Defense Fund Archive
Manuscript Collection 232
Record Group 2: New York Office
The New York office consists of records from the East Setauket and Manhattan
offices. There are five sub-groups:
Sub-group I: Governing Committees
dealing with executive functions and the origins of the organization.
Sub-group II: Administrators
bythe executive director and associate directors
Sub-group III.1: Public Information & Communication
information about ED’s activities and environmental problems to
increase awareness and encourage engagement in solving environmental
problems. Also contains inter-office bulletins.
Sub-group III.2: Fundraising
information regarding fundraising through grants and membership initiatives.
Sub-group IV: Program Files: Research & Dissemination
divided its efforts into programs areas, each focused on a different
concern with its own team of experts. Sub-group IV collects monographs, government
documents and manuscripts, as well as comments and testimony from EDF’s
scientists, economists and lawyers. Sub-group IV is sub-divided by program area:
Environmental Health, Land and Water Resources, Energy, Urban Issues
Sub-group V: Program Files: Legal
Represents the legal arm of the program areas.
It contains litigation filings, administrative hearing testimony and
Sub-group I: Governing Committees/Organizational
Arrangement: Divided into four series.
Series 1 Board of Trustees, 1967-74 [1.5 linear ft.]
Arrangement: sub-divided into memoranda, minutes, and organizational
documents. The Board of Trustees determines objectives and policies
that steer the entire organization. This series is composed of memoranda
to trustees, memoranda received, and meeting minutes from the formative
years of EDF.
Series 2 Executive Committee, 1969-78 [1.41 linear ft.]
Arrangement: Chronological. The function of the Executive Committee is
to search for and supervise executive officers to ensure policies and
objectives are implemented. Contained
herein are the minutes of the Executive Committee meetings.
Series 3 Litigation Review Committee, 1979-81 [5 inches]
Arrangement: Chronological. The function of the Litigation Review Committee
is the evaluation and discussion of potential litigation. Contained
in the series are case approval and procedural memoranda. Discussion
participants include the General Counsel, program chairpersons, and
other lawyers on staff.
Sub-group II: Administrators
Sub-group II.1 Executive Directors
Arrangement: Divided into four series
Series 1 Roderick Cameron, 1972-74 [1 linear foot]
Correspondence and memoranda
Comments and testimony of EDF
Copies of memoranda from the regional counsels of the Colorado, California
and Washington offices; copies of memoranda regarding the activities
of EDF’s programs such as energy, water resources, toxics and transportation;
comments on Federal government regulations and projects published in
the Federal register; testimony before senate committee, comments on
proposed guidelines and standards on issues such as toxic chemicals,
utilities, noise and water quality.
Series 2 Arlie Schardt 1974-1978 [5 inches]
Arrangement: Sub-divided into biography, correspondence, media and manuscripts.
The material is just a glimpse of Mr. Schardt’s fundraising concerns,
as well as relocation activities when the headquarters moved to NYC.
Series 3 Janet W. Brown 1981-84 [7 inches]
Arrangement: Sub-divided into correspondence and program files. Ms. Brown
kept copies of testimony and memoranda dealing with the projects and
campaigns of EDF’s programs. Among the issues touched upon
are: energy conservation, land use policy, hazardous waste and wildlife
Series 4 Fredrick Krupp [Reserved]
Sub-group II.2 Associate Directors
Series 1 Robert Joseph Pierpoint, 1974-78 [2 inches]
Arrangement: Sub-divided into correspondence, memoranda, meetings. Mr.
Pierpoint served as Chairman of Program Support, which coordinated
fundraising activities, as well as interim Executive Director and Associate
Director. Correspondence related to Mr. Pierpoint’s activities
as Associate Director and Acting Executive Director; Memoranda discussing
the selection of trustees and the next executive director; Minutes from
retreat meetings detailing the programming challenges and successes.
Sub-group III: Department Files
SG III.1 Public Information and Communication - contains information about EDF's activities and environmental problems to increase awareness and encourage engagement in solving environmental problems. Also contains inter-office bulletins.
Sub-group III.1 Public Information/Communications
Arrangement: Divided into 6 series
Series 1 Annual Reports, 1971-72; 1975-79; 2001-2003 [2 inches]
Arrangement: Chronological. Annual reports describe the achievements
and fiscal health of the organization.
Series 2 Advertising and Press, 1970-75 [2 inches]
early print ads focused on EDF’s concern with the effect of
toxics on human health.
Series 3 Newsletters, 1970-2000 [3 inches + cataloged materials]
Arrangement: Chronological. EDF Letter was sent to EDF members
as an update of current litigation and agency policies
ORV Letter focuses more specifically on the effect of off-road
vehicles on natural resources
Series 4 Inter-office bulletins, 1972-77 [5 inches]
Arrangement: By originating office; chronological. The bulletins documented
program activities for the benefit of the other offices
Series 5 Environmental Defense Books & Pamphlets [5 inches + cataloged material]
The books and pamphlets series collects the publications aimed at
providing useful information for the general public. Reports created
from projects will be found under the appropriate sub-group.
SG III.2 Fundraising - contains information regarding fundraising through grants and membership initiatives.
Sub-group III.2 Financial Resources
Series 1 Administration, 1974-78 [1 linear ft.]
Arrangement: By format; chronological. A portion of office files of Robert
Joseph Pierpoint contains correspondence, and foundation chronological
files, including proposal for grants.
Series 2 Membership, 1971-76 [1 linear ft.]
A sample of soliticitation
brochures arranged chronologically; correspondence on planning and exhibiting
the educational films "Planning for
Floods" and "Last Days of the Dolphin."
SG IV Program Files: Research and Dissemination - EDF divided its efforts into program areas, each focused on a different concern with its own team of experts. SG IV contains monographs, government documents, and manuscripts, as well as comments and testimony from EDF's scientists, economists, and lawyers. SG IV is subdivided by program area: Environmental Health, Land and Water Resources, Energy, Urban Issues, and Wildlife.
Arrangement: divided into sub-groups according to program focus.
Sub-group IV.1 Environmental Health/Toxics
Series 1 Administration, 1981 [5 inches]
series contains correspondence and a grant proposal for a Love Canal
Series 2 Project Files, 1970-71 [2 linear ft.]
Arrangement: Chronological. This series contains research collections
of clippings, correspondence, and articles on mirex, pesticides and
Series 3 Public Statements/Texts[2 inches]
This series contains comments and reports by the program staff. The majority of the writing focuses on the safety of drinking water.
Sub-group IV.2 Land and Water Issues
Arrangement: Divided into three series.
Series 1 Administration, 1978 [7 inches]
Arrangement: Chronological. In-coming and outgoing memoranda of James
T.B. Tripp, Chairperson of the Land and Water Program, concerning possible
litigation, funding issues, progress reports, and program goals. Also
in the series are program proposals on farmland preservation, land
use and coastal zone management.
Series 2 Land Projects, 1974-78 [4.17 linear ft.]
Arrangement: Chronological by year of EDF’s initial involvement.
Collected research by staff scientists, economists and interns supported
the efforts of the EDF litigation team.
Series 3 Water Projects, 1979-82 [12.76 linear ft.]
Arrangement: Chronological by year of ED involvement. Collection of research
documents; the highlights include wastewater discharge issues on Long
Island including the Southwest Sewer District No. 2, Water Quality
Management in the NY area, and coal slurry transport.
Series 4 Environmental Impact Statements, 1971-83 [34.17 linear
Arrangement: By state; chronological. Impact statements on reservoir
projects, wastewater treatment facilities, diversion projects and other
similar projects impacting land and water resources.
Series 5 Public Statements / Texts, 1971-72, 1979 [2 inches]
Arrangement: Divided into comments and testimony. The comments and statements
were delivered by program team members to governmental and regulatory
Sub-group IV.3 Energy Files
Series 1 Administration, 1974-78 [10 inches]
served as the chairperson of the Energy program. Collected
here are memoranda to the Board of Trustees and Executive Committee,
and comments intended for print and presentation on issues such as power
projects, conservation and the U.S. energy policy
Series 2 Energy Projects, 1972-83 [9.2 linear ft.]
The focus of
the energy program as found in the records was rate regulation for electricity
and gas, and energy conservation; meeting records pertaining to the National
Coal Policy project; media and impact statements relating to the North
Central Power Project. Also collected are government documents, media,
and manuscript regarding nuclear power plants, solar energy, and the
Great Plains gasification project. The documents collected here may have
served as basis for litigation, or public testimony.
Series 3 Environmental impact statements, 1972-84 [12 linear
Arrangement: By state, chronological. A collection of impact statements
on energy related projects such as coal conversion & power plants
Series 4 Public Statements / Texts, 1974-83 [2 inches]
Arrangement: Divided into comments and testimony. The energy team submitted
comments and delivered related to energy conservation, air quality
and power plants.
Sub-group IV.4 Urban Environment
Series 1 Administration [Reserved]
Series 2 Transportation Projects, 1978-82 [2 linear ft]
Includes truck size and weight studies, highway cost allocation plan
and studies, government positions on emissions standards and transportation
policy and reports of EDF’s transportation committee on truck size
Sub-group IV.5 Wildlife
Series 1 Administration [Reserved]
Series 2 Projects, 1970-73 [7 inches]
The whale conservation
campaign focused on the work of Scott McKay, who served the chairperson
on EDF’s Committee on the Conservation
of Whales. Correspondence, McKay’s speeches, and International
Conference Reports form the collection. Please see the California office
files for more information on endangered species.
Sub-group IV.6 Alliances
Series 1 Administration [Reserved]
Series 2 Projects, 1979-82 [7 inches]
The series consists of correspondence, meeting minutes and symposium
papers of the Coastal Alliance. The alliance was a union of several environmental
people who banded together to discuss coastal zone management.
SG V Program Files: Legal Papers - SG V represents the legal arm of the program areas. It contains litigation filings, administration hearing testimony, and casebooks.
Sub-group V: Legal Papers
Arrangement: Divided into two series: Litigation Files and Casebooks.
Series 1 Litigation Files 1966-1983, [126.7 linear ft.]
Arrangement: Alphabetical by project name or environmental issue. EDF
used the courtroom as an arena to promote the wise use of resources
through litigation and scientific testimony. The Litigation Series
consists of court documents, correspondence, and accompanying background
research to cases of which EDF was a party, an amicus curiae, or intervenor. Topics
include energy rate design and conservation; wildlife; land and water
preservation; toxic chemicals and air quality.
Note: Under the term “pleadings” the following
formats occur: motion, answer, stipulation, memoranda, petition and complaint. Briefs,
transcripts of testimony, depositions and affidavits are filed separately
and follow the pleadings file unit.
Series 2: Casebooks, 1973-78, missing 1975 [3 inches]
Arrangement: Chronological. A bound compilation of the year’s litigation.