Senator Jacob K. Javits Collection
Manuscript Collection 285

Series Descriptions

Series 1 - Press Files. 1940-1983, n.d. 49 ft.

Arranged alphabetically or chronologically.

The Press Files series consists of articles by and about Jacob K. Javits, biographies of Jacob K. and Marion B. Javits, brochures, constituent form letters, correspondence, draft speeches, letters to editors, memoranda, political ratings, press releases, radio and television transcripts, reports, and speeches.

The subseries within this series are:
1. Press Releases
2. Press Secretary

The bulk of the material reflects Javits' career in the U.S. House of Representatives (1947-1955), as State of New York Attorney General (1955-1957), and as U.S. Senator (1957-1981). In addition, there are a few articles that trace his thoughts and ideas from 1940 through 1946, as well as several items from the post-Senate period.

Microfilms of press releases are available for the period 1949-1975 (see Series 6, Subseries 4, Microfilm.

Series 1 - Press Files
Subseries 1 - Press Releases. 1940-1983, n.d. 34 ft.

Arranged chronologically.

The Press Releases subseries consists of press releases issued by Jacob K. Javits while holding elected office, articles by and about Jacob K. Javits (which are indicated with an asterisk), and radio and television transcripts. Copies of some of the original audio or video recordings are in Series 14, Subseries 1, Audio, and Subseries 2, Video. The Press Releases subseries includes Javits' service in the U.S. House of Representatives (1947-1955), as State of New York Attorney General (1955-1957), and in the U.S. Senate (1957-1981).

Series l - Press Files.
Subseries 2 - Press Secretary. 1948-1980. 15 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Press Secretary subseries consists of memoranda prepared by the office of Jacob K. Javits' press secretary, articles by and about Javits, biographies of Jacob K. and Marion B. Javits, brochures, constituent form letters, correspondence, draft speeches, letters to editors, political ratings, reports, and speeches.

Staff members associated with the press secretary's office include Don Alloway, Donald Kellermann, Roy Millenson, Kaye Phillips, Ed Pinto, Bill Ryan, Alan Steele-Nicholson, and Peter Teeley.

Series 2 - Bills. 1947-1980, n.d. 90 ft.

Arranged chronologically by Congress.

The Bills series consists of copies of bills that Jacob K. Javits sponsored or cosponsored, as well as bills to which he offered amendments. In addition, this series contains correspondence and research notes pertaining to many of Javits' bills. The correspondence falls into two categories: two-thirds is constituent letters and copies of Javits' replies. Many of these replies are form responses, which have been sampled. The remaining one-third consists of replies from scholars and experts to whom Javits sent copies of his bills for comment.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Arthur F. Burns, Douglas Dillon, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Henry Ford, Helen Hayes, Clare Booth Luce, George Meany, and David Rockefeller.

Jacob K. Javits served in the U.S. Congress from 1947 through 1980, except for the 84th Congress, when he served as Attorney General of the State of New York. The Bills series contains materials from the 80th through the 96th Congresses.

Series 3 - Subjects. 1949-1980. 60 ft.

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

The Subjects series consists of background material that Jacob K. Javits maintained for reference purposes. This series contains background memoranda written by members of Javits' staff. It also includes annotated materials and other subject materials in which Javits had a particular interest. In addition, it includes correspondence, particularly replies to Javits' inquiries concerning his legislative initiatives.

These materials were apparently filed in Javits' office in approximately thirty-five broad subject categories. Some subject categories contained very few files. The subject categories have been merged as follows, with some sample files:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Civil Rights (International Women's Year, women's organizations)
  3. Communications
  4. Economy (consumers, Internal Revenue Service, taxes)
  5. Education
  6. Energy
  7. Environment
  8. Foreign Affairs (Immigration, Puerto Rico)
  9. Government Affairs (Political parties, Senate committees)
  10. Health and Safety (Medical profession, Recreation, Sports)
  11. Housing
  12. Judiciary and Law (Antitrust, Congressional Counsel, Constitutional Amendments, Courts, Crime, Ethics, Law Enforcement)
  13. Labor
  14. Military
  15. Social Services
  16. Transportation (Mass Transit, Space, Trains)
  17. Urban Affairs

Series 4 - Committees. 1946-1983. 295 ft.

Arranged alphabetically, some alphabetically by subject, and some alphabetically by committee.

The Committees series consists of bills and drafts of bills, correspondence, memoranda, notes, press releases, reports, speeches, statements, and telegrams relating to Javits' committee assignments. This series also contains files on Javits' constituents' concerns that were referred to other congressional committees.

The subseries within this series are:

  1. Foreign Policy-Economic
  2. Foreign Policy-Political
  3. Human Resources
  4. Governmental Affairs
  5. Small Business
  6. Joint Economic
  7. Miscellaneous

Javits served on the House Foreign Affairs Committee and on numerous Senate standing and select committees, as well as on joint congressional committees, as indicated below. For further information regarding committee and subcommittee memberships, consult the annual volumes of the Congressional Directory and the Congressional Staff Directory.

Javits' Standing, Select and Joint Committee Assignments:

  • House
    • Foreign Affairs, 1947-1954.
  • Senate
    • Appropriations, 1967-1968.
    • Banking and Currency, 1959-1964.
    • District of Columbia, 1957-1958.
    • Foreign Relations, 1969-1980.
    • Government Operations - see Governmental Affairs
    • Governmental Affairs, 1977-1980; previously Government Operations, 1961-1976.
    • Human Resources - see Labor and Human Resources.
    • Judiciary, 1965-1966.
    • Labor and Human Resources, 1979-1980; previously Labor and Public Welfare, 1959-1976; and Human Resources, 1977-1978.
    • Labor and Public Welfare - see Labor and Human Resources.
    • Rules and Administration, 1957-1958.
    • Select Committee on Educational Equal Opportunity, 1971-1974.
    • Select Committee on Small Business, 1967-1977.
  • Joint Congressional Committees
    • Joint Committee on Printing, 1957-1958.
    • Joint Economic Committee, 1959-1980.

There are related records in other series. Documents pertaining to bills that Javits sponsored or cosponsored are in Series 2, Bills. Constituent correspondence regarding specific bills may also be found in Series 6, Subseries 2, Legislative Responses. Materials on foreign policy may be found in Series 9, J Files.

Series 4 - Committees.
Subseries 1 - Foreign Policy-Economic. 1957-1980. 71 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Foreign Policy-Economic subseries consists of bills and drafts of bills, correspondence, memoranda, notes, press releases on economic foreign policy, reports, speeches, and telegrams.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Jimmy Carter, John C. Danforth, Stuart E. Eizenstat, Ken Guenther, Hubert H. Humphrey, Daniel Inouye, Benjamin A. Javits, Nevil Jones, Estes Kefauver, Win Kelly, Edward M. Kennedy, Henry A. Kissinger, G. William Miller, Dick Moose, Wayne L. Morse, Forrest D. Murden, Charles H. Percy, Williarn Proxmire, Abraham A. Ribicoff, William D. Rogers, William M. Simon, John J. Sparkman, Robert Strauss, Stuart Symington, Harry S. Truman, and Cyrus R. Vance, and staff members Frank Ballance, Peter Cusick, Jacques Gorlin, Donald Kellermann, John Rosenbaum, Dan Szabo, and P. Teeley.

Series 4 - Committees.
Subseries 2 - Foreign Policy-Political. 1950-1980. 66 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Foreign Policy-Political subseries consists of bills and drafts of bills, correspondence, draft and final speeches, memoranda, news clippings, press releases, reports, and telegrams regarding foreign policy.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, J. Brian Atwood, Warren Christopher, Arthur J. Goldberg, Don Herr, Win Kelly, Edward M. Kennedy, Henry A. Kissinger, Ester Kurz, George S. McGovern, Mike Mansfield, Edmund S. Muskie, Elliot L. Richardson, John J. Sparkman, Stuart Symington, John Wayne, Andrew Young, and staff members Pete Lakeland, John A. Scales, Winslow T. Wheeler, and Donald Zimmerman.

Series 4 - Committees.
Subseries 3 - Human Resources. 1946-1983. 85 ft.

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

The Human Resources subseries consists of articles, bills and drafts of bills, correspondence, memoranda, news clippings, notes, press releases, reports, speeches, statements, and telegrams.

  • Materials are arranged in the following subject categories:
    • Arts
    • Collective Bargaining
    • Economic Opportunity
    • Education
    • Employment Discrimination
    • Fair Labor Standards
    • Health
    • Labor and Public Welfare-General
    • Manpower
    • Occupational Health and Safety
    • Pensions

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, I.W. Abel, Griffin Bell, Merton Bernstein, W.A. (Tony) Boyle, Peter J. Brennan, John T. Dunlop, John Heinz, III, James D. Hutchinson, Coretta Scott King, F. Ray Marshall, Ralph Nader, Eleanor Holmes Norton, William J. Usery, Caspar W. Weinberger, and staff members Frank Cummings, Gregory Fusco, Michael Gordon, Larry Greenberg, Eugene Mittleman, James J. O'Connell, John A. Scales, and Peter Turza.

Series 4 - Committees.
Subseries 4 - Governmental Affairs. 1951-1980. 49 ft

Arranged alphabetically.

The Governmental Affairs subseries consists of bills and drafts of bills, correspondence, memoranda, news clippings, notes, reports, statements, and telegrams.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, McGeorge Bundy, Charles E. Goodell, Armand Hammer, Hubert H. Humphrey, Henry M. Jackson, Edward M. Kennedy, John L. McClellan, Harry Marley, Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Karl E. Mundt, Edmund S. Muskie, Charles H. Percy, Abraham A. Ribicoff, Elliot Roosevelt, Frank Zarb, and staff members Alan R. Bennett, John Childers, Brian Conboy, and Gary Klein.

Series 4 - Committees.
Subseries 5 - Small Business. 1960-1977. 12 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Small Business subseries consists of correspondence, loan information, memoranda, records and statements of small business hearings, reports, and small business legislation.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Gaylord Nelson and staff members John Adams, Patricia Jacobs, and Judah C. Sommers.

Series 4 - Committees.
Subseries 6 - Joint Economic Committee. 1946-1978. 5 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Joint Economic Committee subseries consists of bills and drafts of bills, correspondence, draft and final speeches, memoranda, news clippings, press releases, reports, and telegrams.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to Hale Boggs, Richard Boiling, Jack Brooks, Clarence Brown, Arthur F. Burns, Prescott S. Bush, Thomas Curtis, Douglas Dillon, Paul H. Douglas, Douglas Frechtling, Kermit Gordon, Matthew Hale, Walter Heller, Benjamin A. Javits, William Sumner Johnson, James Knowles, Juanita M. Kreps, John W. Lehman, Russell B. Long, John L. McClellan, John W. McCormack, Wright Patman, Charles H. Percy, Carl Perkins, William Proxmire, Henry S. Reuss, John J. Sparkman, John R. Stark, Daniel Webster, Clement J. Zablocki, and staff members Robert Aten, Herbert Blitz, Steven Entin, Robert Kaufman, George Krumbhaar, M. Catherine Miller, and Dan Szabo.

Series 4 - Committees.
Subseries 7 - Miscellaneous Committees. 1957-1979. 8 ft.

Arranged alphabetically by committee.

The Miscellaneous Committees subseries consists primarily of constituent correspondence that was referred for comment to various House and Senate committees. This subseries also contains files on Senate Republican Party committees (11, 32, 33), as well as a file on Javits' committee assignments (21) and on the North Atlantic Assembly (26).

Materials are arranged alphabetically by folder title according to the list of committees below.

  • Committees
    • Aeronautical and Space Sciences (Senate Committee)
    • Agriculture and Forestry (Senate Committee)
    • Appropriations (House Committee)
    • Appropriations (Senate Committee) {1967-1968}
    • Armed Services (Senate Committee)
    • Armed Services (Senate Committee)
    • Atomic Energy (Joint Committee of the House and Senate)
    • Banking and Currency (House Committee)
    • Banking and Currency (Senate Committee) {1959-1964}
    • Commerce (Senate Committee)
    • Committee on Committees (Special Committee of the Republican Conference Committee)
    • District of Columbia (House Committee) {1957-1958}
    • Finance (Senate Committee)
    • Foreign Affairs (House Committee) { 1947- 1954}
    • Interior and Insular Affairs (House Committee)
    • Interior and Insular Affairs (Senate Committee)
    • Internal Revenue and Taxation (Joint Committee of the House and Senate)
    • Internal Security (Senate Committee)
    • Interstate and Foreign Commerce (House Committee)
    • Interstate and Foreign Commerce (Senate Committee)
    • Investigation (Senate Committee)
    • Javits Committee Assignments
    • Joint Committee on Printing (Joint Committee of the House and Senate) {1957-1958}
    • Judiciary (House Committee)
    • Judiciary (Senate Committee) {1965-1966}
    • Merchant Marine and Fisheries (House Committee)
    • North Atlantic Assembly
    • Nutrition and Human Needs (Senate Committee) {1969-1970}
    • Post Office and Civil Service (House Committee)
    • Post Office and Civil Service (Senate Committee)
    • Printing (Joint Committee of the House and Senate)
    • Public Works (Senate Committee)
    • Republican Conference (Senate Committee)
    • Republican Policy (Senate Committee) { 1967-1968, 1973-1980}
    • Rules and Administration (Senate Committee) {1957-1958}
    • Un-American Activities (House Committee)
    • Veterans Affairs (House Committee)
    • Water Resources (Senate Committee)
    • Ways and Means (House Committee)

Series 5 - Campaigns. 1940-1980. 38 ft.

Arranged chronologically, then alphabetically within each year.

The Campaigns series consists of bills, campaign literature, correspondence, draft and final speeches, memoranda, news clippings, notes, position papers, press releases, reports, schedules, statistics, telegrams, and transcripts. Campaign memorabilia may also be found in Series 15, Memorabilia.

The subseries within this series are:
1. Javits Campaigns
2. Campaigns of Other Politicians

Series 5 - Campaigns.
Subseries 1 - Javits Campaigns. 1949-1980. 18 ft.

Arranged chronologically, then alphabetically within each year.

The Javits Campaign subseries consists of campaign literature, correspondence, draft and final speeches, memoranda, news clippings, notes, position papers, press releases, reports, schedules, statistics, telegrams, and transcripts.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to John Sherman Cooper, Everett M. Dirksen, Ralph E. Flanders, Christian A. Herter, Irving M. Ives, Benjamin A. Javits, William S. Levitt, John V. Lindsay, Joseph Martin, Jr., Wayne L. Morse, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Samuel Roman, Michael Straight, Laurence A. Tisch, and Jack L. Warner.

Series 5 - Campaigns.
Subseries 2 - Campaigns of Other Politicians. 1940-1980. 20 ft.

Arranged chronologically, then alphabetically within each year.

The Campaigns of Other Politicians subseries contains general material on politicians' campaigns as well as material on politicians against whom Javits ran for office. There is material in the subseries that deals with presidential, gubernatorial, and mayoral elections as well as material from the Republican National Cornmittee. This subseries consists of bills, campaign literature, correspondence, drafts and final speeches, memoranda, news clippings, notes, position papers, press releases, reports, telegrams, and transcripts.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Styles Bridges, John Connally, Robert J. Dole, Everett McKinley Dirksen, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Barry Goldwater, Philip A. Hart, John F. Kennedy, Mike Mansfield, Richard M. Nixon, Larry Pressler, Hugh Scott, and Theodore F. Stevens.

Series 6 - Constituent Correspondence. 1960-1980. 108 ft.

Arranged alphabetically, chronologically or by a Library of Congress (LC) Category System.

The Constituent Correspondence series consists of correspondence from constituents as well as from national and world leaders. The correspondence concerns general issues, government agencies, grants, policy questions, projects, and specific bills. Subseries 1 has been sampled. Some materials from the other subseries were discarded prior to transfer to State University of New York at Stony Brook.

The subseries within this series are:
1. Library of Congress (LC) Category System
2. Legislative Responses
3. Issues
4. Microfilm

Constituent correspondence may also be found in other series, especially Series 9 and Series 10.

Series 6 - Constituent Correspondence.
Subseries 1 - Library of Congress (LC) Category System. 1960- (1962, 1972) -1975. 50 ft.

Arranged alphabetically by a Library of Congress Category System.

The Library of Congress (LC) Category System subseries consists of constituent correspondence, and is arranged as follows:

  1. Agriculture, Boxes 1-5
  2. Budget and Economy, Boxes 5-12
  3. Civil Defense and Armed Forces, Boxes 12-16
  4. Civil Rights and Liberties, Boxes 16-20
  5. Commerce and Industries, Boxes 20-28
  6. Crime, Boxes 28-30
  7. Education and Public Welfare, Boxes 3048
  8. Foreign Policy, Boxes 48-89
  9. Judicial, Boxes 89-91
  10. Immigration, Box 91
  11. Housing, Boxes 91-92
  12. Labor, Boxes 92-99
  13. Miscellaneous, Box 99
  14. Natural Resources, Boxes 100-103
  15. Post Office and Civil Service, Boxes 104-106
  16. Social Security and Aging, Boxes 106-109
  17. Taxes, Boxes 109-115
  18. Veterans, Boxes 115-117
    Form Letters, Boxes 118-120

The files for 1962 and 1972 are complete. The remainder of this subseries has been sampled, and only unique responses with attached correspondence have been retained. Folders containing correspondence completing the legislative background files have not been sampled. Files for several years in the late 1960's and early 1970's are incomplete due to damage or loss in shipment.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Douglas Dillon, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Henry Ford, Orville L. Freeman, J. William Fulbright, W. Averell Harriman, Felipe Herrara, Christian Herter, Luther H. Hodges, Robert F. Kennedy, Clare Booth Luce, Robert S. McNamara, George Meany, George Moore, Forrest D. Murden, Edward R. Murrow, Ferenc Nagy, Richard M. Nixon, Elliot L. Richardson, David Rockefeller, Nelson A. Rockefeller, William D. Rogers, Walt W. Rostow, Dan Ruge, Dean Rusk, F. Cardinal Spellman, Benjamin Spock, U Thant, and Harold Wilson.

Series 6 - Constituent Correspondence.
Subseries 2 - Legislative Responses. 1976-1980. 16 ft.

Arranged numerically by a computer indexing system or alphabetically.

The Legislative Responses subseries consists of constituent correspondence regarding specific bills during the period 1976-1980.

Materials are arranged numerically according to a Correspondence Management System (CMS), which was used in Senator Javits' office from 1976 to 1980. The first four digits were merely sequential, indicating the order in which correspondence was received and logged in. The final two or three digits indicated the topic of the correspondence or the type of response required, as well as the year. This series contains correspondence relating to legislation (numbers ending in the digit "2"). See Appendices for further information.

Series 6 - Constituent Correspondence.
Subseries 3 - Issues. 1976-1980. 42 ft.

Arranged numerically by a computer indexing system.

The Issues subseries consists of constituent correspondence regarding general issues and policy questions. Correspondence on government agencies, grants, and projects is included. Case files and some correspondence were discarded before transfer to State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Materials are arranged numerically according to a Correspondence Management System (CMS), which was used in Senator Javits' office from 1976 to 1980. The first four digits were merely sequential, indicating the order in which correspondence was received and logged in. The final two or three digits indicated the topic of the correspondence or the type of response required, as well as the year. This series contains correspondence relating to issues, cases, grants and projects (numbers ending in the digit "1"). See Appendices for further information

Series 6 - Constituent Correspondence.
Subseries 4 - Microfilm. 1949-1980. 233 items.

Arranged chronologically.

The Microfilm subseries consists of microfilm copies of:

  1. Constituent correspondence with Jacob K. Javits, 1965-1975, reels #1-107 and #109-201 (reel #108 is missing).
  2. Congressional Microfilming Service name reports, 1976-1978, and 1980, reels #202-220; Congressional Microfilming Service topic reports for 1976, reels #221-225.
  3. Press releases covering most of Javits' years in the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate, 1949-1975, reels #226-234. Original press releases are contained in Series 1, Subseries 1.

Consult the Appendix for additional information.

Series 7 - Departments. 1958-(1968-1974)-1980. 27 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Departments series consists primarily of constituent requests for information or assistance that Senator Javits' office referred for reply ("bucked") to appropriate government departments or members of the Senator's staff. This series also includes correspondence, memoranda, news clippings, notes, reports, statements, and telegrams. Many files were discarded before transfer to State University of New York at Stony Brook. Routine constituent correspondence has been sampled, and only a representative sample is retained.

Materials are arranged alphabetically by topic or agency. At the end of the series are case files arranged numerically according to a Correspondence Management System (CMS), which was used in Senator Javits' office from 1976 to 1980. The first four digits were merely sequential, indicating the order in which correspondence was received and logged in. The final two or three digits indicated the topic of the correspondence or the type of response required, as well as the year. This series contains correspondence from 1980 relating to "Bucked Cases," that is, cases which were "bucked" or passed on to various government departments for a reply. All CMS numbers in this series end in the digits "84." See Appendices for further information.

Series 8 - Pre-Senate. 1928-1958. 18 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Pre-Senate series covers correspondence, memoranda, and research files. The series includes the period that Jacob K. Javits practiced law with his brother, Benjamin A. Javits, in the firm of Javits and Javits. Also included are materials from Jacob K. Javits' years in the Chemical Warfare Service of the U.S. Army (first as a civilian aide and later as a commissioned officer), from Javits' service in the U.S. House of Representatives, and from his career as Attorney General of the State of New York.

The subseries in this series are:
1. Pre-House
2. House of Representatives
3. Attorney General

Series 8 - Pre-Senate.
Subseries 1 - Pre-House. 1928-1946. 4 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Pre-House subseries contains material covering the years before Javits held elected political office. Included is material on such matters as Javits' service with the Chemical Warfare Service during World War II, amendment proposals for anti-trust laws, his law career, his support for Jewish philanthropies, and some family correspondence. This subseries consists of appointment calendars, clippings, correspondence, drafts of articles, information booklets, memoranda, press releases, resolutions, speeches and drafts of speeches, and telegrams.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Benjamin A. Javits, David K. Niles, and Harold L. Zellerbach.

Series 8 - Pre-Senate.
Subseries 2 - House of Representatives. 1945-1956. 11 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The House of Representatives subseries consists of bills and drafts of bills, correspondence, government documents, invitations, memoranda, news clippings, notes, press releases, and speeches and drafts of speeches. This subseries documents Javits' involvement in such foreign policy issues as the birth of Israel, World War II refugees and U.S. immigration law, and the rebuilding of postwar Europe.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Ralph E. Flanders, Christian A. Herter, Hubert H. Humphrey, Irving M. Ives, Benjamin A. Javits, Eric M. Javits, John V. Lindsay, John J. McCloy, Thruston B. Morton, and Harold L. Zellerbach.

Series 8 - Pre-Senate.
Subseries 3 - Attorney General. 1947-1958. 3 ft.

The Attorney General subseries consists of bills, correspondence, government documents, invitations, memoranda, news clippings, press releases, reports, and telegrams covering Javits' career as Attorney General of the State of New York.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, John Marshall Butler, Gordon Canfield, Marcus G. Christ, Steven B. Derounian, Ralph E. Flanders, Christian A. Herter, A. Philip Randolph, Abraham Ribicoff, and Roy Wilkins.

Series 9 - J Files. 1945-1984. 57 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The J Files were Jacob K. Javits' personal office and desk files. This series consists of appointment books, autobiographical material, invitations, memoranda, publications, and schedules.

The subseries within this series are:
1. General
2. Trips
3. Appointments
4. Books
5. Patronage
6. Allen Lesser Files

Series 9 - J Files.
Subseries 1 - General. 1945-1984. 36 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The General subseries contains appointment books, correspondence, guest books, invitations, memoranda, news clippings, telegrams, and telephone log books. Much of the correspondence is with friends, political figures, and social acquaintances on personal or nonofficial matters. Also included are some constituent correspondence and correspondence related to Javits' membership in various organizations.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Edgar M. Bronfman, Everett M. Dirksen, Abba Eban, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., A. Bartlett Giamatti, Barry Goldwater, Benjamin A. Javits, Eric M. Javits, Marion B. Javits, Henry A. Kissinger, Mike Mansfield, Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Richard M. Nixon, David Rockefeller, F. Cardinal Spellman, Lowell P. Weicker, John Hay Whitney, John W. Wydler, Harold L. Zellerbach, and James D. Zellerbach.

Series 9 - J Files.
Subseries 2 - Trips. 1955-1980. 5 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Trips subseries includes correspondence, government documents, invitations, itineraries, memoranda, news clippings, notes, press releases, position papers, and telegrams related to Javits' trips during his public career. The material in this subseries primarily pertains to travel overseas. However, there is some material relating to domestic trips, mostly of a political or official nature. Folder titles do not necessarily reflect a trip's full itinerary.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Walworth Barbour, Eliahu Elath, Sir Geoffrey de Freitas, Chaim Herzog, Teddy Kollek, Robert J. McCloskey, William B. Macomber, Jr., William McChesney Martin, Jr., Armin H. Meyer, Evelyn de Rothschild, Stephen J. Solarz, Harold L. Zellerbach, and James D. Zellerbach.

Series 9 - J Files.
Subseries 3 - Appointments. 1957-1980. 5ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Appointments subseries contains correspondence, curricula vitae, letters of support, memoranda, news clippings, press releases, and speeches and drafts of speeches. The subseries consists of material related to senatorial recommendations for federal judgeship appointments as well as material concerned with the confirmation of presidential nominations.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Peter J. Brennan, James L. Buckley, Hamilton Fish, Jr., Louis J. Lefkowitz, Joseph M. Margiotta, Elliot L. Richardson, Richard M. Rosenbaum, William B. Saxbe, and Sol Wachtler.

Series 9 - J Files.
Subseries 4 - Books and Articles. 1957-1984. 9 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Books and Articles subseries contains articles and drafts of articles, book reviews, correspondence, drafts of book chapters, mailing lists, memoranda, news clippings, notes, press releases, and reports. This subseries consists of material related to articles and books written by Javits, sometimes in collaboration with assistants. Javits wrote numerous pieces on domestic policy issues, foreign affairs, and liberal Republicanism during his years in public office. In the late 1970s, he wrote, with Rafael Steinberg, Javits: The Autobiography of a Public Man (1981), using research material from his own files. Thus, many of the autobiography folders contain photocopies of earlier Javits manuscript material, as well as original materials pulled from other files. In some instances, these copies are not duplicates, as the original copies are no longer extant.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Walter Annenberg, Arthur F. Burns, Paul H. Douglas, Henry Cabot Lodge, Richard M. Nixon, Nelson A. Rockefeller, and Leverett Saltonstall.

Series 9 - J Files.
Subseries 5 - Patronage. 1957-1969. 2 ft.

Arranged chronologically followed by individual files which are arranged alphabetically.

The Patronage subseries consists of correspondence, curricula vitae, letters of support, memoranda, news clippings, and telegrams. This subseries contains material regarding recommendations for federal appointment. Included are both recommendations by Javits and recommendations to him by constituents and political colleagues.

Correspondents include, but are not limited to, Thomas J. Curran, Christian A. Herter, and John O. Pastore.

Series 9 - J Files.
Subseries 6 - Allen Lesser Files. 1957-1986. 1 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

This subseries contains papers donated by Allen Lesser, who was Senator Javits' Executive Assistant between 1959 and 1965. The papers include correspondence, memoranda, reports, legislation, press releases and articles, as well as correspondence, notes, outlines and manuscripts relating to the book Discrimination-U.S.A. (1960), which Lesser researched and edited.

Series 10 - New York Offices. 1950-1980. 112 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The New York Offices series consists of briefing papers, correspondence, grant applications, memoranda, position papers, and research files from Jacob K. Javits' offices in Albany, Buffalo, and New York City. The New York offices informed constituents about government grant opportunities, aided constituents in filing grant applications, and prepared memoranda to Javits on issues affecting New York City and New York State. Most of the files from the Albany and Buffalo offices were discarded before transfer to State University of New York at Stony Brook. The New York City office files for 1971, 1972, and 1977 seem to be complete.

The subseries within this series are:
1. New York City
2. New York State
3. General

Series 10 - New York Offices.
Subseries 1 - New York City. 1957-1980. 58 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The New York City subseries consists of briefing papers, correspondence, grant applications, memoranda, position papers, and research files pertaining to New York City. It includes materials on housing, New York City's financial crisis, and social problems.

Series 10 - New York Offices.
Subseries 2 - New York State. 1957-1980. 15 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The New York State subseries consists of briefing papers, correspondence, grant applications, memoranda, position papers, and research files pertaining to New York State. Included are files from the Albany and Buffalo offices and subject files concerning Long Island and cities other than New York City. This subseries includes memoranda from the New York City office staff to Senator Javits in Washington, D.C., that frequently refer to legislation and issues concerning New York State as a whole.

Series 10 - New York Offices.
Subseries 3 - General. 1950-1980. 39 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The General subseries consists of briefing papers, correspondence, grant applications, memoranda, position papers, and research files from Jacob K. Javits' New York offices that do not specifically pertain to New York City or New York State. Included are materials on federal grants (some of which were shared by New York and other states) and issues of national interest, such as women's rights.

Series 11 - Civil Rights. 1950-1975. 8 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Civil Rights series consists of background files, correspondence, memoranda, and news clippings on civil rights. This series includes materials on legislative activities in the U.S. House and Senate, and information on the civil rights movement of the 1960's.

Series 12 - Clippings. 1936-1940, 1945-1981. 47 ft.

Arranged chronologically.

The Clippings series consists primarily of newspaper clippings provided by press clippings services to which Jacob K. Javits subscribed. Scrapbooks of clippings from Javits' early law career and from his years in the U.S. House of Representatives are included. Also included are copies of abstracts of articles about Javits for the period 1975-1979 from the New York Times Information Bank.

Series 13 - Post-Senate. 1981-1986. 22 ft.

Arranged alphabetically or chronologically.

The Post-Senate series consists of articles and drafts of articles, clippings, correspondence, memoranda, notes, pamphlets, reports, speeches, statements, and telegrams related to Javits' activities upon leaving public office.

The subseries within this series are:
1. Correspondence
2. Subject Files
3. Articles - Drafts and Research Notes

Series 13 - Post-Senate.
Subseries 1 - Correspondence. 1981-1986. 6 ft.

Arranged chronologically and then alphabetically.

The Correspondence subseries contains clippings, correspondence, memoranda, pamphlets, and telegrams.

This subseries consists of routine social correspondence between Javits and friends and former colleagues, as well as some correspondence with former constituents.

Series 13 - Post-Senate.
Subseries 2 - Subject Files. 1981-1986. 14 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Subject Files subseries contains clippings, correspondence, pamphlets, and reports.

This subseries consists of subject files Javits kept for reference purposes. The original folder titles have been maintained. Where square brackets appear, folder titles or information have been added by the archivist. The subject files contain correspondence related to Javits' involvement with public interest and charitable organizations. Many of the files represent an extension of Javits' interests as Senator. Included are files on ALS research, arms control, foreign policy, international economic development, the living will, and U.S.-Soviet relations. The files also include correspondence with Marian Javits and other materials dated after the Senator's death in 1986.

Series 13 - Post-Senate.
Subseries 3 - Articles - Drafts and Research Notes. 1981-1985. 2 ft.

Arranged alphabetically.

The Articles - Drafts and Research Notes subseries contains articles and drafts of articles, book reviews, clippings, correspondence, letters to editors, and notes.

This subseries consists of drafts, notes and published versions of letters to the editor, Op-Ed essays and journal articles written by Javits after leaving public office. These works appeared in such publications as Foreign Affairs, the New York Times, and Newsday.

Series 14 - Audio and Video. 1907, 1917­1984. 596 items.

Arranged in accession order.

The Audio and Video series consists of audio and video recordings. These media contain correspondence, debates, hearings, interviews, press conferences, radio and television broadcasts, speeches, and statements.

The subseries within this series are:
1. Audio
2. Video

Series 14 - Audio and Video.
Subseries 1 - Audio. 1947­1984 with gaps, n.d. 470 reels.

Arranged in accession order.

The Audio subseries consists of 1½­mil reel­to­reel user copies of recordings of debates, hearings, interviews, news conferences, radio and television broadcasts, speeches, and statements. The user copy recordings are copies of original reel­to­reel audio tapes, 16mm tapes, audio cassettes of varying dimensions, and 33, 45, and 78 rpm phonograph disks of varying diameter, including 7, 10, 12, and 16 inches. In the absence of a user copy, the original medium has been listed.

Each user copy entry includes the title of the recording, the accession number of the original recording, and, when known, the place and date of the recording. Additional information listed, when available, includes copyright, length of recording time, speed, and availability of transcripts.

Series 14 - Audio and Video.
Subseries 2 - Video. 1956­1984 with gaps, n.d. 126 cassettes.

Arranged in accession order.

The Video subseries consists of video cassette user copy recordings of debates, hearings, interviews, news conferences, speeches, and television broadcasts. The ¾­inch video cassette user copies are copies of 2­inch video tapes, and of 8mm and 16mm acetate film negatives, positives, and duplicates. Recordings produced at the Senate Recording Studio and broadcast throughout New York State include Report to the People and Senate News Conference. Other recordings include Capitol Hill Today, Face the Nation, and Washington Report.

Each user copy entry includes the title of the recording, the accession number of the original recording, and, when known, the place and date of the recording. Additional information listed, when available, includes copyright, length of recording time, speed, and availability of transcripts.

The Staff Manual provides Supplemental Information Pertaining to Films.

Series 15 - Photographs and Slides. 1907­ (1942­1984). 2,856 items.

This series includes family, press, and studio photographs, copy negatives, and a collection of slides. The material covers Jacob K. Javits' years of public service and some photographs and slides of family life.

The subseries within this series are:
1. Photographs
2. Copy Negatives
3. Slides

Series 15 - Photographs and Slides
Subseries 1 - Photographs. 1907­(1942­1984), n.d. 2,633 items

Arranged in accession order.

The Photographs subseries consists primarily of 8­inch x 10­inch black­and­white photographic prints. Some photographs are color and some are of various sizes. The majority of photographs cover the years of Jacob K. Javits' service in the U.S. Senate. In addition, some earlier photographs and some family photographs are included. A small number of photographs are autographed by Javits or other people. Several photographs have attached pens, presented by various presidents to Javits at bill­signing ceremonies.

Photographic subjects include, but are not limited to, Presidents Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard M. Nixon, Gerald R. Ford, Jimmy Carter, and Ronald Reagan. Photographs of other world leaders are also a part of the collection, including Konrad Adenauer, Menachem Begin, David Ben­Gurion, Chiang Kai­shek, Moshe Dayan, Deng Xiaoping, King Hussein of Jordan, Golda Meir, Jawaharlal Nehru, Julius K. Nyerere, Pope John Paul II, Pope Pius XII, Anwar Sadat, Helmut Schmidt, Margaret Thatcher, Pierre Elliot Trudeau, and Kurt Waldheim.

Series 15 - Photographs and Slides.
Subseries 2 - Copy Negatives.

The Copy Negatives subseries consists of black-and-white negatives made for archival purposes of all photographs described in Series 15, subseries 1, of a few slides described in Series 15, subseries 3, and of a few cartoons described in Series 16. These negatives are for duplication purposes only. The finding aids for the Photographs, Slides, and Cartoons list the corresponding negative number.

Series 15 - Photographs and Slides.
Subseries 3 - Slides. 1917­1980 with gaps, n.d. 223 items.

Arranged in accession order.

The Slides subseries consists mainly of 35mm black­and­white and color slides from Jacob K. Javits' years in the U.S. Senate. Slides from earlier years, family slides, and slides with comical captions, apparently for campaign purposes, are included. Some of the slides duplicate photographs in series 15, subseries 1, Photographs.

Series 16 - Cartoons. 1962­1980 with gaps, n.d. 50 items.

Arranged in accession order.

The Cartoons subseries consists primarily of original newspaper editorial cartoons, some inscribed, commenting on Jacob K. Javits' service in the U.S. Senate or his election campaigns.

Cartoonists include, but are not limited to, Herbert Block (Herblock), Victor Cantone, Gib Crockett, Ken Crook, Rube Goldberg, Warren King, Joe Parrish, Leo Roche, and Hy Rosen.

Series 17 - Memorabilia. 1931, 1941­1985, n.d. 959 items.

Arranged in accession order.

The Memorabilia series includes academic hoods, awards, booklets, business cards, certificates, coins, flags, invitations, keys, medals, membership cards, military uniforms, paperweights, plaques, prints, programs, record jackets, ribbons, schedules, and trophies. This series also includes campaign memorabilia such as broadsides, buttons, bumper stickers, envelopes, leaflets, letters, pennants, posters, shopping bags, and stationery.