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Ph.D. Program in Science Education – Student Scholarship

Dissertations (Links to abstracts below; full dissertations can be accessed with a valid ProQuest account)

 1. Charles, T. (2020).   The history of the New York State Chemistry Regents Examination.    ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 27737783. Click here for abstract.
 2. Christian, K. B. (2019).  Secondary science teacher professional development in science and engineering practices. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 27670960. Click here for abstract.
 3. Cohen, R. (2019).  Community college science and mathematics coursetaking and performance and their relationship to graduation, transfer, and STEM persistence.  ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 13865664. Click here for abstract.
 4. Conenna, M. (2021).   The Origins of High School Biology in New York State. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 28644494. Click here for abstract.
 4. Gatz, J. (2017).   Middle school girls' science motivation and performance: Cognitive effects of an out-of-school time program with nutrition and fitness components.  ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 10280221. Click here for abstract.
 5. Gearns, R. (2021).   The Role of School Counseling in Student Preparation for Post-Secondary Engineering Study and Careers .  ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 28495875.  Click here for abstract.
 6. Gough, C. (2020). Vertically Aligned Professional Learning in the New Biology.  ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 27995434. Click here for abstract.
 7. Gouraige, J. M. (2020).   Urban STEM Successes in the Bronx: Moving Away from the Deficit Model. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 27995805. Click here for abstract.
 8. Greengold, S. (2019).   Chemistry teachers’ conceptions about chemical equilibrium in terms of rates of r eaction.   ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 13886575. Click here for abstract.
 9. Hantz, C. (2018).  Early history of Earth science education in New York State, 1865-1910.   ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 10825281. Click here for abstract.
10. Krakehl, R. (2021).   High school physics, equity, access, teaching and learning. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 28496861. Click here for abstract.
11. McHugh, L. (2016).   The integration of mathematics in middle school science: Student and teacher impacts related to science achievement and attitudes towards integrati on.   ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 10140739. Click here for abstract.
12. Mintz, J. A. (2017).  The impacts of the annual professional performance review in New York State:  Science teachers’ and administrators’ perspectives .   ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 10619372. Click here for abstract.
13. Nachtigall, D. (2019).  Collaborating, mentoring, and liaising: Analyzing what teacher leadership frameworks say and what STEM teacher leader s do.   ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 27665336. Click here for abstract.
14. Nehmeh, G. (2017).   Factors that influence physics access and participation throughout the pipeline.   ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 10620942. Click here for abstract.
15. O’Brien, S. (2017).  Topic specific pedagogical content knowledge and chemistry teacher preparation in electrochemist ry. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 10619384. Click here for abstract.
16. Padwa, L. (2018).   All alone: A study of isolated chemistry teachers in New York State.   ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 10823339. Click here for abstract.
17. Sasway, H. M. (2017).   Factors that influence community college students' interest in science cours ework . ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 10283224. Click here for abstract.
18. Shapiro, D. M. (2018).  Testing validity inferences of the Science Motivation Questionnaire II scores using a Rasch analysis framew ork.  ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 10931688. Click here for abstract.
19. Slagus, L. M. (2019).  Impacts of Urban Advantage professional development on middle school science teaching and learning. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 13886554. Click here for abstract.
20. Sleckman, J. (2020).  A Qualitative Study of Visualization Skills Used to Understand Chemical Bonding Theories. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 27995618. Click here for abstract.
21. Tornabene, R. (2018).   Measuring student understanding of genetics: Psychometric, cognitive, and demographic consideration s.  ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.  Click here for abstract.
22. Wankmuller, R. (2019).  Stuck in the middle: Middle school science and the Next Generation Science Stan dards.     ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 13886532. Click here for abstract.
23. Wortel, S. B. (2019).  STEM identity formation of undergraduate mentors and middle school students in an informal science education program.  ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, Publication No. 27670586. Click here for abstract.

Refereed Journals

 1. Palermo, M., Kelly, A. M., & Krakehl , R. (in press). Chemistry teacher retention, attrition, and migration. Journal of Chemical Education.
 2. Krakehl, R. , & Kelly, A. M. (2021). Intersectional analysis of Advanced Placement Physics participation and performance by gender and ethnicity.  Physical Review Physics Education Research, 17(2), 020105 . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.17.020105
 3. Nehmeh, G. , & Kelly, A. M. (2021). Facilitating the self-determination of undergraduate women in physics: The role of external validation. Research in Science & Technological Education, 39(3), 306-327 .
https://doi.org/10.1080/02635143.2020.1740668
 4. Palermo, M. , Kelly, A. M., &  Krakehl, R. (2021). Physics teacher retention, attrition, and migration. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 33(1) Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/1046560X.2021.1946638
 5. Bartoli, M. & Sheppard, K. (2021). The Origin of the 1200 Minute Laboratory Requirement. STANYS Teacher Bulletin. 84(2) 1-12.
 6. Christian, K. B., Kelly, A. M., & Bugallo, M. F. (2021). NGSS-based professional development for implementing engineering design in STEM instruction.  International Journal of STEM Education, 8(21) https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-021-00284-1
 7. McHugh, L. , Kelly, A. M., Fisher, J. H., & Burghardt, M. D. (2021). Graphing as a means to improve middle school science understanding and mathematics-related affective domains.  Research in Science Education, 51(2), 301-323 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11165-018-9796-6
 8. Mintz, J. A. , & Kelly, A. M. (2021). Science teacher motivation and evaluation policy in a high-stakes testing state.  Educational Policy, 35(1), 3-40.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0895904818810520
 9. Sasway, H. , & Kelly, A. M. (2021). Instructor behaviors that affect student attitudes towards science.  Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 45(6), 385-402 . https://doi.org/10.1080/10668926.2020.1719937
10. Stuart, Z. , Kelly, A. M., Westerfeld, D., & Bugallo, M. F. (2021). NGSS engineering practices in physics instruction: Building a night light.  The Physics Teacher, 59(3), 171-174 https://doi.org/10.1119/10.0003668
11. Cohen, R., & Kelly, A. M. (2020). Mathematics as a factor in community college STEM performance, persistence, and degree attainment.  Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 57(2), 279-307 . doi:10.1002/tea.21594
12. Krakehl, R., Kelly, A. M., Sheppard, K., & Palermo, M. (2020). Physics teacher isolation, contextual characteristics, and student achievement.  Physical Review Physics Education Research, 16(2), 020117 https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.16.020117
13. Ndembera, R., Hao, J., Fallin, R., Ray, H.E., Shah, L. & Rushton, G.T. (2020): Demographic factors that influence performance on the Praxis Earth and Space Science: Content Knowledge Test, Journal of Geoscience Education, DOI: 10.1080/10899995.2020.1813866
14. Rosen, D. J., & Kelly, A. M. (2020). Epistemology, socialization, help seeking, and gender-based views in traditional and online, hands-on undergraduate physics laboratories.  Physical Review Physics Education Research, 16(2), 020116 https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.16.020116
15. Sheppard, K., Padwa, L., Kelly, A. M., & Krakehl. R. (2020). Out-of-field teaching in chemistry and physics: An empirical census study.  Journal of Science Teacher Education, 31(7), 746-767 https://doi.org/10.1080/1046560X.2019.1702268
16. Tornabene, R. E., Sbeglia, G. C., & Nehm, R. H. (2020). Measuring belief in genetic determinism: A psychometric evaluation of the PUGGS instrument.  Science & Education,  29, 1621–1657.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11191-020-00146-2
17. Cohen, R., & Kelly, A. M. (2019). Community college chemistry coursetaking and STEM academic persistence.  Journal of Chemical Education, 96(1), 3-11 . doi:10.1021/acs.jchemed.8b00586
18. Cohen, R., & Kelly, A. M. (2019). The impact of community college science and mathematics coursetaking and remediation on graduation, transfer, and non-completion.  The Review of Higher Education, 42(2), 595-617 doi: 10.1353/rhe.2019.0008
19. Criswell, B. A., Rushton, G. T., Nachtigall, D, & Staggs, S. (2018). Strengthening the vision: Examining the internalization of a framework for teacher leadership development by experienced science teachers. Science Education, 102(6), 1265-1287.   doi: 10.1002/sce.21472. Abstract available from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/sce.21472.
20. Gatz, J., Kelly, A. M., & Clark, S. L. (2019). Improved executive function and science achievement for at-risk middle school girls in an aerobic fitness program.  The Journal of Early Adolescence, 39(3) 453-469. https:// doi.org/10.1177/0272431618770786
21. Padwa, L., Kelly, A. M., & Sheppard, K. (2019). Chemistry teacher isolation, contextual characteristics, and student performance. Journal of Chemical Education, 96(11), 2383-2392 . https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b00392
22. Gatz, J., & Kelly, A. M. (2018). Afterschool school triathlon training for 11-14 year old girls: Influences on academic motivation and achievement. Health Education Journal, 77(2), 156-168 . doi:10.1177/0017896917739444. Abstract available from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0017896917739444.
23. Hantz, C., Sheppard, K., & Kelly, A. M. (2018). Early history of Regents Earth science in New York State. The Science Teachers Bulletin, 81(2) .
24. McHugh, L., Kelly, A. M., & Burghardt, M. D. (2018). Professional development for a middle school mathematics-infused science curriculum.  Journal of Science Teacher Education, 29(8), 804-828 . doi:10.1080/1046560X.2018.1514825. Abstract available from  https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1046560X.2018.1514825
25. Nehmeh, G., & Kelly, A. M. (2018). Urban science teachers in isolation: Challenges, resilience, and adaptive action. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 29(6), 527-549 . doi:10.1080/1046560X.2018.1474425. Abstract available from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1046560X.2018.1474425.
26. Nehmeh, G., & Kelly, A. M. (2018). Women physicists and sociocognitive considerations in career choice and persistence. Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, 24(2), 95-119 . Abstract available from http://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/00551c876cc2f027,4c37811e62eac771,49151f0d311401fa.html.
27. Tornabene, R. , Lavington, E., & Nehm, R. H. (2018). Testing validity inferences for Genetic Drift Inventory scores using Rasch modeling and item order analyses. Evolution: Education and Outreach, 11(6). doi:10.1186/s2052-018-0082-x. Available from https://evolution-outreach.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12052-018-0082-x.
28. McHugh, L., Kelly, A. M ., & Burghardt, M. D. (2017). Teaching and learning thermal energy concepts in a middle school mathematics-infused science curriculum. Science Scope, 41(1), 33-40 . doi: 2505/4/ss17_041_01_43
29. Schmiemann, P. , Nehm, R. S. Tornabene, R. E. (2017). Assessment of genetics understanding: Under what conditions do situational features have on impact measures? Science & Education, 26(10, 1161-1191. Abstract available from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11191-017-9925-z.

Conference Proceedings (last three years)

 1. Kelly, A. M., & Krakehl, R. (2021, August). Widening the Gap: Intersectional Analysis of Advanced Placement Physics Participation and Performance by Gender and Ethnicity. Presentation at the Physics Education Research Conference, Washington, DC, United States. † (Virtual presentation)
 2. Krakehl, R. , & Kelly, A. M. (2021, August). Science and Mathematics Predictors of Precollege Physics Equity, Access, and Performance.Presentation at the Physics Education Research Conference, Washington, DC, United States. † (Virtual presentation)
 3. Palermo, M. , Kelly, A. M., & Krakehl, R. (2021, August). Physics Teacher Retention, Attrition, and Migration.Presentation at the Physics Education Research Conference, Washington, DC, United States. † (Virtual presentation)
 4. Palermo, M., Kelly, A. M., & Krakehl, R. (2021, August).  Physics Teacher Retention, Attrition, and Migration.   Presentation at the Physics Education Research Conference, Washington, DC, United States. † (Virtual presentation)
 5. Kelly, A. M., Sheppard, K., Krakehl, R., Padwa, L., & Palermo, M. (2021, January). Analyzing Physics and Chemistry Education in U.S. Schools with State-Level Data Sets. Presentation at the Korean Association for Science Education International Conference, Seoul, South Korea. † (Virtual presentation)
 6. Krayem, Z. N., Kelly, A. M., & Bugallo, M. F. (2020). University-designed middle school science experiences aligned with NGSS.  Proceed ings of the 2020 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Expositio n,Montréal, QC.
 7. Gatz, J., Kelly, A. M., & Bugallo, M. F. (2019). A mixed methods analysis of goals and the impact of peer mentoring for participants in the WISE Honors Program.  American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, Tampa, FL .  https://www.asee.org/public/conferences/140/papers/25688/view
** Denise D. Denton Best Paper Award, ASEE Women in Engineering Division, 2019
 8. Krayem, Z. N., Kelly, A. M., McCauley, J., & Bugallo, M. F. (2019). Engineering exposure for pre-college women: A university-based workshop model.  Integrated STEM Education Conference (ISEC), 2019 IEEE 9 th  (pp. 156-159),  Princeton, NJ. doi:10.1109/ISECon.2019.8881954
 9. Christian, K., Kelly, A. M., Bugallo, M. F., & Sheppard, K. (2018). University-based training of high school science teachers to implement the Next Generation Science Standards. Proceedings of the 2018 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition. Salt Lake City, UT. Available from https://peer.asee.org/29898.
10. Gatz, J., Kelly, A. M., & Bugallo, M. F. (2018). The power of peer mentoring of undergraduate women in engineering: Fostering persistence through academic and social integration. Proceedings of the 2018 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition. Salt Lake City, UT. Available from https://peer.asee.org/31119. Best Diversity Paper Award, ASEE Women in Engineering Division, 2018
11. Gearns, R., Kelly, A. M., & Bugallo, M. F. (2018). Professional development for high school guidance counselors to facilitate precollege STEM preparation. Proceedings of the 2018 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition. Salt Lake City, UT. Available from https://peer.asee.org/30897.
12. Kelly, A. M., Bugallo, M. F., Nehmeh, G., & Gatz, J. (2018). Improving undergraduate science and engineering instruction at a research university: Challenges and solutions . Conference Proceedings of New Perspectives in Science Education, 7 th ed . (pp. 318-322), Florence, Italy. Available from https://conference.pixel-online.net/NPSE/files/npse/ed0007/FP/0455-SEPI2880-FP-NPSE7.pdf.
13. Krayem, Z. N., Kelly, A. M., Bugallo, M. F., Westerfeld, D., Gearns, R., & Westervelt, K. (2018). Precollege electrical engineering outreach: The design of a home security system. Proceedings of the 2018 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition. Salt Lake City, UT. Available from https://peer.asee.org/30881.
14. Sherwood, K. E., Kelly, A. M., & Bugallo, M. F. (2018). Peer mentoring of undergraduate women in engineering as a mechanism for leadership transition. Proceedings of the 2018 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition. Salt Lake City, UT. Available from https://peer.asee.org/30864.

Selected Conference Presentations (Regional/National/International)

 1. Gouraige, J., (2020, January).  Urban STEM Education Successes in the Bronx: Moving Away From the Deficit Model.
 Poster presented at the Annual International Conference of the Association for Science Teacher Education, San Antonio, TX.
 2.  Rosen, D., & Kelly, A. M. (2020, July).  Epistemological, Socialization, and Help Seeking Views in Traditional and At-Home Undergraduate Physics Laboratories.  Presentation at the Physics Education Research Conference, Grand Rapids, MI.  †  (Virtual presentation)
 3.  Rosen, D., & Kelly, A. M. (2020, July).  Rethinking the Value of Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Work. Presentation at the American Association of Physics Teachers Conference, Grand Rapids, MI.  †  (Virtual presentation)
 4. Christian, K., Kelly, A. M., & Bugallo, M. F. (2020, March).  NGSS Teacher Professional Development to Implement Engineering Practices in Science Instruction.  Paper accepted for the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Portland, OR. † (Virtual presentation)
 5. Gatz, J.Kelly, A. M., & Bugallo, M. F. (2020, March).  How Do the Social Structures of a Peer Mentoring Program Relate to Achievement Goals and Persistence for Female Undergraduate STEM Majors?  Paper accepted for the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Portland, OR. † (Virtual presentation)
 6.  Gearns, R., Kelly, A. M., & Bugallo, M. F. (2020, March).  School Counseling and the Preparation of Pre-College Students for STEM Careers. Paper accepted for the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Portland, OR. † (Virtual presentation)
 7.  Krakehl, R., Kelly, A. M., Sheppard, K., &  Padwa, L. (2020, March).  Out-of-Field Physics Teaching in Urban, Suburban, and Rural Contexts.  Paper accepted for the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Portland, OR. † (Virtual presentation)
 8.  Palermo, M., Krakehl, R.Kelly, A. M.,  & Sheppard, K. (2020, March).  Physics Teacher Isolation, Contextual Characteristics, and Physics Achievement. Paper accepted for the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Portland, OR. † (Virtual presentation)
 9.  Rosen, D., Kelly, A. M., & Hemmick, T. (2020, March).  Students’ Epistemological Views of Socialization and Teacher Support in the Undergraduate Physics Laboratory.  Paper accepted for the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Portland, OR. † (Virtual presentation)
10.  Sheppard, K. Padwa, L., Kelly, A.M. &  Krakehl, R. (2019, October).  Out of Field Teaching in the Physical Sciences in New York State Poster presented at the North-East Regional Meeting of the Association for Science Teacher Education, University of Vermont, Burlington VT.
11. Kelly, A. M., O’Connell, C.,   Gatz, J., & Bugallo, M. F. (2019, August).   Graduate Women’s Leadership Development in Science and Engineering: A Workshop Model.   Paper presented at the European Science Education Research Association Conference, Bologna, Italy.
12. Slagus, L. M., & Kelly, A. M. (2019, August).   Urban Advantage: A Professional Development Partnership between Urban Middle Schools and Informal Science Institutions . Poster presented at the European Science Education Research Association Conference, Bologna, Italy.
13. Cohen, R., & Kelly, A. M. (2019, April).   Community College Chemistry Coursetaking and STEM Academic Persistence.   Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Baltimore, MD.
14. McHugh, L., Kelly, A. M., & Sheppard, K. (2019, April).   Graphing as a Means to Improve Middle School Science Understanding and Affective Domains.   Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Baltimore, MD.
15. Padwa, L., Sheppard, K., Kelly, A. M., Rushton, G. T. (2019, April).   Location, Location, Location… A Study of Chemistry Teachers in New York State.   Poster presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Baltimore, MD.    
16. Rushton, G. T.,   Padwa, L., Sheppard, K., & Kelly, A. M. (2019, April).   Professional Age of Isolated Teachers as a Mediator of Chemistry Performance in High Needs Schools.  Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Baltimore, MD.
17. Wortel-London, S. B., & Kelly, A. M. (2019, April).   ‘They Did Not Expect Me to Be a Scientist’: Informal Service Learning's STEM Identity Impact.   Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Baltimore, MD.
18. Gatz, J., & Kelly, A. M. (2018, April).   Predictors of Science Achievement in a Suburban Middle School: Addressing Trends in the Leaky STEM Pipeline in Early Adolescence.   Poster presented at the Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association, New York, NY.
19. Nehmeh, G., & Kelly, A. M. (2018, April).   Self-Determination of Women as Underrepresented Minorities in Undergraduate Physical Science.   Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association, New York, NY.
20. Sasway, H. M., & Kelly, A. M. (2018, January).   Community College Students’ Interest and Motivation to Study Science.   Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association of Science Teacher Education, Baltimore, MD.
21. Slagus, L. M., & Kelly, A. M. (2018, January).   The Impact of the Urban Advantage Initiative on Middle School Science Teachers.  Poster presented at the Annual Conference of the Association of Science Teacher Education, Baltimore, MD.
22. Kelly, A. M., &   Nehmeh, G.  (2017, August).   Physics Teacher Isolation in Urban Schools.   Paper presented at the European Science Education Research Association Conference, Dublin, Ireland.
23. Nehmeh, G., & Kelly, A. M. (2017, August).   Primary and University Academic Experiences of Career Women Physicists.   Poster presented at the European Science Education Research Association Conference, Dublin, Ireland.
24. Gatz, J., & Kelly, A. M. (2017, May).   Dose Response Effect of Physical Activity and Behavioral Regulation Measures on the Science Achievement of At-Risk Middle School Girls.  Poster presented at Annual Conference of the American College of Sports Medicine, Boston, MA. Abstract published in   Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(5S), 210.
25. Gatz, J., & Kelly, A. M. (2017, April).   Middle School Girls' Science Achievement and Cognition: Effects of an After School Informal Science Program.  Poster presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, San Antonio, TX.
26. Gearns, R., Kelly, A. M., & Bugallo, M. F. (2017, April).   Shifts in Students' Views Towards Engineering in an Out-of-School-Time Program.   Poster presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, San Antonio, TX.
27. O’Brien, S., & Kelly, A. M. (2017, April).   Master Teachers' Topic-Specific Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TSPCK) of Electrochemistry.  Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, San Antonio, TX.
28. Mintz, J., & Kelly, A. M. (2017, April).   Science Teacher and Administrator Perspectives of Teacher Evaluation Systems.   Poster presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, San Antonio, TX.
29. Sasway, H. M.,  & Kelly, A. M. (2017, April).   Factors that Influence Community College Students' Interest in Science Coursework.   Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, San Antonio, TX.
30. Wortel-London, S. B.,  & Kelly, A. M. (2017, April).   ‘I Like STEM, But Am I a STEM Person?’ Effects of Informal Learning and Mentors on STEM Identity.   Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, San Antonio, TX.
31. Gatz, J.,  & Kelly, A. M. (2016, June).   Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Cognition and Science Achievement in Middle School Girls.   Poster presented at Annual Conference of the American College of Sports Medicine, Boston, MA. Abstract published in   Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(5S), 1050.
32. Gatz, J., & Kelly, A. M. (2016, April).   Middle School Girls' Science Motivation and Performance: Cognitive Effects of an Out-of-School-Time Program.   Poster presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Baltimore, MD.
33. Wortel-London, S. B.,  Kelly, A. M., & Groome, M. (2016, April).   Recruiting STEM Graduate Students for K-12 Education: Development of an Instrument for Identifying Candidates . Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Association of Research in Science Teaching, Baltimore, MD.

†Conference cancelled due to pandemic concerns in 2020; presentations archived through conference website.