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Jacques Nicolas Bellin
Suite du cours du fleuve de St. Laurent depuis Quebec jusqu'au Lac Ontario, 1757.
This map of the St. Lawrence River region between Quebec and Lake Ontario
is notable for its relatively detailed depiction of northern New York,
including the Adirondack Mountains, and the rivers flowing into Lake Champlain,
Lake Ontario, and the St. Lawrence River. In its detail it compares favorably
with any maps of northern New York produced by the British or the Americans
until after the American Revolution. This map also reflects the status
of military activities in the opening years of the French and Indian War.
The British fort at Oswego is noted as being destroyed. The French Fort
Carillon (Ticonderoga) is shown at the foot of Lake Champlain; the nearby
British forts Edward and George are shown at the base of Lake George.
The small French fort at Ogdensburg ("La Présentation")
also makes an appearance, which is unusual on maps. Among the new fortifications
depicted here is “Fort Toronto, francois,” making it possibly
the earliest printed map that shows the existence of a European settlement
on the site of the present city of Toronto. (The French Fort was destroyed
by the British a few years after its construction in 1755, and a permanent
settlement was established only after the American Revolution.)
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