Coastal engineering is the study of the physical and morphological processes in the near-shore environment and construction in coastal areas. The science of coastal engineering encompasses near-shore oceanography, marine geology and sediment transport, as well as geotechnical and structural engineering. Research in coastal engineering at Stony Brook University covers a borad range of both fundamental and applied topics, including theoretical and applied fluid dynamics, with emphases on coastal hydrodynamics, sediment transport, morphological evolution of beaches and dunes, wave mechanics, hydrodynamic instabilities, and seabed mechanics.
Though strongly focused on basic research, research is motivated by applications in environmental flows and problems of engineering interest, and guided by experiments and observations. Specific research topics in coastal engineering include wave-structure interaction, coastal flooding modeling and developing resilient coastal protection techniques. On-going research aims at developing process-based numerical models to study beach, dune and bluff erosion mechanisms and coastal structure behaviors under combined water level and wave conditions, and the hydrodynamics and morphology of lakes. Additional research areas include wave over arbitrary periodic topographies and Bragg resonances; Terrain-following boundary layer flows and bed-form induced circulations; Wave-current-sediment morphology interactions, nearshore dynamics and tidal inlets; Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in vegetated wetlands; Wave-structure interactions and ocean renewable energy; Lagrangian ocean data assimilation; Rectification and symmetry-breaking in oscillatory flows, peristaltic transport and pumping. Interests in Applied Mathematics include: conformal mapping, Floquet theory, multi-scale perturbation techniques and homogenization.
Photos taken by Dr. Farhadzadeh at Fire Island