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Susan Brennan, Ph.D.


Stanford University (1990)

Brennan

Contact:

susan.brennan@stonybrook.edu
Office: Psychology B-322
Phone: (631) 632-9145

Visit Website

Professor, Cognitive Science
 
Prof. Brennan plans to recruit one or more new students for Fall, 2020, pending funding availability. Please note that the application deadline is Dec. 1, 2019

Research Interests:

I am a cognitive scientist who studies the psychology of language use--in particular, interactive spoken dialogue. Some of my current studies use eye-tracking, either as a measure of language processing or as a mode of communication.  I also study the human use of technology, especially speech and language interfaces to computers. Previously, I developed a computational model of caricature.

Current Research:

The psycholinguistics of spoken dialogue; eye gaze as a nonverbal signal and as an on-line measure of language processing; coordination of speaking and listening in conversation; production and comprehension of referring expressions; lexical and syntactic choices; dialectal variation; discourse functions of prosody and intonation; joint attention; speech disfluencies; multimedia communication; audience design; writing for a reader's comprehension; natural language and speech interfaces to computers; spoken dialogue systems; repair of errors in human/computer interaction; multimodal interfaces; communication between native and non-native speakers of English

Representative Publications:

Publications  (*identifies postdoc or student co-author):

 Hanna, J. E. & Brennan, S. E., & Savietta, K.* (2019).  Eye gaze and head orientation cues in face-to-face conversation. Discourse Processes (In press).

Brennan, S. E., Kuhlen, A. K., & Charoy, J.* (2018).  Discourse and Dialogue.  In S. L. Thompson-Schill (Ed.), The Stevens’ Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Fourth Edition, Language and Thought volume (pp. 145-209).  Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Amati, F.* & Brennan, S. E. (2018).  Eye Gaze as a Cue for Recognizing Intention and Coordinating Joint Action.  In G. Brone & B. Oben (Eds.), Eye-tracking in interaction (Advances in Interaction series).  John Benjamins.

Kuhlen, A. K., Bogler, C., Brennan, S. E., & Haynes, J. D. (2017).  Brains in dialogue: Decoding neural preparation of speaking to a conversational partner.   Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 12(6), 871-880.

Brennan, S. E. & Hanna, J. E. (2017).  Psycholinguistic approaches: Meaning and understanding. In E. Weigand (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Language and Dialogue (pp. 93-108).  New York: Taylor & Francis/Routledge.

Horton, W. S. & Brennan, S. E. (2016).  The role of metarepresentation in the production and resolution of referring expressions. In K. van Deemter, E. Krahmer, A. Gatt, & R. P.G. van Gompel (Eds.), Frontiers in Psychology: Models of Reference (pp. 1-12).

Hwang, J., Brennan, S. E., & Huffman, M. K. (2015).  Phonetic adaptation in non-native spoken dialogue: Effects of priming and audience design.  Journal of Memory and Language, 81, 72-90.

Galati, A.* & Brennan, S. E.  (2014). Speakers adapt gestures to addressees’ knowledge: Implications for models of co-speech gesture. Language, Cognition, and Neuroscience, 29, 435-451.

Brennan, S. E., Schuhmann, K. S.*, & Batres, K. M.* (2013).  Entrainment on the move and in the lab: The Walking Around Corpus. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1934-1939). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Brennan, S. E., Schuhmann, K.*, & Batres, K.* (2013).  Collaboratively setting perspectives and referring to locations across multiple contexts. In workshop proceedings, Production of referring expressions: Bridging the gap between cognitive and computational approaches to reference, 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, July 31, Berlin, Germany.

Kuhlen, A. K.* & Brennan, S. E.  (2013). Language in dialogue: When confederates might be hazardous to your data.  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20, 54- 72. (published online 11/27/12).

Kuhlen, A. K.*, Galati, A.*, & Brennan, S. E. (2012).  Gesturing integrates top-down and bottom-up information: Effects of speakers’ expectations and addressees’ feedback.  Language & Cognition, 4, 17–41.

Brennan, S. E., Hanna, J. E., Zelinsky, G. J., & Savietta, K. J.* (2012).  Eye gaze cues for coordination in collaborative tasks.  DUET 2012: Dual eye tracking in CSCW; 2012 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, Seattle, WA.

Brennan, S. E. (2012).  Conversation and dialogue.  In H. Pashler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Mind (vol. 1, pp. 202-205).  Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications.

Brennan, S. E., Galati, A.*, & Kuhlen, A.* (2010).  Two minds, one dialog: Coordinating speaking and understanding.  In B. H. Ross (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Vol. 53 (pp. 301-344).  Burlington: Academic Press.

Neider, M. B.*, Chen, X.*, Dickinson, C. A.*, Brennan, S. E., & Zelinsky. G. J. (2010).  Coordinating spatial referencing using shared gaze.  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 718-724.

Kuhlen, A. K.* & Brennan, S. E.  (2010). Anticipating distracted addressees: How speakers’ expectations and addressees’ feedback influence storytelling.  Discourse Processes, 47, 567-587.

Galati, A.* & Brennan, S. E. (2010).  Attenuating information in spoken communication: For the speaker, or for the addressee?  Journal of Memory and Language, 62, 35–51.

Brennan, S. E. & Hanna, J. E.* (2009).  Partner-specific adaptation in dialogue. Topics in Cognitive Science (Special Issue on Joint Action), 1, 274-291.

Kraljic, T.*, Samuel, A. G., & Brennan, S. E. (2008). First impressions and last resorts: How listeners adjust to speaker variability.  Psychological Science, 19, 332-338.

Kraljic, T.*, Brennan, S. E. & Samuel, A. G. (2008). Accommodating Variation: Dialects, Idiolects, and Speech Processing. Cognition, 107, 54-81.

Ekeocha J. O.*, & Brennan, S. E. (2008).  Collaborative recall in face-to-face and electronic groups.  Memory, 16, 245-261. 

Stent, A., Huffman, M. K. & Brennan, S. E.  (2008). Adapting speaking after misrecognition: A study of hyperarticulation.  Speech Communication, 50, 163-178.

Brennan, S. E., Chen, X.*, Dickinson, C.*, Neider, M.*, &  Zelinsky, G. (2008). Coordinating cognition: The costs and benefits of shared gaze during collaborative search.  Cognition, 106, 1465-1477.

Hanna, J. E.* & Brennan, S. E. (2007).  Speakers' eye gaze disambiguates referring expressions early during face-to-face conversation. Journal of Memory and Language, 57, 596-615.

Brennan, S. E., Mueller, K., Zelinsky, G., Ramakrishnan, I.V., Warren, D. S., & Kaufman, A. (2006).  Toward a Multi-Analyst, Collaborative Framework for Visual Analytics.  IEEE Symposium on Visual Analytics Science and Technology (VAST 2006).  Baltimore, MD.

Brennan, S. E., & Lockridge, C. B.* (2006).  Computer-mediated communication: A cognitive science approach.  In K. Brown (Ed.), ELL2, Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd Edition (pp. 775-780).  Oxford, UK: Elsevier Ltd.

Brennan, S. E. (2005). How conversation is shaped by visual and spoken evidence.  In J. Trueswell & M. Tanenhaus (Eds.), Approaches to studying world-situated language use: Bridging the language-as-product and language-as-action traditions (pp. 95-129).  Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kraljic, T.*, & Brennan, S. E.   (2005).  Using prosody and optional words to disambiguate utterances: For the speaker or for the addressee?  Cognitive Psychology, 50, 194–231.

Stein, R.* & Brennan, S. E. (2004).  Another person's eye gaze as a cue in solving programming problems.  Proceedings, ICMI 2004, Sixth International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (pp. 9-15), Penn State University, State College, PA.

Brennan, S. E. & Metzing, C. A.* (2004).  Two steps forward, one step back: Partner-specific effects in a psychology of dialogue.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 192-193. 

Schober, M. F., & Brennan, S. E. (2003).  Processes of interactive spoken discourse: The role of the partner.  In A. C. Graesser, M. A. Gernsbacher, & S. R. Goldman (Eds.), Handbook of discourse processes (pp. 123-164).  Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 

Metzing, C.* & Brennan, S. E.  (2003).  When conceptual pacts are broken: Partner-specific effects in the comprehension of referring expressions.  Journal of Memory and Language, 49, 201-213.

Lockridge, C. B., & Brennan, S. E.  (2002).  Addressees’ needs influence speakers’ early syntactic choices.  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9, 550-557.

Brennan, S. E. (2002).  Visual co-presence, coordination signals, and partner effects in spontaneous spoken discourse.  Journal of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society, 9, 7-25.

Kraut, R. E., Fussell, S. R., Brennan, S. E., & Siegel, J. (2002). Understanding effects of proximity on collaboration: Implications for technologies to support remote collaborative work. In P. Hinds & S. Kiesler, Distributed work (pp. 137-162). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Brennan, S. E., & Schober, M. F.  (2001).  How listeners compensate for disfluencies in spontaneous speech.  Journal of Memory and Language, 44, 274-296.

Bortfeld, H.*, Leon, S. D.*, Bloom, J. E.*, Schober, M. F., & Brennan, S. E.  (2001).  Disfluency rates in spontaneous speech: Effects of age, relationship, topic, role, and gender.  Language and Speech, 44, 123-149. 

Gerrig, R. H., Brennan, S. E., &  Ohaeri, J. O.*  (2001).  What characters know:  Projected knowledge and projected co-presence.  Journal of Memory and Language , 44, 81-95.

Brennan, S. E. (2000).  Processes that shape conversation and their implications for computational linguistics.  Proceedings, 38th Annual Meeting of the ACL (pp. 3-10).  Hong Kong: Association of Computational Linguistics. 

Gerrig, R. H.,  Brennan, S. E., &  Ohaeri, J. O.* (2000).  What can we conclude from speakers behaving badly?  Discourse Processes, 29, 173-178. 

Gerrig, R. H., Ohaeri, J. O.*, & Brennan, S. E. (2000).  Illusory transparency revisited.  Discourse Processes, 29, 137-159.

Cahn, J. E., & Brennan, S. E. (1999).  A psychological model of grounding and repair in dialog.  Proceedings, AAAI Fall Symposium on Psychological Models of Communication in Collaborative Systems (pp. 25-33).  North Falmouth, MA: American Association for Artificial Intelligence.

Brennan, S.E., & Schober, M.F. (1999).  Uhs and interrupted words: The information available to listeners.  In Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Satellite Meeting on Disfluency in Spontaneous Speech (pp. 19-22), Berkeley, CA.

Bortfeld, H.*, Leon, S. D.*, Bloom, J. E.*, Schober, M. F., & Brennan, S. E.  (1999). Which speakers are most disfluent in conversation, and when?  In Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Satellite Meeting on Disfluency in Spontaneous Speech (pp. 7-10), Berkeley, CA.

Brennan, S. E., & Ohaeri, J. O.* (1999).  Why do electronic conversations seem less polite?  The costs and benefits of hedging.  Proceedings, International Joint Conference on Work Activities, Coordination, and Collaboration  (WACC '99) (pp. 227-235).  San Francisco, CA: ACM.

Brennan, S. E. (1998).  The grounding problem in conversation with and through computers.  In S. R. Fussell & R. J. Kreuz (Eds.), Social and cognitive psychological approaches to interpersonal communication (pp. 201-225).  Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Bortfeld, H.*, & Brennan, S. E.  (1997).  Use and acquisition of idiomatic expressions in referring by native and non-native speakers.  Discourse Processes, 23, 119-147. 

Brennan, S. E.  (1997).  Centering as a psychological resource for achieving joint reference in spontaneous discourse.  In M. Walker, E. Prince, and A. Joshi (Eds.), Centering in discourse (pp. 227-249). Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Brennan, S. E., & Clark, H. H. (1996).  Conceptual pacts and lexical choice in conversation.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 6, 1482-1493. 

Brennan, S. E. (1996).  Lexical entrainment in spontaneous dialog.  Proceedings, 1996 International Symposium on Spoken Dialogue (ISSD-96) (pp. 41-44).  Acoustical Society of Japan: Philadelphia, PA.

Brennan, S. E., & Williams, M.* (1995).  The feeling of another's knowing: Prosody and filled pauses as cues to listeners about the metacognitive states of speakers.  Journal of Memory and Language, 34, 383-398.

Brennan, S. E. (1995). Centering attention in discourse. Language and Cognitive Processes, 10, 137-167.

Brennan, S. E., & Hulteen, E. (1995).  Interaction and feedback in a spoken language system:  A theoretical framework.   Knowledge-Based Systems, 8, 143-151. 

Brennan, S. E., & Ohaeri, J. O.* (1994).  Effects of message style on users' attributions toward  agents.  CHI '94, Human Factors in Computing Systems, Conference Companion (pp. 281-282).  Boston, MA. 

Brennan, S. E. (1991).  Conversation with and through computers.  User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction, 1, 67-86. 

Whittaker, S. J., Brennan, S. E., & Clark, H. H. (1991).  Coordinating activity: An analysis of interaction in computer-supported cooperative work.  Proceedings, CHI '91, Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 361-367).  New Orleans, LA: Addison-Wesley. 

Clark, H. H., & Brennan, S. E. (1991).  Grounding in communication.  In L. B. Resnick, J. Levine, & S. D. Teasley (Eds.), Perspectives on socially shared cognition (pp. 127-149).  Washington, DC: APA.  Reprinted in R. M. Baecker (Ed.), Groupware and computer-supported cooperative work: Assisting human-human collaboration (pp. 222-233).  San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufman Publishers, Inc.

Brennan, S. E. (1990). Conversation as direct manipulation: An iconoclastic view.  In B.K. Laurel (Ed.), The art of human-computer interface design (pp. 393-404).  Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Brennan, S. E. (1988). The multimedia articulation of answers in a natural language database query system.  Proceedings, Second Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing (pp. 1-8).  Austin, TX: Association of Computational Linguistics. 

Brennan, S. E., Friedman, M. W., & Pollard, C. J. (1987).  A centering approach to pronouns.  Proceedings, 25th Annual Meeting of the ACL (pp. 155-162).  Stanford, CA: Association of Computational Linguistics. 

Rhodes, G., Brennan, S., & Carey, S. (1987).  Identification and ratings of caricatures: Implications for mental representations of faces.  Cognitive Psychology, 19, 473-497.

Brennan, S. E. (1985).  The caricature generator.  Leonardo, 18, 170-178.    Republished (2007) in Leonardo’s 40th anniversary volume, as the article that "holds the notable distinction of being the most 'cited' article published in Leonardo.”

Current Research Support: :

"Communication in the Global University: A Longitudinal Study of Language Adaptation at Multiple Timescales in Native- and Non-Native Speakers."  NSF IBSS Program (Psychology, Linguistics, and Asian Studies).  $999,817.