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Edward Lewis Squires Collection

Collection Number
SC 421

OCLC Number

Edward Lewis Squires, 1844-1934

Purchased in 2002.

Extent, Scope, and Content Note 
Two manuscript diaries.
Dates: 1863 and 1864.
Dimensions: 8.5 cm x 14.5 cm.
Edward Lewis Squires (1844-1934) was a Long Island resident stationed in New York, Virginia, and Coles Island, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina during the Civil War. He served in Private Company G, 127th Regiment, New York Volunteers.

Arrangement and Processing Note
Processed by Kristen J. Nyitray in December 2008.
Finding aid updated in April 2020 by Kristen J. Nyitray.


Restrictions on Access
The collection is open to researchers without restriction.

Rights and Permissions 

Stony Brook University Libraries' consent to access as the physical owner of the collection does not address copyright issues that may affect publication rights. It is the sole responsibility of the user of Special Collections and University Archives materials to investigate the copyright status of any given work and to seek and obtain permission where needed prior to publication.  

[Item], Edward Lewis Squires Collection, Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University Libraries.

Historical Note
Edward Lewis Squires was born on May 29, 1844 in Southampton, Long Island, New York to Lewis Squires (1804-1876) and Sarepta Fanning (1811-1903).

He enlisted for military service on August 28, 1862 at Sag Harbor, New York to serve for three years. He mustered in as private, Company G on September 8, 1862. He was discharged for disability on May 26, 1864 in New York City. 

He married Mary Henrietta Foster (1850-1914) on March 19, 1867 at Good Ground (Hampton Bays), Long Island. They had four children: Benjamin E. (1868-1951); Mary Etta (1869-1953); Anna Elizabeth (1874-1943); and Bernice Foster (1878-1968). Edward Squires died on January 3, 1934 in Good Ground. He is buried with his wife at the Good Ground Cemetery, Hampton Bays, New York. 

Sources: New York State, Division of Military and Naval Affairs; and Find A Grave.

Squires, Edward Lewis, --1844-1934.
United States. -- Army. -- New York Infantry Regiment, 127th (1862-1865). -- Company G.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives.
United States.


Diary #1: 1863
Entries dated February 10 through December 31.
Front inside cover: a sketch in ink of a man and a woman; the name of Mrs. E? Ethel Squires, River Head, New York State, is handwritten on the following page. The daybook begins on February 10, 1863 (the January pages are missing); entries begin on February 19. Each day, Edward Squires composes a brief entry about his daily activities. He gives much attention to the weather conditions. His commentary includes notations about: a battalion drill and dress parade rehearsal; marching toward Vienna and Falls Church, Virginia; his arrival at West Point in May; receiving orders to march to Williamsburg on June 9; travelling on July 10 to Yorktown, Virginia; being seen by a doctor about problems with his legs in October and November; and later that year, being excused from duty for several weeks and his admission to a hospital.

Diary #2: 1864
Entries dated January 1 thorugh June 24; September 15 through December 31.
Front inside cover: Edward L. Squires, 127th Regiment, N.Y.V., Coles Island, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina.
Back inside cover: Edward L. Squires, Pond Quogue, Town of Southampton, Suffolk County, Long Island, 1864.

In this daybook, Edward Squires writes entries on a daily basis that provide commentary about: the weather conditions; returning to New York on February 3, 1964 ("took the cars at Hunters point and arrived in Riverhead about two o'clock"); and his medical problems (pain in his back). The last pages of the book have some accounting information, including an itemization of clothing purchased and a statement of "land owned by Lewis Squires, total 192 acres."