Professor Devinder Mahajan
SBU-BNL Joint Appointment
Chemical & Molecular Engineering
Materials Science & Engineering Dept.
Stony Brook University, NY, USA
Sustainable Energy Technologies Dept.
Brookhaven National Laboratory, NY, USA
NSF National Center for BioEnergy Research
& Development (NSF CBERD)
RESEARCH INTEREST - LOW CARBON ENERGY
Energy Policy Issues; Low Carbon Energy technology development and Implementation.
Energy Research at the Chemical Engineering/Chemistry Interface– Clean Fuel production technologies complementing CO2 mitigation utilizing Methane hydrates, Methane and Biomass for catalytic methanol, mixed alcohols and hydrocarbon Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) synthesis; ultra-deep hydrodesulfurization (HDS); extremophiles-mediated H2-production for fuel-cell applications; Geothermal energy-minerals extraction from brines.
PROFESSIONAL CAREER HIGHLIGHTS
Professor Mahajan holds a joint appointment between Stony Brook University and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and serves as Site Director, NSF Center for BioEnergy Research & Development (CBERD). He also serves as Associate Editor of the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy; editorial boards of The Open Petroleum Journal and International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology. His research interests are in Energy issues that include a portfolio of projects on Biogas, Methane hydrates, and Biomass and Natural gas conversion into liquid fuels using single-site or slurry-based catalysts for incorporation in smart process engineering. His focus is to develop technologies that operate in skid-mounted (small-scale) units for production of fuels that can be used for cooking to replace black carbon, transportation and power production. His recent focus is on Low Carbon technologies that has taken him as a: 1) Delegation member to universities in Beijing and Shanghai, China (2009), Visiting Researcher, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Hayama, Japan (2009) and Fulbright Specialist Scholar, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand (2010). In 2011, Professor Mahajan served the U.S. Department of State (DoS) as a Jefferson Science Fellow (JSF). He worked in the newly created Bureau of Energy Resources (ENR) on biofuels, natural gas issues, facilitating ENR and ARPA-E policy/ technology dialog, U.S.-India technical collaboration. He represented DoS on the Committee on Energy Research and Technology (CERT) of the International Energy Agency (IEA). His focus is on energy policies for implementation of energy-efficient technologies to address human welfare through sustainability issues.
Aug 80 – Sept 83 Research Associate: Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York USA
May 74 – May 79 M.Sc. and Ph.D., Appl. Chemistry, U. of British Columbia, Canada
July 69 – May 73 B. Sc. (Honors) and M.Sc. (Honors), Chemistry, Panjab University, India
Aug 07- Present Professor (with Tenure), Materials Science & Engineering Department,
Stony Brook University (SBU), New York.
Sep 02- Present Joint Scientific Staff Appointment, Sustainable Energy Technologies
Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory (Concurrent).
Aug 02- Aug 07 Research Professor, Materials Science & Eng. Dept., SBU, New York.
Oct 88 – Sept 02 Scientist and Group Leader, Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York.
Oct 85 – Sept 88 Associate Scientist, Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York.
Oct 83 – Sept 85 Assistant Scientist, Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York.
1991 - 93 Adjunct Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering University of Akron.
1983 - 89 Adjunct Assistant Professor, Baruch College, The City University of New York.
1985 - 88 Project Consultant, Master's Program, MIT Chemical Engineering Practice
School- BNL Station.
RECENT KEY ENGAGEMENTS
United Nations HQ, New York
03-2013 Expert Group Meeting, Science & Sustainable Goals- Reports to 30-Member
Countries. Open Working Group (Rio+20) of the General Assembly.
U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC
Aug 11 – Aug 12 Jefferson Science Fellow, Bureau of Energy Resources (E/ENR)
Sept 12 – Jan13 Senior Technical Advisor, Office of Intellectual Property Enforcement, Economic
and Business Bureau (EB/TPP/IPE)
International Energy Agency, Paris
Aug 11 – Aug 12 Member, US delegation to Committee on Research and Technology (CERT/IEA)
Sept 12- Present Governor Cuomo's NYS 2100 Commission- Energy Subcommittee
HONORS AND AWARDS
Marie Curie Senior Researcher, 2013-17, Joint NSF-European Commission Project.
Jefferson Science Fellow, 2011-12, Department of State, Washington, DC.
Fulbright Specialist Scholar, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand, 2010.
Outstanding Mentor Award, Energy Secretary, Office of Science, United States Department of Energy. 2009 and 2007.
Associate Editor- Bioenergy, Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy (JRSE), American Institute of Physics. 2009- Present.
University Visiting Professor Fellowship, Universitá di Roma "La Sapienza", Roma, Italy. 2008.
Member, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (RANS)-US Section. 2006-Present.
Recipient of the "Crown and Eagle Medal of Honor", awarded by RANS for "Petroleum Engineering", 2006.
Promising Inventor's Award, State University of New York, 2005.
Annual NEDO Expert Lecture, Tokyo, Japan. "Catalysis and Environment", 1997.
Fellow, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan, 1997.
Cited in the Introduction Section of the 1992 NRC Report: "Catalysis Looks To The Future", National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
2008- Present: Member, The Open Petroleum Journal, BENTHAM Science Publishers;
2007- Present: Member, International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology.
National Academies- PEER US AID Program: 03/2013; 02/2012. PEER-PIRE Program: 07/2012
NASA LAUNCH Program 08/2011
Kansas Board Authority: 1 of the 8 Reviewers’ to select and recommend $100 million to bioenergy projects (2/2009)
U.S. Department of State: ISTC proposals for Russia and Ukraine (2004-2009)
NSF Panelist, Review of Science and Technology Center (NSF-STC) UNC-Chapel Hill, NC (2003)
U.S. DOE/EE. Hydrogen Program Review Panel. (2004)
U.S. Civilian Research & Development Foundation (CRDF), Department of State, Washington, D.C.
U.S. Department of Energy-National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE-NETL) In-house Methane Hydrates Research, Denver, CO (2003).
May 2008 Tutorial on BIOFUELS, Pittsburgh, PA. Topic: Fuel Production on A Farm.
Sponsors: CTLtech Americas Conference Event and Center for Management Technology
Nov 2006 Tutorial on “BIOFUELS”, The Alternative Energy Conference, New York Academy of
Sciences (NYAS). Co-sponsors: Chemical Marketing and Economics (CM&E) Group,
American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AICHE), American Chemical Society, New
York, NY. NYAS website as e-Briefing: http://www.nyas.org/altenergy
SYMPOSIA -WORKSHOP ORGANIZER
Jun 10 AICHE Process Development Symposium- Energy Challenges for Process
Development. Lake of the Ozarks, MO. June 27-30;
Aug 08 International Workshop on Biofuels R&D, Calabria, Italy. Organizers: D. Mahajan
(Stony Brook/BNL), P. Somasundaran (Columbia U.), and K. Ro (USDA-ARS).
Primary Sponsor: Engineering Conferences International (ECI);
Sept 06 Member, Technical Steering Committee, Inter-Laboratory Hydrate Workshop,
Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO;
Sept 06 Clean Fuels from Biomass and Wastes. Co-sponsored by the ACS Fuel and Petroleum Chemistry Div.. 232nd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA;
Mar 06 International Workshop on Science & Technology Issues in Methane Hydrates R&D. Sponsored by Engineering Conference International (ECI)- Cosponsors: US DOE, MMS-DOI, ConocoPhillips. JIP-Chevron. Kauai, Hawaii;
Mar 05 Gas Hydrates and Clathrates. Sponsors: ACS Divisions of Petroleum Chemistry and Fuel Chemistry. 229th ACS National Meeting. San Diego, CA.
MEMBERSHIPS- PROFESSIONAL SOCIEITES:
2008-09 Member, Working Group on “Renewable Energy “, American Institute of Physics
2007- Member, American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE);
2006- Member, New York Academy of Sciences (NYAS);
2005- Member, Board of Directors, Institute of Research & Technology Transfer (IRTT), SUNY at Farmingdale;
2001-08 Chair, Federal Laboratories Methane Hydrate Working Group;
2001- Member, American Institute of Chemical Engineers;
2001-08 Member, Energy Secretary’s Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee;
1980- Member, American Chemical Society.
LOW CARBON SOCIETY and SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES
2010: Korea. Session Chair . Smart Planet, Smart Energy and Smart Grid. 7th International
Conference & Expo on Emerging Technologies for a Smarter World (CEWIT2010). Incheon,
South Korea. September 27-29.
2010: Thailand. Fulbright Specialist Scholar, The Asian Institute of Technology, July/August.
2009: Japan. 1) Joint International Forum for Sustainable Asia and the Pacific (ISAP) 2009 and
Inaugural Roundtable on International Consortium on Low Carbon Society (ICLCS), Hayama,
Japan. June 26-27, 2) Visiting Researcher. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES),
Hayama, Japan. 06/28-07/02.
2009: China. Delegation to Universities in Beijing and Shanghai to promote the low-carbon
2008: USA. Discussant, Low Carbon Society Forum, Stony Brook Southampton, New York.
2008: Italy. Visiting Professor, Italian Government Fellowship. Hosted by the Universitá di
Roma “La Sapienza”, Roma.
2008. France: Conducted catalyst characterization experiments at the European Synchrotron Research Facility (ESRF), Grenoble.
2008: U.K., 2008: Norway 2005. Egypt; 2005: Spain. Short trips (1 week duration) for
attending conferences and developing collaborations in Green Energy-related research.
2007: USA Panelist, EarthStock: Sustainability- The Future is Now”. Stony Brook
University,[With Hon. Claudine Schneider].
2006: USA Invited Lecture- Panel Discussion. “Role of Fuels R&D in Sustainable
Development”. ACS Energy Policy Issues, ACS Committee on Environmental Improvement-
Sustainability Subcommittee. ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, September 9.
2004. Russia Represented U.S. Department of State at the 7th International Seminar on “Scientific Advances in Chemistry: Heterocycles, Catalysis, and Polymers as Driving Forces“, Ekaterinburg.
1997. Japan. AIST Fellow. Sponsors: The Agency of Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Energy Conservation Center (ECC) and Mitsubishi Gas & Chemicals (MGC). To collaborate and develop an Eco-Energy City project by utilizing low temperature waste heat under the billion dollar multi-institution project. Spent one month at Mechanical Engineering Laboratory (MEL) in Tsukuba Science City. Lectured at: 1) Osaka National Research Institute (ONRI), 2) Mitsubishi Gas & Chemical Laboratories and visited MGC plants in Niigata, 3) Central Research Institute for Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI), 4) Keynote lecture at ECC, Tokyo, 5) MEL, Tsukuba Science City.
1993: USA Invited participant, "Conference on Global Partnership for Sustainable
Development". Sponsored by Tata Energy and Resources Institute (TERI))/OTA/ORNL,
SESSION CHAIR IN PROFESSIONAL CONERENCES
Jun 10 Session: Recent Developments. 2010 AICHE Process Development Symposium- Energy Challenges for Process Development. Lake of the Ozarks, MO;
Jun 09 Session: Pathways toward a Paradigm of Low Carbon Societies. International Consortium of Low Carbon Society (ICLCS), Hayama, Japan;
Nov 08 Geothermal and Wind . 2008 Advanced Energy Conference "Solutions to a Global Crisis”, Hauppauge, New York, USA;
Aug 08 Gas Hydrates and Clathrates, Division of Fuel Chemistry, 236th ACS National Meeting & Exposition, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA;
Oct 07 Session II. Nanotechnology: Enhanced Electronics and Hydrate Nucleation. Energy Long Island;
Oct 07 2007 Energy Conference, Farmingdale State College, New York;
Aug 05 Session : BIO Composites . 12th International Conference on Composites and Nano Engineering (ICCE-12), Tenerife, Spain;
Feb 05 Session : Nanomaterials for Electronics . [NanoTech Insight’05], Luxor, Egypt.
KEY INVITED LECTURES (of total 75)
2012. Washington Energy Seminar, U.S. Department of State. Role of DOE National Laboratories . 1) March 5-7, 2011; 2) July 9-11.
2012. Jefferson Science Lecture, U.S. Department of State. A Tale of Two Fuels: Competition or Convergence of Oil and Gas . Marshall Conference Center, May 9.
2010. Institute Fulbright Lecture. Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand. Topic: The
Role of Biofuels in the 21st Century.
2010. Inaugural Gordon Research Conference on Methane Hydrates, Colby College, Maine.
Topic: In Situ Imaging of Hydrates Using Computed Micro Tomography (CMT).
2012. New York State Small Business Development Center (NYS SBDC), New York. Topic:
The Direction of Renewable Energy- Shaping the Future of Business on Long Island.
2008. Long Island Forum on Technology (LIFT) Tech Roundtable. Northrop Grumman
Corporation, Bethpage, NY. Topic: Emerging Ultra-Clean Energy Options for Long Island.
2007. USDA Stakeholders Workshop, Florence, South Carolina. “Fuel Production on A Farm”.
2006.Cornell University, School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering. New York.Topic:
Developing Decarb Energy Carriers: A Transition to Hydrogen Economy .
2006 . Velocys, Inc., Columbus, Ohio. Topic: A Novel Approach to Low Temperature Methanol
Synthesis- Process Considerations.
2005. DARPA/TTO Seedling Study: Engineering the Future of Military Logistic Fuels,
2020 and Beyond” Workshop, Baker Energy Institute, Rice University, Houston. Topic:
Hybrid Fuels for High Energy Density Applications . August 30-31.
PUBLICATIONS and PATENTS
(of the total 228: 85 refereed papers, 11 Patents and 132 extended abstracts in symposia and conferences)
Special Volumes Edited
- Editorial. Energy and the U.S. Department of State, 2012. J. Renewable and Sustainable Energy. 4, 060401. doi: 10.1063/1.4772638.
- Reviewer, Energy Technology Perspective (ETP) 2012. International Energy Agency (IEA), Paris, France. Launched in Stockholm, Sweden in June 2012.
- Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 2012. “ Low Carbon Society for a Green Economy ”: Vol. 4. Guest Editors: N. Htun, Yi Jiang, D. Mahajan, D. Messner, and R. Templer.
- Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 2010. “ Pathways Toward A Low Carbon Society ”: 2 (3). Guest Editors: N. Htun, D. Messner, D. Mahajan, S. Nishioka, and X. Zhang.
- Journal of Petroleum Science & Engineering, 2007. “ Gas Hydrates and Clathrates ”: 56 (1-3). Guest Editors: D. Mahajan and C. Taylor.
- Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 2007. “ Clean Fuels from Biomass and Waste ”: 46 (26). Guest Editors: D. Mahajan and K. Ro.
- Topics In Catalysis, 2005. “ Clean Fuels from Natural Gas ”: 32 (3-4). Guest Editors: D. Mahajan and J.D. Allison.
Book Chapter and Review Articles
- H. Tawfik, Y. Hung and D. Mahajan, 2011. Bipolar Plate Durability and Challenges, in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Degradation, Academic Press, Eds. Matthew M. Mench, Emin Caglan Kumbur, T. Nejat Veziroglu. ISBN: 978-0123869364.
- H. Tawfik, Y. Hung, and D. Mahajan, 2007. Metal Bipolar Plates for PEM Fuel Cell – A Review. J. Power Sources. 163 : 755-767.
- D. Mahajan, P. Servio, K.W. Jones, H. Feng, W.J. Winters. 2005. Methane hydrate studies: Delineating properties of host sediments to establish reproducible decomposition kinetics. Chapter 16 in Advances in the Studies of Gas Hydrates, C. E. Taylor and J. T. Kwan, Editors, pp. 239-250. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Inc., New York, New York.
- A. Naidja, C.R. Krishna, T. Butcher, and D. Mahajan, 2003. Cool Flame Partial Oxidation and Its Role in Combustion and Reforming of Fuels for Fuel Cell systems . Prog. Energy & Combust. Sci. 29 : 155- 191.
- D. Mahajan, C. Song and A. W. Scaroni, 2002. Micro-React or Study on Catalytic Reduction of CO2 into Liquid Fuels: Simulating Reactions under Geologic Formation Conditions . ACS Symp. Ser. 809 : Chapter 11.
- D. Mahajan, 2005. Liquid Phase Low Temperature Method for Production of Methanol from Synthesis Gas and Catalyst Formulations . U.S. Patent # 6,921.733.
- D. Mahajan, 2004. Method for Reducing the Sulfur Content of a Sulfur-Containing Stream . U.S. Patent 6,835,303 B2.
- D. Mahajan, 2003. A Method for Low Temperature Catalytic Production of Hydrogen . U.S. Patent # 6,596,423.
Topic 1: Methane Hydrates
- K. Horvat, P. Kerkar, K. Jones and D. Mahajan , 2012. Kinetics of Formation and Dissociation of Hydrates from CO2-CH4 Mixtures. Energies. 5, 2248-62. Doi: 10.3390/en5072248.
- Tadanori Koga, Johnny Wong, Maya K. Endoh, Devinder Mahajan, 2010. Christian Gutt, Sushil K. Satija. Hydrate Formation at the Methane/Water Interface on the Molecular Scale . Langmuir. 26(7) : 4627-30.
- M. Eaton, K.W. Jones, and D. Mahajan. 2009. Mimicking natural systems: Methane hydrate formation/decomposition in depleted Sediments. Geological Society, London, Special publications, 319 : 121-130, doi:10.1144/SP319.10.
- P. Kerkar, KW. Jones, R. Kleinberg, W.B. Lindquist, S. Tomov, F. Huan and D. Mahajan, 2009. Direct observations of three dimensional growth of hydrates hosted in porous media . Appl. Phys. Lett. 95 : 024102.
- K.W. Jones, P.B. Kerkar, D. Mahajan, W.B. Lindquist, H. Feng, 2007. Microstructure of Natural Hydrate Host Sediments . Nuclear Instruments & Methods In Physics Research, Section B. 261 : 504-07.
Topic 2: Biomass Utilization and Biofuels Synthesis
- Tsung-Ming Yeh, Liu Yang, Xiao Wang, Devinder Mahajan, Benjamin S. Hsiao, and Benjamin Chu, 2012. Polymeric nanofibrous composite membranes for energy efficient ethanol dehydration. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy 4(4): 041406. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4739760
- N. Htun,Yi Jiang, D. Mahajan, D. Messner, and R. Templer, 2012. Preface to Low Carbon Society for A Green Economy , 4: 041301.
- N. Htun,D. Messner, D. Mahajan, S. Nishioka, and X. Zhnag, 2010. Preface to “ Pathways Toward A Low Carbon Society ”, 2: 030901.
- K. Cantrell, K. S. Ro, M. Anjom, D. Mahajan, and P. G. Hunt, 2007. Integration of Livestock Waste Treatment and Energy Production. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 46(26): 8918-27.
- C.R. Krishna, T.A. Butcher, K. Thomassen, C. Brown, M. Anjom, and D. Mahajan,
- 2007. Cold Flow Behavior of Biodiesel Derived from Biomass Sources. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 46(26): 8846-51
D. Mahajan, 2005. Atom-Economical Reduction of Carbon Monoxide to Methanol Catalyzed
by Soluble Transition Metal Complexes at Low Temperatures . Topics In Catal. 209-214.
H. Khalil, D. Mahajan, M. Rafailovich, M. Gelfer, and K. Pandya, 2004. Synthesis of
Nanophase Metal Particles Stabilized with Polyethylene Glycol . Langmuir. 20 : 6896.
Topic 3: Nano Catalyst Synthesis and Chracterization
- A. Iadecola, S. Agrestini, M. Filippi, L. Simonelli, M. Fratini, B. Joseph, D. Mahajan, and N.L. Saini, 2009. Local structure of ReOFeAs oxypnictides studied by Fe K-edge EXAFS . European Phys. Lett. 87 : 26005-09.
- K.W. Jones, H. Feng, A. Lanzirooti, and D. Mahajan, 2005. Synchrotron X-ray Microprobe and Computed Microtomography for Characterization of Nanocatalysts . Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B. 241 : 331-334.
K. W. Jones, H. Feng, L. Lanzirotti, and D. Mahajan, 2005. Mapping Metal Catalysts Using Synchrotron Computed Microtomography (CMT) and Micro X-ray Fluorescence ( m XRF). Topics In Catal.: 263-272. D. Mahajan, E.T. Papish, and K. Pandya, 2004. S onolysis Induced Decomposition of Metal Carbonyls: Kinetics and Product Characterization . Ultrasonic. Sonochem. 11(6) : 385-392.
D. Mahajan, CL Marshall, N. Castagnola, and JC Hanson, 2004. Sono Synthesis and Characterization of Nanophase Molybdenum-Based Materials for Catalytic Hydrodesulfurization . Appl. Catal. A: General. 258 : 83-91.
Topic 4: Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis
- D. Mahajan, P. Gütlich, J. Ensling, K. Pandya, U. Stumm, and P. Vijayaraghavan, 2003.
E valuation of Nano-Sized Iron in Slurry-Phase Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis . Energy & Fuels. 17 : 1210 -1221.
- D. Mahajan, P. Gütlich, and U. Stumm, 2003. The Role of Nano-Sized Iron Particles in
Slurry Phase Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis . Catal. Commun. 4 : 101-107.
- D. Mahajan, A. Kobayashi, and N. Gupta, 1994. Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Catalyzed
By Ultrafine Particles of Iron: Cessation of Water-Gas Shift Activity . J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm
Topic 5: Catalytic Methanol and Higher Alcohols Synthesis
- D. Mahajan and A. N. Goland, 2003. Integrating Low Temperature Methanol Synthesis and
CO2 Sequestration Technologies: Application to IGCC Plants . Catal. Today. 1/2 : 71-81.
- D. Mahajan, V. Krisdhasima, and R. D. Sproull, 2001. Kinetic Modeling of Homogeneous
Methanol Synthesis Catalyzed by Base-promoted Nickel Complexes . Can. J. Chem. 79 (5/6): 848-853.
Topic 6: Catalytic Water-Gas-Shift and Thermal and Bio Hydrogen Production and Fuels Cells
- S. A. Van Ooteghem, A. Jones, D. van der Lelie, B. Dong, D. Mahajan, 2004. H2 Production and Carbon Utilization by Thermotoga Neapolitana Under Anaerobic and Microaerobic Growth Conditions . Biotech. Lett. 26 : 1223-32.
- Yue Hung, Hazem Tawfik, and Devinder Mahajan, 2013. Effect of Terminal Design and Bipolar Plate Material on PEM Fuel Cell Performance. Smart Grid and Renewable Energy. 4, 43-47.
- B. Chu, B. Hsiao, D. Mahajan and Tsung-Ming Yeh, 2012. Polymeric Nanofibrous Composite Membranes for Energy Efficient Ethanol Dehydration . U.S. Patent application.
- Kurian Kuttiyiel, Kotaro Sasakia, Laura Barrio, Dong Su, Devinder Mahajan and Radoslav Adzic, 2011. Synthesis and Characterization of Carbon Supported IrNi Core-Shell Nanoparticles. J. Phys. Chem. C , 2011, 115 (20), pp 9894–9902. DOI: 10.1021/jp200746j.