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ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION    

Title
Helen Hull Jacobs Collection

Collection Number
SC 224

OCLC Number
1028639455

Creator 
Helen Hull Jacobs, 1908-1997

Provenance 
Under review

Extent, Scope, and Content Note 
The collection is comprised of four oversized scrapbooks (3.25 linear ft.) compiled by Helen Hull Jacobs between 1943 and 1945. It contains newspaper clippings, programs, and ephemera related to the Women Appointed for Volunteer Emergency Services (WAVES) training at the U.S. Naval Training Station, Bronx, New York located on the campus of Hunter College. Jacobs was a champion tennis player and   a commander in United States Navy intelligence in World War II, one of five women in the Navy to achieve that rank. 

Arrangement and Processing Note
Finding aid updated and revised by Kristen J. Nyitray in July 2019.

Language
English 

Restrictions on Access
The collection is open to researchers without restriction.

Rights and Permissions 
Stony Brook University Libraries' consent to access as the physical owner of the collection does not address copyright issues that may affect publication rights. It is the sole responsibility of the user of Special Collections and University Archives materials to investigate the copyright status of any given work and to seek and obtain permission where needed prior to publication.  

Citation 
[Item], [Box], Helen Hull Jacobs Collection, Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University Libraries.

Historical Note
Helen Hull Jacobs (1908-1997) was the national junior tennis champion in 1924–1925. She was first defeated by Helen Wills, who would prove to be her longtime rival, in the 1928 finals at Forest Hills, New York. Her only victory over Wills came by default. Though often in Wills' shadow, Jacobs won four U.S. Open singles (1932–35), three doubles (1932 and 1934–1935), and mixed doubles (1934) championships. She was ranked in the world's top 10 from 1928 to 1940. In 1933, she became the first woman to break with tradition by wearing man-tailored shorts at Wimbledon. Her autobiography, Beyond the Game, was published in 1936. According to the International Tennis Hall of Fame,  Jacobs was "a commander in United States Navy intelligence in World War II, one of five women in the Navy to achieve that rank. She retired from tennis in 1947 and enjoyed a career as a farmer, a writer of 19 books, and a designer of sportswear." (Additional source: Encyclopedia Britannica )

Subjects
United States. -- Naval Reserve. -- Women's Reserve.
United States Naval Training Station (Bronx, N.Y.)
United States. -- Navy -- History.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Participation, Female.
Women sailors -- United States.
United States. -- Navy.
Military participation -- Female.
Women sailors.
United States.

INVENTORY

Scrapbook 1943, v.1
Scrapbook 1943-1944, v.2
Scrapbook 1944, v.3
Scrapbook 1944-1945, v.4