Health Sciences Bulletin

School Of Dental Medicine

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    HBA 521 - Gross Anatomy of Head, Neck, and Trunk

    Tutorial laboratories with emphasis on dissections of the human head, neck, and trunk.

    8 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HBA 531 - The Body

    A lecture and laboratory with emphasis on dissection of the entire human body. Topics include functional and topographic anatomy, embryology, clinical correlations, and an introduction to radiology.

    8 credits, S/F graded

    HBH 531 - Principles of Medical Pharmacology

    Basic principles that underlie actions of drugs on physiological processes with particular reference to their therapeutic and toxic actions. For medical and dental students.

    5 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HD 495 - Research Fellowship for Entering Dental Students

    This course is a research fellowship program designed for students who have been accepted into the DDS program and will matriculate in the fall semester. The students in the fellowship program will work closely with their mentor to carry out a literature review, develop a research study design and/or participate in an ongoing study. The students will be required to formulate a specific aim and a hypothesis based on a research question. They are also required to present a poster or oral presentation from their results, based on the literature and on preliminary data from their research at the annual Student Research Day.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDC 601 - Children's Dentistry I

    This course offers an introduction to pediatric dentistry and orthodontics taught in units of growth and development in preparation for clinical responsibilities and general practice. The course consists of lectures, problem-based discussions, Simulation Laboratory exercises, and self-learning/assessment programs on Blackboard.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDC 621 - Year II Children's Dentistry Clinic

    Provides clinical experience for the preventive, interceptive, corrective, operative, surgical treatment of children. Faculty supervision. 45 course hours. Prerequisite: HDC 601 Laboratory Component

    45 Course HoursPrerequisite(s): HDC 601 Laboratory Component0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDC 701 - Children's Dentistry II

    Advanced Seminars in Children's Dentistry builds on the foundation of Comprehensive Pediatric Oral Health and allows students to build competence and confidence through active learning and case based presentations. The four didactic units are behavior management, special needs patients, orthodontic diagnosis, and trauma management. Prerequisite: HDC 601

    Prerequisite(s): HDC 6010 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDC 721 - Year III Children's Dentistry Clinic

    Year III Children's Clinic is a full year clinical experience in pediatric dentistry through patient care in the Dental Care Center's Pediatric Dental Clinic. Students will perform the full range of pediatric procedures, advanced behavior management, and fabricate orthodontic appliances. Prerequisite: HDC 621

    Prerequisite(s): HDC 6210 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDC 821 - Year IV Dental Care for the Developmentally Disabled Clinic

    Persons with developmental disabilities often present with medical and behavioral issues which require treatment planning skills that differ from management of the "well" patient. This course teaches the provision of comprehensive dental care for the developmentally disabled individual. Students learn to assess the risks to oral disease, develop treatment plans appropriate to the developmentally disabled patient's profile and provide treatment in a clinic setting, learning specific behavioral modification and management techniques. The course consists of lectures and clinical experience.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDE 611 - Endodontic Technique

    This course focuses on the biology and pathology of the pulpal and periapical tissues. A particular concentration is placed on the basic principles of endodontic procedures aimed at diagnosis and management of pulpal and periapical pathology. The application of endodontic procedures is performed on mounted simulated teeth, simulating clinical situations.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDE 615 - Introduction to Endodontics

    The goal of this course is to provide the student with knowledge of classic and contemporary endodontic science. Students will develop an overall understanding of endodontic pathosis, its diagnosis, as well as management.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDE 725 - Year III Endodontics Clinic

    This course is designed to give students hands on experience in diagnosis, radiographic interpretation, endodontic anesthesia, and management of patients with pulpal and periradicular diseases. The selection and use of endodontic instruments and materials are demonstrated and discussed during clinic sessions.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 299 - Introduction to Research in General Dentistry

    This course provides an introduction to research in general dentistry with initial training in study design, and clinical and/or laboratory procedures, under the guidance of a faculty member in the Department of General Dentistry. May be repeated up to a maximum of 12 credits.

    0-3 credits, S/U grading

    HDG 399 - Supervised Research in General Dentistry

    This course provides training in clinical and/or laboratory techniques and procedures used in dental research, under the direct supervision of a faculty member in the Department of General Dentistry. May be repeated up to a maximum of 12 credits.

    0-6 credits, S/U grading

    HDG 499 - Independent Research in General Dentistry

    This course is for students interested in carrying out independent research projects under the auspices of a faculty member in the Department of General Dentistry. The student must propose, design, and carry out the research project, as well as analyze and write up the results in a form acceptable to the sponsor.

    0-6 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 511 - Dental Morphology and Occlusion

    This module emphasizes tooth morphology and basic concepts of dental occlusion. It includes both theoretical and practical involvement. The course incorporates tooth identification, waxing/carving techniques, and digital scanning with CAD/CAM.

    0-3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 512 - Operative Dentistry I

    HDG 512 is a pre-clinical course in operative dentistry. This course introduces basic principles and techniques of tooth preparation as well as restoration of a tooth structure damaged by caries, fractures or trauma, with direct restorative materials. This course also introduces variations of tooth preparations based on the extent of the lesion, the restorative materials selected, and functional and/or esthetic requirements.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 521 - Clinical I: Inroduction to Patient Care

    The purpose of this course is to reinforce foundation knowledge with an introduction the dental clinical setting. The students will be paired with an upper class student and have opportunity to practice the clinical procedures they learned in the prerequisite course, Patient I, as well as observe many procedures within the whole spectrum of dentistry. In addition, the course will reinforce doctor-patient management and communication practices discussed in Patient I within a patient- centered treatment model.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 522 - Cariology

    Cariology is a preclinical course taught in Year 1. This course introduces basic principles of cariology such as caries etiology and progression, different methods of diagnosis and classification of lesions. This course also focuses on control of caries progression, describing home and office fluoride treatment, dietary control, oral hygiene, patient education and motivation. Surgical treatment is introduced in this course as concepts and practical exercises of caries removal with hand and rotary instruments in extracted teeth. Caries Management by Risk Assessment (CAMBRA) is presented in this course based on a critical discussion of risk indicators, risk factors, destructive and protective factors associated with caries to determine interventions.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 601 - Health Care Systems and Clinical Practice

    The course is to serve as an introduction to the organization and component aspects of the health care delivery system of this country, as well as an awareness of professional ethics and responsibilities. The course focuses on competencies related to practice management, health systems (standards 2-17, 2-18, 2-19) and ethics and professionalism (standard 2-20). The course consists of 28 hours of lectures and debates. The course introduces the factors that affect the quality of health services, the multiple practice arrangements for the delivery of health services, including concepts of an office team and office system, and the many government and community agencies that affect practice arrangements in providing health and social services. This is followed by an introduction to the general principles of insurance, health insurance and other forms of insurance. In addition, the legal concepts and issues affecting patient care are considered. These many issues are brought together in a series of student debates to review current dental, general health and social issues.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 614 - Operative Dentistry II

    This course focuses on conservative esthetic treatments, indirect esthetic posterior preparations and cementation, and CAD/CAM technology. Prerequisites: HDG 512, HDI 505, HDG 521, and good standing as a Year I student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 621 - Year II Operative Dentistry Clinic

    HDG 621 is the student's introduction to the General Dentistry Clinic and patient treatment in operative dentistry. This course focuses on patient-centered comprehensive Operative Dentistry. It is designed to prepare students to practice operative restorative dentistry by providing experiences in adult patient oriented care. Students develop the skills necessary to perform simple, comprehensive restorative dentistry in a preventive general practice environment. Emphasis is on the development of clinical critical thinking skills necessary for advancement. Students will work with faculty dentists and all sessions involve direct patient care, including the formulation of simple treatment plans, the placement of simple operative restorations and the administration of local anesthesia. The successful completion of a patient operative diagnosis/treatment planning competency, CAMBRA competency, and a patient based caries removal competency examinations are requirements for advancement. Prerequisites: HDG 512, HDG 521, HDI 505, and good standing as a Year II student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 704 - Practice Development I

    This course is designed as the introduction to Clinical Practice Management. A series of 2 hour lectures will present the introductory concepts for developing a business plan for a successful dental practice. In addition, this course is designed to instruct the student to utilize and train dental auxiliary personnel in order to practice dentistry in an efficient and productive manner. Techniques of four-handed dentistry, infection control, patient management, and duty delegation will all be blended to provide a format for dental practice which is ergonomically sound. The concepts discussed will build upon those presented in the Health Care Systems courses and will provide foundational knowledge and skills necessary to obtain competency in the Year 4 Clinical Practice Management II course.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 706 - Implantology

    This course focuses on the utilization of the osseous integrated implant in routine clinical practice. Students will learn the theory of osseous integration to bio-acceptable materials. They will learn how to treatment plan prospective cases utilizing clinical examinations, study models and radiographs including computerized tomography. Students will learn the fabrication of radiographic and surgical stents. Students will have the full surgical techniques explained for partially edentulous patients. The general dentist is capable of restoring many of the implant prosthesis. Students will learn many of the techniques needed to restore the various oral scenarios as well as the selections criteria for the appropriate treatment. Overall, this course is designed to prepare the general practitioner to serve as the team leader in the osseous integrated prosthesis oral restoration.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 721 - Year III Operative Clinic

    This course focuses on patient-centered comprehensive Operative Dentistry. It is designed to prepare students to practice operative restorative dentistry by providing additional experience in adult patient oriented care. Students develop the skills necessary to perform comprehensive restorative dentistry in a preventive general practice environment. Emphasis is on the development of clinical judgment and expertise through experience of a wide range of clinical procedures. Students will work with faculty dentists and perform the full range of operative dental procedures, including diagnosis, treatment planning, consultation, comprehensive operative restorative treatment, basic patient management skills and basic communication skills. Prerequisites: HDG 621, good academic standing as a Year II student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 803 - General Dentistry Seminar IV

    This course is designed to evaluate the student's ability to access, critically appraise, demonstrate applicability, and communicate scientific and lay literature as it relates to the provision of evidence-based general dentistry. Using skills attained in HDI 601, and three years of clinical practice experience the students will select, research, and present a current topic to their peers and an interdisciplinary panel of faculty members. The topics selected will cover a range of subjects that affect the practitioner's daily performance and are critical to the practitioner's knowledge base. The course will also serve to provide the students with further experience in researching, preparing, and presenting to their colleagues.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 804 - Practice Development II

    Practice Development II consists of two main components. The first component is a lecture series designed to provide the student with an in-depth understanding of practice management concepts introduced in Practice Development I. The second component to this course is a group project and presentation. The class is divided into 20 groups, with each group to present an assigned topic. The topics cover a spectrum of issues/concepts necessary to start and operate a successful private practice.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 805 - Care of Medically Compromised and Geriatric Patients

    The didactic and clinical components of the Year IV course Care for the Medically Compromised Patient HDG 805 gives instruction and practice in managing the unique needs of the medically frail elderly. Students will also have unique interprofessional educational experiences focusing on health promotion and disease prevention in medically complex and geriatric patients. The didactic component of HDG-805 consists of small group discussion with quizzes related to the assigned readings. The course provides the pre-doctoral dental student with the knowledge necessary to deliver dental care for the medically complex older adult.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 821 - Clinic IV: General Practice Program I

    The General Practice Program is the major clinical experience of the dental students during their fourth year. The course is designed to prepare the student for the practice of general dentistry after graduation. It integrates all disciplines of dentistry. Students work with general dentists and are referred to dental specialists in a mode that resembles the private practice of dentistry. Students are assigned responsibility for patients whom they treat comprehensively. The General Dentistry faculty supervise all aspects of care. They direct the students to seek consultation from specialist dentists in developing plans of treatment and in delivering aspects of care as appropriate for individual students and patients. Principles of basic science, medicine and dentistry are integrated. Prerequisites:HDG 721 and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 822 - Clinic IV: General Practice Program II

    The General Practice Program is the major clinical experience of the dental students during their fourth year. The course is designed to prepare the student for the practice of general dentistry after graduation. It integrates all disciplines of dentistry. Students work with general dentists and are referred to dental specialists in a mode that resembles the private practice of dentistry. Students are assigned responsibility for patients whom they treat comprehensively. The General Dentistry faculty supervise all aspects of care. They direct the students to seek consultation from specialist dentists in developing plans of treatment and in delivering aspects of care as appropriate for individual students and patients. Principles of basic science, medicine and dentistry are integrated. Prerequisites:HDG 721 and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 824 - Year IV Clinical Management of Dental Emergencies II

    The fourth year dental student will be assigned rotations to the Urgent Care Center to attain clinical experience in the ability to triage, differentially diagnose, treat and/or refer patients who present themselves with dental and/or orofacial emergencies. Students will treat patients under the supervision of assigned faculty. Consultation with Specialists and /or referrals will be made when necessary.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDH 301 - Independent Readings and Research

    The student conducts his or her research project under the supervision of one or more members of the Department of Dental Health. The student is expected to submit a written report detailing his or her research activities and conclusions. This course is offered for undergraduate students who demonstrate an interest in the health care delivery system of the United States.

    3 credits

    HDI 501 - Foundations in Dental Professional Development I

    This course is the first of a series of four yearly offerings that are designed as a vertically integrated stream within the predoctoral dental curriculum. As a continuum, the four courses build on competencies related to professionalism and ethics (CODA predoctoral standards 2-20-2.22). This first year course will feature interactive lectures, panel discussions, case-based teaching, required readings and journal reflection. The course will meet four times over the academic year. Principal course content areas will include: 1) defining the roles of "doctor" and "professional;" 2) honesty and academic integrity; 3) formative moments of a doctor; and 4) general ethical principles related to health care and patients (beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy, justice and veracity).

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 505 - Patient I: Communication and Examination

    The purpose of this course is to provide students with an introduction to patient-centered clinical dental care. The first unit focuses on communication strategies and developing rapport, and introduces students to psychosocial factors that influence the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of oral diseases. The second unit provides an introduction to the clinical setting with instruction in electronic record, patient charting, infection control procedures, and HIPPA and OSHA policies. Simulation sessions will provide students the opportunity to practice clinical procedures and protocol and prepare them for patient care in the Clinic I course.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 601 - Evidenced Based Dentistry and Critical Thinking

    This course consists of eight 2 hour learning modules designed to develop in dental students the basic skills needed to recognize the quality of evidence and journals it is published in, to carry out evidence-based analysis of the literature; to formulate hypotheses and design, analyze data, and give an effective power point presentation. Each module will begin with a brief 15 minute power point orientation by the facilitator, followed by student participation in small groups, lead by a student group leader, selected by the group.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 602 - Year II Research Selective

    This course is a lab-, clinic- or IT-based practical course that begins in the summer of Year II (as students transition from Year I to Year II). There will be a formal selection process, based on academic eligibility, administered by the Office of Research and Faculty Development, in conjunction with Academic Dean's office and the Academic Standing Committee. Students will be selected in April and May preceding the summer. Participants, with the assistance of the Office of Research and Faculty Development, will obtain necessary regulatory approvals/training to conduct human, animal research or handle biohazardous materials. Students will choose a lab and mentor from among a list provided by the Office of Research and Faculty Development and spend approximately 2 months in the summer and continue into year 2, to carry out a clearly defined research project.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 604 - Foundations in Dental Professional Development II

    This course is the second in a series of four courses that focus on competencies related to professionalism and ethics (CODA predoctoral standards 2-17 and 2-20). The course will feature formal lectures, small group discussions, case-based teaching, and journal reflection and will meet two times per semester (approximately 1.5 hours per session). The topics to be included in the course are: 1) the impact of culture on the Doctor-Patient Relationship; 2) the historical development of bioethics; 3) medical mistakes; and 4) ethics related to research involving human subjects.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 605 - Patient II: Team-Based Oral Diagnosis

    "Patient II" expands on the knowledge and skills acquired in the "Patient I" course, and provides a solid foundation for Diagnosis and Treatment Planning skills throughout the pre-doctoral curriculum. The course will focus on competencies related to behavioral sciences (standards 2-15 and 2-16), biomedical sciences (standard 2-13, 2-14), critical thinking and problem-solving (standard 2-9), practice management and health care systems (standard 2-19), and clinical sciences (standard 2-22, 2-23a, b, c, d, k, m). The course will consist of lectures, seminars, and small group sessions.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 612 - Community I: Population, Oral Health and Epidemiology

    This course is part of a major, vertically integrated stream within the four-year predoctoral dental curriculum (patient and community-centered care). The course will focus on those competencies related to epidemiology (2-13, 2-15, 2-21, 2-23d). The course will feature interactive lectures and small group discussion seminars.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 702 - Diagnosis and Management of Oro-Facial Pain

    This course is designed to present information regarding the diagnosis and management of Orofacial Pain and Temporomandibular Disorders. The course will consist of a series of lectures and case presentations. The information provided in this course will allow the student to understand the dentist's role in managing simple and complex orofacial pain problems. The area of temporomandibular disorders will be emphasized since the dentist plays a major role in managing these pain disorders.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 704 - Foundations in Dental Professional Development III

    The course utilizes interactive lectures and small group activities to illustrate various ethical and professional dilemmas faced by dental practitioners. Guest lecturers with expertise in ethics and professionalism will provide an introduction to the core principles underlying ethical behavior and conduct. A model of ethical decision making will be presented followed by opportunities for the analysis of various case situations important to dental and medical practice.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 705 - Patient III: Interdisciplinary Treatment Planning

    The skills of developing and delivering a comprehensive treatment plan is an essential step in providing care to patients. This course expects each student to develop and present a comprehensive treatment plan to his/her fellow students and faculty. The student is expected to consider the existing medical, dental, psychological, and financial considerations including the patient's desires in formulating diagnoses, etiology, prognosis, and treatment plan options. These skills will be tested to competency using standardized cases in the Comprehensive Treatment Planning Competency.� In addition, the ability to communicate with the patient and deliver a treatment plan will be tested to competency in a videotaped standardized patient encounter. The Health Science Simulation Center utilizing scripted patient (actors) offers a unique platform for this educational experience.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 732 - Community II: Service Learning Experience

    The student will participate in the delivery of dental health care services appropriate to the site and the experience level of the student. The student will be exposed to and interact with patients who may have diminished access to health care due to socioeconomic or cultural backgrounds, medical conditions, or disabilities. Depending on the site, students may be immersed in a culture that is unfamiliar to them.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 802 - Diagnosis and Management of Oro-Facial Pain

    A series of lectures/seminars focusing on differential diagnosis and treatment of facial pain.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 804 - Foundations in Dental Professional Development IV

    The course utilizes small group activities to illustrate various ethical and professional dilemmas faced by dental practitioners. This course continues Foundations in Dental Professional Development III where students were provided with an introduction to the core principles underlying ethical behavior and conduct. Students will meet (four class sessions) with members of the American College of Dentists where there will be opportunities for the analysis of various case situations important to dental and medical practice. The course concludes with a competency examination where students will independently evaluate a case utilizing the model of ethical decision making presented in Foundations in Dental Professional Development III.

    0 credit

    HDI 806 - Year IV Elective Ethics and Professionalism

    The seminar will address pressing ethical/professional challenges concerning the delivery of health care and profession of dentistry in the 21st century. It will be structured as an advanced introduction to professional dental ethics designed to afford the interested senior student an opportunity to meaningfully discuss and seek a reasoned position on an assortment of challenging ethical issues currently facing our profession. Selections from the current literature and relevant case studies will be utilized.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 832 - Community II: Service Learning Experience

    The student will participate in the delivery of dental health care services appropriate to the site and the experience level of the student. The student will be exposed to and interact with patients who may have diminished access to health care due to socioeconomic or cultural backgrounds, medical conditions, or disabilities. Depending on the site, students may be immersed in a culture that is unfamiliar to them.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 840 - Year IV Children's Dentistry Selective

    Clinical observation and self-study experience to gain an understanding of the operations of the CFCP Center and patient management of children born with craniofacial and cleft palate deformities by various specialists of the CPT. Prerequisite: HDC 721

    Prerequisite(s): HDC 7210 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 842 - Year IV Endodontics Selective

    This course allows students to expand upon the foundations of endodontology taught in Years II and III. Four Year IV students are selected who have successfully completed Introduction to Endodontics, Endodontic Technique, and Year III Endodontic Clinic. Students are exposed to advanced concepts in endodontic science with particular focus on evidence based literature supporting these concepts. Students are also provided opportunity to manage endodontic patients utilizing technology seen in the contemporary endodontic operatory (e.g. surgical operating microscope, active irrigation, rotary instrumentation, ultrasonic instrumentation, warm obturation techniques).

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 843 - Year IV Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Selective

    The senior selective in oral and maxillofacial surgery offers the student opportunities to perform more complex oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures, and to assist oral and maxillofacial surgery attendings and residents in advanced procedures in the clinic, emergency room, and operating room settings.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 844 - Year IV Orthodontics Selective

    Advanced selective course in the treatment of dental malocclusions.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 845 - Year IV Periodontics Selective

    The Selective in Periodontics exposes the 4th year dental students to advanced topics in periodontology. The students will read and be prepared to discuss selected periodontal articles, literature reviews, and clinical reports and critically analyze the findings with the assigned faculty. The students will have the opportunity to attend surgical seminars at the postdoctoral level and to perform limited periodontal surgical procedures under direct faculty supervision. The selective students will also gain teaching experience by participating in the pre-clinical exercises of the second year dental students, teaching periodontal probing, scaling and root planing and ultrasonic instrumentation.

    0 credit

    HDI 846 - Year IV Research Selective

    This course is a lab-, clinic- or IT-based practical course that begins in the summer of year 4 (as students transition from year 3 to year 4). There will be a formal selection process, based on academic eligibility, administered by the Office of Research and Faculty Development, in conjunction with Academic Dean's office and the Academic Standing Committee. Students will be selected in April and May preceding the summer. Participants, with the assistance of the Office of Research and Faculty Development, will obtain necessary regulatory approvals/training to conduct human, animal research or handle biohazardous materials. Students will choose a lab and mentor from among a list provided by the Office of Research and Faculty Development and spend approximately 2 months in the summer and continue into year 4, to carry out a clearly defined research project. The summer will be devoted to developing the skill-set needed for the project and will continue throughout the year, culminating in a Research Presentation on Student Research Day, during the spring semester. The quality of the presentation will be judged by peers and by faculty attending. There will be a 1st, 2nd & 3rd place awards.

    0 credit

    HDO 320 - Research: Oral Biology and Pathology

    Fall, 2-4 credits

    HDO 321 - Oral Biology Research II

    The student conducts an independent research project under the supervision of one or more members of the Department of Oral Biology and Pathology. The student is expected to submit a written report detailing experimental methods, results, and conclusions. A copy of the student's transcript must be submitted with the application to the Department. Fall or Spring research.

    2-4 credits

    HDO 322 - Summer Research: Oral Biology Pathology

    Summer Research: Oral Biology Pathology

    2-4 credits

    HDO 420 - Oral Biology Research III

    The student conducts a research project under the supervision of one or more members of the Department of Oral Biology and Pathology. The student is expected to submit a written report detailing experimental methods, results, and conclusions. A copy of the student's transcript must be submitted with the application to the Department. Fall or Spring research.

    2-4 credits

    HDO 421 - Oral Biology Research IV

    The student conducts a research project under the supervision of one or more members of the Department of Oral Biology and Pathology. The student is expected to submit a written report detailing experimental methods, results, and conclusions. A copy of the student's transcript must be submitted with the application to the Department. Fall or Spring research.

    2-4 credits

    HDO 422 - Summer Research Oral Biology and Pathology

    Summer Research: Oral Biology and Pathology

    2-4 credits

    HDO 500 - Biology of the Oral Mineralized Tissues

    This course deals with the basic chemistry, crystallography, ultrastructure, and metabolism of the calcium phosphates involved in the formation and physiological and pathological resorption of the various mineralized tissues found in or associated with the oral cavity (enamel, dentin, cementum, bone). Ectopic calculus formation will be examined. Prerequisites: HDO 560, 561, 562, and 563 or their equivalent. Fall and Spring

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 510 - Salivary Metabolism and Secretion

    Consideration is given to the normal and abnormal structure and function of the glandular systems found in the oral cavity. The composition, regulation, and functions of the secretions from the major and minor salivary glands will receive particular attention.

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 520 - Oral Microbial Systems

    Consideration is given to the structural composition, metabolism, and environmental relationships of the bacterial systems formed on and in association with the oral hard and soft tissues. Specific and mixed bacterial populations, such as those resident on extra-oral mucosal surfaces and the skin and their role in oral disease will be dealt with. Prerequisite: HDO 560, 561, 562, and 563 or their equivalent. Fall and Spring

    Prerequisite(s): HDO 560, 561, 562, and 563 or their equivalent. Fall and Spring3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 530 - Molecular Biology and Pathology of the Periodontium

    This course deals with the ultrastructure and biochemical composition of the periodontal tissues, remodeling of the extracellular matrix with an emphasis on the role of metalloproteinases; the microbial interrelations with the organic and inorganic components of the periodontal tissues, the biochemical dynamics of gingival inflammation and wound healing, and the metabolic processes responsible for the composition and flow of gingival crevicular fluid. Prerequisites: HDO 560, 561 and 563 or their equivalent. Fall and Spring

    2 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 531 - Normal and Reparative Tissue Development in the Oral Cavity

    This course includes a series of lectures and student-led discussions dealing with specific oral tissues, biologic mineralization, osseointegration, hard and soft tissue development, and tissue regeneration. The molecular aspects leading to oral cancer and osteonecrosis will also be presented and discussed.

    2 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 532 - Host-Parasite Interaction

    This course includes a series of lectures and student-led discussions dealing with specific oral tissues, growth factors, ctyokines, prostaglandins, biologic mineralization and wound healing. The biology of the immune system and phagocytic cells is presented, including the relationship of nutrition to inflammation and oral health. The microbiology of the oral cavity in health and disease as well as oral mucosal infections is presented as the basis of the understanding of immunopathobiology of dental caries and periodontal disease. The oral manifestations of pharmacologic agents are reviewed in terms of both their immunologic and non-immunologic mechanisms of pathology. Finally, antimicrobial chemotherapy and principles of infection control are reviewed in terms of clinical practice of dentistry.

    2 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 534 - Research Design and Biostatistics

    This course aims to improve the understanding of basic research methods and statistical concepts and principles and introduce some fundamental statistical tools, in the context of oral health research. The first part of this course covers basic assumptions and concepts of clinical and biomedical research, research methodologies, critical thinking, and evidence based dentistry. Residents will develop the skills needed to recognize the quality of the scientific evidence and the quality of various publications, the ability to conduct an evidence-based analysis of the literature, and the ability to present an evidence-based presentation on a controversial topic related to dentistry. The components of a research proposal and the basic elements of compliance will be discussed. The second part of the course covers concepts from statistics such as: summarizing, organizing, and presenting different types of sample data; simple probability; discrete and continuous probability distributions such as the Binomial and Normal distributions; the mean and variance of a probability distribution; sampling distributions; hypothesis testing; statistical significance; confidence intervals; non-parametric techniques; ANOVA; correlation and regression; categorical data analysis, tests for proportions, and Chi-Squared tests. Students will apply the techniques learned in class on a given data set, where they will analyze the data and perform statistical testing. The third part of the course students will discuss and evaluate the statistical methods used in relevant papers as well as in proposed students projects.

    1 credit, S/U grading

    HDO 535 - Epithelial Keratinization and Differentiation

    The course examines the growth and differentiation of stratified sqamous epithelia. Particular emphasis is placed on molecular events involved in the differentiation program. Consideration is also given to mechanisms involved in oral and cutaneous disorders. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor required; HBP 531 suggested; students must have had a background in cellular biochemistry molecular biology.

    Fall and Spring, 2 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 540 - Laboratory Techniques in Biomedical Research

    This course aims to introduce theoretical principles and experimental techniques used for laboratory investigation in biomedical research. Students will familiarize themselves with the instrumentation and techniques used to investigate different molecular and cell biological problems through a combination of lectures and demonstrations. Various topics will be covered such as tissue culture and isolation and characterization of DNA, RNA and proteins using various techniques. Students will be introduced to recombinant DNA technology including cloning in various non-viral and viral vectors that allow modulation of gene expression. Transgenic mice technology and Cre-lox system and gene editing technologies will be introduced. In addition, the use of mass spectrometry, microarray and DNA deep sequencing to understand biological processes will be discussed.

    2 credits, S/U grading

    HDO 550 - Oral Diagnostics and Therapeutic Technology, Lectures and Laboratory Techniques

    Recent advances in the use and development of research technology for the early diagnosis and treatment monitoring of oral and systemic disease. Special attention is paid to the principles of technology transfer including patents and patenting; searching of on-line databases is a key component. The course includes relationships of dry mouth to salivary physiology, diabetes, and drug medications; salivary film measurements, wetting of oral surfaces, viscoelasticity and lubricity; the use of the Periotron and enzyme assays for the diagnosis of gingivitis and periodontal disease; instrumentation used in sensitive teeth measurement and evaluation of treatment effectiveness using oral compositions and iontophoresis; oral candidiasis and denture stomatitis and early detection and causes of dental caries; oral malodor measurements including use of the Halimeter and its use in the formulation of oral compositions. Application to clinical practice and clinical studies is covered.

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 560 - Oral Biology and Pathology I

    The first of four comprehensive courses on molecular structure, biochemical and physiological function, developmental anatomy and pathology of the various systems that constitute the oral apparatus. Covers the embryological development of the face and oral cavity and the biology and pathology of the oral mineralized tissues. Prerequisites: Undergraduate degree in basic science; permission of instructor. Fall and Spring

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 561 - Oral Biology and Pathology II

    The second of four comprehensive courses on molecular structure, biochemical and physiological function, developmental anatomy and pathology of the various systems that constitute the oral apparatus. Covers the biology and pathology of the periodontal structures and the microbiology of the oral cavity. Prerequisites: Undergraduate degree in basic science; permission of instructor. Fall and Spring

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 562 - Oral Biology and Pathology III

    This course is the third of four comprehensive courses on molecular structure, biochemical and physiological function, developmental anatomy, and pathology of the various systems that constitute the oral apparatus. The course consists of' the following two units of instruction; (1) the biology and pathology of the salivary glands and their products and (2) the biology and pathology of the periodontal structures, Prerequisites: Undergraduate degree in basic science and permission of instructor Fall and Spring

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 563 - Oral Biology and Pathology IV

    This course is the last of four comprehensive courses on molecular structure, biochemical and physiological function, developmental anatomy and pathology of the various systems that constitute the oral apparatus. Covers the biology and pathology of the oral sensory systems and the biology and pathology of oral motor systems. Prerequisites: Undergraduate degree in basic science and permission of instructor. Admission to Graduate Health Sciences Center Program.

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 590 - Research Projects in Oral Biology and Pathology

    Individual laboratory projects closely supervised by faculty members to be carried out in their research laboratories.

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 599 - Graduate Research

    Original investigations undertaken with supervision of a faculty member.

    1-12 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 690 - Oral Biology and Pathology Seminar

    Research seminars by students, staff, and visiting scientists which may include review of current literature and presentation of student research. Prerequisite: Enrollment in the MS or PhD program in Oral Biology and Pathology. Fall and Spring. 1 credit, Letter graded (S/U) May be repeated for credit.

    Prerequisite(s): Enrollment in the MS or PhD program in Oral Biology and Pathology. Fall and Spring. 1 credit, Letter graded (S/U) May be repeated for credit.1 credit

    HDO 695 - Oral Biology and Pathology Teaching Practicum

    Practice instruction in the teaching of oral biology and pathology at the undergraduate level carried out under faculty orientation and supervision.

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 699 - Thesis Research Oral Biology and Pathology

    Dissertation Research, Prerequisite: Advancement to Candidacy Passing,

    Prerequisite(s): Advancement to Candidacy Passing, Fall, Spring, and Summer, 1-9 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 700 - Dissertation Research off Campus - Domest

    Prerequisite: Must be advanced to candidacy (G5). Major portion of research will take place off-campus, but in the United States and/or U.S. provinces. Please note, Brookhaven National Labs and the Cold Spring Harbor Lab are considered on-campus. All international students must enroll in one of the graduate student insurance plans and should be advised by an International Advisor.

    Prerequisite(s): Must be advanced to candidacy (G5). Major portion of research will take place off-campus, but in the United States and/or U.S. provinces. Please note, Brookhaven National Labs and the Cold Spring Harbor Lab are considered on-campus. All international students must enroll in one of the graduate student insurance plans and should be advised by an International Advisor.Fall, Spring, 1-9 credits, S/U grading

    HDO 702 - Oral Pathology

    Covers the clinical and histopathologic manifestations of acquired, inherited and neoplastic diseases of the human oral cavity. Includes benign and malignant tumors of bone, odontogenic and non-odontogenic cysts and tumors, mucosal and salivary gland diseases, and oral manifestations of systemic diseases.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 704 - Translational Oral Biology

    Covers the biochemical, physiological, microbiological and electronic principles involved in a variety of techniques used as aids in the diagnosis of oral diseases.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 705 - Oral Medicine

    Introduces the principles of patient care related to stomatologic and dermatologic disease, neurologic abnormalities, hematologic disturbances, and the medically compromised patient.16 course hours Prerequisites: HDO 701

    .16 Course Hours0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 706 - Oral Facial Genetics

    Focuses on the utilization, preparation and analysis of basic human genetics in clinical situations. Covers genetic disorders of the craniofacial complex and dentistry for the multiple handicapped patient. 30 course hours Prerequisite: HD 501 or permission of instructor

    30 Course HoursPrerequisite(s): HD 501 or permission of instructor0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 707 - Clinical Pharmacology

    Covers pharmacology in dental practice emphasizing clinical usage of antibiotics, sedatives, tranquilizers and analgesics. Drug interactions and side effects are discussed. 18 course hours Prerequisite: HD 608

    18 Course HoursPrerequisite(s): HD 6080 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 803 - Oral Pathology Conference II

    Clinicopathologic case presentations and development of differential diagnosis skills. 11 course hours Prerequisites: HDO 702, HDO 703

    11 Course Hours0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 805 - Summer Research

    SUMMER RESEARCH

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDO 821 - Year IV Clinic: Oral Diagnostics

    The clinical continuation of HDO 704 in which the principals of oral diagnostics are applied to patient care.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 320 - Introduction to Periodontal Research

    The student is taught various techniques and procedures used in current periodontal research. The student is expected to undertake a small research project implementing these techniques.

    0-4 credits

    HDP 321 - Introduction to Periodontal Research

    The student is taught various techniques and procedures used in current periodontal research. The student is expected to undertake a small research project implementing these techniques.

    0-4 credits

    HDP 322 - Introduction to Periodontal Research

    The student is taught various techniques and procedures used in current periodontal research. The student is expected to undertake a small research project implementing these techniques.

    0-4 credits

    HDP 420 - Research in the Biology and Pathology of Periodontium

    An independent research project under faculty supervision with emphasis on the principles of experimental design, data collection, evaluation of findings, and reporting of results. The student is expected to prepare a report on the project and be able to discuss his or her work. Open to upper-division students. May be repeated up to a maximum of eight credits.

    0-4 credits, S/U grading

    HDP 421 - Research in the Biology and Pathology of Periodontium

    An independent research project under faculty supervision with emphasis on the principles of experimental design, data collection, evaluation of findings, and reporting of results. The student is expected to prepare a report on the project and be able to discuss his or her work. Open to upper-division students. May be repeated up to a maximum of eight credits.

    0-4 credits, S/U grading

    HDP 422 - Research in the Biology and Pathology of Periodontium

    An independent research project under faculty supervision with emphasis on the principles of experimental design, data collection, evaluation of findings, and reporting of results. The student is expected to prepare a report on the project and be able to discuss his or her work. Open to upper-division students. May be repeated up to a maximum of eight credits.

    0-4 credits, S/U grading

    HDP 501 - Introduction to Periodontics

    This course utilizes lectures and problem-based cases to introduce the student to the field of periodontology. The first part of the course introduces the student to the clinical presentation of the normal periodontium, gingivitis and periodontitis. A series of lectures then introduces the student to basic patient care which positions them for their initial clinic rotations. Lectures continue with a discussion of histopathology of gingivitis and periodontitis, the bacterial composition of plaque in health and disease, and the pathologic mechanisms of bacterial virulence factors in altered connective tissue remodeling and alveolar bone loss. The potential activities of virulence factors including endotoxin are described in the context of the environmental influences of the gingival crevice and its contents. The response of the host elicited by plaque and bacterial virulence factors is then presented in a series of lectures which review the dynamics of gingival crevicular fluid, effector molecules (prostaglandins and cytokines), the neutrophil and innate defense factors, and the immune system.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 601 - Diagnosis and Treatment of Periodontal Diseases I

    Lectures, problem-based cases, laboratory, and clinical exercises are utilized to review the etiology, pathogenesis, treatment, and prevention of periodontal diseases. The first component of the course uses lectures, problem-based cases, and clinical exercises to provide students the knowledge and skills required to provide patient care. The next series of lectures uses the basic science component of the course as a foundation to discuss the etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of various clinical conditions related to the periodontium including aggressive periodontitis, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, gingival overgrowth, herpetic and apthous lesions. Lectures and problem-based cases are used to expose students to various surgical procedures including gingivectomy, gingivoplasty, and periodontal flap surgery. The course will culminate in a series of treatment planning presentations in which students will utilize prior coursework to prepare an oral and written clinical case presentation.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 621 - Year II Periodontics Clinic

    Applying didactic knowledge to actual clinical situations is required as the student examines the patient, formulates a treatment plan, and renders treatment. In this regard, the student should be able to determine the chief complaint of the patient, obtain a detailed past and present medical history, family medical history, past personal and family dental history, social history including patient's attitude towards his/her dentition and expectations of treatment. The student should be able to obtain vital signs and perform extra-oral (head and neck) and intra-oral examinations. The intra-oral examination will consist of a hard and soft tissue exam including the teeth and the periodontium. In addition, an examination of the patient's occlusion and the temporomandibular joints will be completed. The student is expected to interpret the radiographic findings detected in the panoramic, bite-wings and periapical radiographs, and determine whether they are normal or abnormal. The student will correlate the radiographic finding with the clinical findings and then arrive at the diagnosis of the patient's condition. The student will identify the etiological factors (local and systemic) which contribute to the development of disease and prognosticate the patient's overall dental and periodontal condition as well as that of the individual teeth. Subsequently, the student should be able to formulate an adequate treatment plan, render periodontal treatment (whether preventive or therapeutic) as outlined, evaluate the outcome of the treatment, and schedule periodontal maintenance. At the periodontal maintenance appointment, the student should be able to update the medical history, conduct a clinical examination to determine periodontal health status, obtain additional radiographs when necessary, review or institute corrective measures for plaque control and render adequate treatment when deemed necessary.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 701 - Diagnosis and Treatment of Periodontal Disease II

    At the conclusion of HDP 601 the basic surgical techniques used to treat periodontal diseases were introduced. HDP 701 will continue to discuss in greater depth the surgical component of periodontal therapy. Evidence-based presentations by cases and problem-based learning will discuss the indications, contraindications, and success rates reported for various surgical techniques including osseous grafts, hemisection, root resection, and guided tissue regeneration procedures. Aspects of periodontal wound healing will be discussed prior to the introduction of guided tissue regeneration procedures. The interrelationship between the periodontium and restorative dentistry will be examined including a discussion of dental implants and pre-prosthetic surgical procedures such as crown lengthening and ridge augmentation procedures. Periodontal plastic procedures performed to prevent or correct anatomical, developmental, traumatic, or plaque induced defects of the periodontium will be discussed. Common acute periodontal conditions will also be examined including a discussion on the diagnostic criteria utilized to differentiate between pathology of periodontal or endodontic origin. Referral guidelines including reasons and criteria for referral will be discussed in a case based format.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 702 - Periodontal Clinical Seminar

    Lectures and problem-based cases are used to integrate and reinforce the didactic and clinical information covered in previous periodontal courses. An interactive forum is used in which students and periodontal faculty and residents discuss in greater depth advances achieved in periodontics and their relevance to clinical practice.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 721 - Year III Periodontics Clinic

    Emphasizes the application of knowledge in the treatment of patients with advanced disease. 111 course hours

    111 Course Hours0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 821 - Year IV Clinic: Periodontics I

    The fourth year component of clinical periodontics continues to develop and reinforce the student's ability to recognize and diagnose periodontal diseases. In a simulated general practice environment, the student provides comprehensive care including periodontal therapy under the supervision of general dentistry faculty. This experience enables students to understand the role of general dentists in treating and managing patients presenting with various levels of disease including referral to a specialist when appropriate. Students are required to seek consultation with periodontal faculty when patients exhibit clinical and radiographic findings consistent with periodontitis such as probing depth measurements # 5 mm. The periodontal faculty provides coverage for consultation, competency exams, and periodontal surgical procedures.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 822 - Year IV Clinic: Periodontics II

    The fourth year component of clinical periodontics continues to develop and reinforce the student's ability to recognize and diagnose periodontal diseases. In a simulated general practice environment, the student provides comprehensive care including periodontal therapy under the supervision of general dentistry faculty. This experience enables students to understand the role of general dentists in treating and managing patients presenting with various levels of disease including referral to a specialist when appropriate. Students are required to seek consultation with periodontal faculty when patients exhibit clinical and radiographic findings consistent with periodontitis such as probing depth measurements # 5 mm. The periodontal faculty provides coverage for consultation, competency exams, and periodontal surgical procedures.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 503 - Radiology I

    This course introduces the fundamental principles of radiation physics, radiation biology and protection, radiographic image production and interpretation as applied to dental radiographic imaging. Students gain knowledge of the intraoral and extraoral radiographic techniques commonly used in dental practice, of the principles and techniques of film processing, digital imaging, image quality assurance, and radiation protection; students learn to recognize normal intraoral and panoramic anatomy and to interpret and stage caries and marginal periodontal status based on their radiographic appearance. In small group rotations at the conclusion of the course, students learn to set up the operatory for intraoral radiographic examinations, to take intraoral film radiographs on the mannequin, to develop radiographs using an automatic film processor and they review the appearance and causes of film imaging artifacts based on provided cases.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 611 - Fixed Partial Prosthodontics Technique

    The purpose is to provide an understanding of basic diagnostic skills and restorative techniques in fixed prosthodontics that will enable students to begin patient care in Year III Clinic. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all Year I dental courses and good standing as a Year II student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 613 - Removable Prosthodontics Technique

    This course provides an understanding of basic diagnostic skills and restorative techniques used in complete and partial removable prosthodontics that will enable students to provide patient care in the discipline of removable prosthodontics. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all Year I dental courses and good standing as a Year II student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 622 - Year II Radiology Clinic

    In this clinical radiology course students apply the principles of intraoral imaging techniques and radiation safety presented in the didactic course Radiology I to clinical situations. Additional emphasis is placed on small groups discussions on radiologic anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment implications. Prerequisites: HDG521, HDR503, and good standing as a Year II student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 708 - Advanced Esthetic Concepts

    The treatment of dental esthetic issues is a necessary part of current dental education and comprehensive care given to patients. In this course, the students will familiarize themselves with the available approaches to creating harmony and beauty in a smile. The available cosmetic restorations on the market will be covered: their indications, contraindications, advantages, disadvantages, and techniques. Porcelain laminate veneers will be covered, particularly preparation design. Treatment planning, and then getting the desired results will also be covered. Prerequisites: HDR 611, HDR 613, and good standing as a Year III student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 709 - Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologic Interpretation

    The Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologic Interpretation course consists of didactic and seminar components that build on the basic notions of image interpretation acquired in Radiology I and Year II Radiology Clinic courses. This course focuses on the interpretation of intraoral images utilized in dental practice, and the rationale, design and execution of intraoral radiographic examinations. Prerequisite: HDG 622, good standing as a Year III student.

    Prerequisite(s): HDG 622, good standing as a Year III student.0 credit

    HDR 722 - Year III Fixed Partial Prosthodontics Clinic

    During this course the student treats patients who require relatively simple fixed prosthodontic therapy. The student should develop the judgment and insight necessary to provide fixed prosthodontic treatment, which is coordinated with the other disciplines of General Dentistry, Periodontics and Oral Surgery. Techniques performed will be based on skills in the preceding clinical and laboratory courses. Prerequisites:HDR 611, HDG 621 and good standing as a Year III student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 723 - Year III Removable Prosthodontics Clinic

    HDR 723 is the initial clinical experience in removable prosthodontics and provides the student with the clinical experience in this discipline. Emphasis is placed on the development of clinical judgment and expertise gained through providing a range of clinical treatment modalities in removable prosthodontics, such as: complete dentures, removable partial dentures, immediate dentures, over dentures, transitional and/or interim dentures, repairs, relines, and tissue treatments. Prerequisites: HDG 613, HDG 621 and good standing as a Year III student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 726 - Year III Radiology Clinic

    Year III Radiology Clinic builds on the basic technical and image interpretation material from Radiology I and Year II Radiology clinic, emphasizing adequate selection and execution of radiographic examinations; integration of imaging information in the treatment planning process; recognition of the need for any further imaging, additional examinations, or specialty consultation based on the patient's individual circumstances. Prerequisite: HDG 622 and good standing as Year III student.

    Prerequisite(s): HDG 622 and good standing as Year III student.0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 804 - Year IV Esthetic Dentistry Elective

    This is an advanced course for those students who want more thorough knowledge, skill, and general preparation to practice esthetic dentistry. Various lecturers elaborate in their particular areas of expertise. Some years a prominent outside lecturer comes to give a continuing education course for faculty and outside dentists, for their benefit, but primarily for the benefit of the participants in this course. Prerequisites: HDR 611, HDR 613 and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 806 - Advanced Imaging Techniques

    Three-dimensional imaging is increasingly utilized in maxillofacial diagnosis and treatment planning. The advanced imaging course builds upon knowledge of conventional diagnostic imaging and gives students a working knowledge of current advanced imaging modalities utilized in dentistry: fan-beam CT, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound and, with particular emphasis, cone-beam CT (CBCT). Through a series of lectures, hands-on demonstrations, case discussions and an individual project assignment, students acquire a working knowledge of operation principles of advanced imaging modalities, CBCT anatomy, common incidental findings on CBCT images, selection criteria for CBCT imaging, and basic processing of the CBCT volume. Prerequisites: HDR 709, HDR 726 and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 807 - Advanced Removable Prosthodontics

    In Year IV, twelve hours are devoted to additional didactic instruction in clinical applications of removable prosthodontics. These hours are used for the review and reinforcement of subjects previously taught, and the introduction of new concepts and techniques. The topics are selected to be of benefit to students who have begun to treat patients in this discipline. Prerequisites: HDR 611, HDR 613 and good standing as Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 821 - Year IV Advanced Prosthodontics Selective

    One to three predoctoral dental students are invited to participate in this selective based upon demonstrated skills and expressed interest in fixed prosthetics after successfully completing Year 2 and Year 3 preclinical and clinical courses. The student(s) may have the opportunity to send cases out to a private laboratory facility and spend more time observing a master technician. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all Year I, II & III dental courses and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 823 - Year IV Radiology Clinic

    In Year IV Radiology Clinic (HDR 823), students perform intraoral radiographic examinations, selected periapical and bitewing views, full mouth intraoral radiographic surveys) as set forth in faculty-approved treatment plans for their patients; interpret (in consultation with faculty, whenever confronted with unusual findings, or otherwise deemed necessary), and record imaging findings into the axiUm patient management system. Prerequisites: HDR 726 and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 601 - Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

    The General Dentist must be able to establish a diagnosis and manage conditions which require oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures. In addition, the dentist must be able to perform basic surgical procedures within their scope and knowledge. This course provides a comprehensive overview of diseases and conditions, as well as the medical and surgical management provided by oral and maxillofacial surgeons for those conditions. In depth discussions on dentoalveolar surgical procedures provide a foundation for managing patients in the oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic courses in Year II, III and IV.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 602 - Pain Control I

    The administration of local anesthesia is often a necessity in maintaining patient comfort during the delivery of dental care. This course covers all phases of the administration of local anesthetics, including the selection of appropriate agents and intraoral injection techniques based on the needs of the individual patient and the specific procedure to be performed. The course consists of lectures, videotapes, and small group clinic laboratory sessions.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 603 - Medical Emergencies I

    The dentist must be prepared to manage medical emergencies that may occur during the course of dental therapy. This course presents a number of medical emergencies that may be caused by specific disease states, medications administered in the dental office, or by anxiety related to the dental visit. Prevention of medical emergencies is emphasized, as well as diagnosis and management. The course consists of three lectures in a case based format, and encourages class participation.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 604 - Pain Control II

    Dental patients often present to the office with a great deal of anxiety related to the treatment to be rendered. This course presents pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods that can be utilized to reduce patient anxiety in the dental office. The use of nitrous oxide/oxygen analgesia in the dental practice setting is emphasized. The course will consist of lecture, laboratory, and clinical sessions.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 605 - Physical Diagnosis: Introduction to Family Medicine

    Since dentistry shares with all health professionals a common obligation to insure the welfare of their patients, all practitioners have the responsibility of evaluating the capability of their patients to withstand and successfully tolerate the anticipated proposed treatment regimens. Because of the varied effects that systemic diseases have on dental procedures, as well as the possible effect of dental treatment on systemic health problems, there is a need for dentists to be properly trained in the evaluation of their patients. This course introduces clinical medicine and its relationship to dentistry. It covers the clinical physical signs, symptoms, and laboratory values of the various organ systems in both health and disease, and the application of this knowledge to patients in ambulatory care and hospital settings, and emphasizes the oral manifestations and dental treatment modifications required by the medically compromised patient.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 621 - Year II Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic

    In this introductory clinical course in oral and maxillofacial surgery, the student acquires clinical experience in taking a comprehensive outpatient oral and maxillofacial surgery history, takes pre-operative and post-operative vital signs, establishes and reviews the surgical treatment plan, assists upper classmates in the removal of single and multiple teeth and minor oral surgery procedures, begins to apply basic sciences, behavioral, and surgical knowledge and acquire the skills for uncomplicated tooth removal, reviews postoperative care with the patient, and writes prescriptions for medications including analgesics and antibiotics.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 701 - Advanced Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Treatment Planning

    The course consists of three seminar sessions discussing a total of nine case studies of patients with significant medical conditions who require oral surgical care. The class is divided into groups of four students. Approximately three weeks prior to each scheduled seminar, case studies are distributed; the material includes the patient's chief complaint, past medical history, physical examination and laboratory studies, as appropriate. Each group is responsible for preparing an oral presentation of the case and appropriate written handouts for the other members of the seminar group. The presentations should include: differential diagnosis, methods of diagnosis, presumptive diagnosis, current therapy and management for that diagnosis, and influence of the diagnosis on the oral surgery management.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 703 - Medical Emergencies II

    The dentist must be prepared to manage medical emergencies that may occur during the course of dental therapy. This course presents a number of medical emergencies that may be caused by specific disease states, medications administered in the dental office, or by anxiety related to the dental visit. Prevention of medical emergencies is emphasized, as well as diagnosis and management. The course consists of a case based session with active class participation as a method of review of material presented in Medical Emergencies I (HDS 603).

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 721 - Year III Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic

    In this clinical course in oral and maxillofacial surgery, the student acquires additional clinical experience in taking a comprehensive outpatient oral and maxillofacial surgery history, takes pre-operative and post-operative vital signs, establishes and reviews patient surgical treatment plans, and applies basic science knowledge and clinical skills for uncomplicated single and multiple tooth and root removal and alveoplasty procedures, reviews post-operative care with the patient, and writes prescriptions for medications including analgesics and antibiotics.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 803 - Medical Emergencies III

    Practice Development II consists of two main components. The first component is a lecture series designed to provide the student with an in-depth understanding of practice management concepts introduced in Practice Development I. The second component to this course is a group project and presentation. The class is divided into 20 groups, with each group to present an assigned topic. The topics cover a spectrum of issues/concepts necessary to start and operate a successful private practice.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 821 - Year IV Oral Surgery Clinic

    In this clinical course in oral and maxillofacial surgery, the student independently formulates and reviews comprehensive patient surgical treatment plans, and receives experiences in the more complex minor outpatient surgical procedures including multiple extractions, alveoloplasty, root recovery, biopsy technique, pre-prosthetic surgery, and infection management. Prior to completion of this course, the student will attain competence in the routine extraction of teeth.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 822 - Year IV Oral Surgery Clinic (Hospital Rotation)

    In HDS 822 (Year IV Hospital Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Rotation), students are exposed to advanced patient care in the clinic, emergency room, and operating room settings. At a minimum, students continue performing simple and surgical extractions in the outpatient setting, and may participate in more advanced cases depending upon availability in this rotation at University Hospital Medical Center. In addition, students participate in the management of patients receiving intravenous sedation and general anesthesia in the outpatient setting.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)
  • Biomedical Sciences

    Biomedical Sciences

    HBA 521 - Gross Anatomy of Head, Neck, and Trunk

    Tutorial laboratories with emphasis on dissections of the human head, neck, and trunk.

    8 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HBA 531 - The Body

    A lecture and laboratory with emphasis on dissection of the entire human body. Topics include functional and topographic anatomy, embryology, clinical correlations, and an introduction to radiology.

    8 credits, S/F graded

    HBH 531 - Principles of Medical Pharmacology

    Basic principles that underlie actions of drugs on physiological processes with particular reference to their therapeutic and toxic actions. For medical and dental students.

    5 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)
  • Interdisciplinary

    Interdisciplinary

    HD 495 - Research Fellowship for Entering Dental Students

    This course is a research fellowship program designed for students who have been accepted into the DDS program and will matriculate in the fall semester. The students in the fellowship program will work closely with their mentor to carry out a literature review, develop a research study design and/or participate in an ongoing study. The students will be required to formulate a specific aim and a hypothesis based on a research question. They are also required to present a poster or oral presentation from their results, based on the literature and on preliminary data from their research at the annual Student Research Day.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDH 301 - Independent Readings and Research

    The student conducts his or her research project under the supervision of one or more members of the Department of Dental Health. The student is expected to submit a written report detailing his or her research activities and conclusions. This course is offered for undergraduate students who demonstrate an interest in the health care delivery system of the United States.

    3 credits

    HDI 501 - Foundations in Dental Professional Development I

    This course is the first of a series of four yearly offerings that are designed as a vertically integrated stream within the predoctoral dental curriculum. As a continuum, the four courses build on competencies related to professionalism and ethics (CODA predoctoral standards 2-20-2.22). This first year course will feature interactive lectures, panel discussions, case-based teaching, required readings and journal reflection. The course will meet four times over the academic year. Principal course content areas will include: 1) defining the roles of "doctor" and "professional;" 2) honesty and academic integrity; 3) formative moments of a doctor; and 4) general ethical principles related to health care and patients (beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy, justice and veracity).

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 505 - Patient I: Communication and Examination

    The purpose of this course is to provide students with an introduction to patient-centered clinical dental care. The first unit focuses on communication strategies and developing rapport, and introduces students to psychosocial factors that influence the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of oral diseases. The second unit provides an introduction to the clinical setting with instruction in electronic record, patient charting, infection control procedures, and HIPPA and OSHA policies. Simulation sessions will provide students the opportunity to practice clinical procedures and protocol and prepare them for patient care in the Clinic I course.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 601 - Evidenced Based Dentistry and Critical Thinking

    This course consists of eight 2 hour learning modules designed to develop in dental students the basic skills needed to recognize the quality of evidence and journals it is published in, to carry out evidence-based analysis of the literature; to formulate hypotheses and design, analyze data, and give an effective power point presentation. Each module will begin with a brief 15 minute power point orientation by the facilitator, followed by student participation in small groups, lead by a student group leader, selected by the group.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 602 - Year II Research Selective

    This course is a lab-, clinic- or IT-based practical course that begins in the summer of Year II (as students transition from Year I to Year II). There will be a formal selection process, based on academic eligibility, administered by the Office of Research and Faculty Development, in conjunction with Academic Dean's office and the Academic Standing Committee. Students will be selected in April and May preceding the summer. Participants, with the assistance of the Office of Research and Faculty Development, will obtain necessary regulatory approvals/training to conduct human, animal research or handle biohazardous materials. Students will choose a lab and mentor from among a list provided by the Office of Research and Faculty Development and spend approximately 2 months in the summer and continue into year 2, to carry out a clearly defined research project.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 604 - Foundations in Dental Professional Development II

    This course is the second in a series of four courses that focus on competencies related to professionalism and ethics (CODA predoctoral standards 2-17 and 2-20). The course will feature formal lectures, small group discussions, case-based teaching, and journal reflection and will meet two times per semester (approximately 1.5 hours per session). The topics to be included in the course are: 1) the impact of culture on the Doctor-Patient Relationship; 2) the historical development of bioethics; 3) medical mistakes; and 4) ethics related to research involving human subjects.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 605 - Patient II: Team-Based Oral Diagnosis

    "Patient II" expands on the knowledge and skills acquired in the "Patient I" course, and provides a solid foundation for Diagnosis and Treatment Planning skills throughout the pre-doctoral curriculum. The course will focus on competencies related to behavioral sciences (standards 2-15 and 2-16), biomedical sciences (standard 2-13, 2-14), critical thinking and problem-solving (standard 2-9), practice management and health care systems (standard 2-19), and clinical sciences (standard 2-22, 2-23a, b, c, d, k, m). The course will consist of lectures, seminars, and small group sessions.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 612 - Community I: Population, Oral Health and Epidemiology

    This course is part of a major, vertically integrated stream within the four-year predoctoral dental curriculum (patient and community-centered care). The course will focus on those competencies related to epidemiology (2-13, 2-15, 2-21, 2-23d). The course will feature interactive lectures and small group discussion seminars.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 702 - Diagnosis and Management of Oro-Facial Pain

    This course is designed to present information regarding the diagnosis and management of Orofacial Pain and Temporomandibular Disorders. The course will consist of a series of lectures and case presentations. The information provided in this course will allow the student to understand the dentist's role in managing simple and complex orofacial pain problems. The area of temporomandibular disorders will be emphasized since the dentist plays a major role in managing these pain disorders.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 704 - Foundations in Dental Professional Development III

    The course utilizes interactive lectures and small group activities to illustrate various ethical and professional dilemmas faced by dental practitioners. Guest lecturers with expertise in ethics and professionalism will provide an introduction to the core principles underlying ethical behavior and conduct. A model of ethical decision making will be presented followed by opportunities for the analysis of various case situations important to dental and medical practice.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 705 - Patient III: Interdisciplinary Treatment Planning

    The skills of developing and delivering a comprehensive treatment plan is an essential step in providing care to patients. This course expects each student to develop and present a comprehensive treatment plan to his/her fellow students and faculty. The student is expected to consider the existing medical, dental, psychological, and financial considerations including the patient's desires in formulating diagnoses, etiology, prognosis, and treatment plan options. These skills will be tested to competency using standardized cases in the Comprehensive Treatment Planning Competency.� In addition, the ability to communicate with the patient and deliver a treatment plan will be tested to competency in a videotaped standardized patient encounter. The Health Science Simulation Center utilizing scripted patient (actors) offers a unique platform for this educational experience.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 732 - Community II: Service Learning Experience

    The student will participate in the delivery of dental health care services appropriate to the site and the experience level of the student. The student will be exposed to and interact with patients who may have diminished access to health care due to socioeconomic or cultural backgrounds, medical conditions, or disabilities. Depending on the site, students may be immersed in a culture that is unfamiliar to them.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 802 - Diagnosis and Management of Oro-Facial Pain

    A series of lectures/seminars focusing on differential diagnosis and treatment of facial pain.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 804 - Foundations in Dental Professional Development IV

    The course utilizes small group activities to illustrate various ethical and professional dilemmas faced by dental practitioners. This course continues Foundations in Dental Professional Development III where students were provided with an introduction to the core principles underlying ethical behavior and conduct. Students will meet (four class sessions) with members of the American College of Dentists where there will be opportunities for the analysis of various case situations important to dental and medical practice. The course concludes with a competency examination where students will independently evaluate a case utilizing the model of ethical decision making presented in Foundations in Dental Professional Development III.

    0 credit

    HDI 806 - Year IV Elective Ethics and Professionalism

    The seminar will address pressing ethical/professional challenges concerning the delivery of health care and profession of dentistry in the 21st century. It will be structured as an advanced introduction to professional dental ethics designed to afford the interested senior student an opportunity to meaningfully discuss and seek a reasoned position on an assortment of challenging ethical issues currently facing our profession. Selections from the current literature and relevant case studies will be utilized.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 832 - Community II: Service Learning Experience

    The student will participate in the delivery of dental health care services appropriate to the site and the experience level of the student. The student will be exposed to and interact with patients who may have diminished access to health care due to socioeconomic or cultural backgrounds, medical conditions, or disabilities. Depending on the site, students may be immersed in a culture that is unfamiliar to them.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDI 840 - Year IV Children's Dentistry Selective

    Clinical observation and self-study experience to gain an understanding of the operations of the CFCP Center and patient management of children born with craniofacial and cleft palate deformities by various specialists of the CPT. Prerequisite: HDC 721

    Prerequisite(s): HDC 7210 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 842 - Year IV Endodontics Selective

    This course allows students to expand upon the foundations of endodontology taught in Years II and III. Four Year IV students are selected who have successfully completed Introduction to Endodontics, Endodontic Technique, and Year III Endodontic Clinic. Students are exposed to advanced concepts in endodontic science with particular focus on evidence based literature supporting these concepts. Students are also provided opportunity to manage endodontic patients utilizing technology seen in the contemporary endodontic operatory (e.g. surgical operating microscope, active irrigation, rotary instrumentation, ultrasonic instrumentation, warm obturation techniques).

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 843 - Year IV Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Selective

    The senior selective in oral and maxillofacial surgery offers the student opportunities to perform more complex oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures, and to assist oral and maxillofacial surgery attendings and residents in advanced procedures in the clinic, emergency room, and operating room settings.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 844 - Year IV Orthodontics Selective

    Advanced selective course in the treatment of dental malocclusions.

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDI 845 - Year IV Periodontics Selective

    The Selective in Periodontics exposes the 4th year dental students to advanced topics in periodontology. The students will read and be prepared to discuss selected periodontal articles, literature reviews, and clinical reports and critically analyze the findings with the assigned faculty. The students will have the opportunity to attend surgical seminars at the postdoctoral level and to perform limited periodontal surgical procedures under direct faculty supervision. The selective students will also gain teaching experience by participating in the pre-clinical exercises of the second year dental students, teaching periodontal probing, scaling and root planing and ultrasonic instrumentation.

    0 credit

    HDI 846 - Year IV Research Selective

    This course is a lab-, clinic- or IT-based practical course that begins in the summer of year 4 (as students transition from year 3 to year 4). There will be a formal selection process, based on academic eligibility, administered by the Office of Research and Faculty Development, in conjunction with Academic Dean's office and the Academic Standing Committee. Students will be selected in April and May preceding the summer. Participants, with the assistance of the Office of Research and Faculty Development, will obtain necessary regulatory approvals/training to conduct human, animal research or handle biohazardous materials. Students will choose a lab and mentor from among a list provided by the Office of Research and Faculty Development and spend approximately 2 months in the summer and continue into year 4, to carry out a clearly defined research project. The summer will be devoted to developing the skill-set needed for the project and will continue throughout the year, culminating in a Research Presentation on Student Research Day, during the spring semester. The quality of the presentation will be judged by peers and by faculty attending. There will be a 1st, 2nd & 3rd place awards.

    0 credit
  • General Dentistry

    General Dentistry

    HDG 299 - Introduction to Research in General Dentistry

    This course provides an introduction to research in general dentistry with initial training in study design, and clinical and/or laboratory procedures, under the guidance of a faculty member in the Department of General Dentistry. May be repeated up to a maximum of 12 credits.

    0-3 credits, S/U grading

    HDG 399 - Supervised Research in General Dentistry

    This course provides training in clinical and/or laboratory techniques and procedures used in dental research, under the direct supervision of a faculty member in the Department of General Dentistry. May be repeated up to a maximum of 12 credits.

    0-6 credits, S/U grading

    HDG 499 - Independent Research in General Dentistry

    This course is for students interested in carrying out independent research projects under the auspices of a faculty member in the Department of General Dentistry. The student must propose, design, and carry out the research project, as well as analyze and write up the results in a form acceptable to the sponsor.

    0-6 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 511 - Dental Morphology and Occlusion

    This module emphasizes tooth morphology and basic concepts of dental occlusion. It includes both theoretical and practical involvement. The course incorporates tooth identification, waxing/carving techniques, and digital scanning with CAD/CAM.

    0-3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 512 - Operative Dentistry I

    HDG 512 is a pre-clinical course in operative dentistry. This course introduces basic principles and techniques of tooth preparation as well as restoration of a tooth structure damaged by caries, fractures or trauma, with direct restorative materials. This course also introduces variations of tooth preparations based on the extent of the lesion, the restorative materials selected, and functional and/or esthetic requirements.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 521 - Clinical I: Inroduction to Patient Care

    The purpose of this course is to reinforce foundation knowledge with an introduction the dental clinical setting. The students will be paired with an upper class student and have opportunity to practice the clinical procedures they learned in the prerequisite course, Patient I, as well as observe many procedures within the whole spectrum of dentistry. In addition, the course will reinforce doctor-patient management and communication practices discussed in Patient I within a patient- centered treatment model.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 522 - Cariology

    Cariology is a preclinical course taught in Year 1. This course introduces basic principles of cariology such as caries etiology and progression, different methods of diagnosis and classification of lesions. This course also focuses on control of caries progression, describing home and office fluoride treatment, dietary control, oral hygiene, patient education and motivation. Surgical treatment is introduced in this course as concepts and practical exercises of caries removal with hand and rotary instruments in extracted teeth. Caries Management by Risk Assessment (CAMBRA) is presented in this course based on a critical discussion of risk indicators, risk factors, destructive and protective factors associated with caries to determine interventions.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 601 - Health Care Systems and Clinical Practice

    The course is to serve as an introduction to the organization and component aspects of the health care delivery system of this country, as well as an awareness of professional ethics and responsibilities. The course focuses on competencies related to practice management, health systems (standards 2-17, 2-18, 2-19) and ethics and professionalism (standard 2-20). The course consists of 28 hours of lectures and debates. The course introduces the factors that affect the quality of health services, the multiple practice arrangements for the delivery of health services, including concepts of an office team and office system, and the many government and community agencies that affect practice arrangements in providing health and social services. This is followed by an introduction to the general principles of insurance, health insurance and other forms of insurance. In addition, the legal concepts and issues affecting patient care are considered. These many issues are brought together in a series of student debates to review current dental, general health and social issues.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 614 - Operative Dentistry II

    This course focuses on conservative esthetic treatments, indirect esthetic posterior preparations and cementation, and CAD/CAM technology. Prerequisites: HDG 512, HDI 505, HDG 521, and good standing as a Year I student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 621 - Year II Operative Dentistry Clinic

    HDG 621 is the student's introduction to the General Dentistry Clinic and patient treatment in operative dentistry. This course focuses on patient-centered comprehensive Operative Dentistry. It is designed to prepare students to practice operative restorative dentistry by providing experiences in adult patient oriented care. Students develop the skills necessary to perform simple, comprehensive restorative dentistry in a preventive general practice environment. Emphasis is on the development of clinical critical thinking skills necessary for advancement. Students will work with faculty dentists and all sessions involve direct patient care, including the formulation of simple treatment plans, the placement of simple operative restorations and the administration of local anesthesia. The successful completion of a patient operative diagnosis/treatment planning competency, CAMBRA competency, and a patient based caries removal competency examinations are requirements for advancement. Prerequisites: HDG 512, HDG 521, HDI 505, and good standing as a Year II student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 704 - Practice Development I

    This course is designed as the introduction to Clinical Practice Management. A series of 2 hour lectures will present the introductory concepts for developing a business plan for a successful dental practice. In addition, this course is designed to instruct the student to utilize and train dental auxiliary personnel in order to practice dentistry in an efficient and productive manner. Techniques of four-handed dentistry, infection control, patient management, and duty delegation will all be blended to provide a format for dental practice which is ergonomically sound. The concepts discussed will build upon those presented in the Health Care Systems courses and will provide foundational knowledge and skills necessary to obtain competency in the Year 4 Clinical Practice Management II course.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 706 - Implantology

    This course focuses on the utilization of the osseous integrated implant in routine clinical practice. Students will learn the theory of osseous integration to bio-acceptable materials. They will learn how to treatment plan prospective cases utilizing clinical examinations, study models and radiographs including computerized tomography. Students will learn the fabrication of radiographic and surgical stents. Students will have the full surgical techniques explained for partially edentulous patients. The general dentist is capable of restoring many of the implant prosthesis. Students will learn many of the techniques needed to restore the various oral scenarios as well as the selections criteria for the appropriate treatment. Overall, this course is designed to prepare the general practitioner to serve as the team leader in the osseous integrated prosthesis oral restoration.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 721 - Year III Operative Clinic

    This course focuses on patient-centered comprehensive Operative Dentistry. It is designed to prepare students to practice operative restorative dentistry by providing additional experience in adult patient oriented care. Students develop the skills necessary to perform comprehensive restorative dentistry in a preventive general practice environment. Emphasis is on the development of clinical judgment and expertise through experience of a wide range of clinical procedures. Students will work with faculty dentists and perform the full range of operative dental procedures, including diagnosis, treatment planning, consultation, comprehensive operative restorative treatment, basic patient management skills and basic communication skills. Prerequisites: HDG 621, good academic standing as a Year II student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 803 - General Dentistry Seminar IV

    This course is designed to evaluate the student's ability to access, critically appraise, demonstrate applicability, and communicate scientific and lay literature as it relates to the provision of evidence-based general dentistry. Using skills attained in HDI 601, and three years of clinical practice experience the students will select, research, and present a current topic to their peers and an interdisciplinary panel of faculty members. The topics selected will cover a range of subjects that affect the practitioner's daily performance and are critical to the practitioner's knowledge base. The course will also serve to provide the students with further experience in researching, preparing, and presenting to their colleagues.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 804 - Practice Development II

    Practice Development II consists of two main components. The first component is a lecture series designed to provide the student with an in-depth understanding of practice management concepts introduced in Practice Development I. The second component to this course is a group project and presentation. The class is divided into 20 groups, with each group to present an assigned topic. The topics cover a spectrum of issues/concepts necessary to start and operate a successful private practice.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 805 - Care of Medically Compromised and Geriatric Patients

    The didactic and clinical components of the Year IV course Care for the Medically Compromised Patient HDG 805 gives instruction and practice in managing the unique needs of the medically frail elderly. Students will also have unique interprofessional educational experiences focusing on health promotion and disease prevention in medically complex and geriatric patients. The didactic component of HDG-805 consists of small group discussion with quizzes related to the assigned readings. The course provides the pre-doctoral dental student with the knowledge necessary to deliver dental care for the medically complex older adult.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 821 - Clinic IV: General Practice Program I

    The General Practice Program is the major clinical experience of the dental students during their fourth year. The course is designed to prepare the student for the practice of general dentistry after graduation. It integrates all disciplines of dentistry. Students work with general dentists and are referred to dental specialists in a mode that resembles the private practice of dentistry. Students are assigned responsibility for patients whom they treat comprehensively. The General Dentistry faculty supervise all aspects of care. They direct the students to seek consultation from specialist dentists in developing plans of treatment and in delivering aspects of care as appropriate for individual students and patients. Principles of basic science, medicine and dentistry are integrated. Prerequisites:HDG 721 and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 822 - Clinic IV: General Practice Program II

    The General Practice Program is the major clinical experience of the dental students during their fourth year. The course is designed to prepare the student for the practice of general dentistry after graduation. It integrates all disciplines of dentistry. Students work with general dentists and are referred to dental specialists in a mode that resembles the private practice of dentistry. Students are assigned responsibility for patients whom they treat comprehensively. The General Dentistry faculty supervise all aspects of care. They direct the students to seek consultation from specialist dentists in developing plans of treatment and in delivering aspects of care as appropriate for individual students and patients. Principles of basic science, medicine and dentistry are integrated. Prerequisites:HDG 721 and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDG 824 - Year IV Clinical Management of Dental Emergencies II

    The fourth year dental student will be assigned rotations to the Urgent Care Center to attain clinical experience in the ability to triage, differentially diagnose, treat and/or refer patients who present themselves with dental and/or orofacial emergencies. Students will treat patients under the supervision of assigned faculty. Consultation with Specialists and /or referrals will be made when necessary.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)
  • Oral Biology & Pathology

    Oral Biology & Pathology

    HDO 320 - Research: Oral Biology and Pathology

    Fall, 2-4 credits

    HDO 321 - Oral Biology Research II

    The student conducts an independent research project under the supervision of one or more members of the Department of Oral Biology and Pathology. The student is expected to submit a written report detailing experimental methods, results, and conclusions. A copy of the student's transcript must be submitted with the application to the Department. Fall or Spring research.

    2-4 credits

    HDO 322 - Summer Research: Oral Biology Pathology

    Summer Research: Oral Biology Pathology

    2-4 credits

    HDO 420 - Oral Biology Research III

    The student conducts a research project under the supervision of one or more members of the Department of Oral Biology and Pathology. The student is expected to submit a written report detailing experimental methods, results, and conclusions. A copy of the student's transcript must be submitted with the application to the Department. Fall or Spring research.

    2-4 credits

    HDO 421 - Oral Biology Research IV

    The student conducts a research project under the supervision of one or more members of the Department of Oral Biology and Pathology. The student is expected to submit a written report detailing experimental methods, results, and conclusions. A copy of the student's transcript must be submitted with the application to the Department. Fall or Spring research.

    2-4 credits

    HDO 422 - Summer Research Oral Biology and Pathology

    Summer Research: Oral Biology and Pathology

    2-4 credits

    HDO 500 - Biology of the Oral Mineralized Tissues

    This course deals with the basic chemistry, crystallography, ultrastructure, and metabolism of the calcium phosphates involved in the formation and physiological and pathological resorption of the various mineralized tissues found in or associated with the oral cavity (enamel, dentin, cementum, bone). Ectopic calculus formation will be examined. Prerequisites: HDO 560, 561, 562, and 563 or their equivalent. Fall and Spring

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 510 - Salivary Metabolism and Secretion

    Consideration is given to the normal and abnormal structure and function of the glandular systems found in the oral cavity. The composition, regulation, and functions of the secretions from the major and minor salivary glands will receive particular attention.

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 520 - Oral Microbial Systems

    Consideration is given to the structural composition, metabolism, and environmental relationships of the bacterial systems formed on and in association with the oral hard and soft tissues. Specific and mixed bacterial populations, such as those resident on extra-oral mucosal surfaces and the skin and their role in oral disease will be dealt with. Prerequisite: HDO 560, 561, 562, and 563 or their equivalent. Fall and Spring

    Prerequisite(s): HDO 560, 561, 562, and 563 or their equivalent. Fall and Spring3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 530 - Molecular Biology and Pathology of the Periodontium

    This course deals with the ultrastructure and biochemical composition of the periodontal tissues, remodeling of the extracellular matrix with an emphasis on the role of metalloproteinases; the microbial interrelations with the organic and inorganic components of the periodontal tissues, the biochemical dynamics of gingival inflammation and wound healing, and the metabolic processes responsible for the composition and flow of gingival crevicular fluid. Prerequisites: HDO 560, 561 and 563 or their equivalent. Fall and Spring

    2 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 531 - Normal and Reparative Tissue Development in the Oral Cavity

    This course includes a series of lectures and student-led discussions dealing with specific oral tissues, biologic mineralization, osseointegration, hard and soft tissue development, and tissue regeneration. The molecular aspects leading to oral cancer and osteonecrosis will also be presented and discussed.

    2 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 532 - Host-Parasite Interaction

    This course includes a series of lectures and student-led discussions dealing with specific oral tissues, growth factors, ctyokines, prostaglandins, biologic mineralization and wound healing. The biology of the immune system and phagocytic cells is presented, including the relationship of nutrition to inflammation and oral health. The microbiology of the oral cavity in health and disease as well as oral mucosal infections is presented as the basis of the understanding of immunopathobiology of dental caries and periodontal disease. The oral manifestations of pharmacologic agents are reviewed in terms of both their immunologic and non-immunologic mechanisms of pathology. Finally, antimicrobial chemotherapy and principles of infection control are reviewed in terms of clinical practice of dentistry.

    2 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 534 - Research Design and Biostatistics

    This course aims to improve the understanding of basic research methods and statistical concepts and principles and introduce some fundamental statistical tools, in the context of oral health research. The first part of this course covers basic assumptions and concepts of clinical and biomedical research, research methodologies, critical thinking, and evidence based dentistry. Residents will develop the skills needed to recognize the quality of the scientific evidence and the quality of various publications, the ability to conduct an evidence-based analysis of the literature, and the ability to present an evidence-based presentation on a controversial topic related to dentistry. The components of a research proposal and the basic elements of compliance will be discussed. The second part of the course covers concepts from statistics such as: summarizing, organizing, and presenting different types of sample data; simple probability; discrete and continuous probability distributions such as the Binomial and Normal distributions; the mean and variance of a probability distribution; sampling distributions; hypothesis testing; statistical significance; confidence intervals; non-parametric techniques; ANOVA; correlation and regression; categorical data analysis, tests for proportions, and Chi-Squared tests. Students will apply the techniques learned in class on a given data set, where they will analyze the data and perform statistical testing. The third part of the course students will discuss and evaluate the statistical methods used in relevant papers as well as in proposed students projects.

    1 credit, S/U grading

    HDO 535 - Epithelial Keratinization and Differentiation

    The course examines the growth and differentiation of stratified sqamous epithelia. Particular emphasis is placed on molecular events involved in the differentiation program. Consideration is also given to mechanisms involved in oral and cutaneous disorders. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor required; HBP 531 suggested; students must have had a background in cellular biochemistry molecular biology.

    Fall and Spring, 2 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 540 - Laboratory Techniques in Biomedical Research

    This course aims to introduce theoretical principles and experimental techniques used for laboratory investigation in biomedical research. Students will familiarize themselves with the instrumentation and techniques used to investigate different molecular and cell biological problems through a combination of lectures and demonstrations. Various topics will be covered such as tissue culture and isolation and characterization of DNA, RNA and proteins using various techniques. Students will be introduced to recombinant DNA technology including cloning in various non-viral and viral vectors that allow modulation of gene expression. Transgenic mice technology and Cre-lox system and gene editing technologies will be introduced. In addition, the use of mass spectrometry, microarray and DNA deep sequencing to understand biological processes will be discussed.

    2 credits, S/U grading

    HDO 550 - Oral Diagnostics and Therapeutic Technology, Lectures and Laboratory Techniques

    Recent advances in the use and development of research technology for the early diagnosis and treatment monitoring of oral and systemic disease. Special attention is paid to the principles of technology transfer including patents and patenting; searching of on-line databases is a key component. The course includes relationships of dry mouth to salivary physiology, diabetes, and drug medications; salivary film measurements, wetting of oral surfaces, viscoelasticity and lubricity; the use of the Periotron and enzyme assays for the diagnosis of gingivitis and periodontal disease; instrumentation used in sensitive teeth measurement and evaluation of treatment effectiveness using oral compositions and iontophoresis; oral candidiasis and denture stomatitis and early detection and causes of dental caries; oral malodor measurements including use of the Halimeter and its use in the formulation of oral compositions. Application to clinical practice and clinical studies is covered.

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 560 - Oral Biology and Pathology I

    The first of four comprehensive courses on molecular structure, biochemical and physiological function, developmental anatomy and pathology of the various systems that constitute the oral apparatus. Covers the embryological development of the face and oral cavity and the biology and pathology of the oral mineralized tissues. Prerequisites: Undergraduate degree in basic science; permission of instructor. Fall and Spring

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 561 - Oral Biology and Pathology II

    The second of four comprehensive courses on molecular structure, biochemical and physiological function, developmental anatomy and pathology of the various systems that constitute the oral apparatus. Covers the biology and pathology of the periodontal structures and the microbiology of the oral cavity. Prerequisites: Undergraduate degree in basic science; permission of instructor. Fall and Spring

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 562 - Oral Biology and Pathology III

    This course is the third of four comprehensive courses on molecular structure, biochemical and physiological function, developmental anatomy, and pathology of the various systems that constitute the oral apparatus. The course consists of' the following two units of instruction; (1) the biology and pathology of the salivary glands and their products and (2) the biology and pathology of the periodontal structures, Prerequisites: Undergraduate degree in basic science and permission of instructor Fall and Spring

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 563 - Oral Biology and Pathology IV

    This course is the last of four comprehensive courses on molecular structure, biochemical and physiological function, developmental anatomy and pathology of the various systems that constitute the oral apparatus. Covers the biology and pathology of the oral sensory systems and the biology and pathology of oral motor systems. Prerequisites: Undergraduate degree in basic science and permission of instructor. Admission to Graduate Health Sciences Center Program.

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 590 - Research Projects in Oral Biology and Pathology

    Individual laboratory projects closely supervised by faculty members to be carried out in their research laboratories.

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 599 - Graduate Research

    Original investigations undertaken with supervision of a faculty member.

    1-12 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 690 - Oral Biology and Pathology Seminar

    Research seminars by students, staff, and visiting scientists which may include review of current literature and presentation of student research. Prerequisite: Enrollment in the MS or PhD program in Oral Biology and Pathology. Fall and Spring. 1 credit, Letter graded (S/U) May be repeated for credit.

    Prerequisite(s): Enrollment in the MS or PhD program in Oral Biology and Pathology. Fall and Spring. 1 credit, Letter graded (S/U) May be repeated for credit.1 credit

    HDO 695 - Oral Biology and Pathology Teaching Practicum

    Practice instruction in the teaching of oral biology and pathology at the undergraduate level carried out under faculty orientation and supervision.

    3 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 699 - Thesis Research Oral Biology and Pathology

    Dissertation Research, Prerequisite: Advancement to Candidacy Passing,

    Prerequisite(s): Advancement to Candidacy Passing, Fall, Spring, and Summer, 1-9 credits, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 700 - Dissertation Research off Campus - Domest

    Prerequisite: Must be advanced to candidacy (G5). Major portion of research will take place off-campus, but in the United States and/or U.S. provinces. Please note, Brookhaven National Labs and the Cold Spring Harbor Lab are considered on-campus. All international students must enroll in one of the graduate student insurance plans and should be advised by an International Advisor.

    Prerequisite(s): Must be advanced to candidacy (G5). Major portion of research will take place off-campus, but in the United States and/or U.S. provinces. Please note, Brookhaven National Labs and the Cold Spring Harbor Lab are considered on-campus. All international students must enroll in one of the graduate student insurance plans and should be advised by an International Advisor.Fall, Spring, 1-9 credits, S/U grading

    HDO 702 - Oral Pathology

    Covers the clinical and histopathologic manifestations of acquired, inherited and neoplastic diseases of the human oral cavity. Includes benign and malignant tumors of bone, odontogenic and non-odontogenic cysts and tumors, mucosal and salivary gland diseases, and oral manifestations of systemic diseases.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 704 - Translational Oral Biology

    Covers the biochemical, physiological, microbiological and electronic principles involved in a variety of techniques used as aids in the diagnosis of oral diseases.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 705 - Oral Medicine

    Introduces the principles of patient care related to stomatologic and dermatologic disease, neurologic abnormalities, hematologic disturbances, and the medically compromised patient.16 course hours Prerequisites: HDO 701

    .16 Course Hours0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 706 - Oral Facial Genetics

    Focuses on the utilization, preparation and analysis of basic human genetics in clinical situations. Covers genetic disorders of the craniofacial complex and dentistry for the multiple handicapped patient. 30 course hours Prerequisite: HD 501 or permission of instructor

    30 Course HoursPrerequisite(s): HD 501 or permission of instructor0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 707 - Clinical Pharmacology

    Covers pharmacology in dental practice emphasizing clinical usage of antibiotics, sedatives, tranquilizers and analgesics. Drug interactions and side effects are discussed. 18 course hours Prerequisite: HD 608

    18 Course HoursPrerequisite(s): HD 6080 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 803 - Oral Pathology Conference II

    Clinicopathologic case presentations and development of differential diagnosis skills. 11 course hours Prerequisites: HDO 702, HDO 703

    11 Course Hours0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDO 805 - Summer Research

    SUMMER RESEARCH

    0 credit, S/U grading

    HDO 821 - Year IV Clinic: Oral Diagnostics

    The clinical continuation of HDO 704 in which the principals of oral diagnostics are applied to patient care.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)
  • Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

    Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

    HDS 601 - Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

    The General Dentist must be able to establish a diagnosis and manage conditions which require oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures. In addition, the dentist must be able to perform basic surgical procedures within their scope and knowledge. This course provides a comprehensive overview of diseases and conditions, as well as the medical and surgical management provided by oral and maxillofacial surgeons for those conditions. In depth discussions on dentoalveolar surgical procedures provide a foundation for managing patients in the oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic courses in Year II, III and IV.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 602 - Pain Control I

    The administration of local anesthesia is often a necessity in maintaining patient comfort during the delivery of dental care. This course covers all phases of the administration of local anesthetics, including the selection of appropriate agents and intraoral injection techniques based on the needs of the individual patient and the specific procedure to be performed. The course consists of lectures, videotapes, and small group clinic laboratory sessions.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 603 - Medical Emergencies I

    The dentist must be prepared to manage medical emergencies that may occur during the course of dental therapy. This course presents a number of medical emergencies that may be caused by specific disease states, medications administered in the dental office, or by anxiety related to the dental visit. Prevention of medical emergencies is emphasized, as well as diagnosis and management. The course consists of three lectures in a case based format, and encourages class participation.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 604 - Pain Control II

    Dental patients often present to the office with a great deal of anxiety related to the treatment to be rendered. This course presents pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods that can be utilized to reduce patient anxiety in the dental office. The use of nitrous oxide/oxygen analgesia in the dental practice setting is emphasized. The course will consist of lecture, laboratory, and clinical sessions.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 605 - Physical Diagnosis: Introduction to Family Medicine

    Since dentistry shares with all health professionals a common obligation to insure the welfare of their patients, all practitioners have the responsibility of evaluating the capability of their patients to withstand and successfully tolerate the anticipated proposed treatment regimens. Because of the varied effects that systemic diseases have on dental procedures, as well as the possible effect of dental treatment on systemic health problems, there is a need for dentists to be properly trained in the evaluation of their patients. This course introduces clinical medicine and its relationship to dentistry. It covers the clinical physical signs, symptoms, and laboratory values of the various organ systems in both health and disease, and the application of this knowledge to patients in ambulatory care and hospital settings, and emphasizes the oral manifestations and dental treatment modifications required by the medically compromised patient.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 621 - Year II Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic

    In this introductory clinical course in oral and maxillofacial surgery, the student acquires clinical experience in taking a comprehensive outpatient oral and maxillofacial surgery history, takes pre-operative and post-operative vital signs, establishes and reviews the surgical treatment plan, assists upper classmates in the removal of single and multiple teeth and minor oral surgery procedures, begins to apply basic sciences, behavioral, and surgical knowledge and acquire the skills for uncomplicated tooth removal, reviews postoperative care with the patient, and writes prescriptions for medications including analgesics and antibiotics.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 701 - Advanced Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Treatment Planning

    The course consists of three seminar sessions discussing a total of nine case studies of patients with significant medical conditions who require oral surgical care. The class is divided into groups of four students. Approximately three weeks prior to each scheduled seminar, case studies are distributed; the material includes the patient's chief complaint, past medical history, physical examination and laboratory studies, as appropriate. Each group is responsible for preparing an oral presentation of the case and appropriate written handouts for the other members of the seminar group. The presentations should include: differential diagnosis, methods of diagnosis, presumptive diagnosis, current therapy and management for that diagnosis, and influence of the diagnosis on the oral surgery management.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 703 - Medical Emergencies II

    The dentist must be prepared to manage medical emergencies that may occur during the course of dental therapy. This course presents a number of medical emergencies that may be caused by specific disease states, medications administered in the dental office, or by anxiety related to the dental visit. Prevention of medical emergencies is emphasized, as well as diagnosis and management. The course consists of a case based session with active class participation as a method of review of material presented in Medical Emergencies I (HDS 603).

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 721 - Year III Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic

    In this clinical course in oral and maxillofacial surgery, the student acquires additional clinical experience in taking a comprehensive outpatient oral and maxillofacial surgery history, takes pre-operative and post-operative vital signs, establishes and reviews patient surgical treatment plans, and applies basic science knowledge and clinical skills for uncomplicated single and multiple tooth and root removal and alveoplasty procedures, reviews post-operative care with the patient, and writes prescriptions for medications including analgesics and antibiotics.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 803 - Medical Emergencies III

    Practice Development II consists of two main components. The first component is a lecture series designed to provide the student with an in-depth understanding of practice management concepts introduced in Practice Development I. The second component to this course is a group project and presentation. The class is divided into 20 groups, with each group to present an assigned topic. The topics cover a spectrum of issues/concepts necessary to start and operate a successful private practice.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 821 - Year IV Oral Surgery Clinic

    In this clinical course in oral and maxillofacial surgery, the student independently formulates and reviews comprehensive patient surgical treatment plans, and receives experiences in the more complex minor outpatient surgical procedures including multiple extractions, alveoloplasty, root recovery, biopsy technique, pre-prosthetic surgery, and infection management. Prior to completion of this course, the student will attain competence in the routine extraction of teeth.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDS 822 - Year IV Oral Surgery Clinic (Hospital Rotation)

    In HDS 822 (Year IV Hospital Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Rotation), students are exposed to advanced patient care in the clinic, emergency room, and operating room settings. At a minimum, students continue performing simple and surgical extractions in the outpatient setting, and may participate in more advanced cases depending upon availability in this rotation at University Hospital Medical Center. In addition, students participate in the management of patients receiving intravenous sedation and general anesthesia in the outpatient setting.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)
  • Orthodontics & Pediatric Dentistry

    Orthodontics & Pediatric Dentistry

    HDC 601 - Children's Dentistry I

    This course offers an introduction to pediatric dentistry and orthodontics taught in units of growth and development in preparation for clinical responsibilities and general practice. The course consists of lectures, problem-based discussions, Simulation Laboratory exercises, and self-learning/assessment programs on Blackboard.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDC 621 - Year II Children's Dentistry Clinic

    Provides clinical experience for the preventive, interceptive, corrective, operative, surgical treatment of children. Faculty supervision. 45 course hours. Prerequisite: HDC 601 Laboratory Component

    45 Course HoursPrerequisite(s): HDC 601 Laboratory Component0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDC 701 - Children's Dentistry II

    Advanced Seminars in Children's Dentistry builds on the foundation of Comprehensive Pediatric Oral Health and allows students to build competence and confidence through active learning and case based presentations. The four didactic units are behavior management, special needs patients, orthodontic diagnosis, and trauma management. Prerequisite: HDC 601

    Prerequisite(s): HDC 6010 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDC 721 - Year III Children's Dentistry Clinic

    Year III Children's Clinic is a full year clinical experience in pediatric dentistry through patient care in the Dental Care Center's Pediatric Dental Clinic. Students will perform the full range of pediatric procedures, advanced behavior management, and fabricate orthodontic appliances. Prerequisite: HDC 621

    Prerequisite(s): HDC 6210 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDC 821 - Year IV Dental Care for the Developmentally Disabled Clinic

    Persons with developmental disabilities often present with medical and behavioral issues which require treatment planning skills that differ from management of the "well" patient. This course teaches the provision of comprehensive dental care for the developmentally disabled individual. Students learn to assess the risks to oral disease, develop treatment plans appropriate to the developmentally disabled patient's profile and provide treatment in a clinic setting, learning specific behavioral modification and management techniques. The course consists of lectures and clinical experience.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)
  • Periodontology & Implant Dentistry

    Periodontology & Implant Dentistry

    HDE 611 - Endodontic Technique

    This course focuses on the biology and pathology of the pulpal and periapical tissues. A particular concentration is placed on the basic principles of endodontic procedures aimed at diagnosis and management of pulpal and periapical pathology. The application of endodontic procedures is performed on mounted simulated teeth, simulating clinical situations.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDE 615 - Introduction to Endodontics

    The goal of this course is to provide the student with knowledge of classic and contemporary endodontic science. Students will develop an overall understanding of endodontic pathosis, its diagnosis, as well as management.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDE 725 - Year III Endodontics Clinic

    This course is designed to give students hands on experience in diagnosis, radiographic interpretation, endodontic anesthesia, and management of patients with pulpal and periradicular diseases. The selection and use of endodontic instruments and materials are demonstrated and discussed during clinic sessions.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 320 - Introduction to Periodontal Research

    The student is taught various techniques and procedures used in current periodontal research. The student is expected to undertake a small research project implementing these techniques.

    0-4 credits

    HDP 321 - Introduction to Periodontal Research

    The student is taught various techniques and procedures used in current periodontal research. The student is expected to undertake a small research project implementing these techniques.

    0-4 credits

    HDP 322 - Introduction to Periodontal Research

    The student is taught various techniques and procedures used in current periodontal research. The student is expected to undertake a small research project implementing these techniques.

    0-4 credits

    HDP 420 - Research in the Biology and Pathology of Periodontium

    An independent research project under faculty supervision with emphasis on the principles of experimental design, data collection, evaluation of findings, and reporting of results. The student is expected to prepare a report on the project and be able to discuss his or her work. Open to upper-division students. May be repeated up to a maximum of eight credits.

    0-4 credits, S/U grading

    HDP 421 - Research in the Biology and Pathology of Periodontium

    An independent research project under faculty supervision with emphasis on the principles of experimental design, data collection, evaluation of findings, and reporting of results. The student is expected to prepare a report on the project and be able to discuss his or her work. Open to upper-division students. May be repeated up to a maximum of eight credits.

    0-4 credits, S/U grading

    HDP 422 - Research in the Biology and Pathology of Periodontium

    An independent research project under faculty supervision with emphasis on the principles of experimental design, data collection, evaluation of findings, and reporting of results. The student is expected to prepare a report on the project and be able to discuss his or her work. Open to upper-division students. May be repeated up to a maximum of eight credits.

    0-4 credits, S/U grading

    HDP 501 - Introduction to Periodontics

    This course utilizes lectures and problem-based cases to introduce the student to the field of periodontology. The first part of the course introduces the student to the clinical presentation of the normal periodontium, gingivitis and periodontitis. A series of lectures then introduces the student to basic patient care which positions them for their initial clinic rotations. Lectures continue with a discussion of histopathology of gingivitis and periodontitis, the bacterial composition of plaque in health and disease, and the pathologic mechanisms of bacterial virulence factors in altered connective tissue remodeling and alveolar bone loss. The potential activities of virulence factors including endotoxin are described in the context of the environmental influences of the gingival crevice and its contents. The response of the host elicited by plaque and bacterial virulence factors is then presented in a series of lectures which review the dynamics of gingival crevicular fluid, effector molecules (prostaglandins and cytokines), the neutrophil and innate defense factors, and the immune system.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 601 - Diagnosis and Treatment of Periodontal Diseases I

    Lectures, problem-based cases, laboratory, and clinical exercises are utilized to review the etiology, pathogenesis, treatment, and prevention of periodontal diseases. The first component of the course uses lectures, problem-based cases, and clinical exercises to provide students the knowledge and skills required to provide patient care. The next series of lectures uses the basic science component of the course as a foundation to discuss the etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of various clinical conditions related to the periodontium including aggressive periodontitis, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, gingival overgrowth, herpetic and apthous lesions. Lectures and problem-based cases are used to expose students to various surgical procedures including gingivectomy, gingivoplasty, and periodontal flap surgery. The course will culminate in a series of treatment planning presentations in which students will utilize prior coursework to prepare an oral and written clinical case presentation.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 621 - Year II Periodontics Clinic

    Applying didactic knowledge to actual clinical situations is required as the student examines the patient, formulates a treatment plan, and renders treatment. In this regard, the student should be able to determine the chief complaint of the patient, obtain a detailed past and present medical history, family medical history, past personal and family dental history, social history including patient's attitude towards his/her dentition and expectations of treatment. The student should be able to obtain vital signs and perform extra-oral (head and neck) and intra-oral examinations. The intra-oral examination will consist of a hard and soft tissue exam including the teeth and the periodontium. In addition, an examination of the patient's occlusion and the temporomandibular joints will be completed. The student is expected to interpret the radiographic findings detected in the panoramic, bite-wings and periapical radiographs, and determine whether they are normal or abnormal. The student will correlate the radiographic finding with the clinical findings and then arrive at the diagnosis of the patient's condition. The student will identify the etiological factors (local and systemic) which contribute to the development of disease and prognosticate the patient's overall dental and periodontal condition as well as that of the individual teeth. Subsequently, the student should be able to formulate an adequate treatment plan, render periodontal treatment (whether preventive or therapeutic) as outlined, evaluate the outcome of the treatment, and schedule periodontal maintenance. At the periodontal maintenance appointment, the student should be able to update the medical history, conduct a clinical examination to determine periodontal health status, obtain additional radiographs when necessary, review or institute corrective measures for plaque control and render adequate treatment when deemed necessary.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 701 - Diagnosis and Treatment of Periodontal Disease II

    At the conclusion of HDP 601 the basic surgical techniques used to treat periodontal diseases were introduced. HDP 701 will continue to discuss in greater depth the surgical component of periodontal therapy. Evidence-based presentations by cases and problem-based learning will discuss the indications, contraindications, and success rates reported for various surgical techniques including osseous grafts, hemisection, root resection, and guided tissue regeneration procedures. Aspects of periodontal wound healing will be discussed prior to the introduction of guided tissue regeneration procedures. The interrelationship between the periodontium and restorative dentistry will be examined including a discussion of dental implants and pre-prosthetic surgical procedures such as crown lengthening and ridge augmentation procedures. Periodontal plastic procedures performed to prevent or correct anatomical, developmental, traumatic, or plaque induced defects of the periodontium will be discussed. Common acute periodontal conditions will also be examined including a discussion on the diagnostic criteria utilized to differentiate between pathology of periodontal or endodontic origin. Referral guidelines including reasons and criteria for referral will be discussed in a case based format.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 702 - Periodontal Clinical Seminar

    Lectures and problem-based cases are used to integrate and reinforce the didactic and clinical information covered in previous periodontal courses. An interactive forum is used in which students and periodontal faculty and residents discuss in greater depth advances achieved in periodontics and their relevance to clinical practice.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 721 - Year III Periodontics Clinic

    Emphasizes the application of knowledge in the treatment of patients with advanced disease. 111 course hours

    111 Course Hours0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 821 - Year IV Clinic: Periodontics I

    The fourth year component of clinical periodontics continues to develop and reinforce the student's ability to recognize and diagnose periodontal diseases. In a simulated general practice environment, the student provides comprehensive care including periodontal therapy under the supervision of general dentistry faculty. This experience enables students to understand the role of general dentists in treating and managing patients presenting with various levels of disease including referral to a specialist when appropriate. Students are required to seek consultation with periodontal faculty when patients exhibit clinical and radiographic findings consistent with periodontitis such as probing depth measurements # 5 mm. The periodontal faculty provides coverage for consultation, competency exams, and periodontal surgical procedures.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDP 822 - Year IV Clinic: Periodontics II

    The fourth year component of clinical periodontics continues to develop and reinforce the student's ability to recognize and diagnose periodontal diseases. In a simulated general practice environment, the student provides comprehensive care including periodontal therapy under the supervision of general dentistry faculty. This experience enables students to understand the role of general dentists in treating and managing patients presenting with various levels of disease including referral to a specialist when appropriate. Students are required to seek consultation with periodontal faculty when patients exhibit clinical and radiographic findings consistent with periodontitis such as probing depth measurements # 5 mm. The periodontal faculty provides coverage for consultation, competency exams, and periodontal surgical procedures.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)
  • Prosthodontics & Digital Technology

    Prosthodontics & Digital Technology

    HDR 503 - Radiology I

    This course introduces the fundamental principles of radiation physics, radiation biology and protection, radiographic image production and interpretation as applied to dental radiographic imaging. Students gain knowledge of the intraoral and extraoral radiographic techniques commonly used in dental practice, of the principles and techniques of film processing, digital imaging, image quality assurance, and radiation protection; students learn to recognize normal intraoral and panoramic anatomy and to interpret and stage caries and marginal periodontal status based on their radiographic appearance. In small group rotations at the conclusion of the course, students learn to set up the operatory for intraoral radiographic examinations, to take intraoral film radiographs on the mannequin, to develop radiographs using an automatic film processor and they review the appearance and causes of film imaging artifacts based on provided cases.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 611 - Fixed Partial Prosthodontics Technique

    The purpose is to provide an understanding of basic diagnostic skills and restorative techniques in fixed prosthodontics that will enable students to begin patient care in Year III Clinic. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all Year I dental courses and good standing as a Year II student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 613 - Removable Prosthodontics Technique

    This course provides an understanding of basic diagnostic skills and restorative techniques used in complete and partial removable prosthodontics that will enable students to provide patient care in the discipline of removable prosthodontics. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all Year I dental courses and good standing as a Year II student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 622 - Year II Radiology Clinic

    In this clinical radiology course students apply the principles of intraoral imaging techniques and radiation safety presented in the didactic course Radiology I to clinical situations. Additional emphasis is placed on small groups discussions on radiologic anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment implications. Prerequisites: HDG521, HDR503, and good standing as a Year II student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 708 - Advanced Esthetic Concepts

    The treatment of dental esthetic issues is a necessary part of current dental education and comprehensive care given to patients. In this course, the students will familiarize themselves with the available approaches to creating harmony and beauty in a smile. The available cosmetic restorations on the market will be covered: their indications, contraindications, advantages, disadvantages, and techniques. Porcelain laminate veneers will be covered, particularly preparation design. Treatment planning, and then getting the desired results will also be covered. Prerequisites: HDR 611, HDR 613, and good standing as a Year III student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 709 - Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologic Interpretation

    The Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologic Interpretation course consists of didactic and seminar components that build on the basic notions of image interpretation acquired in Radiology I and Year II Radiology Clinic courses. This course focuses on the interpretation of intraoral images utilized in dental practice, and the rationale, design and execution of intraoral radiographic examinations. Prerequisite: HDG 622, good standing as a Year III student.

    Prerequisite(s): HDG 622, good standing as a Year III student.0 credit

    HDR 722 - Year III Fixed Partial Prosthodontics Clinic

    During this course the student treats patients who require relatively simple fixed prosthodontic therapy. The student should develop the judgment and insight necessary to provide fixed prosthodontic treatment, which is coordinated with the other disciplines of General Dentistry, Periodontics and Oral Surgery. Techniques performed will be based on skills in the preceding clinical and laboratory courses. Prerequisites:HDR 611, HDG 621 and good standing as a Year III student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 723 - Year III Removable Prosthodontics Clinic

    HDR 723 is the initial clinical experience in removable prosthodontics and provides the student with the clinical experience in this discipline. Emphasis is placed on the development of clinical judgment and expertise gained through providing a range of clinical treatment modalities in removable prosthodontics, such as: complete dentures, removable partial dentures, immediate dentures, over dentures, transitional and/or interim dentures, repairs, relines, and tissue treatments. Prerequisites: HDG 613, HDG 621 and good standing as a Year III student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 726 - Year III Radiology Clinic

    Year III Radiology Clinic builds on the basic technical and image interpretation material from Radiology I and Year II Radiology clinic, emphasizing adequate selection and execution of radiographic examinations; integration of imaging information in the treatment planning process; recognition of the need for any further imaging, additional examinations, or specialty consultation based on the patient's individual circumstances. Prerequisite: HDG 622 and good standing as Year III student.

    Prerequisite(s): HDG 622 and good standing as Year III student.0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 804 - Year IV Esthetic Dentistry Elective

    This is an advanced course for those students who want more thorough knowledge, skill, and general preparation to practice esthetic dentistry. Various lecturers elaborate in their particular areas of expertise. Some years a prominent outside lecturer comes to give a continuing education course for faculty and outside dentists, for their benefit, but primarily for the benefit of the participants in this course. Prerequisites: HDR 611, HDR 613 and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 806 - Advanced Imaging Techniques

    Three-dimensional imaging is increasingly utilized in maxillofacial diagnosis and treatment planning. The advanced imaging course builds upon knowledge of conventional diagnostic imaging and gives students a working knowledge of current advanced imaging modalities utilized in dentistry: fan-beam CT, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound and, with particular emphasis, cone-beam CT (CBCT). Through a series of lectures, hands-on demonstrations, case discussions and an individual project assignment, students acquire a working knowledge of operation principles of advanced imaging modalities, CBCT anatomy, common incidental findings on CBCT images, selection criteria for CBCT imaging, and basic processing of the CBCT volume. Prerequisites: HDR 709, HDR 726 and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 807 - Advanced Removable Prosthodontics

    In Year IV, twelve hours are devoted to additional didactic instruction in clinical applications of removable prosthodontics. These hours are used for the review and reinforcement of subjects previously taught, and the introduction of new concepts and techniques. The topics are selected to be of benefit to students who have begun to treat patients in this discipline. Prerequisites: HDR 611, HDR 613 and good standing as Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 821 - Year IV Advanced Prosthodontics Selective

    One to three predoctoral dental students are invited to participate in this selective based upon demonstrated skills and expressed interest in fixed prosthetics after successfully completing Year 2 and Year 3 preclinical and clinical courses. The student(s) may have the opportunity to send cases out to a private laboratory facility and spend more time observing a master technician. Prerequisites: Successful completion of all Year I, II & III dental courses and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)

    HDR 823 - Year IV Radiology Clinic

    In Year IV Radiology Clinic (HDR 823), students perform intraoral radiographic examinations, selected periapical and bitewing views, full mouth intraoral radiographic surveys) as set forth in faculty-approved treatment plans for their patients; interpret (in consultation with faculty, whenever confronted with unusual findings, or otherwise deemed necessary), and record imaging findings into the axiUm patient management system. Prerequisites: HDR 726 and good standing as a Year IV student.

    0 credit, Letter graded (A, A-, B+, etc.)
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