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A mappe of Colonel Romers voyage to ye 5 Indian Nations
New York: George
Lithographed facsimile of manuscipt map created in 1700.
New York (State)--Maps--Early works to 1800.
1. "Copied from the original Ms. in the British
Museum for Mr. George H. Moore, Librarian of the New York Historical Society, and compared
by me. Richard Sims."
2. Undated lithograph based on a copy of a manuscript map
at the British Library.
3. Scale 1:375,000
4. Image derived from a 4 x 5" transparency
scanned to a Kodak Pro Photo CD.
Transparancy is of copy of the lithograph held by the New York Public Library. Contact New York Public Library
for reproduction rights.
|Wolfgang William Römer
Mappe of Colonel Romers Voyage to ye 5 Indian Nations, 1700
Colonel Römer was the first in a succession British military engineers engaged in
making maps of the colony of New York. Like many of his successors in the Royal
Corps of Engineers, he was born in continental Europe. His parents were German, and
he obtained his initial training as a military Engineer in the Dutch army. In 1688
he accompanied William of Orange when he became king of England, and thereafter remained
in British service.
Colonel Römer's duties took him to North America in 1697. He worked mostly in
New York and Massachusetts until his departure in 1706. He planned the construction
of several important forts, and drew a number of maps and plans of fortifications in
New York and New England. Many of his maps can be found at the British Public Record
Office, including a map of New York Harbor, and a version of this map of western New
Colonel Römer was among the first Europeans to visit the Iroquois in western New York.
Although the French were quite active in this area, the Dutch did not venture much beyond
the Hudson and Mohawk valleys, and there was little British settlement in upstate New York
until after the American Revolution. Given the circumstances under which it was drawn,
Römer’s beautiful map does a remarkably good job of capturing the overall features
of the country around the Finger Lakes and western New York. Native settlements are named
and indicated by longhouses.
William P. Cumming, British Maps of Colonial
America , 22-23
Dictionary of National Bibliography,
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Merwick, Possessing Albany