Browsing: Brookhaven National Lab

Often referred to as the “Oscars of Invention,” the R&D 100 Awards honor the top 100 proven technological advances of the past year as determined by a panel selected by R&D Magazine. Erik Muller, Principal Investigator in the Department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering at Stony Brook University, leads a collaborative project, “Ultra-compact Diamond X-Ray Monitors,” that has been selected as a finalist for the 2016 R&D 100 Awards. In addition to Muller and his team, the project also includes scientists from Brookhaven National Laboratory and Case Western Reserve University who have developed x-ray detectors based on synthetic diamond that…

It sounds like alchemy, but in reality it’s hard science aimed at addressing energy and environmental issues. Researchers from Stony Brook University led by Alexander Orlov have developed a method to produce gold nanoparticles of unprecedented purity and stability. Their discovery highlights the groundbreaking nature of SBU’s collaboration with Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) as well as scientists at the Air Force Research Lab (AFRL). Orlov’s team has produced catalytically active gold nanoparticles in an ultra-high vacuum chamber with temperatures approaching absolute zero. A paper describing the first catalyst ever produced using their new method, called Helium Nanodroplet Deposition (HND), was recently…

Highlighting the productive partnership between Stony Brook University and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Samema Sarowar, a biosciences student at SBU, has been awarded the 2016 Renate W. Chasman scholarship. Brookhaven Women in Science (BWIS), a not-for-profit organization at BNL, offers the scholarship to qualified candidates to encourage women to pursue careers in science, engineering, or mathematics. The University co-manages BNL, joining an elite group of universities — including Princeton, Stanford, the University of California, and the University of Chicago — that run federal laboratories. Sarowar has been working with Stony Brook biochemistry professor Huilin Li, who holds a joint appointment with BML,…

Diamond beam monitors could form the basis of the next generation of radiation therapy for cancer, according to a national team of researchers led by Stony Brook’s Erik Muller, PhD. Muller, Senior Research Scientist and Adjunct Professor, Department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering in the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, is developing high-speed synthetic diamond beam monitors that detect proton and carbon ion beams used for cancer radiation therapy. The research team also includes scientists from Brookhaven National Laboratory. The technology, supported by a two-year $500,000 grant from the High Energy Physics Section of the Department of Energy, is designed to provide…

Seven collaborative research projects between Stony Brook University and Brookhaven National Laboratory have been chosen as this year’s Seed Grant winners: Kathleen Araujo (Technology and Society, SBU), Susan Pepper (BNL) and Kerstin Kleese van Dam (BNL): Assessing the Knowledge Frontier – Cyber Vulnerability in US Nuclear Facilities Barbara Chapman (Computer Science, SBU and BNL) and Meifeng Lin (BNL): Performance Portability Strategies for HPC Applications Looking Forward to Exascale Computing Clive Clayton (Materials Science and Engineering, SBU), Amy Marschilok (Chemistry, SBU), Simerjeet Gill (BNL), Hugh Isaacs (BNL) and Kotaro Sasaki (BNL): In-Situ Studies of Interfacial Corrosion Processes at Grain Boundaries and Crack Tips Joel…

As part of her research, Nusnin Akter is developing chemicals to speed up the reduction of nitric oxide emissions from diesel engines. But she also teaches and volunteers in the community with the hope diversifying the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields.      “I want other women and underrepresented minorities to get involved in research and for them to realize that they are not alone and can succeed in STEM fields,” said Akter, who is pursuing a doctoral degree in materials science and engineering at Stony Brook University and performing research at the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) at…

Two Stony Brook University graduate students are part of a research team that is exploring the promise of a new approach for improving solar cells, photocatalysts, light sensors, and other optoelectronic devices. Optoelectronic devices detect and control light, harnessing the power of the sun to create and use energy in sustainable ways. New technologies in this field promise cheaper, more environmentally sustainable ways of generating power. Creating light-harvesting devices requires a material that both absorbs light efficiently and converts the energy to highly mobile electrical current. Finding the ideal mix of properties in a single material is a challenge, so scientists have…

Stony Brook University PhD student Yufei Ren, from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, has been named the 2015 recipient of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) Distinguished Dissertation Award for his development of a middleware — the “software glue” that helps software developers achieve communication. This work may lead to a highly efficient solution to replicate scientific data from experiments to data centers. Established in 2011 to recognize outstanding dissertations that fall within the scope of the group, the SPEC Award is given each year to a doctoral dissertation that exemplifies scientific significance, impact and originality. Ren’s dissertation,…

Stony Brook researchers and colleagues use high-resolution imaging of proteins to develop the theory A team of scientists led by Stony Brook University biochemist Huilin Li, PhD, have proposed that DNA is unwound by a type of “pumpjack” mechanism, similar to the way one operates on an oil rig. Their finding, published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, is based on new close-up images of the proteins that unwind DNA inside the nucleus of a yeast cell and could offer insight into ways that DNA replication can go awry and trigger disease. “DNA replication is a major source of errors…

Stony Brook University Physics Dmitri Kharzeev, in collaboration with a team of scientists at the U.S Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, has discovered a new way to generate very low-resistance electric current in a new class of materials. The discovery, which relies on the separation of right- and left-“handed” particles, points to a range of potential applications in energy, quantum computing, and medical imaging, and possibly even a new mechanism for inducing superconductivity–the ability of some materials to carry current with no energy loss. The material the scientists worked with, zirconium pentatelluride, has a surprising trait: When placed…