Browsing: Brookhaven National Lab

Highlighting the productive partnership between Stony Brook University and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Samema Sarowar, a biosciences student at SBU, has been awarded the 2016 Renate W. Chasman scholarship. Brookhaven Women in Science (BWIS), a not-for-profit organization at BNL, offers the scholarship to qualified candidates to encourage women to pursue careers in science, engineering, or mathematics. The University co-manages BNL, joining an elite group of universities — including Princeton, Stanford, the University of California, and the University of Chicago — that run federal laboratories. Sarowar has been working with Stony Brook biochemistry professor Huilin Li, who holds a joint appointment with BML,…

Diamond beam monitors could form the basis of the next generation of radiation therapy for cancer, according to a national team of researchers led by Stony Brook’s Erik Muller, PhD. Muller, Senior Research Scientist and Adjunct Professor, Department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering in the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, is developing high-speed synthetic diamond beam monitors that detect proton and carbon ion beams used for cancer radiation therapy. The research team also includes scientists from Brookhaven National Laboratory. The technology, supported by a two-year $500,000 grant from the High Energy Physics Section of the Department of Energy, is designed to provide…

Seven collaborative research projects between Stony Brook University and Brookhaven National Laboratory have been chosen as this year’s Seed Grant winners: Kathleen Araujo (Technology and Society, SBU), Susan Pepper (BNL) and Kerstin Kleese van Dam (BNL): Assessing the Knowledge Frontier – Cyber Vulnerability in US Nuclear Facilities Barbara Chapman (Computer Science, SBU and BNL) and Meifeng Lin (BNL): Performance Portability Strategies for HPC Applications Looking Forward to Exascale Computing Clive Clayton (Materials Science and Engineering, SBU), Amy Marschilok (Chemistry, SBU), Simerjeet Gill (BNL), Hugh Isaacs (BNL) and Kotaro Sasaki (BNL): In-Situ Studies of Interfacial Corrosion Processes at Grain Boundaries and Crack Tips Joel…

As part of her research, Nusnin Akter is developing chemicals to speed up the reduction of nitric oxide emissions from diesel engines. But she also teaches and volunteers in the community with the hope diversifying the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields.      “I want other women and underrepresented minorities to get involved in research and for them to realize that they are not alone and can succeed in STEM fields,” said Akter, who is pursuing a doctoral degree in materials science and engineering at Stony Brook University and performing research at the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) at…

Two Stony Brook University graduate students are part of a research team that is exploring the promise of a new approach for improving solar cells, photocatalysts, light sensors, and other optoelectronic devices. Optoelectronic devices detect and control light, harnessing the power of the sun to create and use energy in sustainable ways. New technologies in this field promise cheaper, more environmentally sustainable ways of generating power. Creating light-harvesting devices requires a material that both absorbs light efficiently and converts the energy to highly mobile electrical current. Finding the ideal mix of properties in a single material is a challenge, so scientists have…

Stony Brook University PhD student Yufei Ren, from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, has been named the 2015 recipient of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) Distinguished Dissertation Award for his development of a middleware — the “software glue” that helps software developers achieve communication. This work may lead to a highly efficient solution to replicate scientific data from experiments to data centers. Established in 2011 to recognize outstanding dissertations that fall within the scope of the group, the SPEC Award is given each year to a doctoral dissertation that exemplifies scientific significance, impact and originality. Ren’s dissertation,…

Stony Brook researchers and colleagues use high-resolution imaging of proteins to develop the theory A team of scientists led by Stony Brook University biochemist Huilin Li, PhD, have proposed that DNA is unwound by a type of “pumpjack” mechanism, similar to the way one operates on an oil rig. Their finding, published in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, is based on new close-up images of the proteins that unwind DNA inside the nucleus of a yeast cell and could offer insight into ways that DNA replication can go awry and trigger disease. “DNA replication is a major source of errors…

Stony Brook University Physics Dmitri Kharzeev, in collaboration with a team of scientists at the U.S Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, has discovered a new way to generate very low-resistance electric current in a new class of materials. The discovery, which relies on the separation of right- and left-“handed” particles, points to a range of potential applications in energy, quantum computing, and medical imaging, and possibly even a new mechanism for inducing superconductivity–the ability of some materials to carry current with no energy loss. The material the scientists worked with, zirconium pentatelluride, has a surprising trait: When placed…

Using  bundled strands of DNA to build Tinkertoy-like tetrahedral cages, scientists have devised a way to trap and arrange nanoparticles in a way that mimics the crystalline structure of diamond. The achievement of this complex yet elegant arrangement, as described in a paper published in Science, may open a path to new materials that take advantage of the optical and mechanical properties of this crystalline structure for applications such as optical transistors, color-changing materials, and lightweight yet tough materials. Huilin Li, PhD, a Professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology at Stony Brook University, is part of the…

Samuel McDermott, a postdoc at Stony Brook’s C.N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics, is co-author of a groundbreaking paper on dark matter to be published January 18 by physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, and Stony Brook University. The paper, authored by Hooman Davoudias and published in Physical Review Letters, suggests a shorter secondary inflationary period that could account for the amount of dark matter estimated to exist throughout the cosmos. Standard cosmology—that is, the Big Bang Theory with its early period of exponential growth known as inflation—is the prevailing scientific model for our universe, in which…