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James M. Lattimer Distinguished Professor Physics and Astronomy College of Arts and Sciences

Contact Information

455 Physics Bldg.

Stony Brook, 11794

631/632-8227

Biography

James Lattimer has made a number of fundamental contributions to the field of nuclear astrophysics with a particular focus on neutron stars, which are ultra-dense objects formed in supernova explosions. In 1974, he proposed that the origin of many heavy elements stems from neutron star mergers, which should soon be observed in gravitational radiation.  In 1986, he computed the neutrino signal from supernova that matched observations of a nearby supernova in 1987. In 2011, his team discovered superfluidity  in the core of a neutron star for the first time.

Education

  • PhD, University of Texas at Austin
  • BS, University of Notre Dame

Research Grants

Award Start End Sponsor Type Amount Status
POWRE: THE SUBSTORM WAVE MODEL INCLUDING COUPLING WITH THE IONOSPHERE 1999-09-01T00:00:00 2002-08-31T00:00:00 National Science Foundation Federal 52693 Closed
U.S.-MEXICO COOPERATIVE RESEARCH: STRUCTURE AND THERMAL EVOLUTION OF NEUTRON STARS 1998-08-15T00:00:00 2003-07-31T00:00:00 National Science Foundation Federal 42492 Closed
Women's International Science Collaboration Travel Grant 2003-01-01T00:00:00 2004-08-31T00:00:00 American Association for Advancement of Science Nonfederal 4000 Closed
GRAND CHALLENGE APPLICATIONS & ENABLING SCALABLE COMPUTING TESTBEDS IN SUPPORT OF HIGH PERFORMACE COMPUTING 1996-09-01T00:00:00 2000-06-15T00:00:00 University of Illinois Urbana Champaign Nonfederal 255443 Closed
Neutrino Physics in the Supernova Environment 2001-07-01T00:00:00 2004-06-30T00:00:00 National Science Foundation Federal 150000 Closed
Award set up in error. See award 007966 2015-12-01T00:00:00 2015-12-02T00:00:00 US Department of Energy Federal 0 Closed
RESEARCH IN NUCLEAR ASTROPHYSICS: SUPERNOVAE AND NEURON STARS 1995-12-01T00:00:00 2017-11-30T00:00:00 US Department of Energy Federal 4319289.73 Approved
SUNY-Stony Brook Co-Investigator Effort on Behalf of NASA's Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) Mission 2017-08-16T00:00:00 2019-05-15T00:00:00 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Federal 80582 Approved

Publications

  1. Author Article Physical Review Letters Rapid Cooling of the Neutron Star in Cassiopeia A Triggered by Neutron Superfluidity in Dense Matter 2011 106 8
  2. Author Article The Astrophysical Journal REVISITING THE PARALLAX OF THE ISOLATED NEUTRON STAR RX J185635-3754 USING 2010 724 1 669 - 677
  3. Author Article Physical Review D Tidal Love numbers of neutron and self-bound quark stars 2010 82 2
  4. Author Article Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement Neutron Star Structure and the Equation of State 2010 186 1 - 8
  5. Author Article Medical Physics SU-GG-J-122: Therapeutic Efficacy of 198Au Nanoparticles Using a Canine Model of Prostate Cancer 2010 37 6 3173
  6. Author Article The Astrophysical Journal THE EQUATION OF STATE FROM OBSERVED MASSES AND RADII OF NEUTRON STARS 2010 722 1 33 - 54
  7. Author Article Physical Review Letters Constraints on Neutron Star Radii Based on Chiral Effective Field Theory Interactions 2010 105 16
  8. Author Article New Astronomy Reviews Neutron star equation of state 2010 54 41339 101 - 109
  9. Author Article EPJ Web of Conferences Evolution of Neutron Stars and Observational Constraints 2010 7 3001
  10. Author Article Nutrients Effects of Dietary Fiber and Its Components on Metabolic Health 2010 2 12 1266 - 1289
  11. Author Article Astronomy and Astrophysics Keplerian frequency of uniformly rotating neutron stars and strange stars 2009 502 2 605 - 610
  12. Author Article The Astrophysical Journal NEUTRINO EMISSION FROM COOPER PAIRS AND MINIMAL COOLING OF NEUTRON STARS 2009 707 2 1131 - 1140
  13. Author Article Exotic States Of Nuclear Matter DENSE NUCLEAR MATTER: CONSTRAINTS FROM NEUTRON STARS 2008 199 - 206
  14. Author Article Physics Reports Neutron star observations: Prognosis for equation of state constraints 2007 442 1 109 - 165
  15. Author Article Astrophysics and Space Science Equation of state constraints from neutron stars 2007 308 1 371
  16. Author Article Acta Physica Hungarica A) Heavy Ion Physics Isospin Asymmetry in Nuclei, Neutron Stars and Heavy-Ion Collisions 2006 25 2 203
  17. Author Article Nuclear Physics A Equation of state, neutron stars and exotic phases 2006 777 479 - 496
  18. Author Article Nature Physics Nuclear astrophysics: Inside information 2006 2 7 443 - 444
  19. Author Article Physics Reports Isospin asymmetry in nuclei and neutron stars 2005 411 6 325 - 375
  20. Author Article The Astrophysical Journal Constraining the Equation of State with Moment of Inertia Measurements 2005 629 2 979 - 984
  21. Author Article Physical Review Letters Ultimate Energy Density of Observable Cold Baryonic Matter 2005 94 11
  22. Author Article Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics The structure of strange quark matter and neutron stars 2004 30 1
  23. Author Article Advances in Space Research Properties of the isolated neutron star RX J185635-3754 2004 33 4 513 - 517
  24. Author Article The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Minimal Cooling of Neutron Stars: A New Paradigm 2004 155 2 623 - 650
  25. Author Article Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics A tale of two mergers: searching for strangeness in compact stars 2004 30 1
  26. Author Article Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics Mergers of binary stars: the ultimate heavy-ion experience 2004 30 8
  27. Author Article Science The Physics of Neutron Stars 2004 304 5670 536 - 542

Courses

Term Role Course ID Description
Spring 2017 Primary Instructor AST 287 Intro Research in Astronomy
Spring 2017 Primary Instructor PHY 595 Master's Degree Thesis Rsrch
Spring 2017 Secondary Instructor PHY 599 Graduate Seminar II
Spring 2017 Secondary Instructor PHY 599 Graduate Seminar II
Spring 2017 Primary Instructor PHY 688 Special Topics in Astrophysics
Spring 2017 Primary Instructor PHY 688 Special Topics in Astrophysics
Spring 2017 Primary Instructor PHY 688 Special Topics in Astrophysics
Fall 2017 Primary Instructor AST 100 Astronomy Today
Fall 2017 Primary Instructor AST 248 Search for Life in the Univers
Fall 2017 Primary Instructor AST 459 Write Effectively in Astronomy
Fall 2017 Primary Instructor PHY 699 Dissertation Resrch on Campus
Spring 2016 Primary Instructor AST 248 Search for Life in the Univers
Spring 2016 Primary Instructor AST 287 Intro Research in Astronomy
Spring 2016 Primary Instructor PHY 475 Undergrad Teaching Practicum
Spring 2016 Secondary Instructor PHY 599 Graduate Seminar II
Spring 2016 Secondary Instructor PHY 599 Graduate Seminar II
Fall 2016 Primary Instructor PHY 595 Master's Degree Thesis Rsrch
Spring 2015 Primary Instructor AST 248 Search for Life in the Univers
Spring 2015 Primary Instructor AST 287 Intro Research in Astronomy
Spring 2015 Primary Instructor AST 301 Collisions in the Solar System
Fall 2015 Primary Instructor AST 100 Astronomy Today
Fall 2015 Primary Instructor AST 248 Search for Life in the Univers
Fall 2013 Primary Instructor AST 100 Astronomy Today
Fall 2013 Primary Instructor PHY 669 Nuclear Astrophysics Seminar

Honors

Type Description Year
Honors Glidden Visiting Professorship, Ohio University 2008-2010 (continued)
Honors Kingsley Visitor, Caltech (Honorary invitation to give a colloquium and assorted lectures over a 3 week period during Fall 2012.)

Scholarly Activities

Activity Title Date
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Constraints on symmetry energy parameters from experiment, neutron matter calculations, and astrophysics", The Neutrinos and Nucleosynthesis in Hot and Dense Matter Collaboration meeting, UCSD, February 16 - 18, 2012 2012-12-18
Colloquia "Neutron Stars", Department of Physics, San Diego State University 2012-12-17
Presentation/Paper at a conference ``Some Thoughts on the Equation of State of Dense Matter Using "Nuclear Experiments, Neutron Matter Theory and Astronomical Observations'', Institute for Nuclear Theory Supernova and Nucleosynthesis Workshop, June 25 - 27, 2012 2012-08-27
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Constraints on Symmetry Parameters From Experiments, Theory and Observations'', Workshop on Dipole Polarizabilities, European Center for Theoretical Physics, Trento, Italy, June 18 - 22, 2012 2012-08-19
Colloquia "What Neutron Star Observations Tell Us About the Strong Nuclear Force", Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University 2012-08-18
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Symmetry Energy Constraints from Neutron Stars and Experiment", Hirschegg 2012: Facets of Strong Interaction Physics, January 15 - 21, 2012 2012-02-17
``Symmetry Energy Parameters and How the EOS is Taking Shape'', Institute for Nuclear Theory Supernova and Nucleosynthesis Workshop, June 25 - July 27, 2012 (Lattimer) 2012-02-02
Presentation/Paper at a conference "The Masses of Neutron Stars", Spring 2012 Astronomical Society of New York Meeting, Stony Brook, New York, April 21, 2012 2012
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Evolution of Neutron Stars and Observational Constraints", 5th Meeting of Origin of Matter and Evolution of Galaxies Institute 2011 Meeting, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Japan, 18 November, 2011 2011-12-18
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Astrophysical and Laboratory Constraints for the Dense Matter Equation of State", Origin of Matter and Evolution of Galaxies 2011 Meeting, RIKEN, Tokyo, Japan, November 14 - 17, 2011 2011-12-17
Colloquia "Observational Constraints on Neutron Stars", Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, Kashiwa, Japan 2011-12-16
Colloquia "Recent Progress in Neutron Star Equation of State from Theory and Observations", SFB/TR7 Semiannual Meeting, University of Tuebingen, 9 - 11 October, 2011 2011-12-11
Colloquia "Constraints on the Dense Matter Equation of State from Neutron Star Mass and Radius Measurements", Los Alamos National Laboratory 2011-08-31
Colloquia "Observed Properties of Neutron Stars", School of Physics & Astronomy, Univ. of Minnesota 2011-08-23
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Neutron Star Mass and Radius Constraints on the Dense Matter Equation of State", MICRA 2011 (The Microphysics in Computational Relativistic Astrophysics), Perimeter Institute, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada 2011-08-20
Presentation/Paper at a conference "What a 2 Solar Mass Neutron Star Means", Compstar 2011 Workshop "Gravitational Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation from Compact Stars", Catania, Italy 2011-08-10
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Determination of the Neutron Star Equation of State from Astrophysical Measurement", invited talk, American Physical Society April 2011 Meeting, Anaheim, California 2011-08-02
Lecture "Neutron Stars", "Nuclear Equation of State", HIPACC Summer School on Explosive Astrophysics, Berkeley, CA (2 lectures) 2011-02-25
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Radius and Mass Determinations from Neutron Star Observations", Workshop "Astrophysical Transients: Multi-messenger Probes of Nuclear Physics", Institute for Nuclear Theory, Seattle, Washington 2011-02-18
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Radius and Mass Determinations from Neutron Star Observations", Institute for Nuclear Theory Workshop on Astrophysical Transients: Multi-messenger Probes of Nuclear Physics Institute for Nuclear Theory, Seattle, WA, July 11 - August 5, 2011 2011-02-18
Colloquia "Determination of the Neutron Star Equation of State", Theoretical Astrophysics and Relativity Group, Dept. of Astrophysics, Caltech 2011
Colloquia "Implications of Recent Neutron Star Mass and Radius Measurements", Department of Astronomy, Cornell University 2011
Colloquia "Recent Observations and Theoretical Implications for Neutron Stars", Nuclear Physics and RIKEN Theory Seminar, Dept. of Physics, Brookhaven National Laboratory 2011
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Observational Constraints on Neutron Stars", EMMI (ExtreMe Matter Institute) Workshop on Strongly Coupled Systems, GSI, Stuttgart, Germany 2010-12-18
Colloquia "Neutron Star Structure and the Equation of State", Dept. of Physics, Indiana University 2010-09-08
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Neutron Star Masses and Radii", J.M. Lattimer, Topical Collaboration workshop, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 2010-08
Presentation/Paper at a conference Neutron Stars and the Dense Matter Equation of State, J.M. Lattimer (invited review), High Energy Density Laboratory Astrophysics (HEDLA)2010), CalTech, Pasadena, CA 2010-08
Lecture "Matter Under Extreme Conditions: the Nuclear Equation of State", J.M. Lattimer, 2 lectures at the E-Heraeus Summer School on Nuclear Astrophysics in the Cosmos, GSI, Darmstadt, Germany 2010-02
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Equation of State Constrained by Observations of Neutron Stars", J.M. Lattimer, Compstar EoS-Workshop, GSI, Darmstadt, Germany 2010-02
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Neutron Star Masses and Radii", J.M. Lattimer (invited talk), EMMI Workshop Neutron Matter in Astrophysics: From Neutron Stars to the r-Process, GSI, Darmstadt, Germany 2010-02
Presentation/Paper at a conference "The Finite Range Thomas Fermi Equation of State", Yeunhwan Lim and J.M. Lattimer, AAS abstract 453.28, meeting #215, Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, Vol. 42, p.467 2010-02
Presentation/Paper at a conference "The Nuclear Equation of State", J.M. Lattimer (invited review), 11th Symposium on Nuclei in the Cosmos (NIC XI), Heidelberg, Germany 2010-02
Presentation/Paper at a conference Neutron Star Structure and the Equation of State", J.M. Lattimer (invited talk), New Frontiers in QCD (NFQCD 2010), Kyoto, Japan 2010-02
Seminar "Neutron Stars and the Dense Matter Equation of State", J.M. Lattimer, Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU), The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan 2010-02
Seminar "Neutron Stars and the Dense Matter Equation of State", J.M. Lattimer, University of Jena, Jena, Germany 2010-02
Presentation/Paper at a conference "The Nuclear Equation of State: What Do Neutron Stars Tell Us?", Topical Collaboration Meeting, Institute for Nuclear Theory, Seattle, Washington 2010
Colloquia "Neutron Star Structure and the Equation of State", J.M. Lattimer, Department of Physics & Astronomy, Stony Brook University 2009-12
Colloquia "Neutron Stars - An Introduction", J.M. Lattimer, NORDITA, Stockholm, Sweden; introductory lecture at the Nordita workshop: Neutron Stars -- the Crust and Beyond 2009-09
Lecture "The Equation of State of Matter at High Densities", 3 lectures at CompSchool 2009: NBIA Summer School on Stellar Collapse, Compact Objects, Supernovae, and Gamma-Ray Bursts, Neils Bohr International Academy, Copenhagen, Denmark 2009
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Neutron Star Masses and Radii", J.M. Lattimer, ECT* Workshop on The Lead Radius Experiment and Neutron Rich Matter in Astrophysics and in the Laboratory, European Centre for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related Areas, Trento, Italy 2009
Presentation/Paper at a conference "Overview: The Equation of State for Numerical Simulations", J.M. Lattimer (invited talk), Microphysics in Computational Relativistic Astrophysics: MICRA2009, Neils Bohr International Academy, Copenhagen, Denmark 2009
Lecture "Neutron Star Structure, Evolution and Cooling", Ecole de Physique, Les Houches School "From Nuclei to White Dwarfs and Neutron Stars" (3 lectures)
Lecture "Proto-Neutron Stars and Neutron Stars", Compstar 2011 School "Gravitational Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation from Compact Stars", Catania, Italy (2 lectures)

Professional Service

Service Title Date
Referee Astrophysical Journal, Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nuclear Physics, Physics Letters, Physical Review, Physical Review Letters, Nature, Science, Journal of Physics G, New Astronomy 2011 - 2012
Review Boards - Agency, Institute, Gov. International Advisory Committee for The Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics (JINA) 2011 - 2012
Review Boards - Agency, Institute, Gov. Organizational Committee for Hirschegg 2012: Facets of Strong-Interaction Physics, Hirschegg, Austria, Jan 15 - 21, 2012 2011 - 2012
Referee Astrophysical Journal, Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nuclear Physics, Physics Letters, Physical Review, Physical Review Letters, Nature, Science, Journal of Physics G, New Astronomy 2010 - 2011
Review Boards - Agency, Institute, Gov. International Advisory Committee for The Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics (JINA) 2010 - 2011
Review Boards - Agency, Institute, Gov. International Scientific Advisory Committee for MICRA 2011 (The Microphysics in Computational Relativistic Astrophysics), Waterloo, Ontairo, Canada, 20-24 June, 2011 2010 - 2011
Referee Astrophysical Journal, Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nuclear Physics, Physics Letters, Physical Review, Physical Review Letters, Nature, Science, Journal of Physics G, New Astronomy 2009 - 2010
Review Boards - Agency, Institute, Gov. International Advisory Committee for The Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics (JINA) 2009 - 2010
Review Boards - Agency, Institute, Gov. International Organizing Committee for Nuclei in the Cosmos XI, Heidelberg, Germany, 19-23 July, 2010 2009 - 2010
Review Boards - Agency, Institute, Gov. International Scientific Advisory Committee for MICRA 2009, Microphysics in Computational Relativistic Astrophysics, Copenhagen, Denmark, 24-28 August, 2009 2009 - 2010

University Service

Service Title Date
Administrative Work Assignment Undergraduate Advisor for Astronomy 2011 - 2012
College/University Committee Stony Brook representative to Universities Space Research Association 2011 - 2012
Departmental Committee Astronomy Computing Committee 2011 - 2012
Departmental Committee M. Zingale promotion committee (chairperson) 2011 - 2012
Departmental Committee Tom Weinacht promotion committee 2011 - 2012
Departmental Committee Undergraduate Committee 2011 - 2012
Administrative Work Assignment Undergraduate Advisor for Astronomy 2010 - 2011
College/University Committee Stony Brook representative to Universities Space Research Association 2010 - 2011
Community Activity Several public talks for the University, including Astronomy Open Nights ("Measuring Neutron Stars: The Tale of the Tape", September 3, 2010), and local community groups such as the Vanderbilt Planetarium, the Astronomical Society of Long Island, and the Science Club of Long Island 2010 - 2011
Departmental Committee Astronomy Computing Committee 2010 - 2011
Departmental Committee M. Zingale promotion committee (chairperson) 2010 - 2011
Departmental Committee Undergraduate Committee 2010 - 2011
Administrative Work Assignment Undergraduate Advisor for Astronomy 2009 - 2010
College/University Committee Stony Brook representative to Universities Space Research Association 2009 - 2010
Community Activity Several public talks for the University, including Astronomy Open Nights, and local community groups such as the Vanderbilt Planetarium, the Astronomical Society of Long Island, and the Science Club of Long Island 2009 - 2010
Community Activity Supervision of high school student research project: Paul Levy, Ward Melville High School, summer 2010 2009 - 2010
Community Activity Supervision of high school students in conjunction with the Simons Summer Intern Program and the Westinghouse and/or Intel Science Talent Searches: Jason Chaves, Kings Park High School, Kings Park, New York, Simons fellow summer 2009 and 2010 Intel Semifinalist 2009 - 2010
Departmental Committee Astronomy Computing Committee 2009 - 2010
Departmental Committee Strategic Planning Committee 2009 - 2010
Departmental Committee Undergraduate Committee 2009 - 2010