R.E.D.I. Resources for Cultural Consciousness
A Class Divided
Assessing Multicultural Knowledge, Attitudes, Skills and Comfort: Medical Education
for a Changing World
Bias in the Classroom: Types, Frequencies and Responses
Chestler, Mark, Amanda E. Lewis, and James E. Crowfoot. 2005.Challenging Racism in Higher Education: Promoting Justice. Boulder, CO: Roman & Littlefield
Creating an Anti-bias Learning Environment
Dartmouth Center for the Advancement of Learning
Examples of Microaggression
Hall, Ruth L, Oglesby, Carole A. (2016) “Stepping through the Looking Glass: the Future for Women in Sports” Sex Roles 74(7):271-274 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11199-015-0572-z/fulltext.html
Hughey, Matthew W., David G. Embrick, and Ashley Woody Doane. 2015. “Paving the Way for Future Race Research: Exploring the Racial Mechanisms within a Color-Blind, Racism and the Racialized Social System.” American Behavioral Scientist 59(11):1347–57.
Implicit Bias in the Classroom
Incidents of Bias in College Classrooms: Instructor and Student Perceptions
Interview Questions Regarding Diversity
Kohli, Rita 2012b. “Racial Pedagogy of the Oppressed: Critical Interracial Dialogue for Teachers of Color.” Equity & Excellence in Education 45(1):181–96.
Lewis, Amanda E. and John Diamond. 2015. Despite the Best Intentions: How Racial Inequality Thrives in Good Schools. New York: Oxford University Press.
McGee, Ebony, Bhoomi K. Thakore, and Sandra LaBlance. 2016. “The Burden of Being Model:
Racialized Experiences among Asian STEM Students.” Journal of Diversity in Higher Education DOI:
McIntosh, Peggy. “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack.” Peace and Freedom.
Microaggression and “Evidence”; Empirical or Experiential Reality?
Microaggression Experienced by Persons with Mental Illness: An Exploratory Study
Nadal, Kevin L. 2011. “The Racial and Ethnic Microaggressions Scale (REMS): Construction, reliability, and validity.” Journal of Counseling Psychology 58(4):470–80.
Nadal, Kevin L., Yinglee Wong, Katie E. Griffin, Kristin Davidoff and, Julie Sriken. 2014b. “The Adverse Impact of Racial Microaggressions on College Students' Self-esteem.” Journal of college student development 55(5):461–474.
Pérez Huber, Lindsay and Daniel G. Solorzano. 2015. “Racial Microaggressions as a Tool for Critical Race Research.” Race Ethnicity, and Education 18(3):297–320.
Racial Macroaggressions and Daily Well-Being among Asian Americans
Racial Microaggression in Everyday Life
Solorzano, Daniel, Miguel Ceja, and Tara Yosso. 2000. “Critical Race Theory, Racial Microaggressions, and Campus Racial Climate: The Experiences of African American College Students.” Journal of Negro Education 69(1/2):60–73.
Some Practical Ideas for Confronting Curricular Bias
Students See Many Slights as Racial ‘Microaggression’
Sue, Derald Wing, Christina M. Capodilupo, Gina C. Torino, Jennifer M. Bucceri, Aisha Holder, Kevin L. Nadal, and Marta Esquilin. 2007. “Racial Microaggression in Everyday Life: Implications for Clinical Practice.” American Psychologist 62:271–87.
Sue, Derald. W. (2015). Race talk and the conspiracy of silence: understanding and facilitating difficult dialogues on race. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishers
Sue, Derald. W. (2015). Therapeutic harm and cultural oppression. The Counseling Psychologist, 43, 359-369.
Take the Implicit Bias Test
The National Center for Cultural Competence
The Perception Institute
Tough Times: Adult Educators, Microaggressions, and the Work Context
Understanding Implicit Bias
Understanding implicit bias.
Yosso, Tara J., William A. Smith, Miguel Ceja, and Daniel G. Solórzano. 2009. “Critical Race Theory, Racial Microaggressions, and Campus Racial Climate for Latina/o Undergraduates.” Harvard Educational Review 79(4):659–90.