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Title
Robert R. Sokal Papers

Collection Number
UA 2157

OCLC Number
In-process

Creator 
Robert Reuven Sokal (1926-2012)

Provenance 
This collection was donated by the family of Dr. Robert Sokal in 2012 and 2013. Materials were transferred from the Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University. 

Extent, Scope, and Content Note 
The collection is comprised of 24.5 linear ft. of research notes, manuscripts, correspondence, lectures, and related documents created by Robert R. Sokal between 1953 and 2004.

Arrangement and Processing Note
The papers have been arranged in the original order maintained by Robert R. Sokal. The collection was processed by  Kristen J. Nyitray   in April 2012. Updated April 2019.

Language
English 

Restrictions on Access
The collection is open to researchers without restriction.

Rights and Permissions 

Stony Brook University Libraries' consent to access as the physical owner of the collection does not address copyright issues that may affect publication rights. It is the sole responsibility of the user of Special Collections and University Archives materials to investigate the copyright status of any given work and to seek and obtain permission where needed prior to publication.  

Citation 
[Item], [Box], Robert R. Sokal Papers, Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University Libraries.

Historical Note
Reproduced with permission of the author from Robert R. Sokal (1926-2012) by Douglas Futuyma, Distinguished Professor, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Science 18 May 2012: Vol. 336 no. 6083 p. 816. 

Robert R. Sokal, Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Ecology and Evolution at Stony Brook University, passed away on 9 April 2012 in Stony Brook, New York. He was 86 years old. He was renowned for his contributions to quantitative analysis in biology, especially in ecology, evolutionary biology, and systematics. As a cofounder of “numerical taxonomy,” he devised methods for classifying organisms (later applied much more widely) that foreshadowed the development of phylogenetic analysis. He honed a wide variety of statistical tools, especially for analyzing spatially distributed data, and contributed abundantly to analyzing patterns of human genetic variation. His textbook Biometry, coauthored with F. J. Rohlf, profoundly influenced training and data analysis in ecology and evolutionary biology.

Robert Sokal was born on 13 January 1926 in Vienna, Austria. In 1939, his family fled the Nazis, escaping by train to Italy and thence by ship to Shanghai, China, joining many thousands of other European Jews. There, he earned a bachelor's degree in biology from St. John's University in 1947, where he performed his first published research (on the anatomy of the head capsule of a dragonfly species). He also met his future wife, Julie Chenchu Yang. His life during these years is described by Stefan Schomann in Letzte Zuflucht Schanghai (Final Refuge Shanghai), which has been translated into Chinese.

In 1947, Robert moved to the University of Chicago and married Julie a year later. Under the supervision of entomologist Alfred E. Emerson and population geneticist Sewall Wright, he earned a Ph.D. in zoology in 1952 for a statistical study of morphological variation in the aphid Pemphigus populitransversus (a subject he would revisit over the next 40 years). He then went to the University of Kansas where he was first an instructor in entomology and then a professor of statistical biology. In 1968, Robert joined the newly created Department of Ecology and Evolution at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, and strongly influenced its development. His career at Stony Brook saw him in the roles of professor, department chair, and graduate program director. He supervised 25 Ph.D. students at Kansas and Stony Brook. After retiring in 1995, he remained an active Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Ecology and Evolution, continued his research, and stayed involved in the affairs of the university and the U.S. National Academy of Science. Robert attended departmental colloquia until the last year of his life.

Robert Sokal's scientific publications include 13 books (6 translated into other languages) and 206 articles. These include 34 papers on quantitative and ecological genetics of laboratory populations of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, the housefly, and the flour beetle, focusing especially on density- and frequency-dependent selection. Perhaps his greatest impact was in developing numerical taxonomy, a quantitative approach to classification to which he devoted two books and 68 articles. Although Robert coauthored one of the first papers on phylogenetic inference, he concluded that classification of organisms could more objectively be based on their quantitative similarity than on their uncertainly inferred evolutionary relationships. His advocacy of this approach embroiled him in intense, sometimes bitter conflict with both traditional taxonomists and the developing school of phylogenetic systematics, or cladistics. His focus on quantitative biology also was evident in more than 50 papers on statistical and biometric methods, especially concerning analysis of spatial data, which he applied mostly to humans and to the aphids that were the subject of his Ph.D. thesis. He published 49 articles on geographic patterns of human genetic variation and its relation to language, ethnohistory, and even cancer rates, focusing mostly on Europe. Robert's broad command of languages (he spoke six) and deep interest in European history contributed to this effort. He used the few dozen available genetic markers to analyze the genetic affinities of various populations, to infer that early agriculture had spread by human migration rather than cultural diffusion, and to show that zones of sharp genetic differentiation correspond to linguistic boundaries.

Robert Sokal served as the president of the Society for the Study of Evolution, the American Society of Naturalists, the Classification Society, and the International Federation of Classification Societies. He was an associate editor of Evolution and editor of The American Naturalist. His honors include both Fulbright and Guggenheim awards and the Charles R. Darwin Award for Lifetime Achievement of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists. He was a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences in 1987.

In a professional setting, Robert carried himself with a traditional European formality, was the epitome of organization, efficiency, and attention to detail, and set high standards of performance and productivity for his assistants, students, and especially himself. He expressed his opinions and judgments forthrightly, and by his manner and example portrayed a professional excellence to which younger colleagues (even if perhaps intimidated) could aspire. Robert Sokal was scrupulously honest and fair, and a model of integrity in the face of heated debate and sometimes personal attacks. He was quietly generous and inspired devotion among many of his associates. During the 42 years that I knew him, I first felt honored to have earned his respect, and then gratitude for his strong professional and personal support. In relaxed moments, he was a genial host and an accomplished, humorous raconteur. He appreciated opera and other arts, read widely, and drew sustenance from his Jewish heritage. He developed many close friendships. Most of all, he shared a loving bond with his family—Julie, his wife of 64 years, his two children, and four grandchildren.

Subjects
Numerical taxonomy.
Biology -- Classification.
Biometry.
Biological models.

INVENTORY

Box 1

  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 28, 1996
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 27, 1995
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 26, 1994
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 25, 1993 (3f)
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 24, 1990
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 23, 1989
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 22, 1988
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 21, 1987
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 20, 1986
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 19, 1985
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 18, 1984

Box 2

  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 16, 1982 (2f)
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization: Taxonomic Congruence in Caminalcules
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 15, 1981
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 14, 1980 (2f)
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 13, 1979 (2f)
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 12, 1978

Box 3

  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 11, 1977 (2f)
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 10, 1976
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 9, 1975
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 8, 1974 (6f)

Box 4

  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 7, 1973
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 6, 1972
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 5, 1971
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 4, 1970
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 3, 1969 (2f)
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 2, 1968
  • International Conference on Numerical Taxonomy, 1, 1967

Box 5

  • Portugal, 1980: population biology course materials
  • Portugal, 1980: business
  • Portugal, 1980: correspondence
  • Portugal, 1980: lecture notes for numerical taxonomy
  • Portugal, 1980: population biology course roster and handouts
  • Portugal, 1977
  • Portugal, 1977: computer manuals
  • Portugal, 1977: mathematical classification lecture notes
  • Portugal, 1976
  • Portugal, 1975
  • Portugal, 1974: classwork

Box 6

  • Portugal, 1972
  • Portugal, 1971
  • XIII International Congress of Genetics, 1973
  • International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology IV, 1990
  • International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology II, 1980
  • International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology, macroevolution, 1973
  • International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology Numerical Taxonomy, symposium, 1973
  • International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology, reorganization, 1973
  • International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology, species talk, 1973
  • International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology, other speakers, 1973
  • First International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology, 1973
  • “Hannah’s Survival Experiment,” 1970
  • “Survival Experiment,” 1970-1971
  • “Population Budgets of Genetically Mixed Tribalium Cultures,” David Wool and Robert Sokal

Box 7

  • Classification Society, North America Branch, 1991
  • Classification Society, executive committee, 1985
  • Classification Society, journal, 1980s
  • Classification Society, council business, 1983
  • Classification Society, membership committee
  • Classification Society, Peter Sneath
  • Classification Society, North America Branch committee
  • Classification Society, journal project
  • Classification Society, bibliography project and journal
  • Classification Society, North America Branch, business
  • Classification Society, notes, 1972
  • Classification Society, Chicago meeting, 1972

Box 8

  • Classification Society, bibliography committee
  • Classification Society, full council
  • Classification Society, North America Branch, Columbus meeting, 1970
  • Classification Society, North America Branch, Canada meeting, 1971
  • Classification Society, North America Branch, Atlanta meeting, 1973
  • Classification Society, North America Branch, Ann Arbor meeting, 1974
  • Classification Society, North America Branch, Iowa City Meeting, 1975
  • Classification Society, North America Branch, Rochester meeting, 1976
  • Classification Society, North America Branch, Dartmouth meeting, 1977
  • Classification Society, North America Branch, Clemson, SC meeting, 1978
  • Classification Society, North America Branch, Gainesville meeting, 1979

Box 9

  • Classification Society, annual meeting, Boulder, Colorado, 1980
  • Classification Society, Toronto meeting, 1981 (2f)
  • Classification Society, Montreal meeting, 1982
  • 6th Annual Conference of the German Classification Society, 1982
  • Classification Society, Philadelphia meeting, 1983
  • Classification Society, Paris meeting, 1983
  • Classification Society, Santa Barbara meeting, 1984
  • Classification Society, Newfoundland meeting, 1985
  • Classification Society, Columbus meeting, 1986
  • Classification Society, membership lists

Box 10

  • Classification Literature Automated Search Service, Vol. 4
  • Classification Literature Automated Search Service, Vol. 5
  • Classification Literature Automated Search Service, Vol. 6
  • Classification Literature Automated Search Service, Vol. 7
  • Classification Literature Automated Search Service, Vol. 9
  • Classification Literature Automated Search Service, Vol. 10
  • Classification Literature Automated Search Service, Vol. 11
  • Classification Literature Automated Search Service, Vol. 17
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 1 No. 1
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 1 No. 2
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 1 No. 3
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 2 No. 1
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 2 No. 2
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 2 No. 3
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 2 No. 4
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 3 No. 1
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 3 No. 2
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 3 No. 3
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 3 No. 4
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 4 No. 1
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 4 No. 2
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 4 No. 3
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 4 No. 4
  • The Classification Society Bulletin, Vol. 5 No. 1
  • Classification Literature Automated Search Service, bibliodata for 1996, Vol. 24 (floppy disk)

Box 11

  • Classification Society of North America, newsletters and bibliographies
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, 1990
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, newsletter
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, constitution and bylaws, 1987-1990
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, general, 1989
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, budget, 1989
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, program and abstracts, 1989
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, newsletters
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, 1989

Box 12

  • International Federation of Classification Societies, conference organizing committee, Bozdogan, 1989
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, conference program committee, Ling, 1989
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, secretary
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, business, January 1988-January 1989
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, H. Bock, 1988
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, program for contributed papers

Box 13

  • International Federation of Classification Societies, active council business, January 1988-January 1989
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, secretary, January 1988-January 1989
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, travel committee, D. Carroll and F.J. Rohlf International Federation of Classification Societies, 1989
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, British section (BCS)
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, Dutch section
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, French section
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, German division
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, Italian division
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, Japanese division
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, description
  • International Federation of Classification Societies,   Journal of Classification  (JOC), 1987
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, Yugoslavian division

Box 14

  • Classification Society of North America, 1987
  • Classification Society of North America, 1990
  • Class-L
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, council business and correspondence with  H. Bock, 1987-1988
  • International Federation of Classification Societies, 1986-1987

Box 15

  • Federation of Classification Society, 1983-1985
  • Federation of the Classification Society, post-Versailles, October 1985
  • Classification Society, journal, June 1981-December 1982

Box 16

A

  • Acheson, George H.
  • Allee, W.C.
  • Anderson, Edgar
  • Anthony, Adam
  • Askovits, S.I.

B

  • Barr, Ralph
  • Basden, E.B.
  • Bat-Miriam, Mariassa
  • Bayles, G.G.
  • Beam, G.R.
  • Becker, Edward C.
  • Beer, Robert E.
  • Begg, M.
  • Beier, Max
  • Bell and Howell Company
  • Beth, Elmer
  • Bigelow, R.S.
  • Bliss, C.L.
  • Bochnig, Veronika
  • Bodenheimer, F.S.
  • Boratynzski, K.L.
  • Bravo, Aurora
  • Bray, David F.
  • Brian, M.V.
  • Brown, A.W.A.
  • Bruce, W.N.
  • Burla, H.
  • Burckhalter, J.H.
  • Busvine, J.R.
  • Byers, George W.
  • Bywaters, James H.

C

  • Callagan, G.F.
  • Camin, Joseph H.
  • Campau, E.J.
  • Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi L.
  • Cazier, Mont A.
  • Chadwick, Leigh
  • Cohen, Jr., A.C.
  • Collias, Nicholas
  • Coppel, H.C.
  • Cox, Josiah
  • Crossley, D.A.
  • Crow, James F.

D

  • Dahm, Paul A.
  • Demerec, M.
  • Dempster, Everett R.
  • Dickman, Kern William
  • Dobzhansky, Theodosius
  • Downes, J.A.
  • DuShane, Graham
  • Dybas, Henry

E

  • Eiselt, J.
  • Ellis, Peggy E.
  • England, Tom E.
  • Ephrussi, Boris
  • Everly, Ray T.

F

  • Falconer, D.S.
  • Ferris, G.F.
  • Foster, Morris
  • Fraenkel
  • Frank, Peter W.
  • Freire-Maia, N.

G

  • Gagliani, M.
  • Gardner, Riley W.
  • Gellert, Jozsef
  • Gere, G.
  • Gery, J.
  • Gilbert, William M.
  • Gilman, A.
  • Glass, H. Bentley
  • Goodall, David W.
  • Gordon Research Conferences
  • Gowen, John W.
  • Gruneberg, H.

H

  • Hakim, Z.M.
  • Hanna, Bertram L.
  • Harrison, B.J.
  • Harrison, B.T.
  • Hatch, F.W.
  • Hawke, John H.
  • Hayashi, Chikio
  • Hayden Jr., Ellis B.
  • Hochstrasser, U.W.
  • Holding, [Mrs. ?]
  • Hungerford, H.B.
  • Hurley, Jack
  • Hymen, Julius

I

  • Ignoffo, Carlo M.
  • Ihm, Peter
  • Imbrie, John
  • Iowa, Ames

J

  • James, Maurice T.
  • Janofksy, Margaret M.
  • Johnson, C.G.
  • Johnston, F.A.
  • Jones, Lyle V.

K

  • Kaiser, Henry F.
  • Kantock, E.J.
  • Kaysing, F.H.
  • Kennedy, G.F.
  • Kikkawa, H.
  • Kingsolver, John M.
  • Whitehead, Richard W. [re: Kissil, Donald]
  • Kissil, Donald
  • Klotzer, Charles L.
  • Knipling, E.F.
  • Koppanyi, Theodore
  • Knowlton, G.F.
  • Knutson, Herbert
  • Koch, Euroia A.
  • Kramer, John P.
  • Kring, James B.

L

  • Laberge, Wallace E.
  • Lange, W. Harry
  • Lanier, L.H.
  • Lawton, Keith
  • Lerner, I. Michael
  • Lewallin, Lawrence L.
  • Li, C.C.
  • Lichtwardt, Elizabeth
  • Lipovsky, Louis J.
  • Livingston, B.E.
  • Love, Askell
  • Lubischew, A.
  • Luers, H.
  • Lush, J.L.
  • Lutz, John C.

M

  • Mather, Kenneth
  • McKinney, Joel R.
  • Michener, Charles D.
  • Morgan, Nelson

N

  • National Academy of Sciences
  • Neyman, J.

O

  • Oehmke, C.M.
  • Ogaki, Masahiro
  • Olson, E.C.
  • Oshima, Chozo
  • Osmun, John V.

P

  • Park, Orlando
  • Park, Thomas
  • Penrose, L.S.
  • Perkins, David
  • Peters, Lawrence
  • Pimentel, David
  • Plant Quarantine Branch, United States Department of Agriculture
  • Poos, F.W.
  • Price, Roger D.

Q

  • Quarterman, K.D.
  • Quate, Larry W.

R

  • Rabb, George B.
  • Rai, Lallan
  • Rao, B.A.
  • Rendel, J.M.
  • Roberts, James E.

S

  • Slobodkin, L.B.
  • Smith, Clyde F.
  • Smolker, Robert E.
  • Snodgrass, R.E.
  • Solley, Charles M.
  • Southwood, T.R.E.
  • Stanley, Arthur John
  • Stannard, Lewis J.
  • Stockhammer, Karl
  • Straw, Richard M.
  • Strawbridge, Dennis W.
  • Stroud, Clyde
  • Sturtevant, A.H.
  • Sun, Y.P.
  • Sylvester-Bradley, P.C.

T

  • Tattersfield, F.
  • Taylor, Edward H.
  • Taylor, John W.
  • Teissier, Georges
  • Thorp, W. Robbin
  • Tobler, Waldo R.
  • Tsukamoto, Masuhisa

U

  • Utida, Syunro

V

  • Van Vechten, Schuyler

W

  • Waggoner, G.R.
  • Wadley, F.M.
  • Wallace, Bruce
  • Wallbrunn, Hank M.
  • Ward, Ronald A.
  • Warren, Katherine Brehme
  • Wenzel, Rupert L.
  • Wermuth, Heinz
  • Werner, F.G.
  • Wertheim, G.
  • Wescoe, Clark W.
  • Wharton, G.W.
  • White, Michael J.D.
  • Wiley, John
  • Williams, C.B.
  • Wright, Sewall

Z

  • Zimring, Daniel J.
  • Zingrone, Louise D.

Box 17

  • correspondence, history of numerical taxonomy (2f)
  • comments, Peter Sneath and Robert Sokal
  • reviews, numerical taxonomy book
  • data, Sullivan and Sokal papers
  • W.H. Freeman and Co., biometry book, 1968-1969
  • reprint lists and requests

Box 18

  • correspondence, Peter Sneath, 1957-1961
  • correspondence, Peter Sneath, 1962-1964
  • Society of Systematic Zoology
  • Society of Systematic Zoology, correspondence (“older”)
  • Society of Systematic Zoology, business items
  • Society of Systematic Zoology, correspondence
  • Society of Systematic Zoology, correspondence (“newer”)
  • press clippings

Box 19

  • W.H. Freeman and Co.
  • files, editor of   American Naturalist
  • book reviews
  • issue of   Scientific American, December 1966
  • correspondence, numerical taxonomy

Box 20

  • reprints (9f)

Box 21

  • files and correspondence, A
  • American Academy of Arts and Science (2f)
  • American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA)
  • American Journal of Human Biology
  • American Society of Naturalists (2f)
  • Arabie, Phipps
  • Atchley, William R.
  • files and correspondence, B

Box 22

  • Biological Sciences Computer Facility
  • Barker, J.S.F.
  • Bock, H.H., Festschrift
  • Bocquet-Appel, Jean Pierre (2f)
  • Boyce, Anthony J.
  • Bryant, Edwin H.

Box 23

  • Cattell, Raymond B.
  • Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi L. (2f)*
  • Colless, Donald H.
  • files and correspondence, C (2f)

Box 24

  • Community of Science database
  • computer-related notes
  • Cornell Supercomputer (usage statements)
  • Cornell, “Genetic Correlates of European Ethnohistory,” 1994-1998
  • Cornell, Theory Supercomputer, 20 units, “Spatial Analysis in Population Biology”
  • Cornell Supercomputer, application, “Population Biology,” 1994
  • Cornell Supercomputer, 40 units, “The Origins of The Indo-Europeans,” 1995
  • Cornell Supercomputer, application, ethnohistory, 1994
  • Crovello, Theodore J.

Box 25

  • files and correspondence, D (2f)
  • Darwin L listserve
  • da Cuna, Marina A.S. and Rubens
  • Dutilleul, Pierre
  • files and correspondence, E

Box 26

  • Ehrlich, Paul R. (2f)
  • Emerson, Alfred E.
  • Alfred Emerson Memorial Fund
  • Estabrook, George F.
  • Excoffier, Laurent

Box 27

  • correspondence and files, F*
  • FTP programs
  • Fitch, Walter M.
  • Fortin, Josee-Marie
  • W.H. Freeman Publishing Co. (2f)

Box 28

  • Fujii, Koichi (2f)
  • files and correspondence, G

Box 29

  • Gabriel, K.R.
  • Goodall, David W.
  • Gould, Stephen J.
  • files and correspondence, H
  • Hall, A.V.
  • Harvard University

Box 30

  • Hendrickson, Jr., John A.
  • Hu, Chia-chi
  • Huber, Ivan
  • Hull, David
  • Human Biology, Lasker Prize
  • Human Biology (journal)
  • Hunter, Preston
  • files and correspondence, I
  • International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • files and correspondence, J
  • Jacquez, Geoffrey

Box 31

  • files and correspondence, K
  • Kabay, Michael
  • Kence, Aykut
  • Kim, Junhyong
  • files and correspondence, L (2f)

Box 32

  • Lengendre, Pierre
  • Levinton, Jeffrey
  • Lewontin, R.C.
  • Library
  • Linnean Society of London, The
  • Lynch, Katherine
  • files and correspondence, M (2f)

Box 33

  • McCauly, David E.
  • Mace, Ruth
  • Marcus, L.
  • Mascie-Taylor, Nicholas
  • Michener, Charles D.
  • Mitton, Jeffrey
  • Moss, Wayne (2f)
  • Mourant, Arthur E.
  • Musee Nation d’Histoire Naturelle

Box 34

  • files and correspondence, N
  • National Science Foundation
  • Neel, James V.
  • Nei, Masatoshi
  • files and correspondence, O

Box 35

  • Oden, Neal L.
  • files and correspondence, P
  • files and correspondence, Q

Box 36

  • files and correspondence, R
  • Rollin, Richmond
  • Riedl, Rupert
  • Rohlf, F. James
  • Rowell, A.J.
  • Rudan, Pavao
  • Ruhlen, Merritt

Box 37

  • files and correspondence, S
  • Schnell, Gary
  • Selander, Robert
  • Senner, John
  • Shao, K.T.
  • Slatkin, Montgomery

Box 38

  • Sneath, Peter (2f)
  • Society for the Study of Evolution, evolutionary monographs
  • Society for the Study of Evolution, nominations committee, 1989
  • Society for the Study of Evolution (2f)

Box 39

  • Society of Systematic Zoology
  • Sokal family
  • Sokoloff, Alexander
  • files and correspondence, T
  • Thomson, James and Barbara
  • Turner, J.R.G.
  • files and correspondence, U
  • files and correspondence, V
  • Van Noordwijk, A.J.*

Box 40

  • files and correspondence, W
  • Waddle, Diane (3f)
  • Walker Jeffrey
  • Wartenberg, Daniel E.
  • Williams, George (3f)
  • Wool, David
  • files and correspondence, X, Y, Z

Box 41

  • transparencies, “LISA”
  • transparencies, “Space Seminar II,” 1991, 1997
  • transparencies, “CIA Dataset Files To Construct European Map”
  • retreat talk, 1995
  • “Paris talk,” October 1985
  • “Genetic Mixing Figure,” Brussels, 1994
  • abstract and figures, “Distancia 92: Distance Models and Spatial Variation,” 1992
  • Denisha Sokal, “NT European Quadrants,” Paris, December 1986
  • transparencies, “Caminalcules,” manuscript #2 and manuscript # 3
  • transparencies, manuscript # 111, HLA Autocorrelation
  • transparencies, manuscript #114, Bougainville
  • transparencies, “Lessons from Caminalcules”
  • transparencies, NATO, “Taxonomic Congruence in the Caminalcules,” July 1982
  • transparencies, “Analyzing Character Variation in Geo. Space,” NATO, July 1982
  • transparencies, “Caminacules,” manuscript #118
  • transparencies, “Analyzing Character Variation in Geo. Space”
  • transparencies, Sokal, Oden and Baker
  • transparencies, “Yanomama”
  • transparencies, “Caminalcules,” manuscripts #1-3, manuscript # 117
  • transparencies, Winkler (2f)
  • notes, Paul Samollow
  • “A Numerical Taxonomic Study of the Genus Ricinus,” Elzbieta Lonc
  • “Analysis of Major Human Groups by Blood Groups and Comparison with Anthropometric Data,” Elzbieta Lonc
  • Report, [Elzbieta] Lonc
  • “Levels of Variation,” manuscript draft 1
  • transparencies, “Sweden paper figures,” spatial analysis

Box 42

  • transparencies, “Cepaea 1st Study”
  • transparencies and speech, American Naturalist Presidential Address, “Current Topics in Numerical Taxomony: The Continuing Search for Order,” 1984
  • “Levels of Phenetic Variation in Peplipus populitransversus”
  • comments, “Levels of Variation” manuscript
  • “Sibley”
  • Paul Samollow, autocorrelation project
  • transparencies, “Roscoff talk”
  • “Blood Groups and Language Families,” 1986
  • transparencies, “Paris”
  • transparencies, “25 Year Numerical Taxonomy,” Warwick, 1983
  • transparencies, “Effect of Divergence  and Homoplasy on Incongruence and Phenetic and Cladistic Relations,” 1981
  • transparencies, “Taxonomic Stability”
  • transparencies,  “Naturalist Talk,” 1984
  • transparencies, “Data Analysis in Molecular Biology,” Venezuela
  • “Jackie’s thesis figures”
  • transparencies, “Globular Elongate”
  • transparencies, “Oblique”
  • transparencies, “Numerical Taxonomy 15”
  • transparencies, American Museum of Natural History
  • transparencies, “Spatial Analysis and Population Structure”
  • lecture, IBM, “Spatial Analysis and Ethnohistory”
  • transparencies, department seminar, 1987
  • IBM, “Numerical Taxonomy,” figures
  • lecture, IBM , “Classification: Computers in Population Biology”
  • transparencies, “Numerical Taxonomy Probabilities,” Aachen, Germany, 1987
  • “Unsolved Problems in Numerical Taxonomy,” Aachen, Germany, 1987

Box 43

  • Numerical Taxonomy 21, “A Classification of European Populations Based on Gene Frequencies and Cranial Measurements: A Map-Quadrat Approach,” with Pamela A. Derish, 1987 (3f) 
  • transparencies, “Cepaea 2nd Study”
  • lecture, Yanomama, 1985
  • assorted transparencies
  • transparencies, skulls, American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1987
  • transparencies, numerical taxonomy
  • transparencies, “Boundary talk,” 1987 (3f)
  • “Migration Database, Goth’s Sample”
  • transparencies, classification, “Numerical Classification: Lessons from Biological Sciences,” Albany, 1988
  • “Numerical Classification: Lessons from Biological Sciences,” Albany, 1988
  • transparencies, “Wambling-Womble,”   Nature, 1989
  • transparencies, American Association of Physical Anthropologists
  • “Genetics and Language,” Zagneb, 1988
  • transparencies, “Act in School”

Box 44

  • [American Association of Physical Anthropologists] “AAPA talk”
  • biomathematics, Wambling, 1989
  • “Character and OTU Stability in Five Taxonomic Groups,” 1988 (2f)
  • transparencies, retreat, 1989
  • “Spatial Analysis of Human Population Problem”
  • Halolane Paper”
  • Bremen talks, 1989 (2f)
  • transparencies, R.R. Sokal, M.C. Jacquez, J.M. Wooten
  • morphometrics, 1990
  • transparencies, “Italy 1 and 2”
  • transparencies, Bremen  
  • transparencies, genetics
  • assorted transparencies
  • lecture, “Language and Genetics,” Stanford University, 1988
  • “The Effect of History on Genetic Population Structures,” International Congress of Systematic and Evolutionary Biology IV
  • transparencies, anthropological lectures
  • lecture 1, College de France, 1989
  • lecture 2, College de France, 1989
  • lecture 3, College de France, 1989

Box 45

  • lecture 4, College de France, 1989
  • lectures 1-4, College de France, 1989
  • transparencies, “Womble,” Charlottesville, VA, 1989
  • “Genetics and Language in European Populations,” 1990
  • transparencies, J.L. Gittleman and M. Kot, “Adaptation: Statistics and a Null Model for Estimating Phylogenetic Effects”
  • transparencies, Robert R. Sokal and Geoffrey Jacquez
  • transparencies, Miami lecture
  • transparencies, language genetics, 1987
  • “Human Population Genetics,” Rutgers University and Stony Brook University, 1990
  • “Genetics and Language in Human Populations”
  • transparencies, “A Spatial Analysis of 100 Surnames in England and Wales,” 1990
  • “A Spatial Analysis of 100 Surnames in England and Wales,” 1990
  • transparencies, Genetics and Language, 1990
  • “Pemphigus,” 1990
  • transparencies, “Pemphigus,” 1990
  • “Indo-Europeans”
  • “New Genetic Evidence Supports the Origin of Agriculture in Europe by Demic Diffusion,” Robert R. Sokal, Neal L. Oden and Chester Wilson, Milwaukee, 1991

Box 46

  • “The Origins of the Indo-European: Genetic Evidence,” Yale University, 1992
  • “Indo-Europeans-Origin,” Florence, 1991
  • “Genetics and Language in European Populations,” 1990
  • transparencies, “Renfrew”  
  • genetics program
  • “Ancient History and Modern Genes,” 1995
  • “Using Distance to Choose Between Competing Theories and An Application to the Origins of Modern Humans,” Robert R. Sokal, Neal L. Oden, Jeff, Walker, and Diane M. Waddle, Amherst, 1996
  • “Spatial Analysis of Genetic Evidence Concerning European Migrations,” Brussels, 1993 (2f)
  • Global GEN:LAN Talk
  • “The Origins of Indo-Europeans: Genetic Evidences,” Barcelona
  • “The Origins of the Indo-Europeans: An Approach Through Distance Matrices,”; The Origins of the Indo-Europeans: Genetic Evidence,”; “Genetic Evidence Supports Neither of Two Current Theories on the Origins of the Indo-Europeans”
  • transparencies, “Restricted Randomization Prior to an Analysis of Variance of Spatially Distributed Variables,” 1992
  • “The Origins of the Indo-Europeans: An Approach Through Distance Matrices,” Coast Guard Academy
  • Obernai lecture, untitled, 1993 (2f)
  • transparencies, Mantel test
  • “Genetic Evidence Supports Neither of Two Current Theories on the Origins of the Indo-Europeans,” Las Vegas, 1992
  • “The Origins of the Indo-Europeans: An Approach Through Distance Matrices,” Edinburgh
  • “Modern Gene Frequencies Reflect Ancient Population Movements,” Durham, 1996
  • transparencies and reprint, “Modern Gene Frequencies Reflect Ancient Population Movements”
  • transparencies, morphometrics
  • “European Population Structure”

Box 47

  • seminar, “Spatial Models in Ecology and Evolution,” BEE 690
  • “Spatial Autocorrelation of 3 Medieval Hungarian Cemeteries”
  • “Indo-European Origins: A Computer Simulation Test of Five Hypotheses,” 1994
  • “Cancer Mortalities in Europe are Related to Genetic and Ethic Affinities,” Robert R. Sokal, Neal L. Oden, Michael S. Rosenberg, Donna DiGiovanni
  • “Cancer Incidences in Europe Related to Mortalities, and Ethnohistoric, Genetic, and Geographic Distances,” Robert R. Sokal, Neal L. Oden, Michael S. Rosenberg, and Barbara A. Thomson,  2000 (2f)
  • transparencies, “Using Distance Matrices to Choose Between Competing Theories and An Application of the Origin of Modern Humans,” Robert R. Sokal, Neal L. Oden, Diane M. Waddle
  • Committee on Human Genome Diversity, National Research Council
  • Classification Society, founding of the North America Branch
  • Classification Society, provisional council
  • Classification Society, correspondence with British branch
  • Classification Society, correspondence, 1981-1984
  • Classification Society, 1969
  • Classification Society, affiliation with American Association for Advancement of Science
  • Classification Society, meeting, Dallas, 1968
  • Classification Society, constitution committee
  • Classification Society, membership committee
  • correspondence with Theodore J. Crovello
  • Classification Society, 1985
  • National Research Council, Board on Biology, meeting, 1995
  • National Research Council, meeting minutes, 1998

Box 48

  • distinguished professor committee, Stony Brook University*
  • National Research Council, 2002
  • National Research Council, bio-indicators project
  • Nettle, D. “Explaining Global Language Diversity”
  • Classification Society of North America, 1996*
  • Williams Symposium, 2004
  • Commission on Life Sciences, 1999 (2f)
  • program, “New Trends in Biological Anthropology for the 21stCentury,” Binghamton University
  • itinerary, March-April 1998
  • American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1988
  • conference, Venice, 1998
  • itinerary, East Lansing, 1998
  • State University of New York, anthropology meeting, Albany, 2002
  • workshop, “Analysis of Individual Verification,” Stanford University, 1992
  • “Genetics, Linguistic, and Archeology,” Firenze, Italy, 1991
  • Evolution Society, presidential address

Box 49

  • “Do Ethnohistory, Genetics, and Geography Affect European Cancer Rates?,” University of Vermont, 2003
  • Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2002
  • National Academy of Sciences, 1996
  • National Research Council, Board on Biology, 1996
  • Human Genome Diversity Project, 1996
  • Evolution Society, 1977
  • doctorate, University of Crete, 1990
  • 12th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 1998
  • European Science Foundation, conference, Obernai
  • American Association for the Advance of Science, 1995
  • National Academy of Sciences, 1998
  • Human Biology Association, American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1998
  • National Research Council, Board on Biology, 1998 (2f)
  • Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Human Evolution, 1997
  • Smithsonian, 1997
  • Human Genome Diversity Project, 1996
  • Paul T. Baker Lecture, Pennsylvania State University, 1996
  • American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1996
  • National Research Council, 1998

Box 50

  • National Academy of Sciences, 1999-2000
  • National Academy of Sciences, 2000-2001
  • National Academy of Sciences, annual meeting, 2000
  • National Academy of Sciences, 1999
  • National Academy of Sciences, 1998-1999

Box 51

  • National Research Council, Board on Biology, Human Genome Diversity
  • National Research Council, Genome Series
  • National Research Council, Agriculture
  • National Research Council, Board on Biology, 1996-1997
  • National Research Council, Board on Biology, 1995 
  • National Research Council, Board on Biology, initial documents, January 1995
  • autocorrelation significant tests
  • “Local Spatial Autocorrelation in Biological Variables,” Robert R Sokal, Neal L. Oden, Barbara A. Thomson

Box 52

  • Darwin Centenary Conference, 1982
  • Raymond Pearl Memorial Lecture, “Raymond Pearl’s Legacy: The Proper Measure of a Man,” 2003
  • American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 2004
  • correspondence with S.M. Borgognini Tarli
  • Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences
  • material from Renfrew
  • files, Indo-European Origins
  • manuscript, Isidore Dyen, Joseph B. Kruskal, Paul Black
  • files, “new IE [Indo-European]” manuscript, “Early Farmers and Indo-European Languages Show Correlated Distributions,” Robert R. Sokal and Zili Weng, 1992
  • numerical taxonomy, Africa and “Eve”
  • results, Diane Waddle
  • correspondence with Neal L. Oden

Box 53

  • correspondence 
  • correspondence, A-N
  • correspondence, O-Z
  • correspondence, biometry book, 1994
  • seminar, “Styles in Science,” 1987
  • journal holdings, Robert R. Sokal

Box 54

  • binder, research memos, 1985-1990
  • binder, research memos, 1991-1995
  • file, Robert R. Sokal, autobiographical and biographical 

Box 55

Oversized materials: includes charts, tables, and figures

  • manuscript #54
  • manuscript #80
  • figures, caminalcules MS #1A (#117)
  • figures, caminalcules MS #2 (#119)
  • grant-related materials, Robert R. Sokal (#131)
  • figures and tables, “Skulls” (#147, Skulls, MS#2)
  • figures, “Pemphigus Revisited” (#117), 1989
  • Daniel E. Wartenberg,   The Statistical Analysis of Spatial Pattern in Biological Systems. Chapter 5 (dissertation, Stony Brook University).