SEED Grant Winners 2004

Jiuhua Chen, Mineral Physics Institute, SBU
Zhong Zhong, National Synchrotron Light Source, BNL

"Application of Diffraction Enhanced Imaging (DEI) to the Study of Liquid-Liquid Phase Transistion at High Pressures"

Abstract:

In this project, it is proposed to apply a technique newly developed in biology research, Diffraction Enhanced Imaging (DEI), to the study of liquid-liquid phase transition at high pressures.

 


Stefan Judex, Department of Biomedical Engineering, SBU
Chris Jacobsen, Department of Physics & Astronomy, SBU and Center for Functional Nanomaterials, BNL
Lisa Milleri, National Synchrotron Light Source, BNL
Helmut Strey, Department of Biomedical Engineering, SBU

"Chemical and Physical Factors Controlling Bone Fragility in Osteoporosis"

Abstract:

This proposal hypothesizes that differences in bone’s chemical and nano-structural composition can be directly related to bone strength. The specific aim is to use detailed chemical, mechanical, and nano-structural assays in situ to identify which specific physical, chemical, and structural properties determine the strength and quality of bone.

 


Miriam Rafailovich, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, SBU
Elaine DiMasi, National Synchrotron Light Source, BNL
Nadine Pernodet, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, SBU

"Which Comes First, the Eggshell or its Genes? Mimicking Biomineralization with Artificial Protein Networks"

Abstract:

This proposal endeavors to answer the questions, What are the functions of the associated biomacromolecules? and What stabilizes the non-equilibrium mineral phases? in specific ways for calcium carbonates, combining polymer science, tissue engineering and environmental AFM imaging with the cutting-edge synchrotron x-ray scattering methods developed at BNL to study mineralization in-situ.

 


Michael Rijssenbeek, Department of Physics and Astronomy, SBU
Denis Damazio, Physics Department, BNL
Tara Falcone, Department of Physics and Astronomy, SBU
Helio Takai, Physics Department, BNL

"Analysis of Radio Scattering Data to Study Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Ray Air Showers"

Abstract:

This proposal, intends to complete a detailed study of the echo signals collected by a receiver station, for the development of pattern recognition and data reduction, and for the analysis of the combined data from radio receivers and several distributed muon detectors.

 


Stanislaus Wong, Chemistry Department, SBU
Barbara Panessa-Warren, Department of Materials Science, BNL

"Probing Potential Cellular Toxicity of Purified Carbon Nanotubes and Perovskite Nanotubes"

Abstract:

The aim of this proposal is to examine the effect of functionalized carbon nanotubes/perovskite nanostructures on tissue culture cells and measure cell death, either necrosis or apoptosis, if cell death does not occur, the effect of nanomaterials on cellular function will be measured./p>

 


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