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R.E.D.I. Resources for Cultural Consciousness


A Class Divided

Assessing Multicultural Knowledge, Attitudes, Skills and Comfort: Medical Education for a Changing World

Bias in the Classroom: Types, Frequencies and Responses

Chestler, Mark,   Amanda E. Lewis, and   James E. Crowfoot.   2005. Challenging Racism in Higher Education: Promoting Justice .   Boulder, CO: Roman & Littlefield

Creating an Anti-bias Learning Environment

Dartmouth Center for the Advancement of Learning

Examples of Microaggression

Hall, Ruth L, Oglesby, Carole A. (2016) “Stepping through the Looking Glass: the Future for Women in Sports” Sex Roles 74(7):271-274

Hughey, Matthew W.,   David G. Embrick, and   Ashley Woody Doane.   2015. “ Paving the Way for Future Race Research: Exploring the Racial Mechanisms within a Color-Blind, Racism and the Racialized Social System .”   American Behavioral Scientist   59 ( 11): 134757.

Implicit Bias in the Classroom

Incidents of Bias in College Classrooms: Instructor and Student Perceptions

Interview Questions Regarding Diversity

Kohli, Rita   2012b. “ Racial Pedagogy of the Oppressed: Critical Interracial Dialogue for Teachers of Color.”   Equity & Excellence in Education   45 ( 1): 18196.

Lewis, Amanda E.  and   John Diamond.   2015.   Despite the Best Intentions: How Racial Inequality Thrives in Good Schools .   New York: Oxford University Press.

McGee, Ebony, Bhoomi K. Thakore, and Sandra LaBlance. 2016. “The Burden of Being Model: Racialized Experiences among Asian STEM Students.”  Journal of Diversity in Higher Education DOI:

McIntosh, Peggy. “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack.” Peace and Freedom. 1989 July/August.

Microaggression and “Evidence”; Empirical or Experiential Reality?

Microaggression Experienced by Persons with Mental Illness: An Exploratory Study

Nadal, Kevin L.   2011. “ The Racial and Ethnic Microaggressions Scale (REMS): Construction, reliability, and validity .”   Journal of Counseling Psychology   58 ( 4): 47080.

Nadal, Kevin L.,   Yinglee Wong,   Katie E. Griffin,   Kristin Davidoff  and,   Julie Sriken.   2014b. “ The Adverse Impact of Racial Microaggressions on College Students' Self-esteem.”   Journal of college student development   55 ( 5): 461474.

Pérez Huber, Lindsay  and   Daniel G. Solorzano.   2015. “ Racial Microaggressions as a Tool for Critical Race Research.”   Race Ethnicity, and Education   18 ( 3): 297320.

Racial Macroaggressions and Daily Well-Being among Asian Americans

Racial Microaggression in Everyday Life

Solorzano, Daniel,   Miguel Ceja, and   Tara Yosso.   2000. “ Critical Race Theory, Racial Microaggressions, and Campus Racial Climate: The Experiences of African American College Students .”   Journal of Negro Education 69 ( 1/2): 6073.

Some Practical Ideas for Confronting Curricular Bias

Students See Many Slights as Racial ‘Microaggression’

Sue, Derald Wing,   Christina M. Capodilupo,   Gina C. Torino,   Jennifer M. Bucceri,   Aisha Holder,   Kevin L. Nadal, and   Marta Esquilin.   2007. “ Racial Microaggression in Everyday Life: Implications for Clinical Practice.”   American Psychologist   62 : 27187.

Sue, Derald. W. (2015). Race talk and the conspiracy of silence: understanding and facilitating difficult dialogues on race. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishers

Sue, Derald. W. (2015). Therapeutic harm and cultural oppression. The Counseling Psychologist, 43, 359-369.

Take the Implicit Bias Test

The National Center for Cultural Competence

The Perception Institute

Tough Times: Adult Educators, Microaggressions, and the Work Context

Understanding Implicit Bias

Understanding implicit bias.

Yosso, Tara J.,   William A. Smith,   Miguel Ceja, and   Daniel G. Solórzano.   2009. “ Critical Race Theory, Racial Microaggressions, and Campus Racial Climate for Latina/o Undergraduates .”   Harvard Educational Review 79 ( 4): 65990.




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