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Anne McElroy


Interim Faculty Director, Marine Conservation and Policy Program



- Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Research Topics:

Aquatic Toxicology

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  • Bio/Research


    My research broadly focuses on how aquatic organisms interact with toxic chemicals in their environment.   I am interested in how organisms accumulate and metabolize organic contaminants, and how they respond to such exposure at the cellular, behavioral, biochemical, and physiological levels. Much of my work in done in collaboration with other labs at SoMAS and elsewhere, and due to their heightened sensitivity, most of my recent work focusses has focused on effects observed in early life stages of different fish species.  One of my current projects is evaluating the effects of neuroactive pharmaceuticals on fishes which nesting within larger projects evaluating the effectiveness of advanced treatment to remove pharmaceutical from the waste stream, and other evaluating discharges of pharmaceuticals into the Hudson River. A second project is broadly evaluating biological, environmental and anthropogenic factors that influence survival and growth of young-of-the-year winter flounder in Long Island bays.  A third project evaluating bioaccumulation and potential effects of persistent organic contaminants and methyl mercury in elasmobranch species is just getting underway. Recently completed projects examined the toxicity of oil spill dispersants, their component chemicals and dispersed oil to fish embryos and larvae, and the confounding effects of co-exposure to hypoxia, and another examining the impacts of exposure to blooms of the toxic Cyanobacteria   Microcystis  on early life stage fishes.

  • Publications


    Tonjes, D.J. McElroy,   A.E. Barnes-Pohjonen,  R.K. Ninivaggi, D.V. Dawydiak, W. Greene, G.T. and Brownawell, B.J. 2018. Fate of methoprene in temperate salt marsh ditches following aerial applications. Sci. of the Total Environ. 642:394-407.

    Frisk, M.G.,   Dolan, T.E.  McElroy, A.E.   Zacharias J.P. Xu, H.  and   Hice L.A. 2018. Assessing the drivers of the collapse of winter flounder: Implications for management and recovery. J. of Sea Res. 141:1-13.

    Saraf, S.R. Frenkel,  A.,   Harke, M.J.,   Jankowiak, J.G., Gobler, C.J. and McElroy A.E. 2018. Effects of   Microcystis  on development of early life stage Japanese medaka ( Oryzias latipes): Comparative toxicity and natural blooms, cultured   Microsystis, and microcystin-LR. Aquat. Toxciol. 194:18-26.

    Dasgupta, S., Choyke, S., Ferguson, P.L and McElroy, A.E. 2018. Antioxidant responses and oxidative stress in sheepshead minnow larvae exposed to Corexit 9500 or its component surfactant, DOSS. Aquat. Toxicol. 194:10-17.

    Dasgupta, S.  and McElroy, A.E. 2017. Cytotoxicity and CYP1A inhibition in rainbow trout live (RTL-W1) cell lines exposed to dispersant Corexit 9500 and its major surfactant components. Toxicol. in Vitro. 44:377-381.

    Uno, S, Kokushi, E, Kawano, M, McElroy, A.E., Koyama, J. 2016. Toxic evaluations of sediments in Tokyo bay, Japan, using Japanese medaka embryos. Environ. Sci. Poll. Res. doi:10.1007/s11356-016-7581-5.

    Moore, M.J, McElroy, A.E. Geoghegan, P.,   Siskey, M.R. and Pembroke, A.E. 2016. Founder Monitoring Report: 2015 Results. Boston: Massachusetts Water Resources Authority. Report 2016-05. 40 pp

    Kawano, M, Uno, S, Koyama, J, Kokushi, E., McElroy A.E. 2016. Effects of oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on the early life stages of Japanese medaka. Environ. Sci. Poll. Res. doi: 10.1007/s11356-016-7581-5.

    Dasgupta, S., DiGiulio, T.D.,   Drolette, B.D., Plata, D., Brownawell, B.J. and McElroy A.E. 2016. Hypoxia depresses CYP1A induction and enhances DNA damage, but has minimal effects on antioxidant responses in sheepshead minnow ( Cyprinodon variegatus) larvae exposed to dispersed crude oil. Aquat. Toxicol. 177:250-260.

    Dasgupta, S., Huang, I.J., and McElroy A. E. 2015. Hypoxia enhances the toxicity of Corexit® EC9500A and CEWAFs prepared with Louisiana Sweet Crude Oil (MD-242) to sheepshead minnow ( Cyprinodon variegatus) larvae. PLoS One. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0128939.

    Gallagher, B.K., Hice, L.A., McElroy A.E., Cerrato, R.M. and Frisk, M.G. 2015. Factors influencing daily growth in young-of-the-year winter flounder along an urban gradient revealed using hierarchical linear models. Mar. Coast. Fish: Dyn. Manage. Ecosys. Sci. 7:200-219.

    Brisbin, M.M., McElroy, A.E., Pales Espinosa, E., and Allam, B. 2015. Antimicrobial activity in the cuticle of the American lobster,   Homarus americanus. Fish Shel. Immunol. 44:542-546.

    McElroy, A.E.,   Hice, L.A., Frisk, M.G. Purcell, S.L. Phillips, N.C. and Fast, M.D. 2015. Spatial patterns in markers of contaminant exposure, glucose and glycogen metabolism and immunological response in juvenile winter flounder ( Pseudopleuronectes americanus). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. D: Genom. Proteom. 14:53-65.

    Romany, J .S., McElroy A.E., and Fast, M. 2015. Measures of immune system status in young-of-the-year winter flounder ( Pseudopleuronectes americanus) from Long Island coastal bays. J. Fish. Biol. 86:148-161.

    Chowdhury, S.M., Dasugpta, S., McElroy A.E. and Sitharaman, B. 2014. Structural disruption increases toxicity of graphene nanoribbons. J. Appl. Toxicol. 34:1235-1246.

    Dasgupta, S., Cao, A., Mauer, B., Yan, B., Uno, S., and McElroy, A. 2014. Genotoxicity of oxy-PAHs to Japanese medaka ( Oryzias latipes) embryos using the comet assay. Environ. Sci. Poll. Res. 21:13867-13876.

    Collier, J.L,   Fitzgerald, S.P., Hice, L.A., Frisk, M.G., and McElroy A.E. 2014. A New PCR-based method shows that blue crabs ( Callinectes sapidus  (Rathbun)) consume winter flounder ( Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Walbaum)). PLoS ONE 9(1): e85101. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.008510.

    Varekamp, J.C., McElroy, A.E., Mullaney, J.R. and Breslin, V.T. 2014. Metals, Organic Compounds, and Nutrients in Long Island Sound: Sources, Magnitudes, Trends, and Impacts, In: Long Island Sound: Prospects for the Urban Sea. Latimer JS, Tedesco MA, Swanson RL, Yarish C, Stacey P, Garza C (eds). Springer-Verlag, pp 203-284.

    O’Leary, S. J., L. A. Hice, K. A. Feldheim, M. G. Frisk, A. E. McElroy, M. D. Fast, and D. D. Chapman. 2013. Severe inbreeding and small effective number of breeders in a formerly abundant Marine Fish. PloS ONE   8(6):e66126. doi:10137/journal.pone.006126.

    Gallagher, G.M., McElroy, A.E., Smith, D.M., Golightly, M.G. and Meliker, J.R. 2013. Polychlorinated biphenyls, mercury, and antinuclear antibody positivity, NHANES 2003-2004. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health. 216:721-727.

    Bell, S.L. Allam, B. McElroy A., Dove, A., Taylor GT. 2012. Investigation of epizootic shell disease in American lobsters ( Homarus americanus) from Long Island Sound: I Characterization of associated microbial communities. J. Shell. Res. 31:473-484.

    Homerding, M. McElroy A. Taylor G., Dove, A. and Allam, B. 2012. Investigation of epizootic shell disease in American lobsters ( Homarus americanus) from Long Island Sound: II Immune parameters in lobsters and relationships to the disease. J. Shell. Res. 32:495-504.

    McElroy, A.,   Clark, C., Duffy, T, Cheng, B., Gondek, J., Fast, M., Cooper, K., and White, L. 2012. Interactions between hypoxia and sewage-derived contaminants on gene expression in fish embryos. Aquat. Toxicol. 108:60-69.

    McElroy. A.E. Barron, G. Beckvar, N. Kane Driscoll S.B. Meador, J.P. Parkerton T.F. Preuss T.G. and Steevens, J.A. 2011. A Review of the tissue residue approach for organic and organometaliic compounds in aquatic organisms. Integ. Environ. Assess. & Manag. 7:50-74.

    Meador, J.P., Adams, J.W.J., Escher, B.I., McCarty, L.S., McElroy, A.E., and Sappington, K.G. 2011. The tissue residue approach for toxicity assessment: findings and critical reviews from a Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Pellston Workshop. Int. Environ. Assess. & Manag. 7:2-6.

    Duffy, T.A., Picha, M.E. Won, E.T., Borski, R.J. McElroy, A.E. and Conover D.O.2010. Ontogenesis of gonadal aromatase gene expression in Atlantic silverside ( Menidia menidia) populations with genetic and temperature-dependent sex determination. J. Exp. Zool. 313A:421-431.

    Weisbrod, A.V., Woodbrun, K.B., Koelmans,A.A., Parkteron, T.F., McElroy A.E. and Borga, K. 2009. Evaluation of bioaccumulation using   in vivo  laboratory and field studies. Integ. Envion. Assess & Management 5:598-623.

    McElroy, A, Benotti, M., Edinger, G, Feldman, A, O’Connell, C. Stewart, G. Swanson,R.L. and Waldman, J. 2009. Assessment of Natural Resource Conditions in and Adjacent to Fire Island National Seashore. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/NRR-2009/139. National Park Service, Fort Collins, CO.

    Duffy, T. A., McElroy, A.E., and Conover, D.O. 2009. Response to environmental estrogens in   Menidia menidia;   population-level susceptibility is influenced by mechanism of sex determination. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 380:245-254.

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