Susan Brennan, Ph.D.

Stanford University (1990)


Office: Psychology B-322
Phone: (631) 632-9145


Professor, Cognitive Science

Research Interests:

I am a cognitive scientist who studies the psychology of language use--in particular, interactive spoken dialogue. Some of my current studies use eye-tracking, either as a measure of language processing or as a mode of communication.  I also study the human use of technology, especially speech and language interfaces to computers. Previously, I developed a computational model of caricature.

Current Research:

Adaptive Spoken Dialog with Human and Computer Partners

The Use of Shared Eyegaze in Communication and Collaboration

Gesture and Audience Design.

Representative Publications:


Articles in peer-reviewed journals or conference proceedings (*identifies postdoc or student co-author)

Hwang, J., Brennan, S. E., & Huffman, M. K. (In press).  Phonetic adaptation in non-native spoken dialogue: Effects of priming and audience design.  Journal of Memory and Language.

Galati, A.*, & Brennan, S. E.  (2014). Speakers adapt gestures to addressees’ knowledge: Implications for models of co-speech gesture. Language, Cognition, and Neuroscience, 29, 435-451.

Brennan, S. E., Schuhmann, K. S.*, & Batres, K. M.* (2013).  Entrainment on the move and in the lab: The Walking Around Corpus. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1934-1939). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Brennan, S. E., Schuhmann, K.*, & Batres, K.* (2013).  Collaboratively setting perspectives and referring to locations across multiple contexts. In workshop proceedings, Production of referring expressions: Bridging the gap between cognitive and computational approaches to reference, 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, July 31, Berlin, Germany.

Kuhlen, A. K.* & Brennan, S. E.  (2013). Language in dialogue: When confederates might be hazardous to your data.  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20, 54- 72. (published online 11/27/12).

Kuhlen, A. K.*, Galati, A.*, & Brennan, S. E. (2012).  Gesturing integrates top-down and bottom-up information: Effects of speakers’ expectations and addressees’ feedback.  Language & Cognition, 4, 17–41.

Neider, M. B.*, Chen, X.*, Dickinson, C. A.*, Brennan, S. E., & Zelinsky. G. J. (2010).  Coordinating spatial referencing using shared gaze.  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 718-724.

Kuhlen, A. K.* & Brennan, S. E.  (2010). Anticipating distracted addressees: How speakers’ expectations and addressees’ feedback influence storytelling.  Discourse Processes, 47, 567-587.

Galati, A.* & Brennan, S. E. (2010).  Attenuating information in spoken communication: For the speaker, or for the addressee?  Journal of Memory and Language, 62, 35–51.

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