ADOLESCENCE

Compiled by Lisa Burckell and Catherine Eubanks Carter—February 2002


American Medical Association, Council on Scientific Affairs. Health care needs of gay men and lesbians in the United States. (1996). JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 275(17), 1354-1359.

Ahlstrom, P., & Schonberg, S. K. (1989). Issues of adolescent medicine. In R. Rosner & H. I. Schwartz (Eds.), Juvenile psychiatry and the law (pp. 289-306). New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Alexander, C. J. (2000). Gay youth: More visible but fewer problems? Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services: Issues in Practice, Policy & Research, 11(4), 113-117.

Allen, L. B., Glicken, A. D., Beach, R. K., & Naylor, K. E. (1998). Adolescent health care experience of gay, lesbian, and bisexual young adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 23(4), 212-220.

Anderson, A. L. (1998). Strengths of gay male youth: An untold story. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 15(1), 55-71.

Anderson, D. (1987). Family and peer relations of gay adolescents. Adolescent Psychiatry, 14, 162-178.

Anderson, D. A. (1993). Lesbian and gay adolescents: Social and developmental considerations. High School Journal, 77(1-2), 13-19.

Anhalt, K., & Morris, T. L. (1998). Developmental and adjustment issues of gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents: A review of the empirical literature. Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review, 1(4), 215-230.

Archer, S. L. (Ed.). (1994). Interventions for adolescent identity development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Arendell, T. (Ed.). (1997). Contemporary parenting: Challenges and issues. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Aura, J. (1996). Gender orientation: Case illustration of Toni: A 19-year-old biracial man. In F. H. McClure & E. Teyber (Eds.), Child and adolescent therapy: A multicultural-relational approach (pp. 219-250). Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Bagley, C., & Tremblay, P. (2000). Elevated rates of suicidal behavior in gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth. Crisis, 21(3), 111-117.

Bailey, J. M. (1996). Gender identity. In R. C. Savin-Williams & K. M. Cohen (Eds.),The lives of lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: Children to adults (pp. 71-93). Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Baker, J. M. (1998). Family secrets: Gays sons--A mother's story. Binghamton, NY: The Harrington Park Press/The Haworth Press, Inc.

Baker, J. G., & Fishbein, H. D. (1998). The development of prejudice towards gays and lesbians by adolescents. Journal of Homosexuality, 36(1), 89-100.

Baldwin, J. D., & Baldwin, J. I. (1989). The socialization of homosexuality and heterosexuality in a non-Western society. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 18(1), 13-29.

Barber, J. S., & Mobley, M. (1999). Counseling gay adolescents. In A. M. Horne & M. S. Kiselica (Eds.), Handbook of counseling boys and adolescent males: A practitioner's guide (pp. 161-178). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Bartholow, B. N., Doll, L. S., Joy, D., Douglas, J. M., & et al. (1994). Emotional, behavioral, and HIV risks associated with sexual abuse among adult homosexual and bisexual men. Child Abuse & Neglect, 18(9), 747-761.

Bartollas, C. (1975). Runaways at the Training Institution Central Ohio. Canadian Journal of Criminology & Corrections, 17(3), 221-235.

Baumrind, D. (1995). Commentary on sexual orientation: Research and social policy implications. Developmental Psychology, 31(1), 130-136.

Beaty, L. A. (1999). Identity development of homosexual youth and parental and familial influences on the coming out process. Adolescence, 34(135), 597-601.

Beitchman, J. H., Zucker, K. J., Hood, J. E., DaCosta, G. A., & et al. (1992). A review of the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 16(1), 101-118.

Beitchman, J. H., Zucker, K. J., Hood, J. E., DaCosta, G. A., & et al. (1991). A review of the short-term effects of child sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 15(4), 537-556.

Ben-Ari, A. T., & Gil, S. (1998). Perceptions of life and death among suicidal gay adolescents. Omega: Journal of Death & Dying, 37(2), 107-119.

Berkovitz, I. H. (1985). Healthy development of sexuality in adolescents: The school's contribution. Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 19(10), 34-49.

Besner, H. F., & Spungin, C. I. (1995). Gay and lesbian students: Understanding their needs. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.

Bettencourt, T., Hodgins, A., Huba, G. J., & Pickett, G. (1998). Bay Area Young Positives: A model of a youth-based approach to HIV/AIDS services. Journal of Adolescent Health, 23(2), 28-36.

Blake, S. M., Ledsky, R., Lehman, T., Goodenow, C., Sawyer, R., & Hack, T. (2001). Preventing sexual risk behaviors among gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents: The benefits of gay-sensitive HIV instruction in schools. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6), 940-946.

Blanchard, R., Zucker, K. J., Bradley, S. J., & Hume, C. S. (1995). Birth order and sibling sex ratio in homosexual male adolescents and probably prehomosexual feminine boys. Developmental Psychology, 31(1), 22-30.

Blos, P. (1979). Modifications in the classical psychoanalytical model of adolescence. Adolescent Psychiatry, 7, 6-25.

Blum, R. (1987). Physicians' assessment of deficiencies and desire for training in adolescent care. Journal of Medical Education, 62(5), 401-407.

Blustein, J., Levine, C., & Dubler, N. N. (Eds.). (1999). The adolescent alone: Decision making in health care in the United States. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Boatwright, K. J., Gilbert, M. S., Forrest, L., & Ketzenberger, K. (1996). Impact of identity development upon career trajectory: Listening to the voices of lesbian women. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 48(2), 210-228.

Bok, M., & Morales, J. (1998). HIV risk behaviors in youth, adolescents and young adults. Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention & Education for Adolescents & Children, 2(1), 81-95.

Bolton, F. G., & MacEachron, A. E. (1988). Adolescent male sexuality: A developmental perspective. Journal of Adolescent Research, 3(3-4), 259-273.

Borhek, M. V. (1988). Helping gay and lesbian adolescents and their families: A mother's perspective. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 9(2), 123-128.

Boxer, A. M., Cohler, B. J., Herdt, G., & Irvin, F. (1993). Gay and lesbian youth. In P. H. Tolan & B. J. Cohler (Eds.), Handbook of clinical research and practice with adolescents (pp. 249-280). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Boxer, A. M., Cook, J. A., & Herdt, G. (1999). Experiences of coming out among gay and lesbian youth: Adolescents alone? In J. Blustein & C. Levine & et al. (Eds.), The adolescent alone: Decision making in health care in the United States (pp. 121-138). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Boxer, A. M., & Cohler, B. J. (1989). The life course of gay and lesbian youth: An immodest proposal for the study of lives. Journal of Homosexuality, 17(3-4), 315-355.

Boyer, D. (1989). Male prostitution and homosexual identity. Journal of Homosexuality, 17(1-2), 151-184.

Bozett, F. W., & Sussman, M. B. (1989). Homosexuality and family relations: Views and research issues. Marriage & Family Review, 14(3-4), 1-8.

Brack, G., Gay, M. F., & Matheny, K. B. (1993). Relationships between attachment and coping resources among late adolescents. Journal of College Student Development, 34(3), 212-215.

Braverman, P. K., & Strasburger, V. C. (1993). Adolescent sexual activity. Clinical Pediatrics, 32(11), 658-668.

Breiner, S. J. (1985). The adolescent who does not finish anything. Adolescence, 20(79), 647-653.

Brogan, J. E. (1993). Gay teens in literature. High School Journal, 77(1-2), 50-57.

Buhrich, N., & Beaumont, T. (1981). Comparison of transvestism in Australia and America. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 10(3), 269-279.

Buhrich, N., & McConaghy, N. (1977). The clinical syndromes of femmiphilic transvestism. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 6(5), 397-412.

Caceres, C. F., Marin, B. V., & Hudes, E. S. (2000). Sexual coercion among youth and young adults in Lima, Peru. Journal of Adolescent Health, 27(5), 361-367.

Caldwell, L. L., Kivel, B. D., Smith, E. A., & Hayes, D. (1998). The leisure context of adolescents who are lesbian, gay male, bisexual and questioning their sexual identities: An exploratory study. Journal of Leisure Research, 30(3), 341-355.

Carrion, V. G., & Lock, J. (1997). The coming out process: Developmental stages for sexual minority youth. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 2(3), 369-377.

Cates, J. A. (1987). Adolescent sexuality: Gay and lesbian issues. Child Welfare, 66(4), 353-364.

Cates, J. A. (1989). Adolescent male prostitution by choice. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 6(2), 151-156.

Chilman, C. S. (1983). The development of adolescent sexuality. Journal of Research & Development in Education, 16(2), 16-26.

Chung, Y. B., & Katayama, M. (1999). Ethnic and sexual identity development of Asian American lesbian and gay adolescents. In K. S. Ng (Ed.), Counseling Asian families from a systems perspective (pp. 159-169). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.

Chung, Y. B., & Katayama, M. (1998). Ethnic and sexual identity development of Asian-American lesbian and gay adolescents. Professional School Counseling, 1(3), 21-25.

Cochran, S. D., & Mays, V. M. (2000). Lifetime prevalence of suicide symptoms and affective disorders among men reporting same-sex sexual partners: Results from NHANES III. American Journal of Public Health, 90(4), 573-578.

Coenen, M. E. (1998). Helping families with homosexual children: A model for counseling. Journal of Homosexuality, 36(2), 73-86.

Cohen, K. M., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (1996). Developmental perspectives on coming out to self and others. In R. C. Savin-Williams & K. M. Cohen (Eds.), The lives of lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: Children to adults (pp. 113-151). Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Cohen, T. B. (1981). Analysis of adolescents with developmental arrest. Adolescent Psychiatry, 9, 550-558.

Cohler, B. J., & Galatzer-Levy, R. M. (2000). The course of gay and lesbian lives: Social and psychoanalytic perspectives. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Coleman, E., & Remafedi, G. (1989). Gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents: A critical challenge to counselors. Journal of Counseling & Development, 68(1), 36-40.

Coleman, E. (1989). The development of male prostitution activity among gay and bisexual adolescents. Journal of Homosexuality, 17(1-2), 131-149.

Coleman, E. (1981). Counseling adolescent males. Personnel & Guidance Journal, 60(4), 215-218.

Colten, M. E., & Gore, S. (Eds.). (1991). Adolescent stress: Causes and consequences. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.

Comely, L. (1993). Lesbian and gay teenagers at school: How can educational psychologists help? Educational & Child Psychology, 10(3), 22-24.

Cooley, J. J. (1998). Gay and lesbian adolescents: Presenting problems and the counselor's role. Professional School Counseling, 1(3), 30-34.

Corker, M. (2001). "Isn't that what girls do?"--Disabled young people construct (homo) sexuality in situated social practice. Educational & Child Psychology, 18(1), 89-107.

Cranston, K. (1991). HIV education for gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth: Personal risk, personal power, and the community of conscience. Journal of Homosexuality, 22(3-4), 247-259.

Crooks, R., & Baur, K. (1999). Our sexuality (7th ed ). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Crooks, R., & Baur, K. (1996). Our sexuality (6th ed ). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Crooks, R., & Baur, K. (1990). Our sexuality (4th ed ). Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Co, Inc.

Crosbie-Burnett, M., & Helmbrecht, L. (1993). A descriptive empirical study of gay male stepfamilies. Family Relations: Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Studies, 42(3), 256-262.

Crowley, C., Hallam, S., Harre, R., & Lunt, I. (2001). Study support for young people with same-sex attraction--Views and experiences from a pioneering peer support initiative in the north of England. Educational & Child Psychology, 18(1), 108-124.

Daher, D. (1977). Sexual identity confusion in late adolescence: Therapy and values.Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 14(1), 12-17.

Daily, S. G. (1992). Alcohol, incest, and adolescence. In G. W. Lawson & A. W. Lawson (Eds.), Adolescent substance abuse: Etiology, treatment, and prevention(pp. 251-266). Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publishers, Inc.

Daniluk, J. C. (1998). Women's sexuality across the life span: Challenging myths, creating meanings. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

D'Augelli, A. R., & Patterson, C. J. (Eds.). (2001). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities and youth: Psychological perspectives. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

D'Augelli, A. R. (1996). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual development during adolescence and young adulthood. In R. P. Cabaj & T. S. Stein (Eds.), Textbook of homosexuality and mental health (pp. 267-288). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc.

D'Augelli, A. R., & Patterson, C. J. (Eds.). (1995). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities over the lifespan: Psychological perspectives. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

D'Augelli, A. R., & Dark, L. J. (1994). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. In L. D. Eron & J. H. Gentry & et al. (Eds.), Reason to hope: A psychosocial perspective on violence & youth (pp. 177-196). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

D'Augelli, A. R., Hershberger, S. L., & Pilkington, N. W. (2001). Suicidality patterns and sexual orientation-related factors among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths.Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 31(3), 250-264.

D'Augelli, A. R. (1998). Developmental implications of victimization of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. In G. M. Herek (Ed.), Stigma and sexual orientation: Understanding prejudice against lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (pp. 187-210). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

D'Augelli, A. R. (1996). Enhancing the development of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. In E. D. Rothblum & L. A. Bond (Eds.), Preventing heterosexism and homophobia (pp. 124-150). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

D'Augelli, A. R., & Hershberger, S. L. (1993). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth in community settings: Personal challenges and mental health problems. American Journal of Community Psychology, 21(4), 421-448.

Davis, E. C., & Friel, L. V. (2001). Adolescent sexuality: Disentangling the effects of family structure and family context. Journal of Marriage & Family, 63(3), 669-681.

de Anda, D., & Zambrana, R. E. (1987). Adolescent development: A reexamination of the female experience. In D. S. Burden & N. Gottlieb (Eds.), The woman client: Providing human services in a changing world (pp. 228-245). New York, NY: Tavistock/Routledge.

de Souza, R. P., de Oliveira, J. S., Wagner, M. B., & Vinciprova, A. R. (1996). Sexual behavior of teenagers: Conclusions from the results of a comparative study between two surveys: South Brazil. Journal of Adolescent Health, 18(3), 166-167.

DeCrescenzo, T. (Ed.). (1994). Helping gay and lesbian youth: New policies, new programs, new practice. New York, NY: Harrington Park Press/Haworth Press, Inc.

Dempsey, C. L. (1994). Health and social issues of gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents. Families in Society, 75(3), 160-167.

DeZolt, D. M., & Henning-Stout, M. (1999). Adolescent girls' experiences in school and community settings. In N. G. Johnson & M. C. Roberts & et al. (Eds.), Beyond appearance: A new look at adolescent girls (pp. 253-275). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Diamond, L. M. (2000). Passionate friendships among adolescent sexual-minority women. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 10(2), 191-209.

Diamond, M., & Diamond, G. H. (1986). Adolescent sexuality: Biosocial aspects and intervention strategies. Journal of Social Work & Human Sexuality, 5(1), 3-13.

Diamond, L. M., Savin-Williams, R. C., & Dube, E. M. (1999). Sex, dating, passionate friendships, and romance: Intimate peer relations among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents. In W. Furman & B. B. Brown & et al. (Eds.), The development of romantic relationships in adolescence (pp. 175-210). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Diamond, M. (1993). Homosexuality and bisexuality in different populations. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22(4), 291-310.

Diamond, L. M. (2000). Sexual identity, attractions, and behavior among young sexual-minority women over a 2-year period. Developmental Psychology, 36(2), 241-250.

Diamond, L. M. (1998). Development of sexual orientation among adolescent and young adult women. Developmental Psychology, 34(5), 1085-1095.

Diepold, J. H., & Young, R. D. (1979). Empirical studies of adolescent sexual behavior: A critical review. Adolescence, 14(53), 45-64.

Doll, L. S., Joy, D., Bartholow, B. N., Harrison, J. S., & et al. (1992). Self-reported childhood and adolescent sexual abuse among adult homosexual and bisexual men.Child Abuse & Neglect, 16(6), 855-864.

Dombrowski, D., Wodarski, J. S., Smokowski, P. R., & Bricout, J. C. (1996). School-based social work interventions with gay and lesbian adolescents: Theoretical and practice guidelines. Journal of Applied Social Sciences, 20(1), 51-61.

Donovan, C., & McEwan, R. (1995). A review of the literature examining the relationship between alcohol use and HIV-related sexual risk-taking in young people.Addiction, 90(3), 319-328.

Dube, E. M., Savin-Williams, R. C., & Diamond, L. M. (2001). Intimacy development, gender, and ethnicity among sexual-minority youths. In A. R. D'Augelli & C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities and youth: Psychological perspectives (pp. 129-152). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Durby, D. D. (1994). Gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth. In T. DeCrescenzo (Ed.),Helping gay and lesbian youth: New policies, new programs, new practice (pp. 1-37). New York, NY: Harrington Park Press/Haworth Press, Inc.

Dynes, W. R., & Donaldson, S. (Eds.). (1992). Homosexuality and psychology, psychiatry, and counseling. New York, NY: Garland Publishing, Inc.

Edwards, W. J. (1996). A sociological analysis of an in/visible minority group: Male adolescent homosexuals. Youth & Society, 27(3), 334-355.

Edwards, W. J. (1996). Operating within the mainstream: Coping and adjustment among a sample of homosexual youths. Deviant Behavior, 17(2), 229-251.

Ehrhardt, A. A., Yingling, S., & Warne, P. A. (1991). Sexual behavior in the era of AIDS: What has changed in the United States? Annual Review of Sex Research, 2, 25-47.

Elwood, W. N. (Ed.). (1999). Power in the blood: A handbook on AIDS, politics, and communication. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers.

Eron, L. D., Gentry, J. H., & Schlegel, P. (Eds.). (1994). Reason to hope: A psychosocial perspective on violence & youth. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Espin, O. M. (1997). Latina realities: Essays on healing, migration, and sexuality. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Evans, N., & Levine, H. (1990). Perspectives on sexual orientation. New Directions for Student Services, 51, 49-58.

Evans, N. J. (2001). The experiences of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths in university communities. In A. R. D'Augelli & C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities and youth: Psychological perspectives (pp. 181-198). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Faulkner, A. H., & Cranston, K. (1998). Correlates of same-sex sexual behavior in a random sample of Massachusetts high school students. American Journal of Public Health, 88(2), 262-266.

Feldman, B. (1996). Identity, sexuality and the self in late adolescence. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 41(4), 491-507.

Feldman, D. A. (1989). Gay youth and AIDS. Journal of Homosexuality, 17(1-2), 185-193.

Figueroa, J. P., Brathwaite, A. R., Wedderburn, M., Ward, E., Lewis-Bell, K., Amon, J. J., Williams, Y., & Williams, E. (1998). IS HIV/STD control in Jamaica making a difference? Aids, 12(Suppl 2), S89-S98.

Fikar, C. R. (1992). Commentary: Thoughts of a gay pediatrician. Journal of Adolescent Health, 13(3), 237-238.

Filgueiras, A. (1995). Socially apart youth: Priorities for HIV prevention. In P. Aggleton & P. Davies & et al. (Eds.), AIDS: Safety, sexuality and risk (pp. 118-124). Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.

Fine, M. (1993). Sexuality, schooling, and adolescent females: The missing discourse of desire. In L. Weis & M. Fine (Eds.), Beyond silenced voices: Class, race, and gender in United States schools (pp. 75-99). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Fishbein, M., Guenther-Grey, C., Johnson, W. D., Wolitski, R. J., & et al. (1996). Using a theory-based community intervention to reduce AIDS risk behaviors: The CDC's AIDS Community Demonstration Projects. In S. Oskamp & S. C. Thompson (Eds.), Understanding and preventing HIV risk behavior: Safer sex and drug use (pp. 177-206). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Flowers, P., & Buston, K. (2001). "I was terrified of being different": Exploring gay men's accounts of growing-up in a heterosexist society. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1), 51-65.

Floyd, F. J., Stein, T. S., Harter, K. S. M., Allison, A., & Nye, C. L. (1999). Gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths: Separation-individuation, parental attitudes, identity consolidation, and well-being. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 28(6), 719-739.

Fontaine, J. H. (1998). Evidencing a need: School counselors' experiences with gay and lesbian students. Professional School Counseling, 1(3), 8-14.

Fontaine, J. H., & Hammond, N. L. (1996). Counseling issues with gay and lesbian adolescents. Adolescence, 31(124), 817-830.

French, S. A., Story, M., Remafedi, G., Resnick, M. D., & et al. (1996). Sexual orientation and prevalence of body dissatisfaction and eating disordered behaviors: A population-based study of adolescents. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 19(2), 119-126.

Friedman, R. C. (1988). Male homosexuality: A contemporary psychoanalytic perspective. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Friedman, R. C., & Stern, L. O. (1980). Juvenile aggressivity and sissiness in homosexual and heterosexual males. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 8(3), 427-440.

Friedman, R. C., & Downey, J. I. (2001). The Oedipus complex and male homosexuality. In P. Hartocollis (Ed.), Mankind's oedipal destiny: Libidinal and aggressive aspects of sexuality (pp. 113-138). Madison, CT: International Universities Press, Inc.

Furman, W., Brown, B. B., & Feiring, C. (Eds.). (1999). The development of romantic relationships in adolescence. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Furman, W., & Wehner, E. A. (1994). Romantic views: Toward a theory of adolescent romantic relationships. In R. Montemayor & G. R. Adams & et al. (Eds.), Personal relationships during adolescence (pp. 168-195). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Galambos, N. L., & Leadbeater, B. J. (2000). Trends in adolescent research for the new millennium. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24(3), 289-294.

Gallup, G. G., & Suarez, S. D. (1984). "Homosexuality as a by-product of selection for optimal heterosexual strategies""': Commentary reply. Perspectives in Biology & Medicine, 27(3), 494-496.

Galupo, M. P., & St John, S. (2001). Benefits of cross-sexual orientation friendships among adolescent females. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1), 83-93.

Garnets, L. D., & Kimmel, D. C. (Eds.). (1993). Psychological perspectives on lesbian and gay male experiences. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Garnets, L., Hancock, K. A., Cochran, S. D., Goodchilds, J., Peplau, L. A., & Sobocinski, M. R. (1993). Working with special populations III: Lesbians and gay men. In J. A. Mindell (Ed.), Issues in clinical psychology (pp. 309-328). Dubuque, IA: Brown & Benchmark/Wm. C. Brown Publishers.

Garofalo, R., R.C., W., Kessel, S., Palfrey, J., & DuRant, R. H. (1998). The association between health risk behaviors and sexual orientation among a school-based sample of adolescents. Pediatrics, 101(5), 895-902.

Garrison, J. (1989). Services and treatment issues: Recommendations of the work group. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 10(3, Suppl), 48-49.

Garrod, A., Smulyan, L., Powers, S. I., & Kilkenny, R. (1992). Adolescent portraits: Identity, relationships, and challenges. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

Gay, G. (1985). Implications of selected models of ethnic identity development for educators. Journal of Negro Education, 54(1), 43-55.

Gelles, R. J. (1997). Intimate violence in families (3rd ed ). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Germain, C. B. (1991). Human behavior in the social environment: An ecological view. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Gerstel, C. J., Feraios, A. J., & Herdt, G. (1989). Widening circles: An ethnographic profile of a youth group. Journal of Homosexuality, 17(1-2), 75-92.

Glasser, M. (1977). Homosexuality in adolescence. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 50(3), 217-225.

Gochman, D. S. (Ed.). (1997). Handbook of health behavior research, Vol 3: Demography, development, and diversity. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Gochros, H. L., & Bidwell, R. (1996). Lesbian and gay youth in a straight world: Implications for health care workers. In K. J. Peterson (Ed.), Health care for lesbians and gay men: Confronting homophobia and heterosexism (pp. 1-17). New York, NY: Harrington Park Press/Haworth Press, Inc.

Gonsiorek, J. C. (1993). Mental health issues of gay and lesbian adolescents. In L. D. Garnets & D. C. Kimmel (Eds.), Psychological perspectives on lesbian and gay male experiences (pp. 469-485). New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Gonsiorek, J. C., & Rudolph, J. R. (1991). Homosexual identity: Coming out and other developmental events. In J. C. Gonsiorek & J. D. Weinrich (Eds.),Homosexuality: Research implications for public policy (pp. 161-176). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Gonsiorek, J. C. (1991). The empirical basis for the demise of the illness model of homosexuality. In J. C. Gonsiorek & J. D. Weinrich (Eds.), Homosexuality: Research implications for public policy (pp. 115-136). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Gonsiorek, J. C. (1988). Mental health issues of gay and lesbian adolescents.Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 9(2), 114-122.

Gonsiorek, J. C., & Weinrich, J. D. (1995). Definition and measurement of sexual orientation. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 25(Suppl), 40-51.

Graber, J. A., & Archibald, A. B. (2001). Psychosocial change at puberty and beyond: Understanding adolescent sexuality and sexual orientation. In A. R. D'Augelli & C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities and youth: Psychological perspectives (pp. 3-26). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Graham, C. A. (1994). AIDS and the adolescent. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 5(5), 305-309.

Graupner, H. (1999). Love versus abuse: Crossgenerational sexual relations of minors: A gay rights issue? Journal of Homosexuality, 37(4), 23-56.

Graupner, H. (2000). Sexual consent: The criminal law in Europe and overseas.Archives of Sexual Behavior, 29(5), 415-461.

Graves, M. H. (1970). Help for troubled parents.

Greene, B., & Croom, G. L. (Eds.). (2000). Education, research, and practice in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered psychology: A resource manual, Vol 5. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Greenspan, S. I., & Pollock, G. H. (Eds.). (1991). The course of life, Vol 4: Adolescence. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, Inc.

Griffin, C. (2000). Absences that matter: Constructions of sexuality in studies of young women's friendships. Feminism & Psychology, 10(2), 227-245.

Grossman, A. H. (2001). Avoiding HIV/AIDS and the challenge of growing up gay, lesbian, and bisexual. In A. R. D'Augelli & C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities and youth: Psychological perspectives (pp. 155-180). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Grubb, P. F. (1986). Reading about homosexuality. Journal of Homosexuality, 13(2-3), 121-135.

Gullotta, T. P., Adams, G. R., & Montemayor, R. (Eds.). (1993). Adolescent sexuality. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Gwadz, M., & Rotheram-Borus, M. J. (1992). Tracking high-risk adolescents longitudinally. AIDS Education & Prevention(Suppl), 69-82.

Hacker, S. S. (1989). AIDS education is sex education: Rural and urban challenges.Journal of Social Work & Human Sexuality, 8(1), 155-170.

Hammelman, T. L. (1993). Gay and lesbian youth: Contributing factors to serious attempts or considerations of suicide. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, 2(1), 77-89.

Hanley-Hackenbruck, P. (1988). "Coming out" and psychotherapy. Psychiatric Annals, 18(1), 29-32.

Harding, C. (Ed.). (2001). Sexuality: Psychoanalytic perspectives. Philadelphia, PA: Brunner-Routledge.

Harris, M. B. (Ed.). (1997). School experiences of gay and lesbian youth: The invisible minority. Binghamton, NY: The Harrington Park Press/The Haworth Press, Inc.

Harry, J. (1989). Parental physical abuse and sexual orientation in males. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 18(3), 251-261.

Harry, J. (1985). Defeminization and social class. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14(1), 1-12.

Hartstein, N. B. (1996). Suicide risk in lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. In R. P. Cabaj & T. S. Stein (Eds.), Textbook of homosexuality and mental health (pp. 819-837). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc.

Hein, K. (1990). Lessons from New York City on HIV/AIDS in adolescents. New York State Journal of Medicine, 90(3), 143-145.

Henderson, M. G. (1998). Disclosure of sexual orientation: Comments from a parental perspective. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 68(3), 372-375.

Henning-Stout, M., James, S., & Macintosh, S. (2000). Reducing harassment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning youths in schools. School Psychology Review, 29(2), 180-191.

Hepworth, J., & Shernoff, M. (1989). Strategies for AIDS education and prevention.Marriage & Family Review, 13(1-2), 39-80.

Herdt, G. H., & Stoller, R. J. (1989). Commentary to "The socialization of homosexuality and heterosexuality in a non-Western society ". Archives of Sexual Behavior, 18(1), 31-34.

Herdt, G. H. (1992). "Coming out" as a rite of passage: A Chicago study. In G. H. Herdt (Ed.), Gay culture in America: Essays from the field (pp. 29-67). Boston, MA: Beacon Press, Inc.

Herdt, G. (1989). Introduction: Gay and lesbian youth, emergent identities, and cultural scenes at home and abroad. Journal of Homosexuality, 17(1-2), 1-42.

Herdt, G. (1990). Cross-cultural issues in the development of bisexuality and homosexuality. In M. E. Perry (Ed.), Childhood and adolescent sexology (pp. 51-63). New York, NY: Elsevier Science.

Herdt, G. (2001). Social change, sexual diversity, and tolerance for bisexuality in the United States. In A. R. D'Augelli & C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities and youth: Psychological perspectives (pp. 267-283). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Herek, G. M. (Ed.). (1998). Stigma and sexual orientation: Understanding prejudice against lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Herek, G. M., & Berrill, K. T. (Eds.). (1992). Hate crimes: Confronting violence against lesbians and gay men. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Herring, R. D. (1998). Career counseling in schools: Multicultural and developmental perspectives. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.

Hershberger, S. L., & D'Augelli, A. R. (2000). Issues in counseling lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents. In R. M. Perez & K. A. DeBord & et al. (Eds.), Handbook of counseling and psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients (pp. 225-247). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Hershberger, S. L., Pilkington, N. W., & D'Augelli, A. R. (1996). Categorization of lesbian, gay, and bisexual suicide attempters. In C. J. Alexander (Ed.), Gay and lesbian mental health: A sourcebook for practitioners (pp. 39-59). New York, NY: Harrington Park Press/Haworth Press, Inc.

Hershberger, S. L., & D'Augelli, A. R. (1995). The impact of victimization on the mental health and suicidality of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. Developmental Psychology, 31(1), 65-74.

Herzog, D. B., Norman, D. K., Gordon, C., & Pepose, M. (1984). Sexual conflict and eating disorders in 27 males. American Journal of Psychiatry, 141(8), 989-990.

Hetrick, E. S., & Martin, A. D. (1987). Developmental issues and their resolution for gay and lesbian adolescents. Journal of Homosexuality, 14(1-2), 25-43.

Hipple, T., Comer, M., & Boren, D. (1997). Twenty recent novels (and more) about adolescents for bibliotherapy. Professional School Counseling, 1(1), 65-67.

Hipple, T. W., Yarbrough, J. H., & Kaplan, J. S. (1984). Twenty adolescent novels (and more) that counselors should know about. School Counselor, 32(2), 142-148.

Hoover, R., & Fishbein, H. D. (1999). The development of prejudice and sex role stereotyping in white adolescents and white young adults. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 20(3), 431-448.

Horne, A. M., & Kiselica, M. S. (Eds.). (1999). Handbook of counseling boys and adolescent males: A practitioner's guide. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Hunter, J., & Mallon, G. P. (2000). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescent development: Dancing with your feet tied together. In B. Greene & G. L. Croom (Eds.), Education, research, and practice in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered psychology: A resource manual, Vol 5 (pp. 226-243). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Hunter, J., & Schaecher, R. (1994). AIDS prevention for lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents. Families in Society, 75(6), 346-354.

Hunter, J. (1990). Violence against lesbian and gay male youths. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5(3), 295-300.

Hunter, M. (Ed.). (1990). The sexually abused male, Vol 2: Application of treatment strategies. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books/D. C. Heath and Company.

Hunter, J., & Schaecher, R. (1987). Stresses on lesbian and gay adolescents in schools. Social Work in Education, 9(3), 180-190.

Hunter, S., Shannon, C., Knox, J., & Martin, J. I. (1998). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths and adults: Knowledge for human services practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Hunter, J. (1992). Violence against lesbians and gay male youths. In G. M. Herek & K. T. Berrill (Eds.), Hate crimes: Confronting violence against lesbians and gay men(pp. 76-82). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Hussey, D., & Singer, M. I. (1993). Sexual and physical abuse: The Adolescent Sexual Concern Questionnaire (ASC). In M. I. Singer & L. T. Singer & et al. (Eds.),Handbook for screening adolescents at psychosocial risk (pp. 131-163). New York, NY: Lexington Books/Macmillan, Inc.

Hyde, J. S., & DeLamater, J. D. (2000). Understanding human sexuality (7th ed ). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Hyde, J. S., & DeLamater, J. D. (1997). Understanding human sexuality (6th ed ). New York, NY: Mcgraw-Hill Book Company.

Hyde, J. S., & Jaffee, S. R. (2000). Becoming a heterosexual adult: The experiences of young women. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2), 283-296.

Isay, R. A. (1990). Being homosexual: Gay men and their development. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Isay, R. A. (1996). Psychoanalytic therapy with gay men: Developmental considerations. In R. P. Cabaj & T. S. Stein (Eds.), Textbook of homosexuality and mental health (pp. 451-469). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc.

Isay, R. A. (1991). The development of sexual identity in homosexual men. In S. I. Greenspan & G. H. Pollock (Eds.), The course of life, Vol 4: Adolescence (pp. 469-491). Madison, CT: International Universities Press, Inc.

Isay, R. A. (1986). The development of sexual identity in homosexual men.Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 41, 467-489.

Isay, R. A. (1996). Becoming gay: The journey to self-acceptance. New York, NY: Pantheon Books.

Jackson, D., & Sullivan, R. (1994). Developmental implications of homophobia for lesbian and gay adolescents: Issues in policy and practice. In T. DeCrescenzo (Ed.),Helping gay and lesbian youth: New policies, new programs, new practice (pp. 93-109). New York, NY: Harrington Park Press/Haworth Press, Inc.

Johnson, C. C., & Johnson, K. A. (2000). High-risk behavior among gay adolescents: Implications for treatment and support. Adolescence, 35(140), 619-637.

Johnson, R. L., & Shrier, D. (1987). Past sexual victimization by females of male patients in an adolescent medicine clinic population. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144(5), 650-652.

Johnston, M. W., & Bell, A. P. (1995). Romantic emotional attachment: Additional factors in the development of the sexual orientation of men. Journal of Counseling & Development, 73(6), 621-625.

Jones, G. P. (1981). Using early assessment of prehomosexual boys as a counseling tool: An exploratory study. Journal of Adolescence, 4(3), 231-248.

Jones, G. P. (1992). Counseling gay adolescents. In W. R. Dynes & S. Donaldson (Eds.), Homosexuality and psychology, psychiatry, and counseling (pp. 164-172). New York, NY: Garland Publishing, Inc.

Jordan, K. M. (2000). Substance abuse among gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and questioning adolescents. School Psychology Review, 29(2), 201-206.

Jordan, K. M., Vaughan, J. S., & Woodworth, K. J. (1997). I will survive: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths' experience of high school. In M. B. Harris (Ed.), School experiences of gay and lesbian youth: The invisible minority (pp. 17-33). Binghamton, NY: The Harrington Park Press/The Haworth Press, Inc.

Joseph, S. C. (1991). AIDS and adolescence: A challenge to both treatment and prevention. Journal of Adolescent Health, 12(8), 614-618.

Joseph, G. I. (1984). Black mothers and daughters: Traditional and new populations.SAGE: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women, 1(2), 17-21.

Kato, P. M., & Mann, T. (Eds.). (1996). Handbook of diversity issues in health psychology. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Kelley, K., & Byrne, D. E. (1992). Exploring human sexuality. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Kelly, J. A., & Murphy, D. A. (1991). Some lessons learned about risk reduction after ten years of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. AIDS Care, 3(3), 251-257.

Kelly, J. A., & St. Lawrence, J. S. (1988). AIDS prevention and treatment: Psychology's role in the health crisis. Clinical Psychology Review, 8(3), 255-284.

Kielwasser, A. P., & Wolf, M. A. (1993). Silence, difference, and annihilation: Understanding the impact of mediated heterosexism on high school students. High School Journal, 77(1-2), 58-79.

Kiersky, S. (1996). Exiled desire: The problem of reality in psychoanalysis and lesbian experience. Psychoanalysis & Psychotherapy, 13(2), 130-141.

Kleis, B. N., & Lock, J. (1995). The public discussion of homosexuality. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 34(1), 6.

Kokotailo, P. K., & Stephenson, J. N. (1993). Sexuality and reproductive health behavior. In M. I. Singer & L. T. Singer & et al. (Eds.), Handbook for screening adolescents at psychosocial risk (pp. 249-292). New York, NY: Lexington Books/Macmillan, Inc.

Koopman, C., Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Henderson, R., Bradley, J. S., & et al. (1990). Assessment of knowledge of AIDS and beliefs about AIDS prevention among adolescents. AIDS Education & Prevention, 2(1), 58-69.

Kottman, T., Lingg, M., & Tisdell, T. (1995). Gay and lesbian adolescents: Implications for Adlerian therapists. Individual Psychology: Journal of Adlerian Theory, Research & Practice, 51(2), 114-128.

Kourany, R. F. (1987). Suicide among homosexual adolescents. Journal of Homosexuality, 13(4), 111-117.

Krener, P., & Miller, F. B. (1991). Psychiatric response to HIV spectrum disease in children and adolescents. In S. Chess & M. E. Hertzig (Eds.), Annual progress in child psychiatry and child development, 1990 (pp. 582-603). Philadelphia, PA: Brunner/Mazel, Inc.

Krener, P., & Miller, F. B. (1990). Psychiatric response to HIV spectrum disease in children and adolescents. Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry & Child Development, 582-603.

Krener, P., & Miller, F. B. (1989). Psychiatric response to HIV spectrum disease in children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 28(4), 596-605.

Kruks, G. (1991). Gay and lesbian homeless/street youth: Special issues and concerns. Journal of Adolescent Health, 12(7), 515-518.

Kulkin, H. S., Chauvin, E. A., & Percle, G. A. (2000). Suicide among gay and lesbian adolescents and young adults: A review of the literature. Journal of Homosexuality, 40(1), 1-29.

Kunins, H., Hein, K., Futterman, D., Tapley, E., & et al. (1993). Guide to adolescent HIV/AIDS program development. Journal of Adolescent Health, 14(5, Suppl), 140.

Laird, J., & Green, R.-J. (Eds.). (1996). Lesbians and gays in couples and families: A handbook for therapists. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Inc, Publishers.

Lamb, M. E. (Ed.). (1997). The role of the father in child development (3rd ed ). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Land, H. (Ed.). (1992). AIDS: A complete guide to psychosocial intervention. Milwaukee, WI: Family Service America.

Leahy, T. (1992). Positively experienced man/boy sex: The discourse of seduction and the social construction of masculinity. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Sociology, 28(1), 71-88.

Lear, D. (1995). Sexual communication in the age of AIDS: The construction of risk and trust among young adults. Social Science & Medicine, 41(9), 1311-1323.

Leck, G. M. (1993). Politics of adolescent sexual identity and queer responses. High School Journal, 77(1-2), 186-192.

Lewes, K. (2001). Psychoanalysis, post-modernism and the lesbian rule.Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 11(1), 131-144.

Lewis, L. A. (1984). The coming-out process for lesbians: Integrating a stable identity. Social Work, 29(5), 464-469.

Lightfoot, M., & Rotheram-Borus, M. J. (2000). Interventions for high-risk youth. In J. L. Peterson & R. J. DiClemente (Eds.), Handbook of HIV prevention (pp. 129-145). New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

Little, J. N. (2001). Embracing gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered youth in school-based settings. Child & Youth Care Forum, 30(2), 99-110.

Lock, J. (1998). Treatment of homophobia in a gay male adolescent. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 52(2), 202-214.

Lock, J., & Kleis, B. N. (1998). A primer on homophobia for the child and adolescent psychiatrist. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(6), 671-673.

Long, R. E. (Ed.). (1995). Suicide. Bronx, NY: H. W. Wilson.

Macklin, R. (1992). Autonomy, beneficence, and child development: An ethical analysis. In B. Stanley & J. E. Sieber (Eds.), Social research on children and adolescents: Ethical issues (pp. 88-105). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Magee, M., & Miller, D. C. (1997). Lesbian lives: Psychoanalytic narratives old and new. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, Inc.

Magee, M., & Miller, D. C. (2001). "They go too far": Reply to review essays by Lewes and O'Connor. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 11(1), 151-158.

Magura, S., Shapiro, J. L., & Kang, S. Y. (1994). Condom use among criminally-involved adolescents. AIDS Care, 6(5), 595-603.

Mallet, P., Apostolidis, T., & Paty, B. (1997). The development of gender schemata about heterosexual and homosexual others during adolescence. Journal of General Psychology, 124(1), 91-104.

Mallon, G. P. (1998). We don't exactly get the welcome wagon: The experiences of gay and lesbian adolescents in child welfare systems. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Mallon, G. P. (1997). Entering into a collaborative search for meaning with gay and lesbian youth in out-of-home care: An empowerment-based model for training child welfare professionals. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 14(6), 427-444.

Mallon, G. (1992). Gay and no place to go: Assessing the needs of gay and lesbian adolescents in out-of-home care settings. Child Welfare, 71(6), 547-556.

Mallon, G. P. (1992). Serving the needs of gay and lesbian youth in residential treatment centers. Residential Treatment for Children & Youth, 10(2), 47-61.

Mallon, G. P. (1997). Basic premises, guiding principles and competent practices for a positive youth development approach to working with gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths in out-of-home care. Child Welfare, 76(5), 591-609.

Mallon, G. P. (2001). Sticks and stones can break your bones: Verbal harassment and physical violence in the lives of gay and lesbian youths in child welfare settings.Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services: Issues in Practice, Policy & Research, 13(1-2), 63-81.

Mallon, G. P. (2001). Sticks and stones can break your bones: Verbal harassment and physical violence in the lives of gay and lesbian youths in child welfare settings. In M. E. Swigonski & R. S. Mama (Eds.), From hate crimes to human rights: A tribute to Matthew Shepard (pp. 63-81). New York, NY: Haworth Press, Inc.

Malyon, A. K. (1982). Biphasic aspects of homosexual identity formation.Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 19(3), 335-340.

Malyon, A. K. (1981). The homosexual adolescent: Developmental issues and social bias. Child Welfare, 60(321), 29-42.

Marin, B. V., & Gomez, C. A. (1997). Latino culture and sex: Implications for HIV prevention. In J. G. Garcia & M. C. Zea (Eds.), Psychological interventions and research with Latino populations (pp. 73-93). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

Martin, A. D. (1982). Learning to hide: The socialization of the gay adolescent.Adolescent Psychiatry, 10, 52-65.

Martin, A. D., & Hetrick, E. S. (1988). The stigmatization of the gay and lesbian adolescent. Journal of Homosexuality, 15(1-2), 163-183.

Mason, M. A., Skolnick, A., & Sugarman, S. D. (Eds.). (1998). All our families: New policies for a new century. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

McConaghy, N. (1986). Why so few homosexual feelings reported? American Journal of Psychiatry, 143(2), 266-267.

McConaghy, N. (1989). Psychosexual disorders. In L. K. G. Hsu & M. Hersen (Eds.),Recent developments in adolescent psychiatry (pp. 333-366). Oxford, England: John Wiley & Sons.

McConaghy, N., & Silove, D. (1991). Opposite sex behaviours correlate with degree of homosexual feelings in the predominantly heterosexual. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 25(1), 77-83.

McConaghy, N., Buhrich, N., & Silove, D. (1994). Opposite sex-linked behaviors and homosexual feelings in the predominantly heterosexual male majority. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23(5), 565-577.

McConville, M., & Wheeler, G. (Eds.). (2001). The heart of development: Vol ll: Adolescence: Gestalt approaches to working with children, adolescents and their worlds. Cambridge, ME: Analytic Press, Inc.

McDonald, H. B., & Steinhorn, A. I. (1994). Counseling gay men and lesbians and their families. In J. L. Ronch & W. Van Ornum & et al. (Eds.), The counseling sourcebook: A practical reference on contemporary issues (pp. 146-156). New York, NY: Crossroad Publishing Co.

McFarland, W. P. (1998). Gay, lesbian, and bisexual student suicide. Professional School Counseling, 1(3), 26-29.

McKay, A., & Holowaty, P. (1997). Sexual health education: A study of adolescents' opinions, self-perceived needs, and current and preferred sources of information.Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 6(1), 29-38.

McMillen, C. (1991). Sexual identity issues related to homosexuality in the residential treatment of adolescents. Residential Treatment for Children & Youth, 9(2), 5-21.

Menvielle, E. J. (1998). Gender identity disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(3), 243-244.

Mercier, L. R., & Berger, R. M. (1989). Social service needs of lesbian and gay adolescents: Telling it their way. Journal of Social Work & Human Sexuality, 8(1), 75-95.

Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F. (1990). Can homosexuality in adolescents be "treated" by sex hormones? Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 1(3), 231-235.

Miller, D. (1973). The treatment of adolescent sexual disturbances. International Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 2(1), 93-126.

Mills, J. K. (1990). The psychoanalytic perspective of adolescent homosexuality: A review. Adolescence, 25(100), 913-922.

Mishne, J. M. (1986). Clinical work with adolescents. New York, NY: The Free Press.

Mishne, J. M. (1988). Adolescent sexuality. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 5(3), 187-204.

Mondimore, F. M. (1996). A natural history of homosexuality. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Money, J., & Russo, A. J. (1980). Homosexual outcome of discordant gender identity/role in childhood: Longitudinal follow-up. Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry & Child Development, 203-214.

Money, J., & Lehne, G. K. (1999). Gender Identity disorders. In R. T. Ammerman & M. Hersen & et al. (Eds.), Handbook of prescriptive treatments for children and adolescents (2nd ed., pp. 214-228). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

Morris, R. J., & Nicholson, J. (1993). The therapeutic relationship in child and adolescent psychotherapy: Research issues and trends. In T. R. Kratochwill & R. J. Morris (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy with children and adolescents (pp. 405-425). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

Morrison, T. G., McLeod, L. D., Morrison, M. A., Anderson, D., & et al. (1997). "Gender stereotyping, homonegativity, and misconceptions about sexually coercive behavior among adolescents": Erratum. Youth & Society, 29(1), 134.

Morrison, T. G., McLeod, L. D., Morrison, M. A., Anderson, D., & et al. (1997). Gender stereotyping, homonegativity, and misconceptions about sexually coercive behavior among adolescents. Youth & Society, 28(3), 351-382.

Morrison, T. G., Parriag, A. V., & Morrison, M. A. (1999). The psychometric properties of the homonegativity scale. Journal of Homosexuality, 37(4), 111-126.

Morrison, L. L., & L'Heureux, J. (2001). Suicide and gay/lesbian/bisexual youth: Implications for clinicians. Journal of Adolescence, 24(1), 39-49.

Morrow, D. F. (1993). Social work with gay and lesbian adolescents. Social Work, 38(6), 655-660.

Morrow, D. F. (1994). "Social work with gay and lesbian adolescents": Erratum.Social Work, 39(2), 166.

Morrow, S. L. (1997). Career development of lesbian and gay youth: Effects of sexual orientation, coming out, and homophobia. In M. B. Harris (Ed.), School experiences of gay and lesbian youth: The invisible minority (pp. 1-15). Binghamton, NY: The Harrington Park Press/The Haworth Press, Inc.

Nader, P. R., Wexler, D. B., Patterson, T. L., McKusick, L., & et al. (1989). Comparison of beliefs about AIDS among urban, suburban, incarcerated, and gay adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 10(5), 413-418.

Nelson, J. A. (1994). Comment of special issue on adolescence. American Psychologist, 49(6), 523-524.

Nesmith, A. A., Burton, D. L., & Cosgrove, T. J. (1999). Gay, lesbian and bisexual youth and young adults: Social support in their own words. Journal of Homosexuality, 37(1), 95-108.

Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., Toporoff, E., Cassuto, N., & et al. (1996). Psychosocial predictors of binge eating and purging behaviors among adolescents with and without Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of Adolescent Health, 19(4), 289-296.

Newman, B. S., & Muzzonigro, P. G. (1993). The effects of traditional family values on the coming out process of gay male adolescents. Adolescence, 28(109), 213-226.

Newton, D. E. (1979). Representations of homosexuality in health science textbooks.Journal of Homosexuality, 219, 247-254.

Ng, K. S. (Ed.). (1999). Counseling Asian families from a systems perspective. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.

Nichols, S. L. (1999). Gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth: Understanding diversity and promoting tolerance in schools. Elementary School Journal, 99(5), 505-519.

Niles, W. J. (1986). Managing episodic homosexual behavior of adolescents in residential settings. Child Care Quarterly, 15(1), 15-26.

Noell, J. W., & Ochs, L. M. (2001). Relationship of sexual orientation to substance use, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and other factors in a population of homeless adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 29(1), 31-36.

Numerous, c. (1992). Sexuality issues. In S. B. Friedman & M. Fisher & et al. (Eds.),Comprehensive adolescent health care (pp. 708-732). St Louis, MO: Quality Medical Publishing, Inc.

O'Connor, N. (2001). Theorizing lesbian desires: Challenges to psychoanalyses.Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 11(1), 145-150.

O'Conor, A. (1993). Who gets called queer in school? Lesbian, gay and bisexual teenagers, homophobia and high school. High School Journal, 77(1-2), 7-12.

Olson, E. D., & King, C. A. (1995). Gay and lesbian self-identification: A response to Rotheram-Borus and Fernandez. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 25(Suppl), 35-39.

Olson, E. D. (2000). Gay teens and substance use disorders: Assessment and treatment. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, 3(3-4), 69-80.

Olson, E. D. (2000). Gay teens and substance use disorders: Assessment and treatment. In J. R. Guss & J. Drescher (Eds.), Addictions in the gay and lesbian community (pp. 69-80). Binghamton, NY: Haworth Medical Press, Inc./Haworth Press, Inc.

Omizo, M. M., Omizo, S. A., & Okamoto, C. M. (1998). Gay and lesbian adolescents: A phenomenological study. Professional School Counseling, 1(3), 35-37.

O'Reilly, P., Penn, E. M., & deMarrais, K. (Eds.). (2001). Educating young adolescent girls. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers.

Orenstein, A. (2001). Substance use among gay and lesbian adolescents. Journal of Homosexuality, 41(2), 1-15.

Owen, W. F. (1985). Medical problems of the homosexual adolescent. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 6(4), 278-285.

Parker, R. (1989). Youth, identity, and homosexuality: The changing shape of sexual life in contemporary Brazil. Journal of Homosexuality, 17(3-4), 269-289.

Parks, C. W. (2001). African-American same-gender-loving youths and families in urban schools. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services: Issues in Practice, Policy & Research, 13(3), 41-56.

Paroski, P. H. (1987). Health care delivery and the concerns of gay and lesbian adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 8(2), 188-192.

Parrott Iii, L. (1993). Helping the struggling adolescent: A guide to thirty common problems for parents, counselors & youth workers. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House.

Patterson, C. J., & D'Augelli, A. R. (Eds.). (1998). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities in families: Psychological perspectives. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Pederson, W. B. (1994). HIV risk in gay and lesbian adolescents. In T. DeCrescenzo (Ed.), Helping gay and lesbian youth: New policies, new programs, new practice (pp. 131-147). New York, NY: Harrington Park Press/Haworth Press, Inc.

Perez, R. M., DeBord, K. A., & Bieschke, K. J. (Eds.). (2000). Handbook of counseling and psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Perry, M. E. (Ed.). (1990). Childhood and adolescent sexology. New York, NY: Elsevier Science.

Peters, A. J. (1997). Themes in group work with lesbian and gay adolescents. Social Work with Groups, 20(2), 51-69.

Peterson, J. S., & Rischar, H. (2000). Gifted and gay: A study of the adolescent experience. Gifted Child Quarterly, 44(4), 231-246.

Pierce, R. A., & Black, M. A. (Eds.). (1993). Life-span development: A diversity reader. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company.

Plummer, K. (1989). Lesbian and gay youth in England. Journal of Homosexuality, 17(3-4), 195-223.

Powell, R. E. (1987). Homosexual behavior and the school counselor. School Counselor, 34(3), 202-208.

Prezbindowski, K. S., & Prezbindowski, A. K. (2001). Educating young adolescent girls about lesbian, bisexual, and gay issues. In P. O'Reilly & E. M. Penn (Eds.),Educating young adolescent girls (pp. 47-80). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers.

Price, J. H. (1982). High school students' attitudes toward homosexuality. Journal of School Health, 52(8), 469-474.

Proctor, C. D., & Groze, V. K. (1994). Risk factors for suicide among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths. Social Work, 39(5), 504-513.

Prytula, R. E., Wellford, C. D., & DeMonbreun, B. G. (1979). Body self-image and homosexuality. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 35(3), 567-572.

Radkowsky, M., & Siegel, L. J. (1997). The gay adolescent: Stressors, adaptations, and psychosocial interventions. Clinical Psychology Review, 17(2), 191-216.

Remafedi, G. J. (1985). Adolescent homosexuality: Issues for pediatricians. Clinical Pediatrics, 24(9), 481-485.

Remafedi, G. J. (1988). Preventing the sexual transmission of AIDS during adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 9(2), 139-143.

Remafedi, G., Farrow, J. A., & Deisher, R. W. (1993). Risk factors for attempted suicide in gay and bisexual youth. In L. D. Garnets & D. C. Kimmel (Eds.),Psychological perspectives on lesbian and gay male experiences (pp. 486-499). New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Remafedi, G. (1994). Cognitive and behavioral adaptations to HIV/AIDS among gay and bisexual adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 15(2), 142-148.

Remafedi, G., French, S., Story, M., Resnick, M. D., & Blum, R. (1998). The relationship between suicide risk and sexual orientation: Results of a population-based study. American Journal of Public Health, 88(1), 57-60.

Remafedi, G. (1999). Sexual orientation and youth suicide. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 282(13), 1291-1292.

Rew, L., Taylor-Seehafer, M., Thomas, N. Y., & Yockey, R. D. (2001). Correlates of resilience in homeless adolescents. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 33(1), 33-40.

Reynolds, A. L., & Koski, M. J. (1993). Lesbian, gay and bisexual teens and the school counselor: Building alliances. High School Journal, 77(1-2), 88-94.

Ricketts, W. (1986). Homosexuality in adolescence: The reification of sexual personalities. Journal of Social Work & Human Sexuality, 5(1), 35-49.

Rind, B. (2001). Gay and bisexual adolescent boys' sexual experiences with men: An empirical examination of psychological correlates in a nonclinical sample. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 30(4), 345-368.

Ritchey, P. N., & Fishbein, H. D. (2001). The lack of an association between adolescent friends' prejudices and stereotypes. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 47(2), 188-206.

Rivers, I., & D'Augelli, A. R. (2001). The victimization of lesbians, gay, and bisexual youths. In A. R. D'Augelli & C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities and youth: Psychological perspectives (pp. 199-223). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Roberts, M. C., Koocher, G. P., Routh, D. K., & Willis, D. J. (Eds.). (1993). Readings in pediatric psychology. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

Robinson, L. H. (1980). Adolescent homosexual patterns: Psychodynamics and therapy. Adolescent Psychiatry, 8, 422-436.

Robinson, B. E., Skeen, P., & Flake-Hobson, C. (1982). Sex role endorsement among homosexual men across the life span. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 11(4), 355-359.

Robinson, L. H., & Dalton, R. (1986). Homosexuality in adolescence. Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 20(6), 106-114.

Robinson, K. E. (1994). Addressing the needs of gay and lesbian students: The school counselor's role. School Counselor, 41(5), 326-332.

Roesler, T., & Deisher, R. W. (1972). Youthful male homosexuality: Homosexual experience and the process of developing homosexual identity in males aged 16 to 22 years. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 219(8), 1018-1023.

Rohde, P., Noell, J., Ochs, L., & Seeley, J. R. (2001). Depression, suicidal ideation and STD-related risk in homeless older adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 24(4), 447-460.

Rosario, M., Rotheram-Borus, M. J., & Reid, H. (1996). Gay-related stress and its correlates among gay and bisexual male adolescents of predominantly Black and Hispanic background. Journal of Community Psychology, 24(2), 136-159.

Rosario, M., Meyey-Bahlburg, H. F. L., Hunter, J., Exner, T. M., & et al. (1996). The psychosexual development of urban lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. Journal of Sex Research, 33(2), 113-126.

Rosario, M., Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F. L., Hunter, J., & Gwadz, M. (1999). Sexual risk behaviors of gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths in New York City: Prevalence and correlates. AIDS Education & Prevention, 11(6), 476-496.

Rosario, M., Mahler, K., Hunter, J., & Gwadz, M. (1999). Understanding the unprotected sexual behaviors of gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths: An empirical test of the cognitive-environmental model. Health Psychology, 18(3), 272-280.

Rosario, M., Hunter, J., Maguen, S., Gwadz, M., & Smith, R. (2001). The coming-out process and its adaptational and health-related associations among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths: Stipulation and exploration of a model. American Journal of Community Psychology, 29(1), 113-160.

Rosen, E., & Weinstein, E. (1988). Adolescent sexuality counseling. In E. Weinstein & E. Rosen (Eds.), Sexuality counseling: Issues & implications (pp. 35-58). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Rossi, A. S. (Ed.). (1994). Sexuality across the life course. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Ross-Reynolds, G., & Hardy, B. S. (1985). Crisis counseling for disparate adolescent sexual dilemmas: Pregnancy and homosexuality. School Psychology Review, 14(3), 300-312.

Rothberg, B. P., & Kidder, D. M. (1992). Double trouble: Lesbians emerging from alcoholic families. Journal of Chemical Dependency Treatment, 5(1), 77-92.

Rothblum, E. D. (1988). Introduction: Lesbianism as a model of a positive lifestyle for women. Women & Therapy, 8(1-2), 1-12.

Rothblum, E. D., & Bond, L. A. (Eds.). (1996). Preventing heterosexism and homophobia. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Koopman, C., & Ehrhardt, A. A. (1991). Homeless youths and HIV infection. American Psychologist, 46(11), 1188-1197.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., & Koopman, C. (1991). Sexual risk behavior, AIDS knowledge, and beliefs about AIDS among predominantly minority gay and bisexual male adolescents. AIDS Education & Prevention, 3(4), 305-312.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Rosario, M., & Koopman, C. (1991). Minority youths at high risk: Gay males and runaways. In M. E. Colten & S. Gore (Eds.), Adolescent stress: Causes and consequences (pp. 181-200). Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F., Rosario, M., Koopman, C., & et al. (1992). Lifetime sexual behaviors among predominantly minority male runaways and gay/bisexual adolescents in New York City. AIDS Education & Prevention(Suppl), 34-42.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Reid, H., & Rosario, M. (1994). Factors mediating changes in sexual HIV risk behaviors among gay and bisexual male adolescents. American Journal of Public Health, 84(12), 1938-1946.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Hunter, J., & Rosario, M. (1994). Suicidal behavior and gay-related stress among gay and bisexual male adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 9(4), 498-508.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Rosario, M., Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F. L., Koopman, C., & et al. (1994). Sexual and substance use acts of gay and bisexual male adolescents in New York City. Journal of Sex Research, 31(1), 47-57.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Mahler, K. A., & Rosario, M. (1995). AIDS prevention with adolescents. AIDS Education & Prevention, 7(4), 320-336.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Reid, H., Rosario, M., & Kasen, S. (1995). Determinants of safer sex patterns among gay/bisexual male adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 18(1), 3-15.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., & Fernandez, I. (1995). Sexual orientation and development challenges experienced by gay and lesbian youths. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 25(Suppl), 26-34.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Rosario, M., Van Rossem, R., Reid, H., & et al. (1995). Prevalence, course, and predictors of multiple problem behaviors among gay and bisexual male adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 31(1), 75-85.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Rosario, M., Reid, H., & Koopman, C. (1995). Predicting patterns of sexual acts among homosexual and bisexual youths. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152(4), 588-595.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Murphy, D. A., Reid, H. M., & Coleman, C. L. (1996). Correlates of emotional distress among HIV+ youths: Health status, stress, and personal resources. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 18(1), 16-23.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Gillis, J. R., Reid, H. M., Fernandez, M. I., & Gwadz, M. (1997). HIV testing, behaviors, and knowledge among adolescents at high risk.Journal of Adolescent Health, 20(3), 216-225.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Marelich, W. D., & Srinivasan, S. (1999). HIV risk among homosexual, bisexual, and heterosexual male and female youths. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 28(2), 159-177.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., & Langabeer, K. A. (2001). Developmental trajectories of gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths. In A. R. D'Augelli & C. J. Patterson (Eds.),Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities and youth: Psychological perspectives (pp. 97-128). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Rottnek, M. (Ed.). (1999). Sissies and tomboys: Gender nonconformity and homosexual childhood. New York, NY: New York University Press.

Rowe, R. N. (1985). Counseling "gay" students. College Student Journal, 19(2), 217-220.

Russell, T. G. (1989). AIDS education, homosexuality, and the counselor's role.School Counselor, 36(5), 333-337.

Russell, S. T., Franz, B. T., & Driscoll, A. K. (2001). Same-sex romantic attraction and experiences of violence in adolescence. American Journal of Public Health, 91(6), 903-906.

Rust, P. C. (1997). "Coming out" in the age of social constructionism: Sexual identity formation among lesbian and bisexual women. Journal of Lesbian Studies, 1(1), 25-54.

Ryan, C., & Futterman, D. (1998). Lesbian and gay youth: Care and counseling. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Ryan, H., Wortley, P. M., Easton, A., Pederson, L., & Greenwood, G. (2001). Smoking among lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: A review of the literature. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 21(2), 142-149.

Ryan, C. (2001). Counseling lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. In A. R. D'Augelli & C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities and youth: Psychological perspectives (pp. 224-250). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Saewyc, E. M., Skay, C. L., Bearinger, L. H., Blum, R. W., & Resnick, M. D. (1998). Sexual orientation, sexual behaviors, and pregnancy among American Indian adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 23(4), 238-247.

Saewyc, E. M., Skay, C. L., Bearinger, L. H., Blum, R. W., & Resnick, M. D. (1998). Demographics of sexual orientation among American-Indian adolescents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 68(4), 590-600.

Saewyc, E. M., Bearinger, L. H., Heinz, P. A., Blum, R. W., & Resnick, M. D. (1998). Gender differences in health and risk behaviors among bisexual and homosexual adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 23(3), 181-188.

Safren, S. A., & Heimberg, R. G. (1999). Depression, hopelessness, suicidality, and related factors in sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 67(6), 859-866.

Saghir, M. T., & Robins, E. (1971). Male and female homosexuality: Natural history.Comprehensive Psychiatry, 12(6), 503-510.

Sanders, G. L., & Kroll, I. T. (2000). Generating stories of resilience: Helping gay and lesbian youth and their families. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 26(4), 433-442.

Sandoval, J. (Ed.). (1988). Crisis counseling, intervention, and prevention in the schools. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Sandoval, J. (Ed.). (2002). Handbook of crisis counseling, intervention, and prevention in the schools (2nd ed ). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1987). An ethological perspective on homosexuality during adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Research, 2(3), 283-302.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1988). Theoretical perspectives accounting for adolescent homosexuality. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 9(2), 95-104.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1989). Gay and lesbian adolescents. Marriage & Family Review, 14(3-4), 197-216.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1989). Coming out to parents and self-esteem among gay and lesbian youths. Journal of Homosexuality, 18(1-2), 1-35.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1989). Parental influences on the self-esteem of gay and lesbian youths: A reflected appraisals model. Journal of Homosexuality, 17(1-2), 93-109.

Savin-Williams, R. C., & Lenhart, R. E. (1990). AIDS prevention among gay and lesbian youth: Psychosocial stress and health care intervention guidelines. In D. G. Ostrow (Ed.), Behavioral aspects of AIDS (pp. 75-99). New York, NY: Plenum Medical Book Co/Plenum Press.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1990). Gay and lesbian youth: Expressions of identity. Washington, DC: Hemisphere Publishing Corp.

Savin-Williams, R. C., & Rodriguez, R. G. (1993). A developmental, clinical perspective on lesbian, gay male, and bisexual youths. In T. P. Gullotta & G. R. Adams & et al. (Eds.), Adolescent sexuality (pp. 77-101). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1994). Verbal and physical abuse as stressors in the lives of lesbian, gay male, and bisexual youths: Associations with school problems, running away, substance abuse, prostitution, and suicide. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 62(2), 261-269.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1994). Dating those you can't love and loving those you can't date. In R. Montemayor & G. R. Adams & et al. (Eds.), Personal relationships during adolescence (pp. 196-215). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1995). Lesbian, gay male, and bisexual adolescents. In A. R. D'Augelli & C. J. Patterson (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities over the lifespan: Psychological perspectives (pp. 165-189). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1995). An exploratory study of pubertal maturation timing and self-esteem among gay and bisexual male youths. Developmental Psychology, 31(1), 56-64.

Savin-Williams, R. C., & Cohen, K. M. (Eds.). (1996). The lives of lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: Children to adults. Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Savin-Williams, R. C., & Cohen, K. M. (1996). Psychosocial outcomes of verbal and physical abuse among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. In R. C. Savin-Williams & K. M. Cohen (Eds.), The lives of lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: Children to adults(pp. 181-200). Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1996). Memories of childhood and early adolescent sexual feelings among gay and sexual boys: A narrative approach. In R. C. Savin-Williams & K. M. Cohen (Eds.), The lives of lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: Children to adults(pp. 94-109). Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1996). Self-labeling and disclosure among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths. In J. Laird & R.-J. Green (Eds.), Lesbians and gays in couples and families: A handbook for therapists (pp. 153-182). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Inc, Publishers.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1996). Dating and romantic relationships among gay, lesbian, and bisexual youths. In R. C. Savin-Williams & K. M. Cohen (Eds.), The lives of lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: Children to adults (pp. 166-180). Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1998). The disclosure to families of same-sex attractions by lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 8(1), 49-68.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (1998). Lesbian, gay and bisexual youths' relationships with their parents. In C. J. Patterson & A. R. D'Augelli (Eds.), Lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities in families: Psychological perspectives (pp. 75-98). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Savin-Williams, R. (1998). "...And then I became gay": Young men's stories. NY: Routledge.

Savin-Williams, R. C., & Diamond, L. M. (1999). Sexual orientation. In W. K. Silverman & T. H. Ollendick (Eds.), Developmental issues in the clinical treatment of children (pp. 241-258). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

Savin-Williams, R. (1999). Ethnic-minority and sexual-minority youths. In L. A. Peplau & S. C. DeBro & et al. (Eds.), Gender, culture, and ethnicity: Current research about women and men (pp. 121-134). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing Co.

Savin-Williams, R. C., & Diamond, L. M. (2000). Sexual identity trajectories among sexual-minority youths: Gender comparisons. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 29(6), 607-627.

Savin-Williams, R. C., & Esterberg, K. G. (2000). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual families. In D. H. Demo & K. R. Allen & et al. (Eds.), Handbook of family diversity(pp. 197-215). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (2001). A critique of research on sexual-minority youths.Journal of Adolescence, 24(1), 5-13.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (2001). Mom, dad I'm gay How families negotiate coming out. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Savin-Williams, R. C. (2001). Suicide attempts among sexual-minority youths: Population and measurement issues. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 69(6), 983-991.

Schlegel, A. (1995). The cultural management of adolescent sexuality. In P. R. Abramson & S. D. Pinkerton (Eds.), Sexual nature, sexual culture (pp. 177-194). Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Schneider, M., & Tremble, B. (1985). Gay or straight? Working with the confused adolescent. Journal of Social Work & Human Sexuality, 4(1-2), 71-82.

Schneider, M. S., & Tremble, B. (1986). Training service providers to work with gay or lesbian adolescents: A workshop. Journal of Counseling & Development, 65(2), 98-99.

Schneider, M. (1989). Sappho was a right-on adolescent: Growing up lesbian. Journal of Homosexuality, 17(1-2), 111-130.

Schneider, S. G., Farberow, N. L., & Kruks, G. N. (1989). Suicidal behavior in adolescent and young adult gay men. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 19(4), 381-394.

Schneider, M. (1991). Developing services for lesbian and gay adolescents.Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 10(1), 133-151.

Schneider, M. (1997). Sappho was a right-on adolescent: Growing up lesbian. Journal of Lesbian Studies, 1(1), 69-85.

Schneider, M. S., & Witherspoon, J. J. (2000). Friendship patterns among lesbian and gay youth: An exploratory study. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 9(4), 239-246.

Sears, J. T. (1991). Growing up gay in the South: Race, gender, and journeys of the spirit. Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Press, Inc.

Sears, J. T. (1991). Educators, homosexuality, and homosexual students: Are personal feelings related to professional beliefs? Journal of Homosexuality, 22(3-4), 29-79.

Singer, A. (2001). Coming out of the shawdows: Supporting the development of our gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents. In M. McConville & G. Wheeler (Eds.), The heart of development: Vol ll: Adolescence: Gestalt approaches to working with children, adolescents and their worlds (pp. 172-192). Cambridge, ME: Analytic Press, Inc.

Singerline, H. (1993). OutRight: Reflections on an out-of-school gay youth group.High School Journal, 77(1-2), 133-137.

Slater, B. R. (1988). Essential issues in working with lesbian and gay male youths.Professional Psychology: Research & Practice, 19(2), 226-235.

Slater, B. R. (1989). Special needs of today's adolescents. In C. D. Kain (Ed.), No longer immune: A counselor's guide to AIDS (pp. 93-113). Alexandria, VA: American Association for Counseling and Development.

Smith, G. W., & Smith, D. E. (1998). The ideology of "fag": The school experience of gay students. Sociological Quarterly, 39(2), 309-335.

Sobel, H. J. (1976). Adolescent attitudes toward homosexuality in relation to self concept and body satisfaction. Adolescence, 11(43), 443-453.

Sobocinski, M. R. (1990). Ethical principles in the counseling of gay and lesbian adolescents: Issues of autonomy, competence, and confidentiality. Professional Psychology: Research & Practice, 21(4), 240-247.

Spurlock, J. C. (2002). From reassurance to irrelevance: Adolescent psychology and homosexuality in America. History of Psychology, 5(1), 38-51.

Stanley, B., & Sieber, J. E. (Eds.). (1992). Social research on children and adolescents: Ethical issues. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Steel, M. C., & Guldner, C. A. (1993). Identifying and meeting the needs of gay and lesbian adolescents in family therapy. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 2(1), 1-12.

Steinhorn, A. I. (1998). Individual pratice with lesbians. In G. P. Mallon (Ed.),Foundations of social work practice with lesbian and gay persons (pp. 105-129). Binghamton, NY: The Harrington Park Press/The Haworth Press, Inc.

Stoelb, M., & Chiriboga, J. (1998). A process model for assessing adolescent risk for suicide. Journal of Adolescence, 21(4), 359-370.

Stone, N. (1999). Developmental perspectives in brief treatment of gay youth.Psychoanalytic Social Work, 6(3-4), 145-159.

Storms, M. D. (1981). A theory of erotic orientation development. Psychological Review, 88(4), 340-353.

Sullivan, T. (1984). Adolescent homosexuality: Social constructions and developmental realities. Journal of Child Care, 1(6), 11-27.

Sullivan, T., & Schneider, M. (1987). Development and identity issues in adolescent homosexuality. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 4(1), 13-24.

Sullivan, T. R. (1994). Obstacles to effective child welfare service with gay and lesbian youths. Child Welfare, 73(4), 291-304.

Sullivan, T. R. (1996). The challenge of HIV prevention among high-risk adolescents.Health & Social Work, 21(1), 58-65.

Sullivan, M., & Wodarski, J. S. (2002). Social alienation in gay youth. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 5(1), 1-17.

Sussman, T., & Duffy, M. (1996). Are we forgetting about gay male adolescents in AIDS-related research and prevention? Youth & Society, 27(3), 379-393.

Swan, W. K. (Ed.). (1997). Gay/lesbian/bisexual/transgender public policy issues: A citizen's and administrator's guide to the new cultural struggle. Binghamton, NY: The Harrington Park Press/The Haworth Press, Inc.

Taylor, N. (1994). Gay and lesbian youth: Challenging the policy of denial. In T. DeCrescenzo (Ed.), Helping gay and lesbian youth: New policies, new programs, new practice (pp. 39-73). New York, NY: Harrington Park Press/Haworth Press, Inc.

Teague, J. B. (1992). Issues relating to the treatment of adolescent lesbians and homosexuals. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 14(4), 422-439.

Telljohann, S. K., & Price, J. H. (1993). A qualitative examination of adolescent homosexuals' life experiences: Ramifications for secondary school personnel.Journal of Homosexuality, 26(1), 41-56.

Tharinger, D., & Wells, G. (2000). An attachment perspective on the developmental challenges of gay and lesbian adolescents: The needs for continuity of caregiving from family and schools. School Psychology Review, 29(2), 158-172.

Thomas, S. R., & Larrabee, T. G. (2002). Gay, lesbian, bisexual, and questioning youth. In J. Sandoval (Ed.), Handbook of crisis counseling, intervention, and prevention in the schools (2nd ed., pp. 301-322). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers.

Tindall, R. H. (1978). The male adolescent involved with a pederast becomes an adult. Journal of Homosexuality, 3(4), 373-382.

Tolan, P. H., & Cohler, B. J. (Eds.). (1993). Handbook of clinical research and practice with adolescents. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Townsend, M. H., Wallick, M. M., Pleak, R. R., & Cambre, K. M. (1997). Gay and lesbian issues in child and adolescent psychiatry training as reported by training directors. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(6), 764-768.

Trotter, J. (1999). Lesbian and gay issues in work with young people: Are schools "out" this summer? British Journal of Social Work, 29(6), 955-961.

Uribe, V., & Harbeck, K. M. (1991). Addressing the needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth: The origins of PROJECT 10 and school-based intervention. Journal of Homosexuality, 22(3-4), 9-28.

Van de Ven, P., Bornholt, L., & Bailey, M. (1996). Measuring cognitive, affective, and behavioral components of homophobic reaction. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 25(2), 155-179.

Vergara, T. L. (1983). Meeting the needs of sexual minority youth: One program's response. Journal of Social Work & Human Sexuality, 2(2-3), 19-38.

Waldner, L. K., & Magruder, B. (1999). Coming out to parents: Perceptions of family relations, perceived resources and identity expression as predictors of identity disclosure for gay and lesbian adolescents. Journal of Homosexuality, 37(2), 83-100.

Waldner-Haugrud, L. K., & Magruder, B. (1996). Homosexual identity expression among lesbian and gay adolescents: An analysis of perceived structural associations. Youth & Society, 27(3), 313-333.

Waldo, C. R., Hesson-McInnis, M. S., & D'Augelli, A. R. (1998). Antecedents and consequences of victimization of lesbian, gay, and bisexual young people: A structural model comparing rural university and urban samples. American Journal of Community Psychology, 26(2), 307-334.

Weis, L., & Fine, M. (Eds.). (1993). Beyond silenced voices: Class, race, and gender in United States schools. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Weis, L., & Fine, M. (Eds.). (2000). Construction sites: Excavating race, class, and gender among urban youth. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Williams, W. L. (1996). Two-spirit persons: Gender nonconformity among Native American and Native Hawaiian youths. In R. C. Savin-Williams & K. M. Cohen (Eds.), The lives of lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: Children to adults (pp. 416-435). Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Yates, G. L., MacKenzie, R. G., Pennbridge, J., & Swofford, A. (1991). A risk profile comparison of homeless youth involved in prostitution and homeless youth not involved. Journal of Adolescent Health, 12(7), 545-548.

Zera, D. (1992). Coming of age in a heterosexist world: The development of gay and lesbian adolescents. Adolescence, 27(108), 849-854.

Zucker, K. J., & Bradley, S. J. (1995). Gender identity disorder and psychosexual problems in children and adolescents. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

 

Please Join AFFIRM

Sign up Here for our ListServ

AFFIRM Network, c/o Marvin Goldfried | Psychology Department, SUNY at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794-2500 | marvin.goldfried @stonybrook.edu