fund.

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: The Case for Policy Action, 1986.

Dudek, D. J. (1987). Chlorofluorocarbon policy: Choices and consequences. [New York]: Environmental Defense Fund.

Carbon Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide: Consistent Policy Making in a Greenhouse, 1990.

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions with Alternative Transportation Fuels, ca, 1991.

Cameron, M. (1991). Transportation efficiency: Tackling Southern California's air pollution and congestion. [S.l.]: Environmental Defense Fund.

Preserving Tropical Rainforests and Climate: The Role of Trees in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading, 1992

Dudek, D. J., and Goffman, J. (1994). Flexibility for responsibility: Focusing on reductions rather than technology in vehicle emissions control. New York: Environmental Defense Fund.

Vedantham, A., and Oppenheimer, M. (1994). Aircraft emissions and the global atmosphere: Long-term scenarios. [New York]: Environmental Defense Fund.

Environmental Defense Fund. (2000). From obstacle to opportunity: How acid rain emissions trading is delivering cleaner air. New York: Environmental Defense Fund.

Wang, J., and Oppenheimer, M. (2005). The latest myths and facts on global warming. [New York, N.Y.]: Environmental Defense.

Sub-series 1:  Litigation and Administrative Hearings

Box  38

Yannacone et al. v. Dennison et al (Supreme Ct. of New York, County of Suffolk)

Complaint, April 1966
Transcript of proceedings, 1966
Technical appendix, 1966
Memoranda in support of defendants, 1966

EDF v. Michigan Dept of Agriculture (U.S.D.C., West Dist. of MI)

Correspondence, 1967-1970
Affidavit of Charles F. Wurster, October 1967

EDF v. Michigan Dept of Agriculture No. 4594 (U.S. Ct of Appeals)

Affidavits in support of plaintiffs, November 1967

EDF v. B. Dale Ball (Michigan Supreme Ct)

Brief in support of appeal and restraining order, November 1967

Petition for declaratory ruling on DDT before the Wisconsin Dept of Natural Resources

Correspondence, March-August, 1968

Box  39

Petition for declaratory ruling on DDT before the Wisconsin Dept of Natural Resources

October-December 1968
January-June 1969
July-December 1969
Correspondence of Lorrie Otto, 1967-1970

Affidavit of Norman C. Leeling, 1968

Transcript of testimony:
Testimony of Dr. Van den Bosch, December 6, 1968
Testimony of Dr. Risebrough, December 12, 1968
Testimony of Dr. Lafroth, May 6, 1969
Draft briefs of petitioners, undated
Examiner’s summary of evidence and proposed ruling, May 21, 1970

Petition for the issuance of a regulation repealing the tolerance for DDT on raw
agricultural commodities before the FDA

Memoranda in support of petition of the Environmental Defense Fund et al., October 3, 1969

Petition for the cancellation of registrations of poisons containing DDT
before the USDA

Petition of the Environmental Defense Fund, Sierra Club, et al., October 31, 1969
Petitioners’ draft answer brief to USDA response on DDT, 1970

EDF v. U.S. Dept of Health, Education and Welfare No. 23,812 (U.S. Ct of Appeals)

Petition for review of 1969 order

Box  40

EDF v. U.S. Dept of Health, Education and Welfare No. 23,812 (U.S. Ct of Appeals)

Appendix, 1969

EDF v. Hardin No. 23,813 (U.S. Ct of Appeals)

January-June 1970
July-December 1970
Correspondence of Thomas H. Jukes, 1969-1973

Pleadings, January-March 1970
Reply brief for petitioners, March 1970
Pleadings, June 1970
Pleadings, July 1970
Pleadings, August 1970
Brief for respondent, August 1970
Supplemental brief for petitioners, August 1970
Reply brief for petitioners, September 1970
Pleadings, December 1970

DDT cancellation hearings for the cancellation of DDT before the EPA hearing examiner

Correspondence, January-July 1971
Correspondence, 1972-74

Box 41

DDT cancellation hearings for the cancellation of DDT before the EPA hearing examiner

Correspondence of Thomas H. Jukes, 1969-73
Affidavits—effects of DDT on birds, 1971
Affidavits—effects of DDT on ecosystems, 1971
Affidavits—effects of DDT on fish, 1971
Affidavits—effects of DDT on health, 1971
Affidavits—insect resistance to DDT, 1971
Affidavits—effects of DDT on marine algae and photoplankton, 1971
Pre-hearing conference reports, April-May 1971
Pre-hearing briefs of the USDA, May 1971
Pre-hearing briefs of the chemical companies, May 1971
Witnesses lists and exhibits (EPA), June 1971
Witness list (EDF), August 1971
Witness lists and exhibits (USDA), August 1971
Charles Wurster’s notes on testimony, August 1971
Testimony of Jesse L. Steinfeld, September 1971
Testimony of Norman E. Borlaug, September 1971

Box  42

DDT cancellation hearings for the cancellation of DDT before the EPA hearing examiner

Final brief (EDF), April 1972
Opinion and order, April 1972
Opinion of the Administrator, June 1972

DDT cancellation hearings before the EPA Administrative Law Judge

Pleadings, October 1972
Witnesses and exhibits (EPA), October 1972

EDF v. Montrose (U.S.D.C., District of California)

Correspondence, 1970-71
Complaint, 1971

EDF et al. v. EPA docket no. 72-1545 (U.S. Ct of Appeals)

Opinion on petition for injunction, 1973

Sub-series 2:  DDT in the Media

Box  43

Rachel Carson’s response to Presidential committee pesticide report, 1963

Advocates for DDT ban-clippings, 1969
Advocates for DDT ban-clippings, 1970
Advocates for DDT ban-clippings, 1971
Advocates for DDT ban -Charles F. Wurster clippings, 1968-72

Opposition to DDT ban-clippings, 1969
Opposition to DDT ban-clippings, 1970-71
Opposition to DDT ban-clippings, 1972-74
Opposition to DDT ban-Thomas Jukes clippings, 1963-69
Opposition to DDT ban-Thomas Jukes clippings, 1970-74
Opposition to DDT ban-Norman E. Bourlag clippings, 1970-72

DDT Regulation in New York State, 1967-68, 1969-70

DDT Regulation in Michigan:
February-July 1969
August-December 1969
March-May 1970
June-September 1970

Box  44

DDT Regulation in Wisconsin:
January 1969
February 1969
March 1969
June 1969
July 1969
August 1969
September-November 1969
September 1969

DDT Regulation in Wisconsin:
Dunlap, T.R. DDT on Trial: The Wisconsin Hearings. (1978). Wisconsin Magazine of History
62, 1.

Loucks, Orie L. (no date). Trial of DDT in Wisconsin. Patient Earth (John Harte and Robert A. Socolow,
Editors). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

DDT Regulation in California, 1969-71

Federal Regulation of DDT, 1969-71

The Rise and Fall of DDT (BBC/WGBH television program):
Correspondence, 1973-February 1974
Correspondence, March-September 1974
Transcript, January 1974

Sub-series 3:  Research Documents

Box  45

DDTand Aquatic life, 1945-70
DDT and mammalian toxicity, 1947-1970
Mammalian and avian effects, 1945-1970

Reports/reprints by subject:
Chlorinated hydrocarbons—effects on gull eggshells, 1970
DDT—Effects on air and water quality, 1971
DDT—Effects on aquatic ecosystems, 1961-67, with gaps
DDT—Effects on aquatic ecosystems, 1968-1970
DDT—Effects on biology, 1966-67, 1968-69, 1971
DDT—Effects on birds, 1963
DDT—Effects on birds, 1967-68
DDT—Effects on birds of prey, 1966-70
DDT—Effects on ecology, 1968-71
DDT—Effects on eggshells, 1969
DDT—Effects on fish, 1967-68, 1970

Box  46

DDT—Effects on human health, 1942, 1949
DDT—Effects on human health, 1950-1957
DDT—Effects on human health, 1965-1969
DDT—Effects on human health, 1970-1973
DDT—Effects on metabolism, 1968
DDT—Effects on robins, 1960-1965
DDT—Effects on sea birds, 1967-1968
DDT—Effects on trout, 1967
DDT—Effects on wildlife, 1961-1963
DDT—Effects on wildlife, 1965-1969
DDT—Effects on wildlife, 1977
DDT—Environmental policy
Randers, Jorgen, Meadows, Dennis L. (1971). "System simulation to test environmental policy: DDT:  A basis for rational decisions can be obtained even when complete data is lacking." Manuscript submitted to Science.

Reports—Pesticides (General):
USDA Committee on persistent pesticides, 1969
Pesticide residues in food and milk, 1968, 1976

Box  47

Report of the Lake Michigan pesticide investigations (WI Alumni Research Foundation), 1970
"Western Progress:  Adequate for the ‘70s?" (Sachs and Rubin, editors), draft

Legislation of DDT:
Michigan, 1966-68, 1970
New York, 1969-70
Wisconsin, 1969
Federal legislation, 1969-71

Comments on Spruce Budworm Suppression Project, Maine, 1978

Statements by subject:
DDT use and effects, 1969-70, 1975
Opposition to DDT ban (J. Gordon Edwards), 1971
DDT and pollution, 1971
DDT and environmental policy, 1971
Testimony before Senate Subcommittee on Air and Water Pollution in support of Senate bill 1113
The National Laboratory Act of 1971 (Dennis L. Meadows)
Statements on DDT (Robert van den Bosch), ca. 1972

The effect of pesticides on bird life, Dartmouth College research project:
Correspondence on a study of the effects of DDT on bird life in Hanover, New Hampshire

Residues of pesticides in birds [raw data], 1964-1965

Bird study: the effects of pesticides on bird life, Dartmouth:

Title: Map of Village Precinct of Hanover, N.H.
Author: unknown
Date: 1957
Note: map of Hanover study areas—DDT sprayed, 1963-4

Raw data, 1964-1965

EPA DDT Advisory Committee minutes, 1970-71

DDT Specimen labels, 1968

Box  48

Compilation of DDT articles, 1959-1967

SERIES 8:  Aldrin / Dieldrin
Sub-series 1:  Aldrin / Dieldrin Cancellation Hearings

Box  49

Petition for issuance of regulations repealing tolerances for Aldrin Dieldrin
before the FDA

Correspondence, 1970
Petition of the Environmental Defense Fund, 1970

EDF v. EPA (U.S.C.A., D.C.) [Petition for Review]

Correspondence, 1971
Petitioner’s briefs, 1971

Administrative hearings before the EPA; I.F.R. Docket no. 145 et al.

Correspondence, 1971-1974
Memoranda, 1972-1974
Pre-hearing conference, 1972
Pre-hearing discovery: carcinogenicity studies, 1972
Witness lists (EPA, Shell Chemical Company, USDA), 1972

Box  50

Pre-hearing briefs, 1973

Statements of Testimony (EPA, 1973):
Aldrin / Dieldrin residues in soil
Aldrin Dieldrin—Effects on wildlife
Aldrin Dieldrin—Effects on the aquatic environment
Livestock feed
Biological effects of insecticides
Behavioral effects of insecticides
Pesticides in water

Box  51

Recommended decision, 1974

Box  52

Briefs (EDF), August 1974
Preliminary statement of the Administrative Law Judge, September 1974
Brief on the human health evidence presented by EDF / EPA, August 1974
Opinion of the EPA Administrator, October 1974

SERIES 8:  Aldrin / Dieldrin
Sub-series 2:  Research Documents

Press releases, 1970-1974
Clippings, 1970-1974
Statement on pesticides (EPA Admin Ruckelshaus, 1971)

Aldrin Dieldrin—effects on behavior, 1969-72
Aldrin Dieldrin—Effects on California Condor eggshells, undated
Aldrin Dieldrin—economic effects of cancellation, 1972
Aldrin Dieldrin—expoxidation, 1970
Aldrin Dieldrin—effects on fish, 1966-67
Aldrin Dieldrin—residues in food, 1973

Box  53

Aldrin Dieldrin--human health effects
Aldrin Dieldrin--effects on reproduction
Aldrin Dieldrin—effects on behavior
Aldrin Dieldrin--induction of enzymes
Aldrin Dieldrin—Lindane
Aldrin Dieldrin--Teratogenicity
Pesticides--Insecticide persistence in soil

Shell Chemical Company, ca. 1968:
Insecticide brochures
Safety guides
Lawn care manuals
Aldrin/Dieldrin and endrin status reports
Information and technical bulletins

SERIES 9:  Mirex

Box  54

EDF et al. v. Hardin Civil no. 2310-70 (U.S. Dist. Ct, D.C.)

Correspondence, 1970
Pleadings, 1970-1971
Affidavits, 1970-1971

Public hearing on mirex cancellation before the EPA

Correspondence, 1971-1972
Correspondence, 1973-1975
F.I.F.R.A. Docket no. 293 – pleadings, 1975-1976
Mirex hearings settlement negotiations, ca. 1976

Clippings on federal fire ant eradication program, 1970-76
Press releases

Environmental Impact Statements:
Comments on the DES for the fire ant control program, 1971
Comments on proposed mirex labeling changes, 1973
Final environmental statement for the Imported Fire Ant Cooperative Federal-State
Control and Regulatory Program (USDA), 1973

Mirex—Effects on biology, 1965-75
Mirex—Effects on fish and wildlife, 1970-75
Fire Ant Control Program evaluation (USDA), 1970
Fire Ant Control Program—State and local committee reports, 1971
Pesticide regulation, 1965, 1970
Mirex—Toxicity, 1973
USDA Committee on the Imported Fire Ant, 1967

SERIES 10:  Pesticides

Box  55

Correspondence, 1972-1977
Ruckelshaus v. Dow Chemical-brief for amicus curiae EDF, 1972
Clippings, 1970-74
Report of the 2,4,5-T Advisory Committee of the EPA, 1971
Teratogenicity, 1979
Toxicity, 1971
2,4,5-T cancellation petition in New Zealand, 1973

Aldicarb, 1982-83
Captan (fungicide) reports, 1956
Dutch elm disease control, 1961-1964
Dutch elm disease control, 1967
Dutch elm disease control, 1968-1969
Dutch elm disease control, 1972

Box  56

EPA Advisory Committees:
Technical Advisory Committee on Pesticides-memoranda and meeting notes, 1971
Pesticide Policy Advisory Committee-memoranda and roster, 1975-1976

Federal Environmental Pesticide Control Act of 1971 (FEPCA):
Senate bills S.745, S.660, January 1971
Section by section analysis of the Act (EPA), ca. 1971
Hearings on the Federal Environmental Pesticide Control Act, March 1971
Comments on the FEPCA, March 1971
Senate and House committee reports, 1972

Gypsy moth control, 1972

Petition for suspension, 1974
Decision on suspension of the EPA Administrator, 1975
Comments on the use of heptachlor / chlordane, 1971
Reports-Chlordane in milk, 1968
Reports-Heptachlor in soil, 1970
Reports-effects on wildlife, 1965, 1968

Box  57

Integrated Pest Management:
Pest management programs, 1966-1971
Pest management programs—California, 1966-1971
Integrated pest management, 1967-1969, 1975

Parathion, 1972
Pesticides—benefits of use
Pesticides—effects on bird life, 1962-1965
Pesticides—effects on bird life, 1967-1969
Pesticides—carcinogenicity [literature review], 1969
Pesticides in the environment, 1966-1971
Pesticides—effects on fish, 1964-1966
Pesticides—insect resistance, 1961-1964
Pesticides—collected publications of Robert Van Den Bosch

Box  58

Pesticides—effects on wildlife, 1964-1968

Pesticide regulation:
Report on pesticides and public policy, 1966
Statement on proposed classification of certain substances as restricted (Rockefeller University), 1970
Comments on FIFRA regulations implementations (EPA), 1972, 1974
Comments on guidelines for pesticide registration and classification, 1974
Seminar on registration and regulation of pesticides, 1976

Pesticide Use:
President’s Advisory Committee on Pesticides-report, 1963
Conference reports, 1970-1971
A Guide to Pest Control (Dennis Puleston), 1974
Guides to pesticide use, undated

Box 59

United States Agency for International Development Pesticide Program:
EDF v. AID Civil action no. 75-0500 settlement-Memoranda, 1975

SERIES 11:  Subject Files

Box  60

Acid Rain (Brookhaven National Lab), 1977-78, 1980
Acorn Days manuscript (book by Marion Lane Rogers)
Audubon Leader (newsletter), Vols. 11 and 12, nos. 1-22, 1970-1971
Cancer—Women’s Health: A Question of Survival (ABC News transcript), 1976
Cancer—The American Way of Cancer (CBS News transcript), 1975
Carcinogens, 1974-1975
Carcinogens, 1990-1993
Climate change
Conservation, 1965-1967

Box  61

Colorado College symposium: Can Man Survive?, 1970
Cross Florida Barge Canal, 1969
Cross Florida Barge Canal, 1970
Deforestation in the Northwest, 1991
Deicing—effects on water quality, 1971-1972, 1976
Dioxin, 1990, 1994
Paul Ehlrich—articles, 1971
Emissions trading, 2003
Endangered species, 1996-97, 1999
Endangered Species Act, 1984, 1992

Box  62

Energy policy, 1972
Energy policy, 1989-92
Environmental Defence Society (N.Z.), 1972-1977
Environmental Defense Fund, 1968-1970
Environmental Defense Fund, 1971-1986
Environmental Defense Fund, 1990-2004
Environmental policy—Carter campaign’s Environmental Task Force, 1976
Environmentalism, 1969-1970
Environmentalism, 1990-1993
Global warming, 1989
Global warming, 1992
Global warming, 1997
Hetch Hetchy Valley (Yosemite Park), 2005

Box  63

Lead, 1970
Lead, 1979, 1982-84
Mercury, 1970
Mercury—effects on human health from consuming fish, 1970-1972
Mercury—effects on human health, 1972
Mercury—effects on fish, 1978-1980
National Parks—Redwood Creek, California, 1967
National Parks—Big Thicket, TX, 1971
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), 1993
Otto, Lorrie, 1972
PCBs, ca. 1977
PCBs, 1978-1984
Peregrine population surveys in Great Britain, 1963-65

Box  64

Population and Family planning, 1963-1967
Population and Family planning, 1968-1970
Population Reference Bureau—bulletins, 1962-1967
Population Reference Bureau—bulletins, 1968
Public land planning, 1972-1973, 1975
Rainforests, 1982, 1991
Saccharin, 1969-1972
Saccharin, 1977
Saccharin, 1978
Saccharin, 1979

Box 65

Scientists in the Public Interest: The Role of Professional Societies (conference), 1973
Seabird mortality and fisheries, 1996
Robert E. Smolker, 1985
Supersonic Transport—handbook, 1969
Supersonic Transport—Correspondence, 1970
Supersonic Transport—Media, 1970
Supersonic Transport—Reports, 1970, 1975
Tocks Island Dam, 1972
Toxic chemicals, 1974
Toxic chemicals—Study on Decision Making for Regulating Chemicals in the Environment (for the EPA), 1974
TRIS, 1977
Water Quality; Proceedings of the International Water Quality Symposium, Washington D.C., 1972

Box  66

Closed or Retained Document, Closed Description

Box 67

scrapbook, 1952-1968 (4f)
scrapbook, 1969 (3f)
scrapbook, 1970-1979 (3f)

SERIES 12: Closed or Retained Document, Closed Description