Skip Navigation


Benjamin S. Hsiao, DISTINGUISHED Professor

Co-founding Director, Innovative Global Energy Solutions Center 
Director, Center for Advanced Technology in Integrated Electric Energy Systems

Benjamin Hsiao

B.S. National Taiwan University, 1980
Ph.D. University of Connecticut, 1987
Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Massachusetts, 1987-1989

479 Chemistry
Phone: (631) 632-7793 | Fax: (631) 632-6518

The Hsiao Group Website


Employment History

Co-founding Director, Innovative Global Energy Solutions Center, Stony Brook University, 2014-

Director, Center for Advanced Technology in Integrated Electric Energy Systems, 2014-

Vice President for Research and Chief Research Officer, Stony Brook University, 05/2012-12/2013
Chair, Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, 2007-2012
Assistant (1997-98), Associate (1998-2002), Full (2002-) Professor, Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University
Staff Scientist, DuPont Company, 1989-1997

Other Appointments

Adjunct Associate Professor, Materials Science, University of Delaware, 1994-1997
Spokesperson, X27C (Advanced Polymers Beamline), National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory 1997-2012
Guest Professor, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academic of Sciences, 2000-
Chang-Jiang Professor, Donghua University, Shanghai, China, 2008-
Visiting Professor, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Shanghai, China, 2009-
Member of Editorial Advisory Board, Journal of Macromolecular Science- Physics, 1995-
Member of Editorial Advisory Board, Journal of Polymer Research, 1995-
Member of Editorial Advisory Board, High Performance Polymers, 1996-
Member of Editorial Advisory Board, Chinese Journal and Applied Chemistry; 2003-
Member of Editorial Advisory Board, Polymer, 2003-
Member of Editorial Advisory Board, Macromolecules, 2010-
Member of Editorial Advisory Board, ACS Macro Letters, 2012-
Member, Advisory Board, American Chemical Society, Petroleum Research Fund, 2007-2012
Member, Board of Directors of Science and Technology Steering Committee (STSC), Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), 2010-2012
Member, Board of Directors, Long Island High Tech Incubator (LIHTI), 2012-


SPE/ANTEC Best Technical Papers, 1994 (two), 2002 (one)

DuPont Young Professor Award, 1998

Overseas Visiting Scholarship, National Science Council, Republic of China (Taiwan), 2002, 2006

Fellow, American Physical Society, 2002

Journal of Controlled Release, Most Cited Paper Award, 2004 

Licensed Innovation Award, Research Foundation of State University of New York, 2005

Special Creativity Award, Division of Materials Research, National Science Foundation, 2007

Chang-Jiang Professor Scholarship (in Donghua University, Shanghai), Education Ministry of China, 2008

Fellow, American Chemical Society, 2011

Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2011

Patent of the Year Award, Long Island Technology Hall of Fame, 2013

Molecular Science Frontier Lecture Professorship of Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2013

Fellow, National Academy of Inventors, 2013

“Dr R A Mashelkar Endowment Lecture on Advanced Materials” at the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) - National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), India, 2014

Distinguished Professional Achievement Award, Chinese American Academic and Professional Society (CAAPS), 2014

Co-operative Research Award (shared with Andy Tsou), American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering, 2015

Fellow, Materials Research Society, 2015

Distinguished Professor, State University of New York, 2015

Honorary Professor, University of Queensland, Australia, 2015

Invention Ambassador, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)-Lemelson Foundation, 2016

Polymer Science and Applications

In my laboratory, we are interested in understanding the structural and morphological development and manipulation of complex polymer systems during preparation and processing in real time. The focus of our research projects is the design, preparation, characterization and application of nanostructured soft condensed materials, such as fibers (one-dimensional orientation), films (two-dimensional orientation) and bulk material systems (three-dimensional orientation). My current research interests are mainly focused on the use of nanostructured materials for energy and water purification applications.


Our group is focusing on the use of nanofibrous membranes for water purification. The major innovation of our nanofiber technology is that membranes made of nanofiber materials (synthetic and natural) in the non-woven format have drastically improved the flux capacity (e.g. often with many times flux increase) and thereby permitting lower operating pressures but retaining their resistance to fouling. Better flux means less time to filter the same amount of water, which in turn decreases energy consumption and increases cost efficiency. Better resistance to fouling refers to the ability to avoid clogging of the membrane pores by foreign matter, such as oil, detergents, biomacromolecules and salts that can accumulate during the purification process. The fouling resistance of our filters requires additional considerations on chemical composition and surface modifications.


Our recent work using inexpensive and environmentally friendly methods to extract nanocellulose from any biomass (wood and non-wood plants)  has a far reaching impact to society. In specific, our team has developed a simple nitro-oxidation method to prepare carboxycellulose nanofibers directly from untreated biomass, where the method drastically decreased the consumption of electrical energy, chemicals and water.  Furthermore, the effluent obtained in this method can be efficaciously neutralized to produce nitrogen rich salts that could be used as plant fertilizer, thus enhancing th e nexus of food, energy and water. As there is a vast amount of biomass sources (e.g. agriculture waste, weeds and shrubs) currently considered no value or low-valued, these natural cellulose-based materials can be an ideal resource for extracting effective water purification nanomaterials for a wide range of applications. This technology may be capable of eliminating common waterborne pathogens from drinking water in the developing world and off-the-grid communities with much lower cost.  


The molecular structures of polyamide barrier layers in reverse osmosis (RO) membranes, made by interfacial polymerization of aromatic monomers in immiscible solvents under different reaction and post-treatment conditions, are characterized by grazing incidence synchrotron x-ray scattering techniques.  Our recent results (a collaboration with Dr. Benjamin Ocko from BNL) indicate that the molecular backbone packing is consistent with two different aromatic molecular packing motifs (parallel and perpendicular) with preferential surface induced orientation. This finding suggests that the perpendicular, T-shaped, packing motif (5 Å spacing) might be associated with optimal membrane permeance, compared with the parallel packings (3.5 to 4.0 Å spacings).  


Articles in Scientific Journals (2014-)

403.Wang, Zhe; Ma, Hongyang; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Chu, Benjamin “Nanofibrous ultrafiltration membranes containing cross-linked poly(ethylene glycol) and cellulose nanofiber composite barrier layer”, Polymer, 55(1), 366-372 (2014).

404.Zhang, Jin; Yin, Hua-Mo; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Zhong, Gan-Ji; Li, Zhong-Ming “Biodegradable poly(lactic acid)/hydroxyl apatite 3D porous scaffolds using high-pressure molding and salt leaching”, Journal of Materials Science, 49(4), 1648-1658 (2014).

405.Hongyang Ma, Benjamin S. Hsiao and Benjamin Chu “Functionalized Electrospun Nanofibrous Microfiltration Membranes for Removal of Bacteria and Viruses”, J. Membrane Science, 452, 446-452 (2014).

406.Ma, Hongyang; Chen, Xuming; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Chu, Benjamin, “Improving toughness of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene with ionic liquid modified carbon nanofibers”, Polymer, 55(1), 160-165 (2014).

407.Cruz-Delgado, Victor J.; Avila-Orta, Carlos A.; Espinoza-Martinez, Adriana B.; Mata-Padilla, Jose M.; Solis-Rosales, Silvia G.; Jalbout, Abraham F.; Medellin-Rodriguez, Francisco J.; Hsiao, Benjamin S., “Carbon nanotube surface-induced crystallization of polyethylene terephthalate (PET)”, Polymer, 55(2), 642-650.   (2014).

408.Liu, Yanping; Hong, Zhihua; Bai, Liangui; Tian, Nan; Ma, Zhe; Li, Xiangyang; Chen, Liang; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Li, Liangbin, “A novel way to monitor the sequential destruction of parent-daughter crystals in isotactic polypropylene under uniaxial tension”, Journal of Materials Science, 49(8), 3016-3024 (2014).

409.Huang, Yan-Fei; Xu, Jia-Zhuang; Xu, Jun-Yi; Zhang, Zheng-Chi; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Xu, Ling; Li, Zhong-Ming “Self-reinforced polyethylene blend for artificial joint application”, Journal of Materials Chemistry B: Materials for Biology and Medicine , 2(8), 971-980 (2014).

410.Ma, Hongyang; Burger, Christian; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Chu, Benjamin, “Fabrication and characterization of cellulose nanofiber based thin-film nanofibrous composite membranes”, Journal of Membrane Science, 454, 272-282 (2014).

411.Li, Xiong; Wang, Ce; Yang, Yin; Wang, X. F.; Zhu, Meifang; Hsiao, Benjamin S., “Dual-biomimetic Superhydrophobic Electrospun Polystyrene Nanofibrous Membranes for Membrane Distillation”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 6(4), 2412-2419 (2014).

412.Rui  Yang; Katherine B Aubrecht,; Hongyna Ma,; Ran Wang; Robert B Grubbs,; Benjamin S. Hsiao; Benjamin Chu, “Thiol-Modified Cellulose Nanofibrous Composite Membranes for Chromium (VI) and Lead (II) Adsorption”, Polymer, 55(5), 1167-1176 (2014).

413.Wang, Xiao; Yeh, Tsung-Ming; Wang, Zhe; Yang, Rui; Wang, Ran; Ma, Hongyang; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Chu, Benjamin “Nanofiltration membranes prepared by interfacial polymerization on thin-film nanofibrous composite scaffold”, Polymer, 55, 1358-1366 (2014).

414.Hong, Guishan; Shen, Lingdi; Wang, Min; Yang, Yin; Wang, Xuefen; Zhu, Meifang; Hsiao, Benjamin S., “Nanofibrous polydopamine complex membranes for adsorption of Lanthanum (III) ions”, Chemical Engineering Journal (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 244, 307-316 (2014).

415.Chen, Yan-Hui; Huang, Zhang-Yong; Li, Zhong-Ming; Tang, Jian-Hua; Hsiao, Benjamin S., “Simultaneous improvement of strength and toughness in fiber reinforced isotactic polypropylene composites by shear flow and a β-nucleating agent”, RSC Advances, 4(28), 14766-14776 (2014).

416.Su, Ying; Burger, Christian; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Chu, Benjamin, “Characterization of TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers in aqueous suspension by small-angle X-ray scattering”, Journal of Applied Crystallography, 47(2), 788-798 (2014).

417.Dong, Xue-Hui; Lu, Xiaocun; Ni, Bo; Chen, Ziran; Yue, Kan; Li, Yiwen; Rong, Lixia; Koga, Tadanori; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Newkome, George R.; Zhang ,Wen-Bin; Cheng, Stephen Z. D. “Effects of molecular geometry on the self-assembly of giant polymer-dendron conjugates in condensed state”, Soft Matter, 10(18), 3200-3208 (2014).

418.Leonardo A. Baldenegro Perez, Damaso Navarro Rodriguez, Francisco J. Medellin Rodriguez, Benjamin Hsiao, Carlos A. Avila Orta, Igors Sics, “Molecular Weight and Crystallization Temperature Effects on PET Homopolymers, An Isothermal Crystallization Analysis”, Polymers, 6(2), 583-600 (2014).

419.Huang, Hua-Dong; Ren, Peng-Gang; Xu, Jia-Zhuang; Xu, Ling; Zhong, Gan-Ji; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Li, Zhong-Ming, “Improved barrier properties of poly(lactic acid) with randomly dispersed graphene oxide nanosheets”, Journal of Membrane Science , 464, 110-118 (2014).

420.Zhiyong Xia, Xiomara Calderón-Colóna; Jeffrey Maranchi; Russell McCally; Morgana Trexler; Benjamin Hsiao; Lixia Rong; Jennifer Elisseeff, “Banded Structures in Collagen Vitrified Gels for Corneal Injury Repair”, Acta Biomaterialia, 10(8), 3615-3619 (2014).

421.Xu, Huan; Xie, Lan; Chen, Jing-Bin; Jiang, Xin; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Zhong, Gan-Ji; Fu, Qiang; Li, Zhong-Ming, “Strong and tough micro/nanostructured poly(lactic acid) by mimicking multifunctional hierarchy of shell”, Materials Horizons, 1(5), 546-552 (2014).

422.Xiao Wang, Dufei Fang, Benjamin S. Hsiao, Benjamin Chu, “Nanofiltration membranes based on thin-film nanofibrous composites”, Journal of Membrane Science, 469, 188–197 (2014).

423.M. L. Shao, Q. Yang, J. He, B. S. Hsiao, “Preparation and Biological Characterization of Electrospun Aligned Poly (Butylene Carbonate) Nano-Fibers”, Materials Science Forum, 789, 122-129 (2014).

424.Niu, Lin; Yan, JingJing; Yang, XuYan; Burger, Christian; Rong, LiXia; Hsiao, Benjamin; Liang, DeHai, “Complexation of DNA with cationic surfactants as studied by small-angle X-ray scattering”, Science China: Chemistry, 1-8 (2014).

425.Xie, Lan; Xu, Huan; Niu, Ben; Ji, Xu; Chen, Jun; Li, Zhong-Ming; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Zhong, Gan-Ji, “Unprecedented Access to Strong and Ductile Poly(lactic acid) by Introducing In Situ Nanofibrillar Poly(butylene succinate) for Green Packaging”, Biomacromolecules, 15(11), 4054-4064 (2014).

426.L. Shen, L. Yu, M. Wang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, B. S. Hsiao “Green Fabrication of Ag Coated Polyacrylonitrile Nanofibrous Composite Membrane with High Catalytic Efficiency”, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 15 (7), 5004-5012 (2015)

427.Yang, Rui; Su, Ying; Aubrecht, Katherine B.; Wang, Xiao; Ma, Hongyang; Grubbs, Robert B.; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Chu, Benjamin “Thiol-functionalized chitin nanofibers for As (III) adsorption”, Polymer, 60, 9-17, (2015).

428.Chen, Yanhui; Fang, Dufei; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Li, Zhongming “Insight into unique deformation behavior of oriented isotactic polypropylene with branched shish-kebabs”, Polymer, 60, 274-283 (2015).

429.Hong, Guishan; Wang, Min; Li, Xiong; Shen, Lingdi; Wang, Xuefen; Zhu, Meifang; Hsiao, Benjamin “Micro-nano structure nanofibrous p-sulfonatocalix[8]arene complex membranes for highly efficient and selective adsorption of Lanthanum (III) ions in aqueous solution”, RSC Advances, 5 (27), 21178-21188 (2015).

430.Nawani, Pranav; Burger, Christian; Rong, Lixia; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Tsou, Andy H. “Structure and Permeability Relationships in Polymer Nanocomposites Containing Carbon Black and Organoclay”, Polymer, 64, 19-28 (2015).

431.Su, Ying; Burger, Christian; Ma, Hongyang; Chu, Benjamin; Hsiao, Benjamin S. “Exploring the Nature of Cellulose Microfibrils”, Biomacromolecules, 16(4), 1201-1209 (2015).

432.Xie, Lan; Xu, Huan; Chen, Jing-Bin; Zhang, Zi-Jing; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Zhong, Gan-Ji; Chen, Jun; Li, Zhong-Ming, “From Nanofibrillar to Nanolaminar Poly(butylene succinate): Paving the Way to Robust Barrier and Mechanical Properties for Full-Biodegradable Poly(lactic acid) Films”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 7(15), 8023-8032 (2015).

433.Chen, Yanhui; Fang, Dufei; Lei, Jun; Li, Liangbin; Hsiao, Benjamin S.; Li, Zhong-Ming “Shear-Induced Precursor Relaxation-Dependent Growth Dynamics and Lamellar Orientation of β-crystals in β-nucleated Isotactic Polypropylene” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 119(17), 5716-5727 (2015).

434.Yang Liu, Hongyang Ma, Brendan Liu, Benjamin S Hsiao and Benjamin Chu, “High-performance nanofibrous membrane for removal of Cr(VI) from contaminated water”, Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting, 31(4), 379-400 (2015).

435.Ying Su, Christian Burger, Hongyang Ma, Benjamin Chu and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Morphological and Property Investigations of Carboxylated Cellulose Nanofibers Extracted from Different Biological Species”, Cellulose, 22(5), 3127-3135 (2015).

436.Dong Zhou, Shu-Gui Yang, Jun Lei, Benjamin S Hsiao, Zhong-Ming Li, “Role of Stably Entangled Chain Network Density in Shish-Kebab Formation in Polyethylene under an Intense Flow Field”, Macromolecules, 48(18), 6652-6661 (2015).

437.Shao, Mei-ling; Yang, Qing; Shen, Xin-yuan; Hsiao, Benjamin S., “Preparation and properties of PBC nano-fibers reinforced by chitin whiskers”, Donghua Daxue Xuebao, Ziran Kexueban, 41(5), 572-578, 614 (2015).

438.L Shen, X Yu, C Cheng, C Song, X Wang, M Zhu, BS Hsiao, “High Filtration Performance Thin Film Nanofibrous Composite Membrane Prepared by Electrospraying Technique and Hot-Pressing Treatment”, Journal of Membrane Science, 499, 470-479 (2016).

439.P. Posadas, M. A. Malmierca, A. Gonzalez-Jimenez, L. Ibarra, A. Rodriguez, J. L. Valentin, T. Nagaoka, H. Yajima, S. Toki, J. Che, L. Rong, B. S. Hsiao “ESR investigation of NR and IR rubber vulcanized with different cross-link agents”, Express Polymer Letter, 10(1), 2-14 (2016).

440.Y. Chen, S. Yang, H. Yang, G. Zhong, D. Fang, B. S. Hsiao, Z. Li, “Deformation behavior of oriented β-crystals in injection-molded isotactic polypropylene by in situ X-ray scattering”, Polymer, 84, 254-266 (2016).

441.Mao, Yimin; Su, Ying; Hsiao, Benjamin S., “Probing structure and orientation in polymers using synchrotron small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering techniques”, European Polymer Journal, 81, 433-446 (2016).

442.S. Y. Zhou, H. D. Huang, X. Ji, D. Yan, G. J. Zhong, B. S. Hsiao, Z. M. Li, “Super-robust Polylactide Barrier Films by Building Densely Oriented Lamellae Incorporated with Ductile In-situ Nanofibrils of Poly (butylene adipate-co-terephthalate)”, ACS applied materials & interfaces, 8 (12), 8096-8109 (2016).

443.S. Y. Zhou, H. D. Huang, L. Xu, Z. Yan, G. J. Zhong, B. S. Hsiao, Z. M. Li, “In Situ Nanofibrillar Networks Composed of Densely Oriented Polylactide Crystals as Efficient Reinforcement and Promising Barrier Wall for Fully Biodegradable Poly (butylene succinate) Composite Films”, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 4 (5), 2887-2897 (2016).

444.Huizhen Ke, Emma Feldman, Plinio Guzman, Jesse Cole, Qufu Wei, Benjamin Chu, Abdullah Alkhudhiri, Radwan Alrasheed, Benjamin S Hsiao, “Electrospun polystyrene nanofibrous membranes for direct contact membrane distillation”, Journal of Membrane Science, 515, 86-97 (2016).

445.Y. Yang, X. Wang, B. S. Hsiao “Preparation of thin film nanofibrous composite NF membrane based on EDC/NHS modified PAN-AA nanofibrous substrate”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 137 (1), 012047 (2016).

446.Ning Kang, Fang Lin, Wei Zhao, Jack P Lombardi, Mihdhar Almihdhar, Kai Liu, Shan Yan, Juhee Kim, Jin Luo, Benjamin S Hsiao, Mark Poliks, Chuan-Jian Zhong, “Nanoparticle–Nanofibrous Membranes as Scaffolds for Flexible Sweat Sensors”, ACS Sensors, 1(8), 1060–1069 (2016).

447.H.-W. Zhou, C. Burger, H. Wang, B. S. Hsiao, B. Chu and L. Graham, “The supramolecular structure of bone: X-ray scattering analysis and lateral structure modeling”, Acta Crystallographica Section D: Structural Biology 72 (9), 986-996 (2016).

448.Shen, Lingdi; Cheng, Cheng; Yu, Xufeng; Yang, Yin; Wang, Xuefen; Zhu, Meifang; Hsiao, Benjamin S., “Low pressure UV-cured CS-PEO-PTEGDMA/PAN thin film nanofibrous composite nanofiltration membranes for anionic dyes separation”, Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 4, 15575-15588 (2016).

449.L. Xie, H. Xu, L. B. Li, B. S. Hsiao, G. J. Zhong, Z. M. Li, “Biomimetic Nanofibrillation in Two-Component Biopolymer Blends with Structural Analogs to Spider Silk”, Scientific Reports 6, 34572 (2016).

450.K. Hou, H. Wang, Y. Lin, S. Chen, S. Yang, Y. Cheng, B. S. Hsiao, M. Zhu ‘Large Scale Production of Continuous Hydrogel Fibers with Anisotropic Swelling Behavior by Dynamic‐Crosslinking‐Spinning’, Macromolecular Rapid Communications, 37(22), 1795-1801 (2016).

451.Yang Liu, Hongyang Ma, Benjamin S. Hsiao, Benjamin Chu and Andy H. Tsou, “Improvement of Meltdown Temperature of Lithium-Ion Battery Separator using Electrospun Polyethersulfone Membranes”, Polymer, 107, 163-169 (2016).

452.X Yu, L Shen, Y Zhu, X Li, Y Yang, X Wang, M Zhu, BS Hsiao, “High performance thin-film nanofibrous composite hemodialysis membranes with efficient middle-molecule uremic toxin removal”, Journal of Membrane Science, 523, 173–184 (2017).

453.Zhe Wang, Hongyang Ma, Benjamin Chu & Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Super-hydrophobic Polyurethane Sponges for Oil Absorption”, Separation Science and Technology, 52(2), 221-227 (2017).

454.Wang, Zhe; Ma, Hongyang; Chu, Benjamin; Hsiao, Benjamin S., “Fabrication of cellulose nanofiber-based ultrafiltration membranes by spray coating approach”, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 134(11), 44583 (2017).

455.Hongyang Ma, Benjamin Chu, Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Modification of Carbon Nanotubes with Fluorinated Ionic Liquid for Improving Processability of Fluoro-Ethylene-Propylene”, European Polymer Journal, 87, 398-405 (2017).

456.Andy H Tsou, Alexander I Norman, Yonglai Lu, Joseph A Throckmorton, Benjamin S Hsiao, “Sequence distribution and elastic properties of propylene-based elastomers”, Polymer, 111, 115-122 (2017).

457.Mao, Yimin; Liu, Kai; Zhan, Chengbo; Geng, Lihong; Chu, Benjamin; Hsiao, Benjamin S., “Characterization of Nanocellulose Using Small-Angle Neutron, X-ray, and Dynamic Light Scattering Techniques”, Journal of Physical Chemistry B,  121(6), 1340-1351 (2017).

458.Y. Yang, X. Li, L. Shen, X. Wang, B. S. Hsiao, ”Ionic Cross-Linked Poly (acrylonitrile-co-acrylic acid)/Polyacrylonitrile Thin Film Nanofibrous Composite Membrane with High Ultrafiltration Performance”, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 56 (11), 3077–3090 (2017).

459. S. Y. Zhou, B. Niu, X. L. Xie, X. Ji, G. J. Zhong, B. S. Hsiao, Z. M. Li, “Interfacial Shish-Kebabs Lengthened by Coupling Effect of In Situ Flexible Nanofibrils and Intense Shear Flow: Achieving Hierarchy To Conquer the Conflicts between Strength and Toughness of Polylactide”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9(11), 10148–10159 (2017).

460.Yang, Yin; Li, Xiong; Shen, Lingdi; Wang, Xuefen; Hsiao, Benjamin S., “A durable thin-film nanofibrous composite nanofiltration membrane prepared by interfacial polymerization on a double-layer nanofibrous scaffold”, RSC Advances, 7 (29), 18001-18013 (2017).

461.Li-Hong Geng, Lengwan Li, Hao-Yang Mi, Bin-Yi Chen, Priyanka Sharma, Hongyang Ma, Benjamin S Hsiao, Xiang-Fang Peng, Tairong Kuang, “Superior Impact Toughness and Excellent Storage Modulus of Poly (lactic acid) Foams Reinforced by Shish-Kebab Nanoporous Structure”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9(25), 21071-21076 (2017).

462.Yonglai Lu, Alexander I Norman, Andy H Tsou, John R Hagadorn, Benjamin S Hsiao, “Deformation X-ray study of propylene-based elastomers with controlled sequence distributions”, Polymer, 122, 208–221 (2017).

463.Shuquan Sun, Yonglai Lu, Benjamin S. Hsiao, Dong Wang & Liqun Zhang “Comprehensive study on temperature-induced crystallisation and strain-induced crystallisation behaviours of natural rubber/isoprene rubber blends”, Plastics, Rubber and Composites, 46 (7), 290-300 (2017).

464.Kai Hou, Yan Li, Yao Liu, Ruihui Zhang, Benjamin S Hsiao, Meifang Zhu, “Continuous fabrication of cellulose nanocrystal/poly (ethylene glycol) diacrylate hydrogel fiber from nanocomposite dispersion: Rheology, preparation and characterization”, Polymer, 123, 55-64 (2017).

465.Xiao Wang, Hongyang Ma, Benjamin Chu, Benjamin S Hsiao, “Thin-film nanofibrous composite reverse osmosis membranes for desalination” Desalination, 420, 91-98 (2017)

466.Priyanka R Sharma, Ritika Joshi, Sunil K. Sharma, Benjamin S Hsiao, “A Simple Approach to Prepare Carboxycellulose Nanofibers from Untreated Biomass”, Biomacromolecules, 18(8), 2333–2342 (2017).

467.K Hou, Y. Y. Lin, B. S. Hsiao, M. F. Zhu, “Continuous Production of Hollow Hydrogel Fibers with Graphene Inner Wall, Materials Science Forum, 898, 2197-2204 (2017)

468.Zhe Wang, Hongyang Ma, , Benjamin Chu and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Super-hydrophobic modification of porous natural polymer “luffa sponge” for oil absorption”, Polymer, 126, 470-476 (2017).

469.Priyanka R. Sharma, Aurnov Chattopadhyay, Sunil K Sharma, and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Efficient Removal of UO22+ from Water using Carboxycellulose Nanofibers Prepared by the Nitro-Oxidation Method”, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 56(46), 13885-13893 (2017).

470.Lihong Geng, Xiangfang Peng, Chengbo Zhan, Ali Naderi, Priyanka R Sharma, Yimin Mao, Benjamin S Hsiao, “Structure characterization of cellulose nanofiber hydrogel as functions of concentration and ionic strength”, Cellulose, 24(12), 5417-5429 (2017).

471.Watcharin Sainumsai, Shigeyuki Toki, Sureerut Amnuaypornsri, Adun Nimpaiboon, Jitladda Sakdapipanich, Lixia Rong, Benjamin S Hsiao, Krisda Suchiva, “Dependence of the onset of strain-induced crystallization of natural rubber and its synthetic analogue on crosslink and entanglement by using synchrotron X-ray”, Rubber Chemistry and Technology, 90(4), 728-742 (2017).

472.Shan Yan, Xin Liu, Zakiya Skeete, Ning He, Zhi‐Hui Xie, Wei Zhao, Jack P Lombardi, Kai Liu, Ning Kang, Jin Luo, Benjamin S Hsiao, Mark Poliks, Ivan Gitsov, Chuan‐Jian Zhong, “Decoration of Nanofibrous Paper Chemiresistors with Dendronized Nanoparticles toward Structurally Tunable Negative‐Going Response Characteristics to Human Breathing and Sweating”, Advanced Materials Interfaces, 4(22), 1700380 (2017).

473.Shu-Gui Yang, Zhe Ma, Jun Lei, Liangbin Li, Benjamin S. Hsiao, and Zhong-Ming Li, “A Criterion for Flow-Induced Oriented Crystals in Isotactic Polypropylene under Pressure”, Macromol. Rapid Commun., 38(23), 1700407 (2017).

474.Yan Wang, Jian Zhao, Minjie Qu, Jing Guo, Shu-Gui Yang, Jun Lei, Jia-Zhuang Xu, Yan-Hui Chen, Zhong-Ming Li, Benjamin S Hsiao, “An unusual promotion of γ-crystals in metallocene-made isotactic polypropylene from orientational relaxation and favorable temperature window induced by shear”, Polymer, 134, 196–203 (2018).

475.Wu, Tianyuan; Cai, Yu; Zhao, Xia; Ngai, Chai K.; Chu, Benjamin; Hsiao, Benjamin; Hadjiargyrou, Michael; Grubbs, Robert B. “Synthesis and characterization of poly(ethylene oxide)/polylactide/polylysine tri-arm star copolymers for gene delivery”, Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 56(6), 635-644 (2018).

476.Zoe V Quiñones-Jurado, Carlos A Ávila-Orta, Blanca E Castillo-Reyes, José M Mata-Padilla, Benjamin S Hsiao, Francisco J Medellín-Rodríguez, Miguel A Waldo-Mendoza, “Effect of Sorbitol Templates on the Preferential Crystallographic Growth of Isotactic Polypropylene Wax”, Crystals 8(2), 59 (2018).

477.Lihong Geng, Nitesh Mittal, Chengbo Zhan, Farhan Ansari, Priyanka R. Sharma, Xiangfang Peng, Benjamin S. Hsiao and L. Daniel Söderberg, “Understanding the Mechanistic Behavior of Highly Charged Cellulose Nanofibers in Aqueous Systems”, Macromolecules, 51(4), 1498-1506 (2018).

478.Priyanka R. Sharma, Aurnov Chattopadhyay, Sunil K Sharma, Li-Hong Geng, Nasim Amiralian, Darren J. Martin, and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Nanocellulose from Spinifex as an Effective Adsorbent to Remove Cadmium(II) from Water, ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng., 6 (3), 3279–3290 (2018).

479.C. Cheng, P. Li, K. Shen, T. Zhang, X. Cao, B. Wang, X. Wang, B. S. Hsiao, “Integrated Polyamide Thin-film Nanofibrous Composite Membrane Regulated by Functionalized Interlayer for Efficient Water/Isopropanol Separation”, Journal of Membrane Science, 553, 70-81 (2018).

480.Hongyang Ma and Benjamin S. Hsiao “Nanocellulose Extracted from Defoliation of Ginkgo Leaves”, MRS Advances, 2, 1-12 (2018).

481.Priyanka R. Sharma, Aurnov Chattopadhyay, Chengbo Zhan, Sunil K. Sharma, Lihong Geng and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Lead Removal from Water using Carboxycellulose Nanofibers Prepared by Nitro-Oxidation Method”, Cellulose, 25(3), 1961-1973 (2018).

482.Zongbao Wang , Yimin Mao, Chatchai Jarumaneeroj, Boonyakeat Thitisak, Piyawan Tiyapiboonchaiya, Wonchalerm Rungswang, Benjamin S. Hsiao, “The Influence of Short Chain Branch on Formation of Shish-Kebab Crystals in Bimodal Polyethylene under Shear at High Temperatures”, Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, 56(10), 786-794 (2018).

483.Hua, Weikang; Wang, Min; Li, Peiyun; Shen, Ke; Wang, Xuefen; Hsiao, Benjamin, “Sulfonylcalix[4]arene functionalized nanofiber membranes for effective removal and selective fluorescence recognition of terbium(III) ions”, New Journal of Chemistry, 42, 6191-6202 (2018).

484.Li Deng, Haohui Ye, Xiong Li, Peiyun Li, Jiawei Zhang, Xuefen Wang, Meifang Zhu, Benjamin S Hsiao, “Self-roughened omniphobic coatings on nanofibrous membrane for membrane distillation”, Separation and Purification Technology, 206, 14-25 (2018).

485.Libin Jiang, Minfang An, Feng Wu, Weijun Miao, Zongbao Wang, Yaopeng Zhang, Benjamin S Hsiao, “The Influence of Short Chain Branch on Formation of Shear Induced Crystals in Bimodal Polyethylene at High Shear Temperatures”, European Polymer Journal, 105, 359-369 (2018).

486.Priyanka R Sharma, Bingqian Zheng, Sunil K Sharma, Chengbo Zhan, Ruifu Wang, Surita Rani Bhatia, Benjamin S Hsiao, “High Aspect Ratio Carboxycellulose Nanofibers Prepared by Nitro-Oxidation Method and Their Nanopaper Properties”, ACS Applied Nano Materials, 1 (8), 3969–3980 (2018)

487.Tong Liu, An Huang, Li-Hong Geng, Xing-Han Lian, Binyi Chen, Benjamin S Hsiao, Tai-Rong Kuang, Xiang-Fang Peng, “Ultra-strong, tough and high wear resistance high-density polyethylene for structural engineering application: A facile strategy towards using the combination of extensional dynamic oscillatory shear flow and ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene”, Composites Science and Technology, 167, 301-312 (2018).

488.Yatao Liu, Sumin Gao, Benjamin S Hsiao, Alexander Norman, Andy H Tsou, Joseph Throckmorton, Antonios Doufas, Yaopeng Zhang, “Shear induced crystallization of bimodal and unimodal high density polyethylene”, Polymer, 153(26), 223-231 (2018).

489.Min Wang, Xiong Li, Tonghui Zhang, Li Deng, Peiyun Li, Xuefen Wang, Benjamin S Hsiao, “Eco-friendly poly (acrylic acid)-sodium alginate nanofibrous hydrogel: A multifunctional platform for superior removal of Cu (II) and sustainable catalytic applications”, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 558(5), 228-241 (2018).

490.Yanxiang Li, Jessica Tian, Chuanfang Yang  and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Nanocomposite Film Containing Fibrous Cellulose Scaffold and Ag/TiO2 Nanoparticles and Its Antibacterial Activity”, Polymers, 10, 1052 (2018).

491.Xiong Li, Ce Wang, Xiaohua Huang, Tonghui Zhang, Xuefen Wang, Minghua Min, Lumin Wang, Hongliang Huang, Benjamin S Hsiao, “Anionic Surfactant Triggered Steiner Geometrical Poly (vinylidene fluoride) Nano-Fiber/Nets Air Filter for Efficient Particulate Matter Removal”, ACS applied materials & interfaces, 10(49), 42891–42904 (2018).

492.Qianqian Niu, Qingfa Peng, Li Lu, Suna Fan, Huili Shao, Huihui Zhang, Rongliang Wu, Benjamin S Hsiao, Yaopeng Zhang, “Single Molecular Layer of Silk Nanoribbon as Potential Basic Building Block of Silk Materials”, ACS Nano, 12 (12), 11860-11870 (2018).

493.Cheng Cheng, Peiyun Li, Tonghui Zhang, Xuefen Wang, Benjamin S Hsiao, “Enhanced pervaporation performance of polyamide membrane with synergistic effect of porous nanofibrous support and trace graphene oxide lamellae”, Chemical Engineering Science, 196, 265-276 (2019).

494.Haohui Ye, Xiong Li, Li Deng, Peiyun Li, Tonghui Zhang, Xuefen Wang, Benjamin S Hsiao “Silver nanoparticles-enabled photothermal nanofibrous membrane for light-driven membrane distillation”, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, in press (2019)

Articles in Books, Encyclopedias and Reviews

1.B. S. Hsiao, R. S. Stein, S. Cohen-Addad, N. Weeks and R. Gaudiana, "Light Scattering Studies of the State of Dispersion in Molecular Composites", MRS Symp. Proc., Vol.

171, Polymer Based Molecular Composites (ed. D, Schaefer et al.), 125-130 (1989).

2.B. S. Hsiao and E. J. H. Chen, "Study of Trans-Crystallization in Polymer Composites". MRS Symp. Proc., Vol. 170, Interfaces in Composites (ed. C. Pantano et al.), 117-123 (1989).

3.B. S. Hsiao and M. T. Shaw, "Longitudinal Volume Viscosity Measurements in Polymers", in Encyclopedia of Fluid Mechanics (ed. N. P. Cheremisinoff), Vol. 9, Polymer Engineering, Chapter 18, Gulf, Houston, 561-588 (1990).

4.B. S. Hsiao and E. J. H. Chen, "Transcrystalline Interphase in Advanced Polymer Composites", in Controlled Interphases in Composite Materials (ed. H. Ishida), Elsevier, New York, 613-623 (1990).

5.B. S. Hsiao and K. H. Gardner, "Time-Resolved X-ray Studies of Crystallization and Melting in Poly(aryl ether ether ketone)", in Crystallization of Polymers (ed. M. Dosière), NATO ASI Series, Vol. 405, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 415-420 (1993).

6.K. H. Gardner, B. S. Hsiao and K. L. Faron, "Diffraction Studies of Polymorphism in Poly(aryl ether ketones)", in Crystallization of Polymers (ed. M. Dosière), NATO ASI Series, Vol. 405, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 443-448 (1993).

7.H. Ade, B. S. Hsiao, G. Mitchell, E. Rightor, A. P. Smith and R. Cieslinski, " X-ray Microscopy of Polymeric Materials", MRS Symp. Proc., Application of Synchrotron Radiation Techniques to Materials Science II, Vol. 375, 293-302 (1995).

8.S. Z. D. Cheng, R. M. Ho and B. S. Hsiao, "Poly(aryl ether ketone ketone)s and Copolymers (Synthesis, Structure, Morphology and Properties)", Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia (ed. J. Salamone), CRC Press, Vol. 7, 5532-5544 (1996).

9.P. Cebe and B. S. Hsiao, "Polyimid, New-TPI (Semicrystalline Thermoplastic)", Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia (ed. J. Salamone), CRC Press, Vol. 8, 6185-6198 (1996).

10.W. Wang, J. M. Schultz and B. S. Hsiao, “Microstructure and Phase Separation of PEEK, PEKK and Their Belnds”, MRS Symp. Proc., Morphological Control in Multiphase Polymer Mixtures (ed. R. Briber et al.), Vol. 461, 33-38 (1997).

11.E. Q. Chen, S. W. Lee, A. Zhang, B. S. Moon, I. Mann, F. W. Harris, S. Z. D. Cheng, B. S. Hsiao, F. Yeh and E. D. von Meerwall, “Isothermal Thickening and Thinning Processes in Low Molecular Weight Poly(ethylene oxide) Fractions Crystallized from the Melt. 7. Effects of Molecular Configurational Defects on Crystallization, Melting and Annealing” in Scattering from Polymers (P. Cebe, B. Hsiao and D. Lohse eds.), ACS Symposium Series, Oxford Press, 739,118-139 (1999).

12.W. Liu, H. Yang, B. S. Hsiao, S. S. Liu, B. T. Huang, R. S. Stein, “Real Time Crystallization and Melting Study of Ethylene Based Copolymers by X-rays and DSC Techniques”, in Scattering from Polymers (P. Cebe, B. Hsiao and D. Lohse eds.), ACS Symposium Series, Oxford Press, 739,187-201 (1999). 

13.B. Chu, D. Fang and B. S. Hsiao, “Hair Test Results at the Advanced Polymers Beamline (X27C) at the NSLS”, Synchrotron Radiation News, 12, 36 (1999).

14.S. Phillips, R. Blankski, S. A. Srejda, T. S. Haddad, A. Lee, J. O. Lichtenhan, F. Feher, P. Mather, B. Hsiao, "New Insight into the Structure-Property Relationships of Hybrid (Inorganic/Organic) POSS Thermoplastics", Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (2001), 628 (Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials), CC4.6.1-CC4.6.10.

15.B. Chu and B. S. Hsiao, "Small Angle X-ray Scattering of Polymers" in Chemical Reviews (Ed. J. Michl), 101(6), 1727-1761 (2001).

16.B. S. Hsiao and B. Chu, “Scattering: Light, Neutrons and X-rays” in Encyclopedia of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry (Eds. J. H. Moore. N. D. Spencer), Institute of Physics Publishing, London, B1.9, Vol. 12, 1197-1225 (2001).

17.B. S. Hsiao and B. Chu, "Chemical Applications of Small Angle Scattering" (Ed. T. K. Sham) Chemical Applications of Synchrotron Radiation, Part II, X-ray Applications, Advanced Series, in Physical Chemistry, World Scientific Publishing Company, Singapore, Vol. 12B, Chap. 17, 799- 849 (2002).

18.B. S. Hsiao, “Semicrystalline Polymers: Lamellar Morphology by SAXS”, in Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, Chapter 5.1.6, Elsevier Science, New York (2002).

19.Benjamin S. Hsiao, Benjamin Chu and Christian Burger, “Synchrotron X-ray Scattering of Polymer Nanocomposites”, Synchrotron Radiation News, 15(5), 20-34 (2002).

20.B. S. Hsiao, “Nanostructure Development in Semicrystalline Polymers by X-ray Scattering Techniques using Synchrotron Radiations”, in Mechanical Properties of Polymers relating to Nano-Structure and Morphology (ed. F. J. Balta Calleja and G.H. Michler), Chap 2, pp 27-79, CRC Press LLC (2005).

21.Lei Zhu, Lu Sun, Jianjun Miao, Li Cui, Qing Ge, Roderic P. Quirk, Chenchen Xue, Stephen Z. D. Cheng, Benjamin S. Hsiao, Carlos A. Avila-Orta, Igors Sics, and Marie E. Cantino, “Epitaxial Phase Transformation between Cylindrical and Double Gyroid Mesophases”, MRS Symp. Proc., in Multicomponent Polymer Systems-Phase Behavior, Dynamics, and Applications (ed. K. I. Winey et al.), Vol. 856E, BB2.3.1-6 (2005).

22.Jonathan Chiu, Y. Kim Luu, Benjamin S. Hsiao, Benjamin Chu, Michael Hadjiargyrou, “Electrospun Nanofibrous Scaffolds for Biomedical Applications”, J. Biomedical Nanotechnology, 1, 115-132 (2005).

23.Dufei Fang, Charles Chang, Benjamin S. Hsiao and Benjamin Chu, “Development of Multiple-Jet Electrospinning Technology”, in Polymeric Nanofibers (D. Reneker and H. Fong eds.), ACS Symposium Series (918), Chapter 7, 91-105 (2006).

24.Christian Burger, Benjamin S. Hsiao and Benjamin Chu, “Nanofibrous Materials and Their Applications”, Annual Review of Materials Research, 36, 333–368 (2006).

25.Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Role of Chain Entanglement Network on Formation of Flow-Induced Crystallization Precursor Structure”, Progress in Understanding of Polymer Crystallization (Ed. G. Reiter and G. Strobl) in Lecture Notes in Physics, Springer-Verlag, 133-149 (2006).

26.Shigeyuki Toki and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Morphology, Structure and Mechanical Properties of Nanostructured Polyolefin Elastomers”, Polyolefin Blends (ed. D. Nwabunma and T. Kyu), Wiley Interscience, Chapter 8, 198-223 (2006).

27.Dehai Liang, Benjamin S. Hsiao and Benjamin Chu, “Functional Electrospun Nanofibrous Scaffolds for Biomedical Applications”, Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 59, 1392–1412 (2007).

28.Benjamin Chu, Benjamin S. Hsiao and Kyunghwan Yoon, “Nanofiber and Nanocomposite-Fiber Technology for Environmental Applications” American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC) Review, 8, 31-33 (2007).

29.Kyunghwan Yoon, Xuming Chen, Benjamin S. Hsiao and Benjamin Chu, “Functional Nanofibers for Environmental Applications”, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 18(44), 5326-5334 (2008).

30.Pranav Nawani, Hongwen Zhou, Benjamin Chu, Christian Burger and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Structural analysis of biological and technical nanocomposites by X-ray scattering”, Applications of Synchrotron Light to Non-Crystalline Diffraction in Materials and Life Sciences (Ed. T. Ezquerra) in Lecture Notes in Physics, Springer-Verlag, 183-198 (2009).

31.Benjamin Chu and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “The Role of Polymers in Breakthrough Technologies for Water Purification”, J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Phys., as a Viewpoint 47(24), 2431-2435 (2009).

32.Christian Burger, Benjamin S. Hsiao, and Benjamin Chu, “Preferred Orientation in Polymer Fiber Scattering” Polymer Reviews, 50, 91–111 (2010).

33.Burger, C.; Hsiao, B. S.; Chu, B.  “Preferred Orientation in Polymer Fibers” Powder Diffraction, 25(2), 212 (2010).

34.Christian Burger, Benjamin S. Hsiao, and Benjamin Chu, X-ray Scattering. In: Matyjaszewski K and Möller M (eds.) Polymer Science: A Comprehensive Reference, Vol 2, pp. 363–380. Amsterdam: Elsevier BV. (2012).

35.Shigeyuki Toki and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Deformation-induced structure changes in elastomeric nanocomposites”, Chapter 8, in Advances in Elastomeric Nanocomposites, Springer, Germany (2012).

36.Hongyang Ma, Benjamin Chu and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Functional Nanofibers for Water Purification”, Chapter 15, Functional Nanofibers and Applications (ed. Qufu Wei), Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles, 134, 331-370 (2012). 

37.Jia-Zhuang Xu, Zhong-Ming Li and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Crystallization Properties of Isotactic Polypropylene– Graphene Nanocomposites”, Chapter 10, Polymer-Graphene Nanocomposites, (ed. V. Mittal), Royal Society Of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 227-263 (2012).

38.Benjamin S. Hsiao, Feng Zuo and Yimin Mao and Christoph Schick, Chapter 2: Experimental Techniques in Handbook of Polymer Crystallization (eds. Greg Rutledge and Ewa Piorkowska), 1-29 (2013).

39.Hongyang Ma, Benjamin S. Hsiao and Benjamin Chu, “Electrospun Nanofibrous Membrane for Heavy Metal Ion Adsorption”, Current Organic Chemistry, 17 (13), 1361-1370 (2013).

40.Jia-Zhuang Xu, Gan-Ji Zhong, Benjamin S. Hsiao and Zhong-Ming Li, “Low-dimensional Carbonaceous Nanofiller Induced Polymer Crystallization”, Prog. Polym. Sci., 39(3), 555-593 (2014).

41.Ran Wang, Benjamin S. Hsiao and Benjamin Chu, “Electrospun Nanofibers for Environmental Applications”, Chapter 13 Liquid Filtration, Electrospun Nanofibers for Energy and Environmental Applications (ed. Bin Ding and Jianyong Yu), Springer Publishing, 325-354 (2014).

42.X. Wang, B. S. Hsiao, “Electrospun Nanofiber Membranes”, Current Opinion In Chemical Engineering 12, 62-81 (2016).

43.Zhaohui Tang, Chaoliang He, Huayu Tian, Jianxun Ding, Benjamin S. Hsiao, Benjamin Chu and Xuesi Chen, “Polymeric Nanostructured Materials for Biomedical Applications”, Progress in Polymer Science, 60, 86-128 (2016).

44.B. S. Hsiao, “Nanostructure Development in Semicrystalline Polymers by X-ray Scattering Techniques using Synchrotron Radiations”, in Mechanical Properties of Polymers relating to Nano-Structure and Morphology, 91, 27-79, CRC Press (2016).

45.Lihong Geng, Ali Naderi, Yimin Mao, Chengbo Zhan, Priyanka Sharma, Xiangfang Peng and Benjamin S. Hsiao “Rheological Properties of Jute-Based Cellulose Nanofibers under Different Ionic Conditions” in Nanocelluloses: Their Preparation, Properties, and Applications, ACS Symposium Series, Vol. 1251, Chapter 6, pp 113-132 (2017).

46.Hongyang Ma and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Current Advances on Nanofiber Membranes for Water Purification Applications”, Filtering Media by Electrospinning (Focarete M., Gualandi C., Ramakrishna S. eds), 24-46, Springer (2018).

47.Hongyang Ma, Christian Burger, Benjamin Chu and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Electrospun Nanofibers for Environmental Protection: Water Purification”, in Handbook of Fibrous Materials Vol 2 (editor: Hu), in press, WILEY-VCH, Weinheim (2018). 

48.Yimin Mao, Benjamin S. Hsiao, Benjamin Chu “Static and Dynamic Light Scattering”, in Methodologies and Protocols For Nanomaterials: A Comprehensive Reference (ed. Yu Han) in a Book Series entitled "Nanoscience And Nanotechnology”, by World Scientific Publishing (Wsp) and Imperial College Press, Vol. 4, Chapter 8, 335-374, (2018).

49.Hongyang Ma and Benjamin S. Hsiao, “Electrospun Nanofibrous Membranes for Desalination”, in Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes: Membrane Desalination Systems: The Next Generation, (Editors: Efrem Curcio, Inamuddin, Angelo Basile), Chapter 4, 81-104, Elsevier (2018).