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Graduate Scholarship Awardee Presentations

Grad Pres 2017

<2017 Graduate Scholarship Awardees>

The Center for Korean Studies is pleased to announce this year's two graduate scholarship awardees in Korean Studies: Mr. Sang-ha Yoon (Economics) and Ms. Ji Yea Kim (Linguistics). Not only did their research have academic significance in the field of Korean studies, but also the screening committee was very impressed by the passion and expertise they demonstrated during our interview meetings. They will be awarded a scholarship of $3000 this semester. Please join us in congratulating Mr. Sang-ha Yoon and Ms. Ji Yea Kim.

"Size-Dependent Firm Regulations and Their Implications on Aggregate Productivity in South Korea" 
Yoon Sang-ha, Ph.D. student in Economics

My research agenda is “Size-Dependent Firm Regulations and Their Implications on Aggregate Productivity in South Korea.” In 2012, South Korean government approved a regulation to force large retailers to close one or two days a month or cut operating hours as part of efforts to protect smaller businesses and traditional markets. By giving small firms exemptions from some regulations, policy makers expect that their costs become lower relative to their sales, and it will help their survival in a competitive market. On the other hand, as firms grow they face more regulations such as stricter hygiene and safety rules, mandatory elections of employee representatives, higher tax rates, and other regulatory burdens. However, there could be a distortion in the distribution of sizes of firms, and therefore, this firm size distortion from size-dependent policies leads to a misallocation of resources in the economy. My objective is to quantitatively evaluate the size of misallocations resulting from this type of regulations and try to find an optimal way of implementing size-dependent regulations by minimizing productivity losses using dynamic general equilibrium modeling.

"Variation in Spoken Korean: A Case Study of Standard and Nonstandard Forms"
Ji Yea Kim Ph.D. student in Linguistics

People speak in a variety of ways in their daily life. Some speak in a standard way as they are taught in school, while others speak in a novel way that is distinct from the standard. In Korean, for example, there are some words that contain two consonants at the end of the word (e.g., talk ‘chicken’ and kaps ‘price’). Both consonants appear in Korean orthography; however, only one of the two consonants is pronounced if the word is uttered by itself (e.g., [tak] ‘chicken’ and [kap] ‘price’). In contrast, both consonants appear in the pronunciation of standard Korean when words with a consonant cluster are followed by a vowel (e.g., [talki] ‘chicken-NOMINATIVE’ and [kapsi] ‘price-NOMINATIVE’). It is notable, however, that such words can also be pronounced in a nonstandard way deviating from the spelling (e.g., [taki] ‘chicken-NOMINATIVE’ and [kapi] ‘priceNOMINATIVE’). The purpose of the present study is to respond to questions about both social and linguistic aspects of this phenomenon: which social factors (e.g., gender, dialect) affect variation, and which linguistic element (i.e., which consonant) is preserved in the pronunciation of nonstandard forms. This research project consists of two parts: an experimental investigation and a theoretical analysis. Conducting an extensive study of linguistic variation provides a more accurate account of the diversity of language usage in Korea and thereby contributes to a better understanding of the rise and fall of linguistic forms.

 

Graduate Scholarship Awardee Presentations

Friday, September 29th, 1:00 PM–3:00 PM

N5520 Melville Library, Center for Korean Studies                                                                                                   

 

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