Kamal Sridhar

Associate Professor




Dr. Sridhar is currently an associate professor in the department of Asian and Asian American Studies and Linguistics. She is recognized for her research on maintenance of languages and cultures among Asian Indian linguistic communities and on World Englishes. In addition to her book on English in Indian Bilingualism (New Delhi: Manohar, 1989), she has published 30+ articles in major journals and as invited chapters in teacher training textbooks. She is currently working on a book on language maintenance among the Thanjavur Marathi speakers, who have maintained their language for over 300+ years as migrants within and outside India. She has been invited to present her work on language maintenance among linguistic minorities from India all over the world, including Colombia, Greece, Japan, Thailand, Japan, Hongkong, and all over the USA and India.

Dr. Kamal K. Sridhar received her MA in TESOL and Ph.D. in Applied Linguistics from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. From 1986 to 1997. Dr. Sridhar directed the undergraduate and graduate TESOL program and served as the Director of ESL at Stony Brook University. From 1981-1986, Dr. Sridhar taught undergraduate and graduate TESOL courses at CUNY-Queens College, and also supervised the teaching practicum of student teachers. From 1989 to 1995, Dr. Sridhar served on the Editorial Board of TESOL Quarterly, a journal devoted to ESL teaching and research. Since 1997, Dr. Sridhar has been on the editorial advisory board of Encarta of World Englishes (St. Martin’s Press) and Webster’s Dictionary.


a.   Books

English in Indian bilingualism. New Delhi: Manohar. 1989.

Ethnicity and Language Maintenance:  The Case of Thanjavur Marathi in South India (Forthcoming)

Monographs (with S. N. Sridhar), Annual Benefit Dinner of the Center for India Studies:

2006: India in 2,020

2005:  India on the Move                

2004: Passage to India                                                        

2003: Creating Global Knowledge: The Role of India                                                        

2002: The Indian Diaspora

2001: Dance Traditions of India                                        

2000: Languages & Writings in India

1999: Sacred Architecture of India

1998: Ancient Indian Education

b.   Invited Chapters in Edited Volumes

 “Diglossia and Multilingualism in Urban Contexts” in  The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistic, edited by Carol Chapelle. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing (In preparation).

 South Asian English.  In  A Companion to the History of the English Language ( Blackwell Companions to Literature and Culture) edited by Momma, Haruko, and Matto, Michael. London:  Basil Blackwell Publishers, 2008, pages 404-412.

 “South Asian Diaspora in the UK and the US”. In  Language in South Asia, edited by Braj B. Kachru, Yamuna Kachru and S. N. Sridhar.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 2008, pages 515-533.

 "At home with English: Assimilation and Adaptation of Asian Indians in the United States" (with S. N. Sridhar).  In Language Diversity: Problem or Resource, edited by Sandra Mckay and C.S-L Wong, Cambridge:   Cambridge University Press, 2000, Pp. 369-392. 


“Asian Indian Communities in the United States.  In  Ananya: A Portrait of India, edited by S. N.  Sridhar and Nirmal K. Mattoo, New York:  Association of Indians in America, 1997, Pp. 861-880.  

"The Languages of India in New York".  In  The Multilingual Apple , edited by Ofelia Garcia and Joshua  A. Fishman. Berlin: Walter De Gruyter & Co. 1997, Pp. 194-212. 

"Societal Multilingualism" in  Sociolinguistics and Language Teaching, edited by Sandra Mckay and Nancy Hornberger,Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press. 1996, Pp. 47-70. 

 "Pragmatics of South Asian English: An Empirical Study" In  South Asian English: Structure, Use, and Users, edited by Robert. Baumgardner.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1996, Pp. 141-157.

 "Indigenized Englishes as Second languages: Toward a Functional Theory of Second Language Acquisition in Multilingual Contexts". In  Second Language Acquisition: Sociocultural and Linguistic Aspects of English in India, edited by Ramakanth K. Agnihotri and A.L. Khanna (eds.) . New Delhi: Sage Publications. 1994, Pp. 41-63.

 "Indian Languages in Diaspora: Kannadigas and Gujaratis in New York".  In   Proceedings of  the International Conference on the Maintenance of Indian Languages and Cultures Abroad .  Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages. 1994, pp. 262-271.

 "Meaning, Means, Maintenance".  In  Language and Social Meaning:  Georgetown University Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics 1992 , edited by James E. Alatis,  Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1993, Pp. 56-65.

 "The Empire Strikes Back: English as a Non‑Native Language"(with S.N. Sridhar).   In  Plurilingua XII: Bilingualism and Minorities, edited by Peter Nelde.  Brussels:  International Research Center on Multilingualism, 1992, [Add Pp.

 "Bilingual Education in India" In  Festschrift for Joshua A. Fishman, Vol 1: Focus on Bilingual Education, edited by Ofelia  Garcia, London: John Benjamins, 1991, Pp.  89‑101.

 "Speech acts in an indigenized variety: socio‑cultural values and language variation" In  English Around the World: Sociolinguistic Perspectives, edited by Jenny Cheshire (ed.), London: Cambridge University Press, 1990, 308‑318.

 "Pragmatic differences between native and indigenized varieties: Requesting in Indian English" In J. Walsh (ed.) Synchronic and Diachronic Approaches to Linguistic Variation and Change. Washington, D.C.: GUP. 1989, 326‑341.

 "Language Policy and Planning: The case of Minority Languages in Indian Education" In Peter H. Nelde (eds.) Plurilingua, Vol. 10.  Brussels:  International Research Center on Multilingualism, 1989, Pp. 1‑20.

 "Cognitive Educational Psychology and Second Language Teaching Strategies" In  Perspectives on English Language Teaching, edited by   Jane Ure and S. Velayudhan  , New Delhi:  Macmillan, 1984, Pp.  130‑142.  

 "English in a South Indian Urban Context" in  The Other Tongue: English Across Cultures , edited by Braj B. Kachru,Urbana: U of Illinois Press, 1982, 141‑153.


            Second edition , 1983

             Paperback edition, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1983.

 "Pragmatics and Language Assessment" in  Communication Assessment of the  Bilingual Bicultural Child: Issues and Guidelines, edited by J.G. Erickson and D. Omark.  Baltimore, MD: University Park Press, 1981, Pp. 199‑219.   

"Language assessment and evaluation" (with H.T. Trueba),  in  Bilingual Education for Latinos, edited by L. A. Valverde, Washington,  D.C.:  Association for Supervision and Curriculum Develop­ment, 1978, Pp.  35‑50.      

a.   Refereed Journal Articles

“Societal Multilingualism, World Englishes: their Implications for TESOL”, [Check title] Special Issue, [Check Issue theme, if any]  Indian Journal of Applied Linguistics (IJOAL) , edited by Ravi Sheorey and Bhaskaran Nayar,  28.2, 2002, Pp. 83-100. 

“Literacy, Minority Languages, and Multilingualism in India” (with Yamuna Kachru).   Studies in the

            Linguistic Sciences, 30:1, 2000, Pp.  149-165.

"Languages in Education: Minorities and Multilingualism in India" in  International Review of Education (published for the UNESCO Institute for education, Hamburg, Germany, by Springer), Special edition, edited by N. Labrie and S. Churchill, 42.4, 1996, Pp.  327-347.

"Mother Tongue Maintenance and Multiculturalism,"  TESOL Quarterly, 28.3, June 1994, Pp. 628-632.

"Language Maintenance by Asian Indians in the U.S.:  Kannada speakers in the New York Area"  International Journal of the Sociology of Language. Vol. 69, 1988, Pp.  73‑87.

"Language as Medium and Symbol in the Early Novels of V. S. Naipaul,"  Journal of Indian Writing in English. Vol. 15.1, 1987, Pp.  13‑23.

 "Bridging the Paradigm Gap:  Second Language Acquisition Theory and Indigenized Varieties of English" (with S.N. Sridhar),  World Englishes, Vol. 5.1, 1986, Pp. 3‑14.              

"Sociolinguistic Theory and Non‑native Varieties of English"  Lingua, Vol. 68.1, 1986, Pp. 85‑104.

"Bilingualism in South Asia: Regional Profile and Verbal Repertoires"  Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, Vol. 6, Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1986, Pp.  169‑186.      

"The Syntax and Psycholinguistics of Bilingual Code‑Mixing" (with S.N. Sridhar), In  Canadian Journal of Psychology, Vol. 34.4, 1980, Pp. 409‑418. 

"Language Testing in Bilingual Education: A Critical Analysis" in  Bilingual Resources , Vol. 3.3, 1980, Pp.  30‑36.

"English in the Socio‑cultural Context of India" in  Studies in Language Learning, Vol. 2.2, Spring 1979, Pp.  63‑79.  

Review Articles, Reviews and Book Notices  

"Language Maintenance/Shift among Ethno‑linguistic Minorities in the U.S."  Ethnic Materials and Information Exchange (EMIE) Bulletin.  American Library Association, 1989, 1‑6.

Readings  in English as an International Language (1983) edited by Larry Smith. Oxford and New York: Pergamon Press.  In  RELC (Regional English Language Center) Journal, Vol. 16.1, June 1985, Pp. 101‑106.

English in South Asia: A Bibliographical Survey of Resources, (1981), by N.K. Aggarwal.          Gurgaon: Indian Documentation Service. In  RELC (Regional English Language Center) Journal , Vol. 15.1, June 1984, P.116. 

Indian Bilingualism, (1977) edited by M. G. Sharma and S. Kumar. Agra: Kendriya Hindi Sansthan (Central Institute of Hindi). In  Language and Development: An International Perspective , Vol. 1, 1980, Pp.9‑10.  

The Spread of English, (1977) edited by Joshua .A. Fishman, R.L. Cooper and A.S. Conrad. Rowley, MA:         

Newbury House. In  TESOL Quarterly, Vol. 13.3, 1979, Pp.413‑415.

The Indianization of English, (1983) by B.B. Kachru. Delhi: Oxford University Press. In:     American           Association of Applied Linguistics Newsletter, 1984.

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