2. The Cartography of Conflict, 1750-1783

Map making is often associated with military activity. Beginning in the 1750s, with the outbreak of the French and Indian War, the British began making detailed surveys of their North American colonies. Intensive map making continued through the period of the American Revolution.

Thomas Jefferys, A Map of the Most Inhabited Part of New England, 1755.
Detail showing Long Island. The model for most maps showing Long Island as a whole between 1755 and the De Witt map of 1802.
(Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.)

John Montresor, A Map of the Province of New York, 1775.
Southern sheet showing Long Island. Based on previous map, but shows some additional details on western Long Island.
(Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.)

Anonymous, The Country Twenty-five Miles Round New York, Drawn by a Gentleman from from That City, 1777.
Shows western Long Island at the time of the Battle of Long Island. (Library Company of Philadelphia.)

J.F.W. Des Barres, A Sketch of the Operations of His Majesty's Fleet and Army under the Command of the Rt. Hble. Lord Viscount Howe and Genl. Sr. W,. Howe, K.B., in 1776, [1778].
Shows movement of troops at the Battle of Long Island.
(Courtesy of the New York Public Library.)

J.F.W Des Barres, Oyster Bay and Huntington, 1778.
Detail showing area around Huntington.
(Courtesy New York Public Library.)

[Benjamin Tallmadge?], A Rough Draught of Fort St. George on the South Side of Long Island, [1780?].
Shows British fort in southern Brookhaven captured by the Americans under the command of Tallmadge. (Courtesy of the Connecticut Historical Society.)

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